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2020-11-14 19:06:52
DARWIN, Charles
Autograph eleven-page manuscript on six leaves, listing the wide variety of trees and other plants in the grounds of Down House during 1844-1846 when extensive planting and landscaping took place
Kent, Down House, 1846. AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT DESCRIBING THE CONSTRUCTION OF DARWIN'S GARDEN LABORATORY AT DOWN HOUSE. A remarkable autograph manuscript detailing the reconstruction of the garden at Down House following the Darwin family's move there from London. For almost twenty years, the garden at Down House was both an inspiration and a laboratory to Darwin. In the orchard, he conducted experiments on pollination. He built a dovecote where he could breed new strains of pigeons that helped him understand the intricacies of generation. On his daily walk along the sandbank, he observed how plants competed for survival. In solitude, he also struggled with the ideas of evolution that had haunted him since his voyage on The Beagle. "Darwin and his family moved to Down House in September 1842. They did not fundamentally change the shape of the property. The present kitchen garden and pleasure grounds were already in place, their principal ornament being a row of fine lime trees; the Home Meadow was good hayland if in need of maintenance. The most substantial changes to the garden and estate came in the years 1843 to 1846, a period of feverish activity when the house itself was considerably altered. In these years the Sandwalk was formed and various mounds constructed from earth excavated during the lowering of the road to the east. The North Orchard was considerably extended by the purchase of land to the west. More fruit trees were planted, mostly apples. Paths were relaid and many made anew" (Miele, p. 3). "It would soon become clear to all members of [Darwin's] household th … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS [Koebenhavn V, Denmark]
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