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2020-10-16 21:43:06
[Civil War]
THE UNITED STATES ENROLLMENT LAWS FOR CALLING OUT THE NATIONAL FORCES. APPROVED MARCH 3d, 1863, AND FEBRUARY 20th, 1864. OFFICIAL AND COMPLETE
New York: James W. Fortune, Publisher, 1864. 48,[16]pp. 24mo. Original printed blue wrappers. Light soiling and mild wear to wrappers. Lightly tanned, occasional foxing. Very good. A pocket-size printing of the 1863 Enrollment Act, adding here the text of the revised 1864 Act. The 1863 Enrollment Act was the first genuine national conscription law. Replacing the Militia Act of 1862, the Enrollment Act, also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was signed into law on March 3, 1863 and required the enrollment of every male citizen between twenty and forty-five years of age as well as those immigrants who had filed for citizenship, unless exempted by the Act. It set enlistment quotas for each state, and required states to draft men if they did not meet their enlistment quotas through volunteers. It also included the policies of Substitution (furnishing a suitable substitute to take the draftee's place) and Commutation (paying $300 to avoid the draft), which led to substantial resentment among the public, especially those not wealthy enough to pay their way out of Civil War service. Enforcement led to civil unrest in some cities, in particular the New York City draft riots of July 13-16, 1863, which subsequently devolved into vicious race riots. The amendments in the 1864 Act were substantial, perhaps most interesting is that it made enslaved men, even those of owners loyal to the Union, eligible for the draft. By changing "citizen" to "resident," enslaved men could now be "drafted or mustered" (although they would not serve with white troops). Owners were to receiv … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana [United States]
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