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2020-09-16 16:35:08
John Hancock
Gov. John Hancock Calls the Massachusetts Senate into Session For the First Time Under Its First Constitution With the Revolution still ongoing, Massachusetts inaugurated a new Constitution with a bill of rights, one that effectively abolished slavery in that state
1405. 14/05/1781. Massachusetts called a Constitutional Convention in 1779 to draft its first state constitution. John Adams was the document's principal author. Voters approved the document on June 15, 1780. It became effective on October 25, 1780, and remains the oldest functioning written constitution in continuous effect in the world. It was also the first constitution to be created by a convention called for that purpose rather than by a legislative body. Rather than taking the form of a list of provisions, the document was organized into a structure of chapters, sections, and articles. It served as a model for the U.S. Constitution agreed upon seven years later. The Massachusetts Constitution contained a Declaration of Rights, reading “All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property; in fine, that of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness.” This provision was a strong bill of rights, and it effectively abolished slavery in Massachusetts.Col. Seth Washburn was a soldier in the Revolution who commanded a company at Bunker Hill and went on to a career of public service. He was Superintendent for Worcester County, a Representative from the town of Leicester, and was then elected to the first state Senate under the new Massachusetts Constitution. As Senator, he received a document from John Hancock, governor of the state, calling the Senate into session for the first ti … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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