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THE ORNITHOLOGY OF FRANCIS WILLUGHBY in three Books. Wherein All the Birds hitherto known, being reduced into a Method suitable to their Natures, are accurately described.
London, John Martyn for the Royal Society, 1678.. The Descriptions illustrated by most elegant Figures, nearly resembling the live Birds . To which are added, three considerable Discourses, I. Of the Art of Fowling . II. Of the Ordering of Singing Birds. III. Of Falconry. By John Ray . FIRST ENGLISH EDITION, translated from the Latin by John Ray, 1678. Folio, approximately, 360 x 230 mm, 14½ x 9 inches, 80 engraved plates, including the 2 plates showing the techniques and equipment for trapping birds, 2 letterpress tables, title page in red and black, pages: [12], 53, [3], 55-271, [3], 273-441, [7] - index, bound in full mottled calf, rebacked to style, gilt lettered label to spine. Binding slightly rubbed, 1 plate bound in upside down, 2 plates (59 & 60) misplaced after plate 64, lacks pastedowns, edges of endpapers browned from leather, 6 top margins have small closed tears repaired, not affecting images or text, small edge repair to first free endpaper, occasional pale foxing, bookplate, otherwise a very good copy. "At Cambridge Francis Willughby was taught by the naturalist John Ray. In 1662 they travelled to the west coast of England to study the breeding seabirds. Between 1663 and 1666 they toured Europe together, travelling through the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. They separated at Naples and Willughby returned home via Spain. On returning to England they made plans to publish the results of their studies. Willughby died from pleurisy during the preparation of this work, but Ray published Willughby's Ornithologiae libri tres in 1676, with an English edition two years later. This is considered the beginning of scientific ornithology in Europe, revolutionising ornithological taxonomy by organising species according to their physical characteristics. Willughby and Ray were among the first to dismiss the older inaccuracies of Aristotle. Aristotle had claimed that swallows hibernated but Willughby and Ray state "To us it seems more probable that they fly away into hot countries, viz. Egypt, Ethiopia etc." (Wikipedia). Including an early illustration of the Dodo and a large chapter on falconry, pages 397-437. See: John Resler Swift, Bibliotheca Accipitraria ll, page 259 No. 479.01; James E. Harting, Bibliotheca Accipitraria, page 26, No. 35; Carl F. G. Richard Schwerdt Volume 2, page 299. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE, FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.
      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
Last Found On: 2017-09-20           Check availability:      Biblio    


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