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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1936


      1936 - Vintage original 9 ½ x 13" double weight glossy silver gelatin print still photo, USA. Ruth Attaway, Jess Barker, Frank Conlan, Josephine Hull, George Tobias, Oscar Polk, staged by George S. Kaufman; Booth, Imperial and Ambassador Theatres. Produced by Sam Harris, from the Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman script, Kaufman had a new hit on his hands the same time his Stage Door was running, In fact, famous theatrical photographer Alfredo Valente, captured Kaufman and cast as they rehearsed on the stage set for that very play. Here they are doing an early table read with Kaufman and Hart at the head of the table, actors include Oscar Polk of Gone with the Wind-fame and George Tobias. Of course, Frank Capra would immortalize the story a year later in the Academy Award-winning film about the antics of an eccentric family. Valente's stamp is on the back. Crease to top right corner. NEAR FINE.

      [Bookseller: Walter Reuben, Inc.]
 1.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        The Artistry of Mixing Drinks

      Fryam Press Paris (1936) - First Edition, presumably one of the 700 copies on Cream Vellum paper, though un-numbered. Octavo, original decorative wrappers, 182 pages, illustrated. Attractive and uncommon French cocktail recipe book, the only title by the famed bartender of The Ritz in Paris. Includes nearly 500 drink recipes, and over 40 marked as Meier's own creation. Lovely copy, Near Fine, gift inscription at limitation page. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Babylon Revisited Rare Books]
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        Jamaica Inn - a superb fine copy

      Gollancz, 1936 A first edition, first printing published by Gollancz in 1936. A fine book without inscriptions. Lacking the dust wrapper. No rubbing or fraying. A little scattered spotting to the page edge. Scarce.

      [Bookseller: John Atkinson Books]
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        The general theory of employment, interest and money.

      London: Macmillan, 1936. 1st Edition. Hardcover. "8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾"" tall" "8vo (215x134 mm). xii, 403 pp. Original publisher's cloth lettered in gilt on spine, in original dustwrapper. Clean pages with no markings or annotations. Endpapers tanned. Former owner's inscription on flyleaf. Slight mould staining to front pastedown. Moderate wear and scuffing to boards, mainly on spine, edges and corners. The lower front edge has some damage on the corner and in the spine region, and crushing to the spine ends. Some bleach markings and dulling to cloth of boards. Dust jacked expertly restored with repairs to chipped and torn paper at upper and lower margin of covers and spine affecting letters. The dust jacket is heavily tanned. Still a good copy. ---- PMM 423. First edition, 2nd printing (March 1936). The most influential work of economics of modern times. Keynes was to dominate the international conference at Bretton Woods, out of which came the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank; and his influence during the ensuing decades, even on his theoretical opponents, has been such that a highly placed American official recently remarked that 'we are all Keynesians today' (PMM 423)." very good / fair.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Keep The Aspidistra Flying

      Gollancz, 1936 A first edition, first printing published by Gollancz in 1936. A very good+ book without inscriptions. Small stain to the corners of five pages. A thin light stain to the rear board of the book. Some off-setting to the endpapers. No dust wrapper Scarce.

      [Bookseller: John Atkinson Books]
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        Josef Pankiewicz

      First editionRare inscription from Josef Pankiewicz to (Moïse) Kisling.Iconography.Three small insignificant tears to head of spine, tiny marginal tears without lack to head of upper cover, otherwise a good copy. M. Arct Warszawie 1936 18x25,5cm broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        PEER GYNT A Dramatic Poem

      George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd 1936 - First Rackham edition. 4to. Brown cloth with gilt lettering and vignettes. In the original pictorial dustwrapper, which has a wraparound Rackham illustration, not featured elsewhere. A near fine copy in a near fine dustwrapper. Pictorial endpapers with Rackham designs in silhouette. Twelve colour plates under captioned tissue guards, and many small line drawings. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jonkers Rare Books]
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        History of Chinese Medicine, Being a Chronicle of Medical Happenings in China from Ancient Times to the Present Period

      Shanghai, China: National Quarantine Service, 1936. Second edition hardcover, 906 pages. The hardcover book is very good minus with shelfwear, bumped corners and a bit of wear to the binding. There is no dust jacket (I don't know if it was issued with one). A nice example of a scarce book.. Second Edition. Hard Cover. Very Good.

      [Bookseller: MyFirstEditions]
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        Autograph Signatures from 1936 Porgy & Bess Production

      - Bold autograph signature in pencil "George Gershwin" on an album sheet, dated 1936 at the left in another hand, together with a second signature from the same album and apparently same occasion, being that of Anne Brown (signed "Anne Brown / 'Bess' / 'Porgy and Bess'"), creator of the role of Bess.  Porgy and Bess was first performed at the Colonial Theater in Boston on September 30th 1935. It opened in New York at the Alvin Theater on October 10th of that same year, starring Anne Brown as Bess and Todd Duncan as Porgy. The work includes a number of Gershwin's best-known and loved tunes, including Summertime and I Got Plenty o' Nuttin, both of which were among the pieces performed here.  After the Broadway run, a tour started on January 27, 1936, in Philadelphia and traveled to Pittsburgh and Chicago before ending in Washington, D.C., on March 21, 1936. During the Washington run, the cast--as led by Todd Duncan--protested segregation at the National Theatre. Eventually management gave in to the demands, resulting in the first integrated audience for a performance of any show at that venue. Given the dating of the Gershwin signature, we understand that these were both obtained during that historic run of the performance.

      [Bookseller: Schubertiade Music]
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        A Collection of "Inside" Books.

      8vo., (not uniform sizes) 10 volumes in original cloth, 3 volumes with dust wrappers. John Gunther (August 30, 1901 - May 29, 1970) was an American journalist and author whose success came primarily through a series of popular sociopolitical works known as the "Inside" books (1936-1972), including the best-selling Inside U.S.A. in 1947. For each book, Gunther traveled extensively through the area the book covered, interviewed political, social, and business leaders, talked with average people, reviewed area statistics, and then wrote a lengthy overview of what he had learned and how he interpreted it. Gunther had worked with Fleur Cowles on Look Magazine and they became close friends. The collection includes: Inside USA (Revised edition 1951 with new Foreword). Inscribed "For Mike and Fleur always, John. Now this book is small but still like me, fat." Inside Russia Today (1st US edition 1958) Inscribed "For Fleur and Tom - always in affection and admiration. John Gunther". Inside Russia Today (2nd impression of UK edition 1958). Inscribed "For Tom - My favourite town and country landlord. From the slow-driving author with all best regards as always. John Gunther Aug 1958." Inside Africa (1st edition 1955). Signed "Fleur Cowles N.Y.C. 1955." Inside South America (1st Edition 1967). Inscribed "For Fleur and Tom - always. John NY Jan 1967." Inside Latin America (1st edition 1941). Inside Europe Today (1st UK edition 1961). Signed "Fleur Cowles Meyer." Inside Europe (12th edition 1936). Inside Asia (1st edition 1939) Signed "Gardner Cowles Jr". Meet North Africa (1st UK edition 1958). Inscribed "For my youthful friends Tom and Fleur - always. John. London Sept 1958."

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        ...Debate coaching;: A handbook for teachers and coaches, (The handbook series, ser. IV)

      The Wilson company, 1936-01-01. Enlarged 2nd. Unknown Binding. Acceptable. FAST SHIPPING Great service. Removed from college library, usual library markings.

      [Bookseller: Due West Book Store]
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        Margaret Mitchel annotates her "Gone With The Wind" promo pamphlet!

      n.p., n.d.. 5" x 7.25". "Gone With The Wind Stapled pamphlet in soft wraps, 5"" x 7.25"" with 22 paginated pages. Published by The Macmillan Company, New York, 1936. Annotated in Margaret Mitchell's hand with two areas blacked out and the words ""(sprained ankle)"" scripted in. Vertical fold to pamphlet, faint handling marks to outer wraps. Interior very clean.A neat, succinct pamphlet ""created as a compilation in response to a flood of requests from readers all over the country for information about the author and her book.""A wonderful overview of how the novel came to be, and the authors skill of portraying very complex personalities woven into the background of the destruction and reconstruction of the South. After Margaret Michell denied that she was even writing a novel to the VP of The Macmillan Company, H.S. Latham, she apparently reconsidered and personally brought the incomplete manuscript in for his review- without notice or warning. He comments on how Gone With The Wind came to be written and published:""A few hours before I left Atlanta, the telephone in my hotel room rang and Miss Mitchell's voice came to me over it informing me that she was downstairs in the lobby and would like to see me. I went down, and I shall never forget the picture I have of Margaret Mitchell as I then saw her - a tiny woman sitting on a divan, and beside her the biggest manuscript I have ever seen, towering in two stacks almost up to her shoulders. .. ""If you really want it, you may take it, but it is incomplete, unrevised, there are several versions of some of the chapters, there is no first chapter"" Miss Mitchell went on hurriedly as though she was in danger of changing her mind if she stopped to think…""Margaret had explained she came to write her novel from something her mother said. According to Latham ""When Peggy was a young girl she had shown little interest in acquiring an education and her mother, to impress upon her the necessity of a proper education, took her out for a ride … to the rural sections surrounding Atlanta and showed her the land that had been laid waste by War…. Her mother pointed out to her the homes of some families who had the ability and the will power to rise about the wreckage of war and Reconstruction and other homes where the families had sunk down because they had no resources within themselves to aid them in surviving…. Miss Mitchell explained that this experience stimulated her interest in people who fought things through to success as well as in those who went down valiantly in the struggle, or who managed just to exist -- ""Georgians who did come through, and Georgians who didn't""Mitchell, later in the pamphlet, goes on to comment 'If the novel has a theme, the theme is that of survival. What makes some people able to come through catastrophes and others, apparently just as able, strong and brave, go under?"" Margaret also reveals her writing methodology, wishing to write a clear, clean and simple writing style. She wished to create a novel in ""primitive emotions which moved in straight lines, instead of fantastic zigzags of human and sexual relationships that clutter up so much of modern fiction"". And then she infused her writing with intense characterization with characters who are not merely described, but who live, grow older and change under our eyes…""A wonderful pamphlet with unique insight into the creation of both the novel and the author of Gone With The Wind. Includes a wonder annotation on page 16 in Mitchell's hand! "

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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        Signed Artist's Proofs of the Wood Engravings by Rudolph Ruzicka for the Overbrook Press Edition of "The Happy Prince and Other Tales"

      Stamford, CT: Overbrook Press, (1936). Folio. Six color engravings illustrating Oscar Wilde's text, each signed by the artist and mounted on a 13 by 10-inch off-white matte. This suite of prints, one of only twenty sets, comprises the full set of the engravings that appeared in the edition of the book. Housed in a cloth-backed folding portfolio, with paper label to the cover. Some toning to the mattes around the edges, portfolio lightly sunned and slightly soiled, else a very fine, rare presentation, with no rubbing whatsoever.

      [Bookseller: Bromer Booksellers]
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        Of Human Bondage.

      New York: Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc.,, 1936. Illustrated by Randolph Schwabe. Large octavo. Original "maize" buckram over bevelled boards, gilt lettered spine on a brown ground, Maugham's sigil on front cover in gilt and brown, top edges gilt, others untrimmed. With the dust jacket. Housed in the publisher's slipcase. Frontispiece and 23 collotype plates; title page printed in black & bisque. Spine and top edge of slipcase cracked, jacket panels toned, a few chips and nicks (closed-tear at head of front panel), otherwise a very good copy. First and limited illustrated edition, number 506 of 751 copies signed by both author and artist. Of Human Bondage was first published in 1915 and Maugham contributed a new foreword for this handsome illustrated edition. Randolph Schwabe (1885-1948) "was a draughtsmen, painter and etcher who was the Slade Professor of Fine Art at University College London from 1930 until his death. He served as a war artist in both World Wars, created designs for theatrical productions and illustrated a number of books" (Tate online).

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Air Babies.

      Denver: Bradford-Robinson, , 1936. Oblong octavo. Original white paper spine, blue boards, front cover lettered in red. With the dust jacket. Colour illustrations throughout, monochrome portraits of Elvy Kalep and Amelia Earhart. Jacket lightly toned and a little foxed, closed-tear across back panel, nicks and chips, a few slight abrasions to edges of binding. A remarkably good copy. First edition, first printing. Presentation copy from the author, flamboyantly inscribed next to her portrait: "To Skippy with the kindest of wishes and many happy landings! Elvy Kalep [the signature a little faint, so re-inscribed:] from Elvy Kalep". Copies of this first edition are very uncommon, copies signed and in the original dust jacket are rare. The Estonian-born aviator Elvy Kalep (1899-1989) was a pioneer among women pilots, a good friend of Amelia Earhart (who supplied the Foreword) and a founder of the women's aviation group the Ninety-Nines. This is her only children's book.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Notes sur la poésie

      First edition, one of 100 numbered copies on vélin, this one not justified, the only large paper copies after 15 Japon.Handsome autograph inscription from Paul Eluard to René Char : "Exemplaire de mon ami René Char. Paul Eluard."Illustrated with a drawing by Salvador Dali as frontispiece .A very good copy with a moving provenance. Glm Paris 1936 12,5x17cm broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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      Tulsa Printing, Co., n.d. (ca 1936) ]., [Tulsa - First edition. Pictorial wrappers, 55pp., frontis, illustrated, portraits. Portrait of author on both front cover and title page. ADAMS 150: #115 says, "Rare. The author traveled over the country giving talks to interested listeners on the subject that crime does not pay and sell his little book for twenty-five cents. The old man was more or less a fourflusher though the records do show that he took part in several robberies. But when he claims to have taken part in the Dalton raid in Coffeyville, but escaped because he was "holding the horses," and claims to have been in the Doolin battle at Ingalls, he was using his imagination." There are five pages of affidavits at the end that serve as proofs of the author's identity. Front and rear covers are moderately chipped, but words are not affected, and text is tight. A very good copy of a rare title. Preserved in a four-point slipcase with gilt-stamped leather label on spine. ADAMS 150: 115. SIX GUNS 1831. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

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        A Further Range

      New York: Henry Hold and Company, 1936 - Octavo. Original red buckram, titles gilt to spine and front. With the dust jacket. Mild partial toning to front endpapers, an excellent copy in the jacket with light tanning to spine, small chipping to ends and corners and a creased tear to bottom edge of rear panel. First edition, first printing, a nice copy with a scarce personal inscription "To Cornelius Greenway, with my best wishes, Robert Frost". Rev. Cornelius Greenway was a prodigious collector of autographs. Dutch-born, he had immigrated to the United States from Holland in 1914, served with the U.S. Army in France (receiving the Purple Heart and the Service Medal), and from 1926 acted as a Universalist minister, first in Taunton and Boston, and from 1929 until 1965 as pastor of All Souls Church in Brooklyn New York. All this while he was an avid collector of autographs, mainly through highly persistent correspondence. He wrote as many as thirty letters to King Alfonso of Spain before receiving his autographed photograph - Kaiser Wilhem was a relative pushover at 17. Greenway was interviewed in the 14 May 1941 issue of Life Magazine about his autograph collection, and even wrote a book on the subject, Big Game Hunting With a Fountain Pen. His collection was sold by auction in 1970. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        DER SCHULUNGSBRIEF v.1936 komplett 12Hefte gebunden! BERLIN,Ausg.v.Jan.1936,1.Folge b.Dez.1936,12.F.

      DER SCHULUNGSBRIEF von 1936 komplett 12 Hefte gebunden! BERLIN, Ausgaben von Januar 1936, 1. Folge, bis Dezember 1936, 12. Folge, DER SCHULUNGSBRIEF herausgegeben vom REICHSSCHULUNGSAMT DER NSDAP. UND DER DEUTSCHEN ARBEITSFRONT, geordnet in einer stabilen originalen Sammelmappe nach der sogenannten Klemm-Nadel-Heftung, alles noch sehr gut und im Originalzustand erhalten, nur komplett verkaufbar, über die genauen und ausführlichen Titel bzw. Inhalte der einzelnen Hefte bitte ich um Kontaktaufnahme!

      [Bookseller: jorgmoppert]
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        The Palace of Minos


      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        The Three Little Pigs.

      Moscow & Leningrad: Detizdat Komsomol, 1936. Octavo. A Russian edition of Walt Disney's Three Little Pigs, published by the Children's Publishing House of the Komsomol Central Committee, part of the Communist Party. With nine full-page black & white illustrations, and several smaller vignettes throughout. Inspired by Walt Disney's wildly popular Silly Symphony of the same title, the original, American edition of The Three Little Pigs was ghostwritten by Ruth Plumly Thompson, best known for her contributions to the Oz series, and published in 1933 by Blue Ribbon Books. The story was translated into Russian by the award-winning poet and children's author Sergey Mikhalkov, who also, on three separate occasions, penned a new Russian national anthem. This Russian edition does not have all of the illustrations from the original 1933 Disney book, which was illustrated in color, and the illustrations are mirrored in orientation. Together with a miniature version of the same book, published in 1938. The miniature version has six full-page illustrations, printed in color. In his testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee, Walt Disney noted that although the Soviet Union refused to purchase most Disney films, saying that "they didn't suit their purposes," the nation did acquire The Three Little Pigs and showed it throughout the country. The Komsomol Children's Publishing House capitalized on the movie's popularity and success by releasing these two books. Both books in illustrated yellow wrappers. Some wear to larger book, and ownership inscription to rear cover of miniature book, else remarkably fine condition for such ephemeral items. (Miniature book measures 2 7/8 by 2 3/8 inches). (Walt Disney: Conversations, pp. 34-35).

      [Bookseller: Bromer Booksellers]
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        Mort à crédit

      First edition, one of 750 numbered copies on alfa paper. Tiny insignificant marginal tears without lacks to upper cover, a good copy. Denoël & Steele Paris 1936 14,5x22cm broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.

      8vo. Original dark green cloth, spine blocked in gilt; pp. [i, advert.] + xii + 403; owner's name on endpaper, a very good, bright copy. First edition of the author's greatest and most influential work. It revolutionized the approach to unemployment and became the major framework in the formation of the Welfare State.

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        L'Orphelin de la Brousse... et Chut le Kangourou Boxeur.

      Paris: Imp. Henon, circa, 1936. Colour-printed poster (120 x 80 cm.); original Dutch release stamp at upper left. An early appearance of what would become a classic Australian emblem - the boxing kangaroo. Skippy's predecessor, Chut was for a while 'the most famous kangaroo in Australia'.This wonderful large poster advertises a European showing of the Australian cinematic triumph The Orphan of the Wilderness. Although Australian actors including Owen Muro, José Valli, and Sylvia Kellaway, are all given space on the poster, the real star of the piece is Chut, the boxing kangaroo. The film was directed by Ken G. Hall, perhaps better known today for his involvement in On Our Selection (1932) or Dad and Dave Come to Town (1938).Paul Byrnes has written about the movie that it was 'one of the first features to use Australian wildlife as its prime attraction, and it was popular. Chut became the most famous kangaroo in Australia until Skippy came along in a television series in the 1960s... The most remarkable feature of the film is the opening sequence, where we see a mob of kangaroos living in an idyllic forest, with koalas and emus and dingoes. The forest was created from scratch in the Cinesound studio in Bondi by art director J. Alan Kenyon. The kangaroos actually look like they've been there some time, and the studio setting allowed cameraman George Heath to capture some beautiful close-ups of the animals.''The graphic symbol of a boxing kangaroo became popular as 'nose-art' on aircraft flown by Australian airmen in the Second World War, and continues to be painted on RAAF aircraft. It was also the mascot for the Australian sailors who won the America's Cup yacht race in 1983. Contests between men and kangaroos were a frequent 'attraction' in travelling tent shows in Australia in the 19th century... ' (source: - where there are some clips from the movie to be seen). Some wear along the folds, and a little dusted, but in remarkably good condition.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Collected Poems 1909-1935.

      London: Faber and Faber, 1936 - Octavo. Original blue cloth, titles to spine gilt, top edge red, other edges untrimmed. With the dust jacket. Some faint marks to cloth, very slight rubbing to ends and corners, some spotting to edges and endpapers, but an excellent copy in the jacket which is a little sunned to spine, very gently rubbed along the extremities, and with very small chips to ends and corners. First edition, first impression, of this collection which "contains all Mr Eliot's poetry that he wishes to preserve", including the first appearance in print of Burnt Norton. The first impression is scarce in any jacket approaching collectable condition. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        Birds Of The West Indies.

      The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philaelphia: Printed at the Waverley Press, Baltimore January 1936. FIRST EDITION. Pp.456. Publisher's gilt stamped green buckram with 'small' imprint lettering blocked to spine. With sepia map of the islands, colour frontispiece, and many illustrations throughout.Internally fine; discreet name to back of map, binding shows some acceptable use, sunned to extreme top edge, gilt bright; a very good copy indeed. This is one of two known bindings (priority unknown); the other is in true grey-green cloth with large' imprint lettering, as well as the word 'of' being stamped to the spine in a large font. Source; The Ian Fleming Bibliographical Archive.IAN FLEMING took the name for his infamous hero from the ornithologist James Bond. Fleming was looking for a most plain, unsophisticated name for the character who became synonymous for flamboyance and style. Fleming had a copy of the 1947 re-issue, and instantly decided upon the name after seeing this. This true first printing is scarce. Lycett: Life of Ian Fleming. Bryce: You Only Live Once. See also Gilbert: Ian Fleming - The Bibliography.

      [Bookseller: Adrian Harrington]
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        The Joy of Cooking.

      Indianapolis and New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company,, 1936. A compilation of reliable recipes with a casual culinary chat. Illustrations by Marion Rombauer Becker. Octavo. Finely bound by the Chelsea Bindery in dark blue morocco, titles and decoration to spine gilt, raised bands, single rule to boards gilt, twin rule to turn-ins, pictorial endapers depicting various cooking utensils, gilt edges. The occasional minor blemish else an excellent copy in a fine binding. Fourth printing. Signed by the author to front blank "Cordially yours Irma S. Rombauer." First published privately by the author in 1931 with a run of 3,000 copies. The Bobbs-Merrill Company bought it in 1936 and went on to produce six further editions. It is considered the quintessential American cookbook.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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      Albin Michel. First edition, an advance (service de presse) copy.Autograph inscription from Irène Némirovsky to Monsieur Guitet-Vauquelin.A good copy retaining its roneographed advertising slip.  Albin Michel Paris 1936 12x19cm broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Vie de Jésus

      Flammarion. Original, one of 60 numbered copies on Japan Edition, leading copy. Bound in full black morocco, spine with four nerves, golden tail date on casters golden headdresses, gilt frame sevenfold on contreplats silk moiré lined with black morocco mint, mint silk guards, guards following paper effect moiré, gilt on cups, covers and spine preserved, gilt-head witnesses; bordered the same morocco felt inside rust, superb set of signed Semet & Plumelle case. Autograph signed by the author to the Countess Du Bourg Bozas. Bookplate pasted it on a guard. Very nice copy well established. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! Flammarion Paris 1936 13x19cm relié sous étui

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Banjo on My Knee (Original screenplay for the 1936 film, Darryl F. Zanuck's copy)

      Twentieth Century-Fox, Los Angeles 1936 - Final draft script for the 1936 film. Quarter-bound red leather Presentation script belonging to executive producer Darryl F. Zanuck, with his name in gilt on the front board. Bound throughout are ten black-and-white stills from the film, backed with paper. Based on Harry Hamilton's 1936 novel. Ernie Holley (McCrea) believes he killed a guest at his wedding, so he flees. His father Newt (Brennan) and bride Pearl (Stanwyck) track him down in New Orleans and persuade him to come home.Set in Mississippi. Nominated for an Academy Award. Title page present, dated August 18, 1936, noted as FINAL, with a credit for screenwriter Johnson. 127 leaves, with last leaf of text numbered 120, and ten bound-in film stills. Mimeograph, with blue revision pages throughout, dated variously between 9/4/36 and 9/17/36. Pages and film stills Very Good plus.Hirschhorn, p. 127. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Royal Books, Inc., ABAA]
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        Prime Ministerial Document requesting the King's approval for the Appointment of Reverend Frederic Keyworth to the Vicarage of Kingswear.

      8vo., single sheet on Downing Street headed paper with First Lord of the Treasury logo and black mourning edges. Filing hole to top left corner otherwise in very good condition. This typed document is signed in ink by Stanley Baldwin and is endorsed in hand by King Edward VIII "App'd Edward R I". A very early King Edward VII signed document, dated only two days after his accession to the throne. Interestingly here he signs in full. Later documents show that he soon grew to understand the timesaving efficiency of initials. This document was acquired as part of a group of documents, in the mid-1970s, when the previous owner served on the staff of the Prime Minister. There was a pressing need for additional filing space at 10 Downing Street and, after a review of the document holdings, it was determined that several entire categories of papers could be destroyed as being no longer required. Members of the staff were invited to select as keepsakes if they wished a few (non-sensitive) items of historical interest. The subjects were generally clerical appointments or elevations to peerages. To the best of our knowledge, such keepsakes are the only surviving examples of documents of that nature from the period represented.

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        12 Partituren für vokalische äusserungen (1966) - Originaltuschfederzeichnung mit Originaltyposkript mit handschriftlichen Ergänzungen und Korrekturen, rückseitig mit Maschinenschrift bezeichnet.

      - 23 x 27,5 cm. Originalvorlage für "et2" - Für den Druck wurde die Vorlage verkleinert, damit der Text auf der gleichen Seite abgedruckt werden konnte. Gosewitz (1936 - 2007) studierte zunächst für ein Jahr an der Akademie für Tonkunst Darmstadt, anschließend von 1957 bis 1965 Musikgeschichte, Germanistik und Philosophie an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität und Philipps-Universität Marburg. Ab 1960 publizierte er erste eigene Arbeiten, u.a. 1967 in der von Emmett Williams für die „Something Else Press" zusammengestellten Anthology of Concret Poetry.

      [Bookseller: Daniel Thierstein]
 32.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  

        Chikhi i chukhi [Die Rundköpfe und die Spitzköpfe, oder Reich und reich gesellt sich gern]. Authorized translation by Valentin Stenich and Semen I. Kirsanov.

      Moscow: Khudozhestvennaia literatura 1936 - Octavo (22 × 15 cm). Original pictorial embossed cloth; 197, [3] pp. twelve full-page illustrations and thirteen vignettes by Evgenii Kogan, who has signed and inscribed this copy, most likely to the writer Lev Grigorevich Gel’man (1864–1951). Very good. Authorized Russian translation from the German manuscript of Bertold Brecht’s play, known in English as “Round Heads and Pointed Heads,” written shortly before Hitler was elected Reichskanzler. It has been described as “Brecht’s first anti-Fascist play, one of the few which Brecht directed during his years of exile [ ] Round Heads and Pointed Heads would become a lightning rod in the literary politics of exile in Moscow” (Stephen Parker, Brecht: A Literary Life, 300–301). While initially conceived as an adaptation of Shakespeare’s “Measure by Measure,” the rapid growth of National-Socialism prompted Brecht to depart from his original inspiration. The play became a clear parody of the Nazi’s demagogery and racial politics, set in the fictive country “Peru” whose inhabitants are divided into “round heads” (“Tschuchen”) and the “pointy heads” (“Tschichen”), leading to radicalization and violence. The play’s genealogy and reception are complex: scheduling conflicts prevented it from being premiered in Berlin in January 1932. After going into exile in 1933, Brecht rewrote the piece for a performance in Copenhagen, which was cancelled due to censorship concerns; a planned performance directed by Piscator in Moscow in 1935–1936 did not materialize, nor was Brecht able to secure contracts in France. In November 1936, the play premiered in a Danish-language performance; its first German production would come only in 1948. This Russian translation is the first full appearance of the play in print, in any version (an English translation followed in 1937, and the first German edition of the finalized text appeared in 1938). Authorized Russian translation from the German manuscript of Bertold Brecht’s play, known in English as “Round Heads and Pointed Heads,” written shortly before Hitler was elected Reichskanzler. It has been described as “Brecht’s first anti-Fascist play, one of the few which Brecht directed during his years of exile [ ] Round Heads and Pointed Heads would become a lightning rod in the literary politics of exile in Moscow” (Stephen Parker, Brecht: A Literary Life, 300–301). While initially conceived as an adaptation of Shakespeare’s “Measure by Measure,” the rapid growth of National-Socialism prompted Brecht to depart from his original inspiration. The play became a clear parody of the Nazi’s demagogery and racial politics, set in the fictive country “Peru” whose inhabitants are divided into “round heads” (“Tschuchen”) and the “pointy heads” (“Tschichen”), leading to radicalization and violence. The play’s genealogy and reception are complex: scheduling conflicts prevented it from being premiered in Berlin in January 1932. After going into exile in 1933, Brecht rewrote the piece for a performance in Copenhagen, which was cancelled due to censorship concerns; a planned performance directed by Piscator in Moscow in 1935–1936 did not materialize, nor was Brecht able to secure contracts in France. In November 1936, the play premiered in a Danish-language performance; its first German production would come only in 1948. This Russian translation is the first full appearance of the play in print, in any version (an English translation followed in 1937, and the first German edition of the finalized text appeared in 1938). [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Penka Rare Books, ILAB]
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        From Snow to Snow

      New York: Henry Holt, 1936. First Edition. Near fine. First Edition. These are the two bindings of this publication- one in tan paper wraps, the other in deeper tan cloth boards. Condition near fine for both, housed in a custom box.

      [Bookseller: Lyons Fine Books]
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        Air Babies.

      Denver: Bradford-Robinson, 1936 - Oblong octavo. Original white paper spine, blue boards, front cover lettered in red. With the dust jacket. Jacket lightly toned and a little foxed, closed-tear across back panel, nicks and chips, a few slight abrasions to edges of binding. A remarkably good copy. Colour illustrations throughout, monochrome portraits of Elvy Kalep and Amelia Earhart. First edition, first printing. Presentation copy from the author, flamboyantly inscribed next to her portrait: "To Skippy with the kindest of wishes and many happy landings! Elvy Kalep [the signature a little faint, so re-inscribed:] from Elvy Kalep". Copies of this first edition are very uncommon, copies signed and in the original dust jacket are rare. The Estonian-born aviator Elvy Kalep (1899-1989) was a pioneer among women pilots, a good friend of Amelia Earhart (who supplied the Foreword) and a founder of the women's aviation group the Ninety-Nines. This is her only children's book. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        Chess Problems Volume XVI (Numbers 2626-2811) Original Workbook

      Carrollton, GA: Self Written, 1936-1938. 186 pages with diagrams. Small octavo (7 3/4" x 5") bound in quarter red cloth and black pebbled boards with Dobbs hand written title to front cover. Original manuscript.Gilbert Dobbs, through out his interest in chess composition, kept log-books of his composition. This is one of the many log-book he created. It has at least one problem for each page of the book. He numbered these as he composed them. The problems were had stamped with solutions below. As some became published the publication name and date is noted beside the problem. In addition to the hand written problems, there are some clipped newspaper chess columns laid in and a few loose ones as well. Some of his friends and other problemist names and addresses on pastedowns. These log-books were given to Frederick Gamage and friend and a protege of A C White as was Dobbs.Gilbert S. Dobbs ( Richmond, Kentucky , December 6 1867 - Carrollton, Georgia , February 14 1941 ) was a minister and chess composer. Son of a Baptist minister, Charles Edwin Willoughby Dobbs, he studied at Franklin College in Franklin Indiana and at Bethel College in Russellville , where he obtained an MA in 1888. Wanting to become himself a Baptist minister, he studied at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, where he was ordained pastor in 1890. He exercised his ministry in various US cities: Bloomington , Brownsville , Memphis , New Orleans and finally Carrolton in Georgia . He was a renouned poet. He wrote his master's thesis on using the poem as a thesis. He was also one of the world's top ten chess problemists and composed in two and three moves, generally with positions aesthetically attractive with hard keys. In collaboration with Edward Hanna wrote the book The Emery Memorial, an unpublished gem composed on New Year's day, 1936 (Carrollton, 1937), dedicated to problemist Canadian Reginald George Emery (1904-1936). Alain C. White and Richard E. Cheney dedicated the book A Chess Silhouette: One Hundred Chess Problems By the Reverend Gilbert Dobbs (Overbrook Press, Stamford, 1942).Condition:Fraying to edges, inner hinges cracked, occasionally soiled else a good but one of a kind item.

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector ]
 36.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  

        Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Illustrated by Harry Clarke .

      New York: Tudor Publishing Co., 1936. Quarto, pp. 412. With colour frontispiece and 31 plates, of which 7 are coloured. Plates in fine, excepting a small crease to lower corner of frontispiece. Bound in publisher's black cloth with gilt titles to spine, and paper label with illustrated title pasted down to upper. In a gothic dustjacket depicting strange faces. Cloth in excellent condition, with only minor edgewear. Dustjacket in like, with limited rubbing to extremities - near-fine. A wonderful copy. Edgar Allen Poe was a seminal figure in the development of science fiction and the detective story, influencing literary greats such as Dostoyevsky, Conan Doyle, Verne, and Baudelaire. This collection of Poe's best stories contains all the terrifying and bewildering tales that characterise his work, as well as the grim horror, 'The Pit and the Pendulum'. Tales of Mystery and Imagination include all three of the landmark cases featuring ground-breaking detective, Auguste Dupin; the history of the detective story begins here, with the publication of 'The Murders In the Rue Morgue' [Matthews]. Poe was a writer of genius, fascinated by crime, violent deaths, cryptograms, and solving puzzles. Queen's Quorum (their first Cornerstone title), Eric Quayle; Detective Fiction. Peter Haining; Crime Fiction. Listed in 100 Books That Shaped World History [Raftery, 2002]. Bleiler; Checklist of Fantastic Literature [1972]. Book Collector No.271, 'The Great Illustrators'; No.273; 'Amercan Sci-Fi'.

      [Bookseller: Adrian Harrington]
 37.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


      (n. p.): A. G. Spalding & Bros. [1934 - 1936]. Unpaginated, though 48 pp. "How to Score a Base Ball Game", p. 48. Paste-downs Spalding adverts. Oblong format: 5-1/2" x 7-3/8" Gilt lettering a bit dull. Age-toning to paper. Overall, a VG [or better] item.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books]
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        Secret Africa.

      Stanley Paul, London. 1936 - First edition. Octavo. 287 pages. 50 photographs. 12 pages of publisher's adverts at rear. A book of African mysteries.Edges spotted, otherwise fine in very good, slightly rubbed and creased dustwrapper, designed by Douglas Moir, with a few nicks. Very scarce in its dustwrapper. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Peter Ellis, Bookseller, ABA, ILAB]
 39.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

        The General Theory of Employment Interest and Money (1st American Printing)

      Harcourt Brace and Company, 1936. First American edition hardcover (includes Erratum on page 403). The book is good with some underlining and margin notations throughout the book, shelfwear, bumped and rubbed corners, the owner's name inside and some wear to the binding. The mylar protected dust jacket is fair with rubbing, edgewear, a number of small tears and small pieces missing and a 1" square piece missing from the top of the front cover. Dust jacket is not price clipped ($2.00). A good example of a scarce book.. First Thus. Hard Cover. Good/Fair.

      [Bookseller: MyFirstEditions]
 40.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  

        Secret Agent (Set of original still photographs from the 1936 film).

      A set of 11 8 x 10 inch black and white original single weight glossy silver gelatin print still photograhs from the 1936 film Secret Agent. One photograph with staple pin holes in margins and signs of being mounted on paper at some stage otherwise in near fine condition. Based on Somerset Maugham's Ashenden stories and directed by Alfred Hitchcock, Secret Agent starred Peter Lorre, John Gielgud and Madeleine Carroll. These photographs include two very striking portraits of Peter Lorre as the "Hairless Mexican", and a group shot of Hitchcock, Lorre, Carroll and Robert Young. Also included is a rare 4 page advertising foldout for the film, printed in orange and black with an image of Lorre on the front cover under the caption "Who is this sinister little man". Over printed on the back with the details of a screening at the Majestic Talkies cinema in Ajmer in India, with the exhortation that "It is the paramount duty of every true Britisher to encourage Britishh Film Industry in India by according his full measure of patronage to every British film when released for exhibition in his station".

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Moby Dick in Collection complète des "Cahiers du Contadour"

      First edition.Contributions from J. Giono, L. Jacques, C. Vildrac, R. Rolland, Alain, and the French translation of Moby dick by H. Melville published here before its first edition.Illustrations by L. Jacques, A. Noll, H. Chenet, Kardas, E. Jos, Joset, and others.Very occasional wormholes affecting mostly the endpapers of some volumes, spine and covers of first volume lightly and uniformly faded, a small inkspot to upper cover of second volume, but otherwise a good set.A rare complete set. Les cahiers du Contadour Saint-Paul 1936-1939 16,5x22cm 8 fascicules brochés en 7 volumes

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Schulungsunterlagen zum Thema Decodierung, Dechiffrierung, Kryptologie aus den Jahren 1936-1937. In 12 Bänden.

      Wien, Eigenverlag (verm.Staatspolizei, diplomatischer oder militärischer Nachrichtendienst) 1936-1937. 1.Auflage, ca. 40-100 Seiten pro Band, maschinengeschriebene Manuskripte mit handschriftlichen Ergänzungen, 4°, neue Leinen- Hardcover/Pappeinband, neue Einbände, teils etwas fleckig, handschriftliche Anstreichungen, Berechnungen der Aufgaben, usw., sonst guter und sauberer Zustand. Die Unterlagen gehörten zu einer Schulungs- und Vortragsreihe die in den Jahren 1936-37 in Wien abgehalten wurde (lt.Datierung einiger Vorträge). Vollständigkeit kann nicht garantiert werden. ---------------------------------------------- Überschriften der einzelnen Bände: Die mathematischen Grundlagen der Enträtselung alter Inschriften. Chiffren-Telegramme. Non Valeurs. - Chiffriermaschinen: Patentschriften. Kryha-Maschine. Enigma-Maschine. - Geheimschriften-Methoden,.. eineindeutige Buchstaben-Quadrat.. - Geheimschriften-Methoden,.. System Bazeries und Schneider.. - Teilungsregeln bei unregelmässigen Zahlenchiffren. - Codes und Dondensers. Chiffriervorschriften und Enträtselung. - Versatzsysteme. - Enträtselung einer Geheimschrift, die mit einer allgemeinen Zirkularscheibe... - Aufgabensammlung für Schularbeiten. - Schulbeispiele und Aufgaben (in drei Bänden).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Deinbacher]
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        Travels in Arabia Deserta. With an Introduction by T. E. Lawrence. New and Definitive Edition.

      London: Jonathan Cape, 1936. First Edition thus. 2 volumes. Quarto. Publisher's brown cloth with titles in gilt to spines, top edges tinted, others untrimmed. In dustwrapper, with titles in black to spines and uppers. Portrait frontispiece to volume I; large folding colour map to rear of each volume and several other illustrations, many folding. The books are fine but for a little foxing to end papers and edges. The dustjackets are dusty but still bright, a little frayed along extremities, chipped to head and foot of spines and to corners; strengthened along the top and bottom edges with brown tape. A very attractive copy. Doughty's epic two-year journey through Europe to The Holy Land and Syria in the 1870s remained almost unknown to the public until, in 1908, an abridgement by Garnett under the title Wanderings in Arabia immediately gained for Doughty a host of admirers. In 1921 Travels in Arabia Deserta, long since out of print was reissued with a new preface by Doughty and an introduction by T. E. Lawrence. A new generation of readers accepted it as a classic of travel. Charles Montagu Doughty (1843-1926) was a poet and traveller. He read geology at Cambridge, he was reserved and serious, with strong antiquarian tastes, and had already begun to read sixteenth century literature and to study Teutonic languages. He resolved that it should be his life's task to serve his country and his mother tongue as a poet; to recall the legendary beginnings of the British race in verse which should revive the diction of Chaucer and of Spenser. Leaving Cambridge in 1865 he settled down to linguistic and antiquarian studies in long preparation for this task.In 1870, partly for the sake of economy and partly that he might visit the cradles of European civilisation, Doughty began his travels as a poor student. He went first to Holland, through France to Italy and then to Spain by way of Sicily and North Africa. In the summer of 1873 he went to Italy again and onto Greece. An ardent geologist he climbed Vesuvius in the eruption of 1872, an experience which he described twelve years later in Travels in Arabia Deserta. In 1874 he spent the summer and autumn wandering on foot through the Holy Land and Syria. A visit to Egypt followed, and early in 1875 he set out on a camel journey to Maan and Petra. Here he heard tales of other rock-monuments unseen by western eyes, at Medina Salith on the pilgrim road to Medina, and he determined to explore them, and proposed a survey of the Wadi Arabah region as a second object of his expedition.At Damascus, however, Doughty found the Turkish Authorities unwilling to let him join the Meccan pilgrim caravan; and the British Association and the Royal Geographical Society declined to aid him. So rebuffed he decided to enter Arabia at his own risk and charges. His original plan, however, was modified: instead of returning northwards from Medain Salih, he would join the Bedouin and live with them as a wandering physician. Adopting the name Khalil and the dress of an Arab Christian, he settled down at Damascus for a year to learn Arabic. In November 1876 he slipped out and quietly joined the pilgrim caravan.The journey led Doughty from Medain Salih to Hail, Kheybar, and the Kasim in central Arabia: it ended twenty one months later, on 2 August 1878, at Jiddah on the Red Sea. The unique value of his journey began with its second stage, when, alone with small funds, and stubbornly proclaiming himself an Englishman and a Christian, Doughty had to endure not only the fatigue and privation of desert life, also, in a measure spared to those travellers who have enjoyed powerful support or gone in disguise as Moslems, the suspicion and occasionally the violence of the Arab society to which he had entrusted himself. In these circumstances of difficulty he gathered a vast amount of new information about the geography and geology of north western Arabia, being the first to record accurately the true direction of the great watercourses of Wadi Hamd and Wadier Rumma. Of still greater value was the understanding that he gained of Arab Character and the conditions of nomad life. In these respects his contribution to western knowledge of Arabia was the greatest that had yet been made; and the acuteness and the wisdom his observation made him the acknowledged master of all later travellers.Doughty reached England at the end of 1878, broken in health by his ordeal. Continued weakness delayed publication of his results, his paper being printed in the Proceedings for July 1884.Doughty went to work on a fuller narrative, designed not only to be a faithful record of all that he had learned or suffered in Arabia, but the vehicle of his first experiment in Elizabethan English. Travels in Arabia Deserta, finished in 1864, was issued in 1886 by the Cambridge University Press, after it had been refused by four publishers. Scholars at once recognised its value to Arabian studies, and reviewers praised it as the story of a wonderful feat.To the public at large it remained almost unknown until, in 1908, an abridgement by Mr. Garnett, under the title Wanderings in Arabia, immediately gained for Doughty a host of admirers. in 1921 Travels in Arabia Deserta, long since out of print was reissued with a new preface by Doughty and an introduction by T. E. Lawrence. A new generation of readers accepted it as a classic of travel.With the completion of Arabia Deserta Doughty was set free to return to his long meditated epic of the British race, and the rest if his life was given up to poetry. Listed in National Geographic's 100 Greatest Adventure books.

      [Bookseller: Adrian Harrington]
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        Finite Combinatory Processes: Formulation 1.

      [The Association for Symbolic Logic], 1936. First edition, very rare offprint, of Post's formulation of the notions of computation and solvability by means of a theoretical machine very similar to the concept of a Turing machine proposed by Alan Turing in his famous paper 'On computable numbers.' Alonzo Church had, slightly earlier, identified effective calculability with general recursiveness and ?-definability ['An unsolvable problem in elementary number theory,' American Journal of Mathematics 58 (1936), 345-363]. The formulations of Church, Post and Turing were later shown to be equivalent, but while Church's and Turing's identifications are now famous under the heading 'the Church-Turing thesis', Post's formulation is less well known. Intending the model of computation presented in this paper as the first of a series of models of equivalent power but increasing complexity, Post titled his paper Formulation I. On the occasion of Post's death in 1954, W. V. Quine wrote: "Modern proof theory, and likewise the modern theory of machine computation, hinge on the concept of a recursive function. This important number-theoretic concept, a precise mathematical substitute for the vague idea of "effectiveness" or "computability," was discovered independently and in very disparate but equivalent forms by four mathematicians, and one of these was Post. Subsequent work by Post was instrumental to the further progress of the theory of recursive functions" (DSB). "In 1936, [Alonzo] Church founded a new quarterly devoted to contemporary research in logic: The Journal of Symbolic Logic. Its first volume contained a three-page paper by Emil L. Post, "Finite Combinatory Processes: Formulation 1". The editors added a footnote to the paper that read: "Received October 7, 1936. The reader should compare an article by A. M. Turing, On computable numbers, shortly forthcoming in Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society. The present article, however, although bearing a later date, was written entirely independently of Turing's." Post (1897-1954) was at the time teaching at City College in New York City and had also contact with Church, both personal and through correspondence. "As to the remark concerning Post's paper, it would indeed be readily apparent to any reader of Turing's and Post's articles that their basic idea of "computation" was the same. Turing presented a machine model; his machines were "supplied with a 'tape' ... divided into sections, called 'squares', each capable of bearing a 'symbol'" from a finite list, possibly just two different ones. In the latter case we refer to the machine as a two-letter machine. Instead of a tape divided into squares, Post wrote of a "symbol space ... to consist of a two way infinite sequence of spaces or boxes"; each box could be either "marked" or "unmarked". In both conceptions, at a given instant, one particular square/box was in play, and the permitted basic operations were to change the symbol in the square/box and/or to move to an adjacent square/box. Turing imagined these steps carried out by a simple mechanism with a finite number of states where each step included a possible change of state. In Post's formulation, the computation is carried out by a human "worker" who is following a fixed sequence of instructions including what we would call a conditional jump instruction. The jump instruction is also part of a program for Turing's machine; depending on the symbol in the square and its state, the machine may follow a different next instruction" (Sommaruga & Strahm, pp. 4-5). In his paper Post did not, unlike Turing, prove the unsolvability of the Entscheidungsproblem ('decision problem'), probably because he was aware that this had already been settled by Church in 'An unsolvable problem in elementary number theory'. However, Post had in fact come close to solving this problem, as well as the incompleteness problem settled by Gödel, more than a decade earlier. "In 1920-1921 [Post] held a post-doctoral fellowship at Princeton. During this time he tried to analyse the whole Principia [Mathematica, 1910-13], with a view to proving its completeness and consistency as he had done for propositional calculus. This was the most ambitious project possible, because the axioms of Principia were thought to imply all theorems of mathematics. Nevertheless, Post made some progress: He showed that all theorems of Principia (and probably of any conceivable symbolic logic) could be derived by simple systems of rules he called normal systems ... Sometime in 1921, as he later claimed, he caught a glimpse of the true situation: Normal systems can simulate any symbolic logic, indeed any mechanical system for deriving theorems. This means, however, that all such systems can be mechanically listed, and the diagonal argument then shows that the general problem of deciding whether a given theorem is produced by a given system is unsolvable. It follows, in turn, that no consistent mechanical system can produce all theorems. "These discoveries of Post include (in different form) the discoveries of Turing on the nature of computability and unsolvability, and Gödel's theorem on the incompleteness of formal systems for mathematics. "The really big problem, in Post's view, was to show that all computation is reflected in normal systems. Without a precise definition of computation, the concept of unsolvable problem is meaningless" (Stillwell). In 1921, Post suffered an attack of bipolar disorder. The condition recurred frequently, often requiring hospitalization, and prevented his from obtaining an academic position until 1935. "By this time Post had seen two of his greatest ideas rediscovered by others. In 1931 Gödel published his incompleteness theorem, and in 1935 Church stated Church's thesis, which proposes a definition of computability and implies the existence of unsolvable problems. Church's definition of computability was not immediately convincing (at least not to Gödel), and some equivalent definitions were proposed soon after. The one that convinced Gödel was Turing's, now known as the Turing machine. Post's normal systems, another equivalent of the computability concept, were still unpublished. But this time Post had a little luck. Independently of Turing, and at the same time, he had reformulated his concept of computation, and had found a concept virtually identical with Turing's! It was published in a short paper in the 1936 Journal of Symbolic Logic, with a note from Church affirming its independence from Turing's work ... so in fact he completed his program in 1936. By then, unfortunately, it was too late for him to get credit for anything except a small share of the computability concept. Thus Post's proof of incompleteness was delayed because he was trying to do so much: the task he set himself in 1921 was in effect to do most of what Gödel, Church, and Turing did among them in 1931-36. "[The present paper] gave Post some recognition, but he was still in Turing's shadow. Turing had written a fuller paper, with clearer motivation and striking theorems on the existence of a universal machine and unsolvable problems. The world knew that Post had also found the definition of computation, but did not know that he had already seen the consequences of such a definition in 1921. In 1938, he met Gödel and tried to tell him his story. Perhaps the excitement was too much for Post, because he seems to have feared that he had not made a good impression. The next day, October 29, 1938, he sent Gödel a postcard that reads as follows: "I am afraid that I took advantage of you on this, I hope but our first meeting. But for fifteen years I had carried around the thought of astounding the mathematical world with my unorthodox ideas, and meeting the man chiefly responsible for the vanishing of that dream rather carried me away. "Since you seemed interested in my way of arriving at these new developments perhaps Church an show you a long letter I wrote to him about them. As for any claims I might make perhaps the best I can say is that I would have proved Gödel's theorem in 1921 had I been Gödel"" (Stillwell).  "As Turing left the subject of pure computability theory in 1939, his mantle fell on Post. Post continued the tradition of clear, intuitive proofs, of exploring the most basic objects such as computability and computably ennumerable sets, and, most of all, of exploring relative computability and Turing reducibility. During the next decade and a half, from 1940 until his death in 1954, Post played an extraordinary role in shaping the subject" (Soare, p. 242). Soare, Turing Computability: Theory and Applications, 2016; Sommaruga & Strahm, Turing's Revolution: The Impact of His Ideas about Computability, 2016; Stillwell, 'Emil Post and His Anticipation of Gödel and Turing,' Mathematics Magazine 77 (2004), pp. 3-14. Offprint from The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 1, No. 3, September 1936, pp. 103-105. 8vo (255 x 179 mm), pp. 103-105 [1:blank], originl printed wrappers, a virtually mint copy.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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