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Munich: Klein & Volbert [] 1933 - Chromolithograph folding into original baby blue card case (Excellent condition, very minor wear along original folds), 93 x 65 cm (36.5 x 25.5 inches). An important original mountaineering artefact – the excellent official map produced by the 1932 German-Austrian Expedition to the Cordillera Blanca Range of Peru, which climbed the great peak of Huascarán Sur for the first time and collected consequential geographical and scientific observations.This impressive, large-format, separately-issued map depicts the famous Andean mountain range of the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, with precise accuracy for the first time. It is the official map produced by the 1932 German-Austrian Expedition to the mountains, which made the first successful ascent of the great peak of Huascarán Sur, which at 6,768 metres (22,205 feet) is both Peru’s highest mountain and the location on the Earth’s surface with the least gravitational pull (due to its proximity to the Equator). The expedition also conducted a variety of high-altitude scientific experiments and photographic mapping operations. The Cordillera Blanca (Spanish for "white range") is a great Andean range in Central Peru that covers and area about 200 kilometres (124 miles) long by 21 kilometres (13 miles) wide. It was imbued by the Incas with spiritual significance and had awed Europeans since the 16th Century for the majesty and sheer number of its great peaks. Indeed, the Cordillera boasts 33 distinct peaks over 5,500 metres (18,000 feet) and is home to 722 glaciers. The mountains were considered by professional mountaineers to be very dangerous to explore and ascend, as the inclines were steep and the equatorial location made the glaciers unstable, leading to a great frequency of severe avalanches. While some mapping of the mountain valleys had been conducted and some of the lesser peaks had been climbed and charted, prior to the 1932 German-Austrian expedition much of the area’s geography and glaciology was an enigma. While Huascarán Norte, the lesser and easier-to-climb if the twin peaks, had allegedly been ascended in 1908 by the American professor and suffragette Annie Smith Peck, the conquest of Huascarán Sur remained one of the great unrealized challenges of mountaineering in the Americas. This finely chromolithographed, bilingual (German and Spanish) map embraces the entire Cordillera Blanca, and depicts the incredibly complex topography with great accuracy, based on photographic surveys taken from the highest peaks. The peaks, with their frosted blue glaciers are carefully expressed, while elevation is conveyed through contour lines and data-points. The legend on the right labels the numerous types of topographical and man-made features portrayed on the map, while the inset map, in the lower left, the ‘U?bersichtsskizze, depicts the vantage points from where the photographic surveys were taken. The Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenvereins Expedition (1932) - Ever since the time of the legendary explorations in Latin America conducted by their countryman Alexander von Humboldt (1769 – 1859), generations of young German (and Austrian) mountaineers held a fascination with the Andes. They were particularly taken with the story of Humboldt’s attempted ascent of the Ecuadorian peak of Chimborazo in 1802, which while unsuccessful in reaching the summit, attained the altitude of 5,875 metres, then a world record. Fast forward to the 1920s, both the Deutscher and Österreichischer Alpenverein (the German and Austrian Mountaineering Associations) were extremely well-funded and closely connected to their nation’s respective scientific communities. There was much initiative and ample resources to mount pioneering expeditions to the world’s most intimidating and scientifically intriguing mountains. . SEE OUR WEB PAGE FOR LONGER DESCRIPTION. References: OCLC: 637939192.
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
Last Found On: 2017-02-21           Check availability:      ZVAB    


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