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2020-10-30 12:18:09
Heller, Gyuláné
Official ID Card: Official Exemption From Wearing the Yellow Badge Identification Card
Ministry of the Interior, Budapest, 1944. 24mo. Single sheet. Original photo identification document for Gyuláné Heller with b/w passport photograph. Signed by the secretary of the Hungarian Minister of the Interior and countersigned by Carl Ivar Danielsson, the head of the Swedish legation in Budapest. Photo identification issued for Raoul Wallenberg's employee at the Swedish Legation Gyuláné Heller. Official exemption from the obligation to wear the yellow badge. Original text in translation: "the owner of a verifiable certificate has been awarded an exemption from the obligation of distinguishing markers." After the occupation of Hungary by Nazi Germany in March 1944 a decree was issued to make it mandatory for Jews to wear a bade, the yellow Star of David, on their outer garments to easily identify Jews. A humiliating act to segregate them and control their movements. Furthermore it facilitated the enforcement of curfews and their deportation. Raoul Wallenberg arrived in Budapest in July of 1944 as Sweden's special envoy. His expressed mission was the rescue of Hungarian Jews from the Nazis. Soon after his arrival he set up the Swedish Embassy's Humanitarian Department Section B (Abteilung B), which served as the headquarters for his rescue mission, and issued a "Provisoriskt Pass," an official temporary Swedish passport and citizenship for Hungarian Jews with family in Sweden, those who had substantial business relations with Sweden and for the Jewish employees of the embassy. The bearers of this document gained exemption from wearing the badge. According to Hungarian … [Click Below for Full Description]
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