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HÊSIODOU ASKRAIOU TA HEURISKOMENA. Hesiodi Ascraei quae extant. Cum notis ex probatissimis quibusdam autoribus, brevissimis, selectissimisque. Accedit insuper Pasoris index, auctior multo hac novissima editione, & multo correctior. Opera et studio Cornelii SCHREVELII.
Braunschweig (Brunsvigae), Typis & Sumptibus Johannis Henrici Dunckeri, 1671. - 8°. (XVI),384 p. Contemporary vellum 16.5 cm § Infernal regions, Titans, primordial monsters and giant battles, and old farmer's advice. (Ref: VD17 3:306322K; not in Hoffmann; Schweiger 1,144) (Details: 5 thongs laced through the joints. Title in red & black. Woodcut printer's mark on the title, depicting a viper that bites a hand which emerges from a cloud in the sky; the motto reads: 'Quis contra nos. Defensore Deo non laesit vipera Paulum', which refers to Acts 28:3 of the New Testament, where it is said (in the translation of the King James Bible): 'And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand'. This printer's mark and motto seem to have been used once for this Hesiod edition only. Greek text with facing Latin translation, commentary on the lower part of the page. At the end a useful index vocabulorum/Hesiodic lexicon of ca. 170 pages. Edges dyed red) (Condition: Vellum worn & stained. Some small damage to the back, upper board & upper edge of the lower board; a few inkstains in the index; lower margin of a few pages trimmed too tightly. Yellowing paper, as is usual with German books of this period) (Note: Hesiodus from Askra, a small town in Boiotia, and born ca. 775 BC, is one of Greek's oldest poets. His poems are in Homeric hexameters and show his interest in ethics and systematization. His work was known throughout antiquity to rhapsodes, scholars and schoolboys. The Byzantines compiled scholia from ancient commentaries for eludication. The Renaissance didnot quite appreciate him. Until 1671 ca. 18 editions of his 'opera omnia' were published, not much. Hesiod's reception chiefly concerns myths and the motifs that he provides, and these motifs certainly appealed to mythographers, historians of religion, poets and painters. 'Hesiodic details of myth saturate European epic and mythopoeic writings, perhaps most spectacular in Dante, Milton, Blake (.) who make much of Hesiod's infernal regions, his Titans and primordial monsters, his giant battles'. (The Classical Tradition, N.Y, 2010, p. 435) Of Hesiod survives his 'Theogonia' or 'Theogony', which 'deals with the origin and genealogy of the gods (.) and the events that led to the kingship of Zeus: the castration of Uranos by Kronos and the overthrow of Kronos and the Titans by the Olympians' (OCD, 2nd ed., p. 510) The 'Works and Days' or 'Erga kai Hêmerai' of Hesiod, which was always most read, has been called a 'gospel of labour'. The poet recommends the hard and honest life of a farmer. He 'inveighs against dishonesty and idleness by turns, using myth (.) parable, allegory and threads of divine anger. (.) The poem as a whole is a unique source for social conditions in early archaic Greece.' (OCD, 2nd ed. p. 511) The third poem that has survived is the 'Shield', or 'Aspis', a short narrative poem on Heracles' fight with Cycnus, a bloodthirsty son of the god Ares. It derives its name from the long description of Heracles' shield. 'Artists have never abandoned a fascination with Hesiod on the Muses. In the 19th century the artist Gustave Moreau created many visual representations of their initiation of the poet. Both Rubens and Goya painted famous and harrowing pictures of Kronos (Saturn) devouring one of his children, a motif from the Theogony; William Blake engraved a series after drawings by his friend John Flaxman (.). Georges Braque chose the 'Theogony' as the subject of 20 etchings'. (The Classical Tradition, N.Y., 2010, p. 436) § This edition of Hesiod's extant poems does not break new ground. It was meant for the use at schools and universities. It simply offers a 'textus receptus', a text which is widely accepted, and which is accompanied by a concise commentary compiled and excerpted from the annotations of various specialists. The compilers of this kind of easy accessible books were seldom great scholars, but often hard working schoolmasters. Their involvement in publishin
      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Fragmenta Selecta]
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