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2020-05-20 18:47:04
OLIVER WOLCOTT, JR.
Treasury Secretary Wolcott Writes To Speaker Of The House Dayton During The Xyz Affair: “The Sickness In Portsmouth, Boston, New York & Philadelphia Will Unavoidably Delay The Public Operations…The Stagnation Of Business Will Deprive Me Of The Aid Expected To Be Derived From Credit…The Attention Of France Turned To The East & The Villains Succeed In Destroying The Independence Of European Nations, Our Turn Must However Come”
OLIVER WOLCOTT, JR. (1760-1833). Wolcott, the son of the Signer, was the second Treasury Secretary who remained in the Adams administration. He negotiated the end of the XYZ Affair. JONATHAN DAYTON (1760-1824). Dayton, a politician from New Jersey, was the youngest Constitution Signer, a Senator and the third Speaker of the House of Representatives. THE XYZ AFFAIR. During the mid-1790s, France and England were at war, and the United States declared its neutrality. At the same time, the United States stopped paying its war-time debt to France, declaring that it owed its money to the Bourbons, not the Republic of France. In 1796, France began seizing American ships, especially if they were trading with England. Three American diplomats, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Elbridge Gerry and John Marshall, went to France to negotiate in July 1797. Agents of the French Foreign Minister Talleyrand demanded bribes before starting negotiations; the Americans refused. By the summer of 1797, the French had taken over 300 American ships in the previous year; the next year, the conflict grew into the XYZ Affair / Quasi-War. In March 1800, President Adams decided to end hostilities with France, and sent William Vans Murray, Oliver Ellsworth and William R. Davie to Paris to negotiate a treaty. A basic convention was signed in Paris on September 30, 1800, and then was returned to Washington for approval.ALS. 3pg. 8” x 10”. September 7, 1798. Trenton [New Jersey]. An autograph letter signed “Oliv Wolcott” as Treasury Secretary to the Speaker of the House Jonathan Dayton: †… [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Stuart Lutz Historic Documents, Inc. [United States]
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