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2020-09-16 06:25:57
Rutherford B. Hayes
Four Language Whaling Passport for the Bark Mary & Susan, Signed by Rutherford B. Hayes as President The Bark Mary & Susan was ill-fated, sinking in a storm off Alaska the following decade
1408. 14/08/1877. In the 1840s, around the time Herman Melville was completing Moby Dick, whaling was a booming worldwide business and the United States was the global behemoth. The U.S. whaling industry grew by a factor of fourteen between 1816 and 1850, and New Bedford, Massachusetts, accounted for half of America's whaling output. In 1846, the U.S. owned 640 whaling ships, more than the rest of the world put together and tripled. Demand for New Bedford's haul came from all over the country. Sperm oil could lubricate fancy new machinery. Inferior whale oil could light up a room. Whale cartilage could hold together a corset or umbrella. At its height, the whaling industry contributed $10 million (in 1880 dollars), enough to make it the fifth largest sector of the U.S. economy.In the 1870s, however, the industry started to decline as whale resources decreased and the price of whale oil fell as a result of increased petroleum production. Capitalists began to funnel their cash into other domestic industries, notably railroads, oil, and steel. When New Bedford's whaling elite opened the city's first cotton mill and petroleum-refining plant, the handwriting was on the wall. By the late 1890s, the industry was virtually dead.The Bark Mary & Susan was a whaler whose career was cut short in August 1888 when it was lost on a reef four miles south of Point Barrow, Alaska, during a storm. The vessel had departed San Francisco on March 9, 1888 with a crew of 31 bound for the Arctic. At the time of the loss, the Mary and Susan was carrying $12,000 worth of “whaling supplies”. The … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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