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2020-09-17 10:22:10
James Buchanan
The Document That Portended a Revolution in Postal History and Practice in the US: The Original Patent for the First American Envelope-making Machine, Signed by Secretary of State James Buchanan The entire patent language is present, describing the invention
23/01/1849. Such machines ended the previous age-old practice of sending letters with the recipient’s name and address on the back of the same sheetThe practice of enclosing letters in separate sealed covers (envelopes) is a fairly recent development. For ages letters were folded, turned over, and the recipient’s name and address written on the back of the same sheet of paper. These were called address panels, and they used sealing wax to keep the folds in place. In the 1840s, the idea arose of covering a letter by folding a separate sheet about it to physically protect it and prevent infringement of confidentiality.Americans Jesse K. Park and Cornelius S. Watson patented the first American envelope folding machine in 1849. Little is known of the inventors, but they transferred their rights to William W. Rose, a manufacturer with offices in Wall Street, so likely they were inventing this machine at his behest and with his financing. Their treadle-operated, foot-powered folder first glued and then creased and folded the envelopes. Park and Watson were granted patent number 6055 on January 23, 1849. That machine is now at the National Postal Museum at the Smithsonian Institution.Document signed, four full pages, Washington, January 23, 1849, being the patent, plus attached copy of the description and claim, for his historic invention, signed by James Buchanan as Secretary of State and Edmund Burke as Commissioner of Patents. The Journal of the Franklin Institute from 1849 records patents issued that year. In January 1849, this patent is listed as number 63. It summarizes … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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