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2020-02-14 10:30:06
BROADSIDE.
It is this day Ordered upon the Question, by the Commons House of Parliament [.]
Printed for Tho. Bates in the old Bailie. 1641 [1642]. Single column of text, printers' device along upper margin, three City of London shields, dec. first initial. 30cm x 19cm. ESTC R208411, BL, Manchester, & Oxford in UK; Harvard, Huntington, Yale in US. Lady Day dating means that this was published in 1642, not 1641. This document was published the day before Charles I's attempted arrest of five members of Parliament in the House of Commons, the event which ultimately triggered the beginning of the First Civil War. The broadside outlines the right of members to refuse arrest and defend themselves against seizure, unless their detention has been authorised by Parliament. Tensions were growing as Charles I attempted to raise money for the developing war in Scotland, and Parliament worked to reduce the King's power. In particular, the members wanted to ensure that a monarch could not go such long periods of time without calling Parliament, and could not unilaterally decide to dismiss it. The disastrous Short Parliament of 1640 lasted three weeks, and before that Charles I had not met with his government for eleven years. The dating of this broadside, January 3, 1642 is timely: on January 4th, 1642 Charles I entered the House of Commons (the first monarch to do so, and in gross violation of Parliamentary privilege), and attempted to arrest five sitting members for treason. The members, having been tipped off, were not there and William Lenthall, the Speaker of the House, made clear that he served Parliament and not the King. Having failed in his mission to arrest the men and … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Jarndyce, The 19th Century Booksellers [London, United Kingdom]
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