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Broadside] The five flags hoisted at 83° 20' 26' N. on May 12th, 1876.
London Pettitt and Co. Lithographers n.d 1876 - Lithograph, printed on paper, flags printed in colour, framed and glazed, overall dimensions 31 x 63.5 cm. Rare broadside commemorating the new record for farthest north set by Commander Markham, showing the various flags of the expedition. The five flags hoisted were: Lieut. Parr's standard; White Ensign; Capt. Nares' flag; Capt. Markham's flag; and Capt. Markham's standard. In addition, the broadside gives the various flags of H. M. S. Alert, Autumn Travelling, 1875; Spring Travelling,1876, extended parties, auxiliary parties, and dog sledges; and H. M. S. Discovery, Spring Travelling, 1876. In addition to the flags the various personnel and details of the parties' achievements are given. The British Arctic Expedition of 1875-1876, led by Sir George Strong Nares, was sent by the British Admiralty to attempt to reach the North Pole via Smith Sound. Two ships, H. M. S. Alert and H. M. S. Discovery (captained by Henry Frederick Stephenson), sailed from Portsmouth on 29 May 1875. Although the expedition failed to reach the North Pole, the coasts of Greenland and Ellesmere Island were extensively explored and large amounts of scientific data were collected. On this expedition, Nares became the first explorer to take his ships all the way north through the channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island (now named Nares Strait in his honour) to the Lincoln Sea. Up to this time, it had been a popular theory that this route would lead to the supposed Open Polar Sea, an ice-free region surrounding the pole, but Nares found only a wasteland of ice. A sledging party under Commander Albert Hastings Markham set a new record Farthest North of 83° 20' 26"N, but overall the expedition was a near-disaster. The men suffered badly from scurvy and were hampered by inappropriate clothing and equipment. Nares wintered at Fort Conger during the winter of 1875.[1] Realising that his men could not survive another winter in the ice, Nares hastily retreated southward with both his ships in the summer of 1876.
      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2017-09-01           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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