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2020-09-10 19:05:21
[Florida]: Coffin, George A.
ONE FAMILY NEGRO HOUSE [caption title]
Miami: George A. Coffin, Architect, 1941. Blueprint plan, 22 x 23 inches. Minor edge and surface wear, old creases. Very good. An original blueprint architectural plan for a "One Family Negro House," produced by George A. Coffin of Miami, Florida and dated February 11, 1941. The plan illustrates the various elevations, floor plan, foundation plan, "typical section," and specifications for a "shotgun house" (more colloquially known as a shotgun shack). These houses, constructed in this example of yellow pine, were built throughout the American South after the Civil War and through the Jim Crow era, usually for itinerant sharecroppers, railroad workers, or those working factory jobs. The dimensions of this house measure twelve feet wide by thirty-six feet long, consisting of a porch, parlor, bedroom, and kitchen. The small bathroom, located outside the house proper, is also shown. The spare rectangular style is thought to have originated in New Orleans, perhaps by Creole or Haitian immigrants or free African Americans as far back as the 18th century. An apocryphal story claims that the term "shotgun house" comes from the ability to open all doors of the residence and fire a shotgun straight through the house. The style of the shotgun house became associated with poverty in the South, as a great majority of the occupants of these houses were poor white and African-American field or plant workers. It is telling that by 1941, this style of house would become formally associated with African Americans on a blueprint such as this. Shotgun houses proliferated in Florida fro … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana [United States]
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