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2020-09-16 10:49:05
Woodrow Wilson
Letter of State Standing Up For American Rights During World War I, Drafted by Pres. Woodrow Wilson Text, notes and edits demonstrate America's foreign policy architect at work.
1903. 19/03/1915. With the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, American foreign policy became a struggle to remain out of the war and maintain the political and commercial rights of a neutral in the face of opposition from both belligerents. Britain used its powerful navy to establish a blockade of Germany, and the Germans in turn tried to counter-blockade Britain by using U-Boats to sink shipping bound there. By the start of 1915, it was clear that the war would in part be a battle of commerce, with neutrals such as the U.S. caught in the middle.On March 1, Britain stated that it was instituting a blockade controlling all passage to and from Germany by sea. No vessels sailing to Germany would be allowed to proceed to a German port. Moreover, any vessel sailing for a neutral European port, having aboard goods of German ownership or destination, might be seized. These actions by Britain significantly increased American concerns about interference with neutral rights.Pres. Wilson drafted his own response to the British government, entitled “Outline Sketch of a Note to Great Britain. 19 March, 1915.” In it, he stated that Britain’s blockade was overextended, that he expected American shipping would not be interfered with, and that he would hold Britain responsible for the actions of its navy. Belligerent rights over neutral commerce, he pointed out, are limited.He then made a few hand-written changes in the text, the most important one being to mention that America had always fought for the shipping rights of neutrals. These were the issues in the forefront of the m … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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