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Chronica da Companhia de Jesu do Estado do Brasil ?.
Lisbon, Na Officina de Henrique Valente de Oliveira, Impressor delRey, 1663.. First Edition. Folio (34.9 x 24.7 cm.), modern period crimson morocco (lower half of front joint cracked and repaired, minor wear and rubbing to corners, head of spine, raised bands), richly gilt-tooled on both covers, spine richly gilt with raised bands in six compartments, inner dentelles gilt, marbled endleaves, text block edges sprinkled red and brown (from a contemporary binding). Printed in 2 columns, with double-rule border between columns and around edges. Repair to outer margin of final leaf and about 12 x 3 cm. to leaf Aa4. Light dampstains at lower margins of final 22 leaves. Minor, light soiling to engraved and printed title pages. Internally close to fine; overall in very good condition. Old, unidentified floral embossed stamp in outer margins of both title pages. Engraved title-page, (6 ll.), 188 pp. [lacking pp. 179-184, as in all known copies], 528 pp., (6 ll.). *** FIRST EDITION. Borba de Moraes comments, "The Chronica is considered by Portuguese bibliophiles to be a typographical masterpiece ?. The frontispiece engraved by A. Clauwet is missing in many copies. The Chronica is a fundamental book concerning the history of Brazil, and contains the first printing of P. José de Anchieta's poem to the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is rare today." Borba also points out that most copies have rather narrow margins, cut close to the border. In this copy the upper margins extend as much as 2 cm. beyond the border, the outer ones can be almost 2 cm., while the lower margins are sometimes almost 2.5 cm.; the overall size of the pages is 33.3 x 23.7 cm. After the work had been printed, Father Jacinto de Magistris pointed out a passage in the section "Noticias antecedentes, curiosas, e necessarias" in which Vasconcellos speculated that the earthly paradise was located in Portuguese America. The ten copies that had been distributed were hastily recalled, and pages 179-184, containing this possible heresy, were excised. In this copy they are missing, as in all other copies known. At the end of the volume (pp. 481-528) is the first appearance in print of Father José de Anchieta's 5,786-verse neo-Latin poem De beata Virgine Dei matre Maria. Anchieta, "the Apostle of Brazil," vowed to write a poem on the Virgin's life while negotiating with the Tamoyos at Iperoig, in order to keep himself from being tempted by Indian women. Since he had no paper or writing instruments, the story goes, he traced the verses on the sand and memorized what he had written each day. The poem was subsequently printed in Vasconcellos' Vida do veneravel Padre Joseph de Anchieta, Lisbon 1672, and many times thereafter. The beautiful engraved frontispiece, by A. Clouwet of Antwerp, shows a ship with sails unfurled, representing the Society of Jesus; several Jesuits can be seen aboard the vessel. The border of the engraving incorporates Brazilian flora and fauna, such as monkeys and a crocodile. Vasconcellos (1597-1671), a native of Porto, grew up in Brazil and entered the Jesuit order at Bahia in 1616. He accompanied Father António Vieira to Lisbon in 1641 and served as Jesuit Provincial in Brazil, which gave him access to a great deal of primary material. He died in Rio de Janeiro. *** Borba de Moraes (1983) II, 888-9. Berger, Bibliografia do Rio de Janeiro (1980) p. 450. Brunet II, 846. Arouca V51. Innocêncio VII, 286; XIX, 234. Leite IX, 173-6: pointing out Vasconcellos' considerable influence on the Brazil of his era, and mentioning his knowledge of the "lingua brasilica." Mindlin, Highlights 157. Backer-Sommervogel VIII, 485. Streit II, 2425. Borba de Moraes and Berrien, Manual bibliográfico de estudos brasileiros, p. 399: noting that this work and two others by Vasconcellos are our primary seventeeth-century sources for the activities of the Jesuits in Brazil. Barbosa Machado III, 724. Pinto de Mattos (1970) p. 609. Sabin 98651. Bosch 131. J.C. Rodrigues 2457. Palha 2517. JCB I, iii, 103-4. JCB, Portuguese and Brazilian Books 663/3. JFB (1994) V34. Monteverde 5473. Azevedo-Samodães 3443. Ameal 2456. Avila Perez 7865. Porbase locates two copies, both in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. Copac locates a single copy, at British Library. Not located in KVK (44 databases searched). NUC: DLC, MnU, NN, DCU-IA, RPJCB, MH.
      [Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old & Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2017-06-22           Check availability:      IOBABooks    

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