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BASILICA CHYMICA continens philosophicam propria laborum experientia confirmatam descriptionem et usum remediorum chymicorum selectissimorum e lumine gratiae & naturae desumptorum.
Colonia Allobrogum (Geneva), no printer's name, Venundantur in Officina Fabriana, 1610. In fine additus est eiusdem autoris tractatus novus de signaturis rerum internis. Very early edition 1610 (first published in Frankfurt in 1608), 2 parts in 1 volume, the tract "De signaturis rerum internis," has a separate half-title page and pagination, but the register is consecutive throughout. Latin text, small 8vo, approximately 160 x 100 mm, 6¼ x 23¾ inches, engraved device of Sebastian Gryphius (griffin) on first title page with motto "Virtute Duce", no printer named, a few head- and tailpieces and decorated initials, 2 large woodcuts (pages 319 and 323), and lists of alchemical signs and symbols on KK8-LL1, pages: (40), 1-364, (60); (14), 1-92, (36), collation: ¶-¶¶8, ¶¶¶4, A-MM8, NN4 (-NN4 which is a blank), bound in full modern calf, raised bands to spine, gilt titled black morocco label, top edges brown, new endpapers. The preliminary pages contain "De vera antiqua philosophica medicina elegia" by Ulrich Bollinger, found at the end of the volume in other editions. Title page and following 12 leaves very slightly browned at edges, tiny worm track in text from ¶5-A1, another starts on C1 and continues to D8 with partial loss of some letters, all easily legible, top corner missing on 6 leaves of prelims, no loss of printed area, small chip to fore-edge margin of ¶5 due to paper flaw, no loss, A1 repaired neatly in inner margin, L8r (page 175) is misprinted so that the fore-edge margin is very wide and the inner margin is not visible, all still easily legible, occasional very light margin water staining, occasional very slight browning. A very good copy of an early edition. The editions printed at Geneva do not have the engraved title page that is found in the Frankfurt editions. There is another edition printed in Geneva in 1610 which has the same title page as ours with the Gryphius device but underneath Coloniae Allobrogum states "excudebat Paulus Marcellus" with no mention of Officina Fabriana. Otherwise the text is printed as ours. Oswald Croll [c. 1560 - 1609] was a professor of medicine and alchemy at the University of Marburg in Hesse, Germany. A strong proponent of alchemy and of using chemistry in medicine, he attempted to influence thinkers of his day towards viewing chemistry and alchemy as two separate fields. He published one volume in 1609, the year of his death, containing two books "Basilica Chymica" and "De signatura rerum" plus a long preface in which he expounds the ideas of Paracelsus to whom he was devoted. Basilica Chymica is a comprehensive summary of his researches, methods of preparation, and studies into chemical medicine or iatrochemistry. He pushes for the understanding and recognition of chemical compounds and the medicinal value of herbs and other processes first advanced by Paracelsus. It also discussed matters such as compound remedies, chemical organisation and acted as an introduction to chemistry in later years. The Tractatus novus de signaturis covered the relation of alchemy and chemistry to other fields of science, especially botany, suggesting the use of the doctrine of signatures to determine the medical property of plants. Catalogue of Medical Books in the Manchester University Library page 83, No.612 (Geneva 1610 with printer named as Paulus Marcellus); Wellcome Library, Volume 1, page 87, not listing any early Geneva editions; Ferguson, Bibliotheca Chemica, Volume I, page 185. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE. FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.
      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton P.B.F.A.]
Last Found On: 2017-04-03           Check availability:      maremagnum.com    

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