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[Grant of arms to Ponce de Leon] Con Carlos por la divina clemencia
Important Carta Executoria, in favour of Hernan Ponce de Leon and Pedro de Valbuena (from Ruiponce); the first ff. with a large miniature incorporating the coat of arms, and an historiated frame, showing a diversity of subjects. The condition is very good: preserving the original lead seal portraying Charles V, hold by the multi-colour silk string. The manuscript has its origin in a lawsuit established by the former and their procurator against Valladolid, demanding that, as they are Hidalgos, they should not be forced to contribute or pechar (a sort of tribute). The King grants this Executoria to Ponce de Leon, favouring him. Hernan Ponce de Leon participated in the earliest discoveries and processes of colonization in America, especially in the Caribbean, possibly accompanying Soto to the first expedition into the United States, visiting Florida, Georgia, and the Mississippi. By 1516, Hernan Ponce de Leon participated in the expedition lead by Pedrarias Davila to Panama (and other punitive expeditions, alongside Soto) and the conquest of Nicaragua, becoming important figures in that city. Towards 1536, he would join Hernando de Soto in the conquest of Peru "While still in Guatemala he had formed a partnership with Hernan Ponce de Leon and Francisco Campañon, each obligating himself to share equally in all his possessions with the other two" (The De Soto Chronicles Vol 1 & 2: The Expedition of Hernando de Soto, pp. 174). Campañon died, and Ponce de Leon and Soto stroke a new alliance, which would later engage Ponce de Leon in a long lawsuit against Isabel de Bobadilla (Soto´s widow). Ponce de Leon and Soto formed a tight partnership -and likely participated in the same campaigns-, as evidenced by the papers of the Harkness Collection at the Library of Congress: in one document, Ponce de Leon and Soto agree to a "renewal and ratification of a fraternal partnership which had existed between them for eighteen... years, in which they agree to share whatever they may have of obtain by profit, mining, in war...", a power of attorney, granting Soto "Full authority to recover gold, jewels.., negroes, Indians, to enter into contracts... in his place". The expedition to Peru was successful, Soto was regarded next in importance after the Pizarro´s; the Spanish force captured the last Inca: Atahualpa, and completed the conquest of Peru. The next step would be the exploration of the United States, it is presumable that, following the tight alliance made before, their good fortunes would be tied together again in the promising expedition. There is not an abundant array of information to be found on the personal life of Ponce de Leon, although it is clear that he was active by 1516, and still alive by 1548. The last name is well related to the history of early American discovery, his relative, Juan Ponce de Leon (ca. 1460 - 1521), who was Governor of Puerto Rico, and discovered Florida.
      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2017-07-07           Check availability:      Direct From Seller    


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