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2020-11-19 15:18:48
Stroitel'stvo sovetskoi Turkmenii: foto-al'bom [The construction of Soviet Turkmenia: a photo-album]
Ashkhabad: Izd. TsIK Turkmenskoi SSR, 1931. Folio (37 × 27 cm). Original pictorial wrappers; title followed by [27] leaves of plates. About very good. A striking visual history of Soviet colonization of Turkmenistan, with cotton cultivation taking center stage, published during the first Soviet Five-Year Plan (1928-1932). The collection of photographs and photomontages (unattributed) showing various aspects of cotton cultivation, irrigation, and distribution appear under the central slogan "Turkmenistan Shock Brigade fighting for the cotton independence of the USSR." Statistical information accompanying the images indicates that between 1929-1931, 60% of Turkmen agriculture was collectivized. Captions also inform about the building of new irrigation systems, and emphasize the involvement of women in the political process. Dominated by the Russian Empire prior to the Bolshevik Revolution, the region was especially valuable for Russia and later the USSR because of its agricultural promise. The building of the Zacaspian Railroad in the late nineteenth century and the enormous Soviet investment in new irrigation technologies made cotton into a monoculture in Turkmenistan throughout the twentieth century. According to historian Rafis Abazov, "by the 1970s, Turkmenistan became the second largest cotton producer in the Soviet Union, behind Uzbekistan, producing 1,077,000 tons of cotton (1975). This policy ignored environmental damages and led to rapid land degradation and salinization in many areas"(See Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan, pp. 44-45). Typical of the period of th … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Bernett Penka Rare Books [Boston, MA, U.S.A.]
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