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2020-12-14 00:33:05
Hong Kong and the New Territories. North Sheet.
War Office, Aug[ust] 1945., [?London]. Hong Kong after Japanese occupation Chromolithograph map, with three insets and diagrams to right margin, browning and tears to left margin. An important map of Hong Kong and the New Territories published by the British War Office in 1945. Following the end of the First Opium War in 1942, China ceded Hong Kong to Great Britain and the island became a Crown Colony of the extensive Empire. Throughout the following decades, Britain guarded the territory closely, becoming increasingly concerned about the security of its port, which was essential for trade. The government therefore decided to create a buffer zone around the island to defend it against incursions from the nearby Chinese areas. The first part of this buffer was formed by Kowloon in 1860, when Britain took control of the peninsula in the aftermath of the Second Opium War. Further reinforcement came in 1898, when Britain gained a 99 year lease for 200 small islands surrounding Hong Kong, which were henceforth known as the "New Territories". 86 years later, Margaret Thatcher agreed that Britain would return both Kowloon and Hong Kong, along with the New Territories, at the end of this period, as indeed happened in 1997. This map, which shows Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories, was first published by the British War Office in 1936. The present example, a second edition, was published shortly after the end of the Second World War, when Britain reoccupied the islands following four years of Japanese occupation. Thick red lines across the map indicate the "all weather roads" … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Daniel Crouch Rare Books LLP [London, United Kingdom]
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