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Modèle de la Scie a Molette de MM. (Alexander) Thomson et Charriere.
- Paris, Chez CXharrière, Fabricant d'Instruments et Chez J.B. Baillière Libr., 1835, 8°, 14 pp., 1 gefalt. lith Tafel mit 16 Figs., feiner Halbledereinband; etwas fleckig. A very rare booklet by Charrière about his improved rowel saw combined with a trepan! - - First Print - A very rare illustrated publication about a very important and technical neurosurgical saw invented by Charrière and Thompson in 1835 and here described in details. - Furthermore, this booklet is one of Charrière's first publications (the fourth according to the bio-bibliography on Frédéric Charrière by Jimmy Drulhon). - - "In 1816, at the age of 13, Charrière arrived in Paris as an apprentice cutler. Born on 19 March 1803 at Cerniat en Gruyere, in the Swiss canton of Fribourg, where his uncle practiced the same trade, he was raised by his grandfather because his parents had moved to Paris, where his father was employed as a bank clerk. In 1820, after the death of his master, the young Swiss cutler took over the workshop, then situated in the courtyard of St.-Jean-de-Latran on the left bank of the Seine (gone today, as a consequence of urban development). In 1826, Charrière married Madeleine Elisa Berrurier, the seventeen-year-old daughter of a butcher. According to the Notice biographique of Dr. Achille Chéreau (1817-1885), the real commencement of Charrière's career dates from his introduction to Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1839), surgeon-in-chief at the Hôtel Dieu hospital in Paris. Dupuytren made him "his personal supplier, furnishing him with models to emulate, instilling, feeding, in a sense, the spirit of invention and innovation that consumed him, bringing him every morning to the hospital to familiarize him with the operations and to stir his genius for designing instruments. Charrière appreciated from the very outset the advantage of seeing his instruments in action, in trying them or seeing them tried on cadavers." - Under Dupuytren's patronage, Charrière's business affairs prospered. Beginning around 1825, according to Dr. Chéreau, "nineteen out of twenty surgeons consigned to him the fabrication of their ordinary instruments, as well as their experimental ones." Important orders came from French and foreign ministries and the Conseil général des hospices de Paris named Charrière principal contractor for prosthetic devices. In 1833 he moved the firms to no.9, rue de I'Ecole-de-Médecine (today these premises are occupied by the Auzoux enterprise, maker of anatomical and natural history models). At the 1834 Exposition of national industry, Charrière received his first medal, which would be followed by innumerable other distinctions. The jury stated that, "rising from simple cutlery artisan, M. Charrière has become head of the largest and most important surgical instrument making establishment. He utilizes, with equal success, French and English steel. His instruments enjoy a reputation for excellence, even superiority, as proclaimed by many surgeons at our hospitals." - In 1837, during a visit to England, Charrière mastered the production processes of the British cutlery industry. From that moment on, he never again feared competition from across the Channel. - Praise lavished upon him in the published works of physicians and surgeons, in addition to that of expositions, augmented the renown of the instrument maker. Alfred A.L.M. Velpeau (1795-1868), for example, illustrated many of Charrière's instruments in his 'Nouveaux elements de médecine operatorie'. Similarly, in the work of Claude Bernard and Charles Huette, one finds only the instruments of the Charrière firm. - At the close of 1842, the enterprise moved across the street, to no. 6, rue de I'École-de-Médecine. The showroom and adjacent workshop were considerably more spacious. According to Dr. Chéreau, who knew Charrière quite well, "a large glass storefront facing the street permitted passersby to witness the magical transformation of steel; Dupuytren, personified by a bust of . [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Antiq. F.-D. Söhn - Medicusbooks.Com]
Last Found On: 2016-05-23           Check availability:      ZVAB    


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