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2009-03-10 10:19:19
Rosende, Antonio Gonzalez de
Vida i Virtudes del illmo. i excmo. Senor D. Iuan de Palafox i Mendoza.
Madrid: Julian de Paredes, 1666. First edition. Folio, half-title, frontis. portrait, title, ff. [28], pp 534 (actually 532: error in pagination), ff 12 (index). First biography of Palafox, written at the behest of the cardinal of Toledo, Moscoso y Sandoval, who had been one of Palafox's greatest friends. Fr. Gonzalez de Rosende was a franciscan friar, professor of theology at the university of Alcala de Henares, prefect of his order in Spain, and commissar of the Inquisition. Palafox y Mendoza was Bishop of Puebla, Mexico, Archbishop-elect of Mexico, Viceroy, etc., etc. One of the most important figures of colonial Mexico, Palafox (1600 - 59) was a Spaniard, abandoned as an infant, in a basket no less, but rescued and adopted into a noble family. He rose quickly to prominence, and was sent to Mexico as bishop of Puebla. There he founded, among many other accomplishments, the Biblioteca Palofoxiana, still in existence. He quickly came into conflict with the regular clergy, who had enormous power in Mexico and were a world and law to themselves. Palafox tried to bring them under the control of the secular authorities, i.e. the bishops. For a time he had the suport of the king and even the pope, until he tangled with the Jesuits, whose power was too great. He was abruptly called back to Spain and the bishopric of Osma, which was seen as a demotion, and certainly marked the end of his political power. Of notable sanctity, he received the necessary votes for beatification -- the first step to sainthood -- but Pope Pius VI suspended final decision. This work of Rosende was rep … [Click Below for Full Description]
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