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2020-09-16 02:02:10
James Smithson
The Founding of the Smithsonian: Catalogue Card No. 1 of the Scientific Collection of the Benefactor of the Smithsonian Institution, in His Own Hand Brought over to the United States with the original bequest to found the Smithsonian .
1820. Almost certainly the only handwritten inventory from Smithson’s own collection in private hands; From the collection of, and notated by the Chief Clerk and Chief Archivist of the Smithsonian throughout the Victorian eraJames Smithson, the great benefactor of America, was born in 1754, the illegitimate son of Hugh Smithson, the first Duke of Northumberland. Illegitimate children were not unusual among England’s 18th century nobility, but certain opportunities were closed to them; they could not become military officers or ministers of the Church of England, two careers aristocrats commonly pursued. However, the young man attended Pembroke College at Oxford University, and there became interested in the natural sciences. He became a mineralogist and chemist.“Catalogue of my Cabinet""In the mineralogy field, he spent many years traveling the world to obtain samples of minerals and meteorites, study the geography he traversed, and describe the mining and manufacturing processes he encountered. He gathered many of these samples into a collection he kept in a mahogany cabinet, carefully notating the items and their histories on small catalogue cards. The book The Lost World of James Smithson affirms that Smithson maintained a comprehensive mineral cabinet “of the crystalized produce of the earth”, and emphasizes the great importance this cabinet held for him. In the chemistry field, much of Smithson’s work was dedicated to studying the chemical composition of various compounds. He investigated improved methods for making coffee and tea, wrote a paper on “Some … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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