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2020-09-16 05:03:04
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Less Than One Month After Pearl Harbor, President and Commander in Chief Franklin D. Roosevelt Enlists Veterans in Defending the Homeland From Another Attack “I count on the continued cooperation of you and the men who constitute the membership of the American Legion for the kind of intelligent and disciplined support which will insure the ultimate success of our efforts.”.
1919. 5/1/42. After World War I, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. and others campaigned for the formation of an organization that would provide services to veterans, active service members, and their communities. Responding to this groundswell of interest, in 1919 Congress chartered the American Legion. Membership swiftly grew to over one million, and local posts sprang up across the country. The Legion successfully sponsored the creation of the U.S. Veterans Administration in 1930. By the outbreak of World War II, it was one of the most influential nonprofit groups in the United States, and considered the spokesman for, and representative of, American veterans as a whole. In 1941, just before the U.S. entered World War II, Lynn Stambaugh became the National Commander of the Legion, and he would be its head in the coming war effort and civilian defense activities. It was in this latter area that veterans could take a leading part.In the immediate aftermath of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor (which took place on December 7, 1941), civilian defense became a matter of urgent importance. In the outpouring of grief, anger and nationalistic fervor, every level of government was flooded with queries about local defense, as many Americans worried about potential German or Japanese attacks. Fears that civilian defense measures and systems were inadequate was widespread. On December 16, noted columnist Walter Lippman reflected this, writing, “The realities of civilian defense have never been clearly grasped, nor has the business been organized in a way that is remotely adequate.”Abo … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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