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Essays concerning iron and steel:
12mo., (2) 223 (1)pp., wanting a half-title, short tear to inner margin of title (no loss), inner margin (gutter) of following leaf stained, contemporary sheep, stamped in blind, some wear to joints else a sound copy. A valuable contemporary contribution to the rather fraught, and certainly competitive, early development of modern steel manufacture in England. Although Benjamin Huntsman (1704-1776) of Sheffield has been usually credited with the invention of crucible steel, or 'cast steel' as it was known at the time, the little known Henry Horne, a London-based cutler seems also to have played a part in developing new methods of steel manufacture at about the same time. Surprisingly, Horne mentions in his Essays neither Huntsman nor Samuel Walker, another contemporary experimenter in crucible steel making. In his book, Horne claims originality in his own process and seems to have perfected an efficient and commercial steel razor manufacturing business in London, the steel itself being produced with a highly polished surface. The steel used, Horne claimed, was "vastly superior" to that produced by his rival, John Waller, and which Horne was able to supply to the London cutlers "at a very moderate price". Waller eventually took the process to Sheffield and was able to undercut Horne's prices, resulting, inevitably, in substantial loss of business to the London manufacturer. Horne, while now hardly a footnote to industrial history, was certainly an early cast steel maker, although there is nothing in his account to suggest a date earlier than 1765, by which time others in Sheffield were also practising the art.
      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2016-07-08           Check availability:      Direct From Bookseller    


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