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2021-01-06 09:33:17
Linnaeus, Carl; [Biberg, Isaac Isaacson]
[Oeconomia Naturae] Specimen Academicum de Oeconomia Naturae, Quod, consensu Ampliss. Facult. Med. in Reg. Academia Upsaliensi praeside viro celeberrimo et experientissimo Dn. Doct. Carolo Linnaeo, [...] publico examini modeste submittit Isacus J. Biberg, Medelpadus. In Audit. Carol. Maj. Ad Diem IV. Mart. Anni MDCCXLIX
Upsaliae: [s.n.], 1749. First edition. Bound by a string. Woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces. First and last pages tanned, spotted. Water stain to upper edge of the first two leaves. Otherwise clean, in fine condition.. First edition. Bound by a string. Woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces. (8), 48 p. Linnaeus' pioneer dissertation to organize an ecological science. The subject of ecology as a distinct area of investigation was first outlined by Linnaeus in the present thesis. The dissertation, which is one the first to describe food chains, is based upon and also broadens the balance-of-nature concept - which formerly limited to animals - to include plants, and emphasizes interrelationships in nature, claims that each creature plays an important and particular role in nature's economy. The dissertation was dictated by Linnaeus in Swedish to Isaac Biberg a doctoral candidate, who translated it into Latin and defended it, according to the academic customs of the eighteenth century. In his recent paper, Trevor Pearce proved that Darwin's idea of an economy of nature stemmed from - besides Charles Lyell's works - Linnaeus' views exposed in the present essay. (Pearce, 2010.) Soulsby 1514. Bibliography: Jorgensen, S. E. (ed.): Encyclopedia of Ecology. Vol. 2 : D-F. Oxford: Elsevier, 2008. p. 1866.; Pearce, T.: "A great complication of circumstances" - Darwin and the Economy of Nature. Journal of the History of Biology (2010). 43:493-528. Springer 2009.
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