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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1939

        Secret Despatches from Arabia.

      London: Golden Cockerel Press, [1939]. GOLDEN COCKEREL PRESS LIMITED EDITION. First edition, quarto, pp.173; [11]. Number 23 of 30 special copies bound in white pigskin by Sangorski and Sutcliffe, top edge gilt, others untrimmed, gilt titles to spine. Housed in the original cream, felt-lined slipcase. Frontis portrait. Publisher's note about the facsimile pages at the end of the book loosely tipped in. Internally fine with just some offsetting to the front endpapers. Boards slightly bowed, very lightly soiled to spine, and a few light marks to boards. Slipcase has some wear and marking, with the cloth at the top and bottom bubbled. Very good.

      [Bookseller: Adrian Harrington]
 1.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  

        Frustration And Aggression (First Printing In Dust Jacket)

      New Haven: Yale University Press, 1939. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Near Fine/Very Good DJ. 1st Printing Ix, 209 Pp. First Printing, Red Cloth, Spine Printed In Black. Book Is Near Fine, Trace Of Rubbing At Corners, No Names Or Marks. Dj With Just Light Wear, Minute Loss Across Most Of Top Of Spine, A Few Other Very Short Tears And Minute Losses, One Almost 2" Long Completely Closed Tear At Top Right Of Rear Panel, Not Affecting Text, Very Slight Fading To Red Printing On Spine.

      [Bookseller: Arroyo Seco Books]
 2.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  

        John Wisden's Cricketers' Almanack for 1939 - 1939 to 1942 Wisden Hardbacks

      Hi and Welcome to our Store. We are selling our HBs off in chunks, happy to split the sets or to send more details and pictures, please just ask us or the admin team here. This lot is a Set of 4 Hardback Wisdens - 1939 1940 1941 1942. In Good to Very Good Condition, with 1940 to 42 being hard to find books. 1939 is very good for its age with exceptionalhinges for the year, some spine gilt fading. 1940 has facsimile gilts and some weakness to the hinges. 1941 has weak hinges , fading to spine gilts but nice inside. 1942 has facsimile gilts and some rubbing to page 3.

 3.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


      Zürich : E. Marx-Weinbaum 1939 - 1st Edition. Original Wrappers but Complete Set is unbound. 4to. Complete Set of Every Issue of the Weekly Periodical "Israelitisches Wochenblatt" published in 1939. Issues are numbered 39: 1 through 39: 51 and run to a total of about 2000 pages. This weekly periodical was on the forefront of covering the ongoing holocaust atrocities. The magazine’s holocaust reporting was used as evidence in the Nuremberg Trials, most notably in the trial of Julius Streicher. OCLC lists 15 copies worldwide. Issues are unbound. Some edgewear, damp stains, and minor chipping throughout. About good condition. (HOLO2-135-32) [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Dan Wyman Books, LLC]
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      Bok. The Studio, Ltd., London, England.,uå(1939?) En fantastisk bok med 80 enastående hus med makalös arkitektur. Green cloth boards. 25x19cm, 599g. Very good condition. Richly illustrated with b/w photos. This is a rather spectacular and scarce book. Myerscough-Walker was a noted architect, draughtsman, designer and author in the 1930's. He design'd the Art Deco entrance at Zoological Gardens/ Dudley Zoo UK and wrote 'Stage & Film Decor', among other achievements. In this preWWII book he writes admiringly of Frank Lloyd Wright, Alvar Aalto, Le Corbusier, Gropius, Moholy-Nagy, Erich Mendelsohn. The book includes 80 photographed homes worldwide, including floorplans, of these and other architects of the new 20th century deco-moderne style. One notable home (#45) shown was designed by Mendelsohn for Dr. Chaim Weizmann (Rehoboth, Palestine) one of the great Jewish Zionist leaders of the day -- a hilltop aerie surrounded by thriving fields and gardens. Other homes and personages of note are throughout the book - including a Nottingham home done by Myerscough-Walker himself. This is a rare architetural book, documentary in its scope.

      [Bookseller: Abcurio Antikvariat & Quriosa]
 5.   Check availability:     Bokbörsen     Link/Print  

        Strange Stories 2/1939-Thrilling-1st issue-weird menace-decapitaion-pulp-VF

      Thrilling 1939 - -First issue -Bizarre Weird menace pulp, Gripping Tales Of The Uncanny -Decapitation horror cover -Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, O A Klein, Manly Wade Wellman -Glossy cover, off-white to white supple pages -This pulp is over 75 years old!! Condition: VF

      [Bookseller: DTA Collectibles]
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      The Modern Library circa 1939, New York - An early printing of Modern Library No. 45, Near Fine in a Near Fine jacket. Bound in green cloth with matching topstain and orange patterned endpapers. Spine cloth imperceptibly toned, spine gilt slightly dulled, with a few scattered spots of foxing to the side of the textblock. The jacket is a Near Fine example, reproducing the original artwork of the First Modern Library edition (1934). Price of 95 cents on the front flap, and mention of 265 titles both on the verso and rear panel; Toledano dates it circa 1939. Spine panel moderately toned, with some lighter toning, wear, and three tiny pin-sized holes along the flap folds. Overall, an attractive example of this classic detective novel, and the basis for three films: The Maltese Falcon (1931), Satan Met A Lady (1936), and the 1941 film noir starring Humphrey Bogart as Sam Spade. The success of the 1941 film propelled the book's popularity back into the heart of American culture; The Modern Library sold about 27,000 copies during the decade. Scarce.

      [Bookseller: Captain Ahab's Rare Books]
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        Verve. An Artistic and Literary Quarterly: No. 4 January March 1939.

      Paris: Verve, Rue Ferou, 1939. This issue includes lithograph images of 'The Dance' by Henri Matisse and 'The Garden of Allah' by Andre Derain. This copy is in a remarkable hardcover leather binding with inlaid green and yellow leather spelling 'Verve' on the front board. The back board features the same design in relief with the lettering and pattern laid under the outer black leather cover. The original colour lithograph wrappers have been retained and now form the paste-down endpapers of the book. The previous owner and binder, one Richard Griffin of Sydney New South Wales, has written an honest and endearing explanation of his project on the rear blank free endpaper: 'This is the first leather binding I ever attempted. Having to give up the grog left me with long lucid evenings to be filled instead." A unique and remarkable binding production. Large quarto, lithograph and heliotype plates throughout, black leather binding with fitted slipcase, this copy is in very good condition.

      [Bookseller: Rare Illustrated Books]
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        The Grapes of Wrath

      New York: The Viking Press, [1939]. 8vo. 619pp. Original tan cloth, top edges stained yellow; pictorial dust jacket illustrated by Elmer Hader. Steinbeck was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Literature in 1940 for this novel. One of the most influential novels of the 20th century, 'The Grapes of Wrath' was made into a film starring Henry Fonda as Tom Joad, the Oklahoma farmer forced to leave his Dust Bowl home and search for a better life in California. Goldstone and Payne A12a. Jacket with old reinforcements on verso reinforcing losses along the spine and chips at extremities, toned and with wear.

      [Bookseller: Riverrun Books & Manuscripts]
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      New York: William Morrow and Company, 1939. First edition. A near fine copy, lower corners gently bumped in a very good dust jacket, shelf wear to corners with some minor loss, shelf wear to spine ends with some minor loss, mild rubbing mainly to folds and spine ends, lightening to red titles on spine panel. (10051). Octavo, cloth. A Perry Mason mystery novel.

      [Bookseller: John W. Knott, Jr., Bookseller, ABAA/ILA]
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        THE GRAPES OF WRATH Signed 1st

      New York: Viking. 1939. First Edition; 2nd Printing before publication stated. Hardcover. Very Good+ in a Very Good+ corner-clipped dust jacket, in all four corners. Inscribed by Steinbeck to Thomas Edwards: "For Thomas Edwards / from / John Steinbeck". Edwards' blindstamp applied to title and dedication pages. Woven off white cloth cover design with brown line pictorial along lower boards, Battle Hymn of the Republic sheet music end pages. First Edition, Second Printing before Publication stated. Chip to front panel's lower edge and to crown of spine. Pastedowns and endpapers show toning. ; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; Signed by Author .

      [Bookseller: Rare Book Cellar]
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        Los Fragmentos De Heraclito

      Alcancia, Mexico 1939 - Traduccion de Jose Gaos. Edicion numerada de 100 ejemplares, el mismo N° 87. 55 paginas. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Liber Nahuel Vazquez]
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        Midis gagnés

      1939. Denoël, Paris 1939, 18x25cm, broché. - Denoël, Paris 1939, 18x25cm, broché. - Edizione illustrata con 6 disegni di Henri Matisse, una delle 150 copie numerate Hors commerce su Alfa e riservati al servizio stampa. autografo Firmato del poeta Tristan Tzara Guy Lavaud. Torna un po 'insolated, un posto sul primo corso, alcuni punti soprattutto margini di alcune foglie. [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition en partie originale illustrée de 6 dessins originaux d'Henri Matisse, un des 150 exemplaires hors commerce numérotés sur alfa et réservés au service de presse. Envoi autographe signé de Tristan Tzara au poète Guy Lavaud. Dos légèrement insolé, une tache sur le premier plat, quelques rousseurs principalement en marges de certains feuillets.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Feu Follet]
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      New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1939. First U.S. edition. Touch of shelf wear to corner tips and spine ends in a very good dust jacket with light shelf wear, mainly to spine ends and corner tips, some creases to lower right front corner, mild color fade to spine panel. Scarce. (20293). Octavo, pp. [1-6] 1-313 [314], original green cloth, front and spine stamped in black. A Sergeant Beef novel. "His subtlety is outstanding, and his efforts at misdirection are worthy of Agatha Christie" - Pederson (ed.), St. James Guide to Crime and Mystery Writers, (4th ed.), pp. 117-120.

      [Bookseller: John W. Knott, Jr., Bookseller, ABAA/ILA]
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        Gedr. Kundenausweis mit eigenh. Namenszug und Adresse. Wien, 1939.

      1939. 1 S. 8vo. Fleischbezugsschein mit rückseitigem Stempel der Fleischhauerei Katherine Denzel. - Der aus Oberösterreich stammende Jurist gehörte zu den 24 Hauptangeklagten im Nürnberger Prozeß und wurde, in zwei von drei Anklagepunkten schuldig gesprochen, am 16. Oktober hingerichtet. - Mit kleinen Randläsuren und etwas angestaubt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        The Western Angler. An Account of Pacific Salmon and Western Trout

      New York: The Derrydale Press, 1939. First edition, no. 280 of 950 copies. Illustrated with plates in color and in black and white, WITH THE FOLDING MAP IN VOLUME ONE. 2 vols. 4to. Original red cloth. Very good plus set in superior condition (minor exterior soiling), internally fresh. First edition, no. 280 of 950 copies. Illustrated with plates in color and in black and white, WITH THE FOLDING MAP IN VOLUME ONE. 2 vols. 4to. With the Map. A beautiful and monumental work. Notes Frazier, "Approximately one third of the 950 sets of this book were issued with the fold-out map opposite page 3 of Volume 1. The other two-thirds of this set were issued without the fold-out map." Siegel does not explain the reason for this omission, only that it exists. A SCARCE AND HIGHLY DESIRABLE ANGLING DERRYDALE. Siegel 156; Frazier H-1-a, H-1-b; Cave A21

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        The Western Angler: An Account of Pacific Salmon and Western Trout. {Two Volumes with Fold-Out Map}.

      - New York. The Derrydale Press. 1939. Limited Edition. This is set number 402 of 950 copies published. Two Volumes. Vol. 1: 200 pp. Vol. 2: 191 pp. including index. 4to. (10 ¾ x 8). With the foldout map showing fishing waters in British Columbia opposite page 3. Color frontispiece of artificial flies in each volume. Exquisite color plates of fish by E.B.S. Logier. Black and white photos. Text drawings. Foreword by C. McC. Mottley. Since its publication long ago, Haig-Brown's masterful treatment of fly fishing in the Pacific Northwest remains the most comprehensive and thorough account published. The two volumes bound in their original bright red cloth with gilt titles and decorations. A beautiful set. Bright red, clean, and in fine condition.

      [Bookseller: Bruce Cave Fine Fly Fishing Books, IOBA.]
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      Zürich : E. Marx-Weinbaum. 1939. Paperback. 1st Edition. Original Wrappers but Complete Set is unbound. 4to. Complete Set of Every Issue of the Weekly Periodical “Israelitisches Wochenblatt” published in 1939. Issues are numbered 39: 1 through 39: 51 and run to a total of about 2000 pages. This weekly periodical was on the forefront of covering the ongoing holocaust atrocities. The magazine's holocaust reporting was used as evidence in the Nuremberg Trials, most notably in the trial of Julius Streicher. OCLC lists 15 copies worldwide. Issues are unbound. Some edgewear, damp stains, and minor chipping throughout. About good condition. (HOLO2-135-32) .

      [Bookseller: Dan Wyman Books]
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        THE OUTSIDER AND OTHERS ... Collected by August Derleth and Donald Wandrei

      Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House, 1939. First edition. A fine copy in a fine dust jacket with mild rubbing to upper front corner tip and head of spine panel. A very nice white paper copy with no age toning to the text block or the dust jacket. (18704). Large octavo, pp. [ivi] vii [viii-x] xii-xiv [1-2] 3-553 [554: blank] [555: colophon] [556-558: blank] [note: last leaf is a blank], original black cloth, spine panel stamped in gold. 1268 copies printed. The first collection of Lovecraft's writings and the first Arkham House book. "...his works remain one of the most remarkable literary products of their day and an enormously influential contribution to the genre, their influence extending not only to Lovecraft's many correspondents but to such significant modern writers as Ramsey Campbell and Brian Lumley." - Barron (ed.): Horror Literature 3-132. Anatomy of Wonder (2004) II-680. Barron (ed), Horror Literature 3-132. Bleiler, The Guide to Supernatural Fiction 1040. Jones and Newman (eds), Horror: 100 Best Books 43. Tymn (ed), Horror Literature 4-162. See Anatomy of Wonder (1981) 2-61. See Survey of Science Fiction Literature I, pp. 97-101 and III, pp. 1284-88. Joshi I-A-15.

      [Bookseller: John W. Knott, Jr., Bookseller, ABAA/ILA]
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        A Farewell to Arms

      New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1939. 8vo. Original cloth; original pictorial dust jacket. A few tiny pale spots on rear cover, dust jacket with two short tears at top of front panel and slightest wear at extremities, very lightly toned.

      [Bookseller: Riverrun Books & Manuscripts]
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        MISS. MODE

      Vienna: Circa 1935-1939. A rare an unusual collection of original hand-painted fashion designs produced in Vienna before the outbreak of the Second World War. All seventeen designs are original artworks. Some feature ornate and carefully crafted crepe-paper whorls and rosettes, presenting the elegant fashion items as textured three dimensional forms. The plates comprise designs for a range of items and accessories - six pairs of shoes, ten pairs of gloves, and a parasol - all signed by the talented artist 'Kropej'. It is known that Miss Kropej studied under the care of Emmy Zweybrück-Prochaska, who operated a privately owned art and craft school in Vienna from 1915. The school taught a range of skills in the decorative arts, and was renowned for wonderful toys and textile design. The school closed in 1939 when Emmy Zweybrück- Prochaska was forced to emigrate for the United States where she continued to work in textile design and the illustration of children's books. This collection of work by Miss Kropej is a beautiful example of the haute couture of the era, exemplifed by restraint and simplicity of design alongside sensuous attention to detail. Collection of seventeen original hand-coloured designs of which four leaves feature attached crepe-paper oral ornaments (each leaf is watermarked 1935 and measures 210 x 298 mm.) The entire collection is in outstanding condition, preserved in an exquisite yellow cloth folding case with leather label lettered 'Mode' to the front board.

      [Bookseller: Rare Illustrated Books]
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      London: Jarrolds Publishers (London) Limited, [1939].. Octavo,original light brown cloth, spine panel stamped in black, pictorial endpapers. First edition. A race of highly intelligent ant-like creatures dwelling underground in Africa prepare to take over the world. Probably intended as an awful warning story concerning the rise of fascist states in Europe and the conflict to come. An underrated novel. Anatomy of Wonder (2004) II-111. Clarke, Tale of the Future (1978). p. 74. Locke, A Spectrum of Fantasy, p. 31. Bleiler (1978), p. 20. Reginald 01099. Fore-edge of text block stained, a very good copy in very good professionally restored pictorial dust jacket. The first edition is an uncommon book; the jacket is rare. (#152473)

      [Bookseller: L. W. Currey, Inc. ]
 22.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  

        Scritti e discorsi di Benito Mussolini.,Roma,Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato,1939

      Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 1939. Edizione impressa su carta speciale a mano filigranata delle cartiere Miliani di Fabriano in 23 esemplari fuori di serie distinti con lettere e 102 numerati con numeri romani da I a CII. Roma, 1939; 13 voll., cartonato, pp. 2300, ill. b/n, cm 33,5x52. italiano

      [Bookseller: Libro Co. Italia s.r.l.]
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        Wehrgeographischer Atlas von Frankreich. Nur zum Dienstgebrauch!

      Berlin, Reichsdruckerei, 1939 - Großformat, IV Seiten und 60 Tafgeln mit Karten, betitelter Originalleinen - sehr guter Zustand - 1939. H1545 Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 1100

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Ehbrecht - Preise inkl. MwSt]
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        Ken: The Insider's World

      New York: 1938-1939. 39 issues, 7 April 1938 to 29 June 1939. Bound in four volumes, gilt-lettered black cloth, all original covers preserved. A complete run of the short-lived illustrated large-format magazine, known for its controversial and political content. Ken: An Insider's World was founded by David A. Smart and Arnold Ginrich, who earlier has founded Esquire. The first editor Jay Allen drew talent heavily from the political left. Quickly fired, he was replaced by George Seldes, who also proved too left-wing for advertisers. Some of the politicians featured with photo layouts were Presidents Calvin Coolidge, Grover Cleveland, Thomas Harding, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, as well as many prominent German figures. Investigated in 1938 for being Communist leaning, Gingrich denied the magazine had any political slant. The magazine is an important window into the late 1930s, mixing the multitude of advertisements and their value as artifacts of material culture, with the dangerous world politics of the day, and the major figures involved in it. Ken's most notable publications were the articles by Ernest Hemingway on the Spanish Civil War that appeared in the first fourteen issues. In the first issue, it was stated that Hemingway was originally announced to be editor, but had taken no part in editing, nor in the formation of its policies. Hemingway, worried that their politics might be "liberal-phoney," insisted that a disclaimer be printed: "If he sees eye to eye with us on Ken, we would like to have him as an editor. If not, he will remain as a contributor until he is fired or quits." Some light rubbing, occasional browning of paper as usual.

      [Bookseller: Riverrun Books & Manuscripts]
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        La double maîtresse

      Carteret 1939 - Paris, Carteret, 1939 In-4 (27,5cm x 20cm) de (8)-432-(4)pp. Tirage à 200 exemplaires numérotés sur Vélin de Rives. 43 gouaches gravées et imprimées en couleurs à la poupée dont couverture, fleuron de titre, 6 en-têtes, 6 lettres ornées, 6 culs-de-lampe & 23 hors-texte par François De MARLIAVE. Plein maroquin rouge, dos à 4 nerfs soulignés de pointillés dorés, auteur, titre, illustrateur & date frappés or, fer floral avec triple encadrement dont un en pointillés et fers floraux aux angles répété deux fois, fer central avec le même encadrement, plats décorés d'un sextuple encadrement et d'une dentelle à l'or, coiffes guillochées, double filet doré parcourant les coupes, contre-plats bordés de même maroquin et doublés en maroquin bleu marine avec de multiples encadrements et quatre beaux fers aux angles, tranches dorées, couverture et dos conservés, sous étui. (Lucie Weill) Un des 200 exemplaires sur Vélin de Rives; celui-ci N°13. De la bibliothèque de Léon Michel (Ex-libris). Très bel exemplaire, étui en bon état, reliure en très bel état (dos à peine passé); intérieur en parfait état, frais. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: LIBRAIRIE EPPE FRÈRES]
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        Scritti e discorsi di Benito Mussolini.

      Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato 1939 - Edizione impressa su carta speciale a mano filigranata delle cartiere Miliani di Fabriano in 23 esemplari fuori di serie distinti con lettere, e 102 numerati con numeri romani da I a CII. Roma, 1939; 13 voll., cartonato, pp. 2300, ill. b/n, cm 33,5x52. Versione integrale dell'opera, comprendente scritti e discorsi di Benito e Arnaldo Mussolini dal 1914 al 1939, con una presentazione di Benito Mussolini del 1933. Gli scritti di Mussolini sono quelli pubblicati sul "Popolo d'Italia" , sia prima dell'entrata in guerra, 15 novembre 1914-24 maggio 1915, sia durante la guerra 1915-1917. Si passa poi all'enunciazione della cosiddetta "rivoluzione fasci. Un'opera monumentale e preziosa perché si tratta di un'edizione non comune e molto rara degli scritti e dei discorsi di Mussolini, con aggiunte rispetto alla storica all'edizione Hoepli. La maggior parte dei 125 esemplari, con tutta probabilità mai messi in commercio, vennero distrutti dopo la guerra [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libro Co. Italia Srl]
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        "Zu-gleich"! Werkzeitschrift der Hamburger Freihafen-Lagerhaus-Gesellschaft / Hamburger Hafen- und Lagerhaus-Aktiengesellschaft 3. + 4. Jahrgang 1939 + 1940 Komplett

      20 Hefte in einer Baschaga-Mappe. KOMPLETT - 3. Jahrgang 1939 insgesamt 10 Hefte Nr. 8 Aug./Sep. und Nr. 9 Okt./Nov. Doppelausgabe. - 4. Jahrgang insgesamt 10 Hefte, keine Ausgabe für Jan., Aug. und Nov. Nr. 10 Dez./Jan. - Doppelausgabe. Inhalt u.a. Hafen, Geschichtliches, Aktuelles, Personen, Schach uvm. _____ Mappe ist hinten minimal berieben und an Ecken und Kanten minimal bestoßen und berieben und Kopfschnitt minimal staubschattig, insgesamt sehr guter Zustand, ohne Risse, Flecken oder Fehlseiten.

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        A oriente per il nord Alla ricerca della più breve via aerea dall'America all'Asia

      CASA EDITRICE MARZOCCO, FIRENZE 1939 - ITALIANO Volume rilegato con rilegatura postuma, la coperina mostra leggera usura, visibili aloni ed un'ammaccatura alla base del dorso, la copertina originale è presente all'interno, le pagine ed i tagli mostrano naturale ingiallimento, presenti illustrazioni in b. e n., trad. di E.E. Andreani

      [Bookseller: Biblioteca di Babele]
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        Systems of Logic based on Ordinals. [Received 31 May, 1938. - Read 16 June, 1938.]. [In: Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society. Second Series. Volume 45].

      London, Hodgson & Son, 1939. Royal8vo. In a recent nice green full cloth binding with gilt lettering to spine. Entire volumes 45 of "Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society. Second Series". A very nice and clean copy without any institutional stamps. Pp. 161-240. [Entire volume: (4), 475 pp.]. The very rare first printing of Turing's Ph.D.-thesis, which "opened new fields of investigation in mathematical logic". This seminal work constitutes the first systematic attempt to deal with the Gödelian incompleteness theorem as well as the introduction to the notion of relative computing. After having studied at King's College at Cambridge from 1931 to 1934 and having been elected a fellow here in 1935, Turing, in 1936 wrote a work that was to change the future of mathematics, namely his seminal "On Computable Numbers", in which he answered the famous "Entscheidungsproblem", came up with his "Universal Machine" and inaugurated mechanical and electronic methods in computing. This most famous theoretical paper in the history of computing caught the attention of Church, who was teaching at Princeton, and in fact he gave to the famous "Turing Machine" its name. It was during Church's work with Turing's paper that the "Church-Turing Thesis" was born. After this breakthrough work, Newman, under whom Turing had studied at Cambridge, urged him to spend a year studying with Church, and in September 1936 he went to Princeton. It is here at Princeton, under the guidance of Church, that Turing in 1938 finishes his thesis [the present paper] and later the same year is granted the Ph.D. on the basis of it. The thesis was published in "Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society" in 1939, and after the publication of it, Turing did no more on the topic, leaving the actual breakthroughs to other generations. In his extraordinary Ph.D.-thesis Turing provides an ingenious method of proof, in which a union of systems prove their own consistency, disproving, albeit shifting the problem to even more complicated matters, Gödel's incompleteness theorem. It would be many years before the ingenious arguments and striking partial completeness result that Turing obtained in the present paper would be thoroughly investigated and his line of research continued. The present thesis also presents other highly important proofs and hypotheses that came to influence several branches of mathematics. Most noteworthy of these is the idea that was later to change the face of the general theory of computation, namely the attempt to produce an arithmetical problem that is not number-theoretical (in his sense). Turing's result is his seminal "o-machines"; he here introduces the notion of relative computing and augments the "Turing Machines" with so-called oracles ("o"), which allowed for the study of problems that could not be solved by the Turing machine. Turing, however, made no further use of his seminal o-machine, but it is that which Emil Post used as the basis for his theory of "Degrees of Unsolvability", crediting Turing with the result that for any set of natural numbers there is another of higher degree of unsolvability. This transformed the notion of computability from an absolute notion into a relative one, which led to entirely new developments and in turn to vastly generalized forms of recursion theory. "In 1939 Turing published "Systems of Logic Based on Ordinals,"... This paper had a far-reaching influence; in 1942 E.L. Post drew upon it for one of his theories for classifying unsolvable problems, while in 1958 G. Kreisel suggested the use of ordinal logics in characterizing informal methods of proof. In the latter year S. Feferman also adapted Turing's ideas to use ordinal logics in predicative mathematics." (D.S.B. XIII:498). A part from these groundbreaking points, which Turing never returned to himself, he here also considers intuition versus technical ingenuity in mathematical reasoning, does so in an interesting and provocative manner and comes to present himself as one of the most important thinkers of modern mathematical as well as philosophical logic."Turing turned to the exploration of the uncomputable for his Princeton Ph.D. thesis (1938), which then appeared as "Systems of Logic based on Ordinals" (Turing 1939). It is generally the view, as expressed by Feferman (1988), that this work was a diversion from the main thrust of his work. But from another angle, as expressed in (Hodges 1997), one can see Turing's development as turning naturally from considering the mind when following a rule, to the action of the mind when not following a rule. In particular this 1938 work considered the mind when seeing the truth of one of Gödel's true but formally unprovable propositions, and hence going beyond rules based on the axioms of the system. As Turing expressed it (Turing 1939, p. 198), there are 'formulae, seen intuitively to be correct, but which the Gödel theorem shows are unprovable in the original system.' Turing's theory of 'ordinal logics' was an attempt to 'avoid as far as possible the effects of Gödel's theorem' by studying the effect of adding Gödel sentences as new axioms to create stronger and stronger logics. It did not reach a definitive conclusion.In his investigation, Turing introduced the idea of an 'oracle' capable of performing, as if by magic, an uncomputable operation. Turing's oracle cannot be considered as some 'black box' component of a new class of machines, to be put on a par with the primitive operations of reading single symbols, as has been suggested by (Copeland 1998). An oracle is infinitely more powerful than anything a modern computer can do, and nothing like an elementary component of a computer. Turing defined 'oracle-machines' as Turing machines with an additional configuration in which they 'call the oracle' so as to take an uncomputable step. But these oracle-machines are not purely mechanical. They are only partially mechanical, like Turing's choice-machines. Indeed the whole point of the oracle-machine is to explore the realm of what cannot be done by purely mechanical processes...Turing's oracle can be seen simply as a mathematical tool, useful for exploring the mathematics of the uncomputable. The idea of an oracle allows the formulation of questions of relative rather than absolute computability. Thus Turing opened new fields of investigation in mathematical logic. However, there is also a possible interpretation in terms of human cognitive capacity." (SEP).

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        The mechanism of nuclear fission [N. Bohr. & J. A. Wheeler] "On continued gravitational contraction" [J. R. Oppenheimer & H. Snyder].

      Lancaster, American Institute of Physics, 1939. Royal8vo. In the original green printed wrappers. In "The Physical Review", Volume 56, Second Series, Number 5, September 1. With cloth back-strip. A quire, affecting both papers, detached but without any loss of paper. A few minor tear throughout, far from affecting text. [Bohr & Wheeler:] Pp. 426-50. [Oppenheimer & Snyder:] Pp. 455-59. [Entire volume: Pp. 387-486]. First printing of two landmark papers, all of seminal importance in history of physics: The intricacies of the fission process, the groundwork for atomic and hydrogen bombs and the forgotten birth of black holes: The first theoretical description of a black hole, the production of a singularity when a sufficiently large neutron star collapses.Oppenheimer and Snyder's "ON CONTINUED GRAVITATIONAL CONTRACTION" constitute the very first theoretical prediction of a singularity when a sufficiently large neutron star collapses. This phenomenon was later to be coined as a black hole. "Had J. Robert Oppenheimer not led the US effort to build the atomic bomb, he might still have been remembered for figuring out how a black hole could form." (American Physical Society). The paper has by several physics historians been described as the forgotten birth of black holes. "Oppenheimer and his graduate student George Volkoff presented the first analysis of the formation of a neutron star in a 1939 Physical Review paper titled, "On Massive Neutron Stars". Oppenheimer wondered what would happen to a very massive neutron star. The Schwartzschild analysis of General Relativity has a theoretical limit, called the "Schwartzschild limit", when the ratio of mass-to-radius of a star is 236,000 times greater than the ratio for our sun. When this limit is exceeded, the Schwartzschild analysis does not yield a solution. Oppenheimer believed that a neutron star could have sufficient mass to exceed this limit. What would happen to it? Oppenheimer and his graduate student Hartland Snyder applied General Relativity theory to a star with sufficient mass and density to exceed the Schwartzschild limit. The Schwartzschild analysis assumed that the size of the star stays constant with time. Oppenheimer and Snyder found that they could achieve a real solution from General Relativity when the Schwartzschild limit is exceeded by assuming that the diameter of the star decreases with time. They presented their analysis in a 1939 Physical Review paper, titled, "On Continual Gravitational Contraction," which concluded with: "When all thermonuclear sources of energy are exhausted, a sufficiently heavy star will collapse. Unless fission due to rotation, the radiation of mass, or the blowing off of mass by radiation, reduce the star's mass to the order of that of the sun, this contraction will continue indefinitely." This analysis concluded that when the Schwartzschild limit is exceeded, the star must collapse indefinitely until it reaches a singularity having an infinite density of matter" (Bjornson, Singularity Predictions of General Relativity, P. 4).The Chandrasekhar / Eddington controvery in the mid 30ies did discuss the fate of neutron stars but the first thoroughly theoretical desciption was first published here. "THE MECHANISM OF NUCLEAR FISSION" is the first fully worked out theory of nuclear fission, which laid the groundwork for atomic and hydrogen bombs."Wheeler's technical mastery of physics is best seen in the classic paper of Bohr and Wheeler. Bohr and Wheeler wrote the paper in Princeton, where Bohr was visiting in the spring of 1939, a few months after the discovery of fission. The paper is a masterpiece of clear thinking and lucid writing. It reveals, at the center of the mystery of fission, a tiny world where everything can be calculated and everything understood. The tiny world is a nucleus of uranium 236, formed when a neutron is freshly captured by a nucleus of uranium 235. The uranium 236 nucleus sits precisely on the border between classical and quantum physics. Seen from the classical point of view, it is a liquid drop composed of a positively charged fluid. The electrostatic force that is trying to split it apart is balanced by the nuclear surface tension that is holding it together. The energy supplied by the captured neutron causes the drop to oscillate in various normal modes that can be calculated classically. Seen from the quantum point of view, the nucleus is a superposition of a variety of quantum states leading to different final outcomes. The final outcome may be a uranium 235 nucleus with a re-emitted neutron, or a uranium 236 nucleus with an emitted gamma-ray, or a pair of fission-fragment nuclei with one or more free neutrons. Bohr and Wheeler calculate the cross-section for fission of uranium 235 by a slow neutron and get the right answer within a factor of two. Their calculation is a marvelous demonstration of the power of classical mechanics and quantum mechanics working together. By studying this process in detail, they show how the complementary views provided by classical and quantum pictures are both essential to the understanding of nature. Without the combined power of classical and quantum concepts, the intricacies of the fission process could never have been understood. Bohr's notion of complementarity is triumphantly vindicated" (John Archibald Wheeler, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 154 (2010)).

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Between Pacific Tides

      This is the scarce 1939 first edition, of which only 1,000 copies were printed. Book is in very good plus condition, no dust-jacket. Light wear to the spine, contemporary previous owner's name and address on the front endpapers, light bumping to the top corners, but otherwise a tight, clean, and unmarked copy (no underlining, notes, etc.).

      [Bookseller: Green Fuse Books]
 32.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Il Museo Mussolini.,Roma,Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato,1939

      Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 1939. Roma, 1939; br., pp. 204, ill. b/n, tavv. b/n. italiano

      [Bookseller: Libro Co. Italia s.r.l.]
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        The Ten Holy Horrors.

      London; Hodder and Stoughton. 1939. First edition. 8vo. Near fine in publisher's black cloth titled in red to spine and front board, clean and sharp, minor edgewear and bumping to spine ends. In a near fine dustwrapper, clean and bright with very slight edgewear to extremities and some very light creasing. Unclipped but with a price of 7/6 added in ink to the blank area where the price would normally be printed. Internally clean. A very striking copy indeed.

      [Bookseller: Adrian Harrington]
 34.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  

        Excentric Shampoo. Das Beste für die Haarpflege.

      Ohne Ort: Lloyd Parfumerie [1939]. 48 Seiten. Schlichte, klammergeheftete OBroschur in illustrierter OPapiertüte. 14 x 8,6 cm. Erste Ausgabe. - Gittig 497. - Gittig 931. - Ruppelt, Thomas Mann im Teebeutel, 57. Die Papiertüte in Aufmachung einer Shampooprobe, komplett mit Gebrauchsanweisung auf der Rückseite, innen dann in Wirklichkeit jedoch ein Heft mit Texten und internationalen Reaktionen zu den Novemberpogromen von 1938. Tüte minimal braunfleckig und mit leichten Knickspuren. - Insgesamt ein schönes Exemplar der seltenen Tarnschrift.

      [Bookseller: Londoner Versandantiquariat]
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        Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1939

      Sampson, Low, Marston and Company 1939 - 1939. First Edition. 103 pages. No dust jacket. Blue cloth boards with gilt lettering. Book is split into 5 parts A, B, C, D, E each part is numbered separately. Includes book mark attached with ribbon. Pages are lightly tanned and thumbed at the edges, with some foxing. Binding has remained firm. Boards are mildly rub worn, with some light shelf wear to spine, edges and corners, corners are bumped. Slight crushing to spine ends. Tanning to spine and edges. Spine has a split along rear hinge. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: World of Rare Books]
 36.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  

        Paper Prison

      London; Murray; 1939; - Book is fine but for a previous owner name on front free endpaper, in a NF DJ, with only light wear to corners and to top of spine, with a bright, colorful cover illustration of French Foreign Legion soldier. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Walt Barrie Rare Books]
 37.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


      Harper & Brothers, NY 1939 - Originally published in tablet form - now each page inserted into separate plastic protectors and housed in three ring notebook; Pages toned - mostly at edges, one page has tear with tape repair; note that is not the entire book and was not published as such [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Gravelly Run Antiquarians]
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        The Weary Blues

      New York: Alfred Knopf, 1939. Eighth printing. Hard Cover. vg/good. octavo. 109pp Inscribed, signed and dated with Chicago, April 28, 1940 by Langston Hughes on front free endpaper. Dust jacket illustration front and back cover by Couarrubias. Jacket has some small pieces out along edges. Age-toning to front free endpaper. In a brodart protective wrapper.

      [Bookseller: Midway Used and Rare Books]
 39.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


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