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Traité du calcul intégral, pour servir de suite à l'analyse des infiniments-petits de M. le Marquis de l'Hôpital
Paris: H.L. Guerin and L.F. Delatour, 1754. In fine crisp condition.. Two volumes, quarto, with three folding plates;in contemporary French mottled calf, spines gilt in compartments with floral motifs, double labels, marbled endpapers and edges. The explorer Louis de Bougainville's first published work, and a milestone in his life. Few explorers could claim such a heady start to their careers.This quite precocious publication - Bougainville was in his early twenties when he completed the first volume - would kick-start his career and bring him wide recognition. By the time he completed the work with its second volume in 1756 he was already serving as secretary to the French ambassador in London, and was soon elected a member of the Royal Society, an unusual distinction for such a young foreigner. A great change of direction then occurred with his distinguished military and then naval careers, and his first voyage to the Falkland Islands; this was followed in 1766 by his most famous achievement, his circumnavigation, the first such French voyage, in the course of which only the Great Barrier Reef prevented his landing on Australian soil. He had specifically set out to reach "New Holland" by running west from Quiros's "Espiritu Santo", but turned away from the barrier presented by the Reef, heading north and coasting New Guinea.From the early 1750s Bougainville had studied under the mathematician and Enlightenment figure Jean le Rond d'Alembert, one of the editors of the Encyclopédie. The Traité du calcul integral, one of the earliest complete treatises on the integral calculus, reflects the influence of d'Alembert and follows on the work of l'Hôpital half a century earlier who had dealt with the infinitesimal calculus and had brought differential notation into general use in Europe. 'La plus grande partie des découvertes en ce genre (le calcul intégral) faites jusqu'au milieu de ce siècle (XVIIIème siècle) a été exposée par le cit. de Bougainville, dans son Traité du calcul intégral pour servir de suite à l'analyse des infiniment petits du marquis de l'Hôpital. La méthode et la clarté qui règnent dans cet ouvrage le rendront toujours précieux?' (Montucla, III p. 137).
      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2017-06-22           Check availability:      IOBABooks    

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