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2020-09-16 05:51:59
John Q. Adams
Secretary of State John Quincy Adams Writes President James Monroe, Making the U.S. Argument in the Landmark Case of The Ship Apollon In this key case, the Marshall Court ultimately held that the municipal laws of one nation do not extend beyond its own territory, except regarding its own citizens
1707. 17/07/1821. The Ship Apollon sailed from France, bound to Charleston, South Carolina, in 1820. But at the time there was a trade war building, and concern that a proposed tonnage duty on French vessels might be passed by the U.S. Congress, and enforced by customs officials at U.S. ports. So an alternative destination, to use if necessary, in northern Florida was selected, as Florida then belonged to Spain. The object of this ruse being to ultimately land her cargo in the United States, and to take a return cargo of American cotton to France. Upon her arrival off the port of Charleston, the master ascertained that the French tonnage duty act had passed, (Act of 15th of May, 1820) and, the Apollon therefore declined entering the port. Having obtained information from the collector that Amelia Island in Florida was not deemed an American territory, he sailed for that place; and there the ship lay for a considerable time, while the master proceeded to St. Augustine to set up a system to be used now and in the future. This would enable French ships to have a convenient depot for the purpose of carrying on, as American officials maintained, an illicit trade, in fraud of the revenue and navigation laws of the United States. In the midst of this program, as the ship and cargo lay in the St. Mary’s River in Spanish waters, it was seized by the United States, condemned as a prize, and its cargo sold. The master of the French ship brought suit for damages against the U.S. customs collector, and the U.S. government considered what course to take.Secretary of State John Quincy … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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