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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1872

        Absolute Geometrie ... Bearbeitet von Dr. J. Frischauf. [bound with] FRISCAUF: Elemente der Absoluten Geometrie.Leipzig: B.G. Teubner, 1872/1876. First edition.

      The rare first German edition of Bolyai's Appendix Scientiam Spatii Absolute Veram exhibens, 'the most extraordinary two dozen pages in the history of thought' (Halsted), containing the independent foundation (along with Lobachevsky) of non-Euclidean geometry. (Halsted: Bibliography of Hyper-Space and Non-Euclidean Geometry, no. 35. Sommerville: Bibliography of Non-Euclidean Geometry, p.46). "Hoüel's labors must have urged J. Frischauf to perform the service for Germany which the former had rendered to France. His book - Absolute Geometrie nach J. Bolyai - (1872) is simply a free translation of Johann's Appendix, to which were added the opinions of W. Bolyai on the Foundations of Geometry. A new and revised edition of Frischauf's work was brought out in 1876 [the two works bound together here]. In that work reference is made to the writings of Lobatschewsky and the memoirs of other authors who about that time had taken up this study from a more advanced point of view. This volume remained for many years the only book in which these new doctrines upon space were brought together and compared." (Bonola: Non-Euclidean Geometry, p.126).. Large 8vo: 232150 mm. The two works bound together in one contemporary quarter-calf and marbled boards (rebacked with the original spine laid on), paper label on upper cover, uncut and partially unopened. Scarce

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        ORIGINAL PHOTOGRAPH of: Beatrice Sheward Hatch (1866-1947) and Ethel Charlotte Hatch (1869-1975) as beggar children,

      this photograph was taken by Dodgson between 19 and 30 April 1872, and is image number 2025 in Edward Wakeling's list of Carroll photographs. 105mm x 165mm mounted on card (this chipped at corners), inscribed by Beatrice Hatch on verso and on the card margin beneath the photograph "Beggar Children, Beatrice and Ethel Hatch", with a light date stamp at edge of image. The "Beggar Child" was one of Carroll's favourite motifs - it was most famously used in his celebrated portrait of Alice Liddell. This photograph is reproduced by Morton Cohen in his edition of Letters, opposite p.252. There are two other known original images of this photograph: (a) loose print at Texas (Gernsheim Collection) (b) loose print at the Rosenbach Museum, Philadelphia. AN E MAIL IMAGE OF THIS PHOTOGRAPH CAN BE SENT ON REQUEST

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Grundzüge einer Vibrationstheorie der Natur.

      Reval, Kluge, 1872. 8vo. Completely uncut and unopened in the original printed orange wrappers. A bit of soiling to wrappers, minor lacks to capitals, a small tear to the spine and a tear to the back wrapper - no loss. (10), 405, (1) pp.. Uncommon first edition of Dellingshausen's noteworthy main work, which constitutes one of the first attempts to prove the identity of particles and waves, thus anticipating by many decades a theory that eventually led to the creation of wave-mechanics, by many considered the single most important contribution to theoretical physics in the twentieth century.The honour of founding wave-mechanics befalls Louis de Broglie, who won the Nobel Prize for it in 1929. With his PhD-thesis of 1924, which inspired Einstein, who supported his theory of the wave-particle duality of matter, De Broglie had set the basis for one of the greatest innovations of the 20th century. It is, however, often forgotten - or not known - that a few solid minds had actually had theories along the same lines, long before de Broglie writes his seminal PhD-thesis. The first and most well-founded of these seems to be Dellingshausen, who presents his theory in full in his great main work "Grundzüge einer Vibrationstheorie der Natur". "Before we analyze Louis de Broglie's decisive contributions to the conceptual development of quantum mechanics and, in particular, his introduction of what is often called "matter waves", we shall ask ourselves whether - as it has so often occurred with great innovations in science - his ideas had not been anticipated, at least in part, by speculative thinkers in the past. Because of his optical-mechanical analogy Hamilton is often regarded as a direct precursor of de Broglie's hypothesis. This, however, is only partially true [...] Hamilton's interest, it is clear, lay wholly in the formal-mathematical aspects and not in the problem of the physical nature of light.There were in the nineteenth century, however, some unorthodox thinkers who maintained, whether on physical or philosophical grounds, the ultimate identity between particles and waves. One of the most eloquent proponents of these ideas was Baron Nicolai Dellingshausen. After studying physics at the University of Dorpat, Leipzig, and Heidelberg, he returned to his Baltic estate and wrote a number of interesting studies on physics while administering his lands and farms. His major work, an enlarged version of an earlier essay, was published in 1872 under the title "Grundzüge einer Vibrationstheorie der Natur". Basing his ideas on the cartesian conception of extension as the chief characteristic of matter and on the kinetic theory of heat which reduced heat to motion, Dellingshausen identified atoms with standing waves and interpreted motion of particles as a vibrational process. According to his doctrine bodies are merely "Extended centers of vibrational motions" and the "nature of matter is extension in motion." (Jammer, pp. 239-40)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Ett Ar i Stilla Havet. Reseminnen fran Patagonien, Chili, Peru, Californien, Britiska Columbia och Oceanien

      Stockholms Lith. Art. Anstalt ["One Year in the Pacific. Memories from Travels in Patagonia, Chile, Peru, California, British Columbia and Oceania"].Stockholm : Stockholms Lith. Art. Anstalt, 1872. First edition. Covers a little faded, gilt still bright, minor rubbing of spine ends, name in ink on verso of frontispiece, small tear at bottom of front free endpaper. Quarto. Illustrated with 17 lithographs from photographs and drawings by the author, four fully coloured, 13 tinted original two tone maroon cloth pictorially stamped and lettered in gilt, decoratively stamped in blind on covers Ekelof was a lieutenant in the Royal Swedish Navy and joined His (British) Majesty's Ship "Zealous" under the command of rear admiral Hastings in 1866. He writes about his two year journey up the west coast of south and north America, then to the Sandwich Islands and later to Tahiti. The"Zealous", which was powered both by an 800 horse power steam engine and sail, was ordered to the Pacific to relieve the frigate "Sutlej". Ekelof's description of his journey begins with the traversing of the Sound of Magellan. While visiting Vancouver Island he changes ship and continues on the small 17-gun corvette "Alert" built in Sheerness in England in 1856. He remarks that she has a 100 horse power steam engine, as well as "an unusually difficult frigate rigging". "Barely had the thunder of our 21 gun salute to King Kamehameha and the response, laboured and with long pauses, by the artillery in the Battery at Punchbowl Hill, faded away before our deck was filled to capacity with hords of olive complected visitors" begins chapter IV. Ekelof makes a thorough description of the Hawaiian islands, the people, the food, the scenery, the government of the island. The ship's company was invited to a picnic by Queen Emma at Wai-ki-ki. He gives detailed descriptions of the Hawaiian music and even has music notations, both music and words, for some songs. The full page tinted plates are reproductions of the author' own photographs and water colours. The author is very detail oriented and his descriptions of both people and places are very thorough, and also insightful. He is very curious and also adventurous and makes many "side trips", and also many friends amongst both the common men and the nobles of the peoples they visit [Forbes Hawaii 2936].

      [Bookseller: Randall House Rare Books ]
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        The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. With Photographic and Other Illustrations.

      London, John Murray, 1872. First edition, second issue. VI + 374 + 4 p. 7 photographic partly folding plates (heliotypes) by O. G. Rejlander (all) and other illustrations. Original green cloth, blind-stamped borders, gilt titles and decorations to spine. 19 X 13 cm. Clean interior.. Freeman, 1142

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. With photographic and other Illustrations.

      London, John Murray, 1872. Uncut in orig. full green cloth., gilt. Spine ends a little frayed, corners with wear. Light wear along edges. Front inner hinge broken. A bookplate removed from inside frontcover. A stamp on front free endpaper. VI,374 pp. + 4 pp. of advertisements., 7 photographic (heliotype) plates, some folding. Textillustrations. A few brownspots on the first 5 leaves and a few other. Some light traces of use.. First edition, second issue (3 preliminary-leaves, third leaf signed b). With the plates numbered in Arabic. - The Expression of the Emotions "is an importent member of the evolutionary set, and it was written, in part at least, as a confutation of the idea that the facial muscles of expression in man were a special endowment." (Freeman p. 142). Darwin concluded that "the chief expressiv actions exhibited by man and by the lower animals are now innate or inherited." - Freeman No 1142 - Garrison & Morton No 4975

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        FAIRY TALES.

      vi [2], 94, [2] pages. Illustrated with 12 chromolithographic plates after original drawings by E. V. B. (Eleanor Vere Boyle.). Original decorative red cloth gilt. Folio. All edges gilt.First edition. Inner joints strengthened, and some expert restoration to the spine; else a near fine copy. Printed at the Chiswick Press, the plates printed by the Leighton Brothers, this is arguably the finest of Boyle's creations, considered by many to be a true masterpiece of Victorian book production.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik.

      Leipzig, E.W. Fritzsch, 1872. 8vo. Fine recent half morocco in old style, with five raised bands and gilding to spine. Brownspotting to title-page and last leaf (probably due to the fact that Schenk has been given the copy immediately, as it came, and has thus had it unbound), otherwise nice and clean. IV, 143, (1) pp.. Magnificent gift-copy from Nietzsche in the year of publication (inscribed in a contemporary hand to title-page: "Von Friedrich Nietzsche geschenkt 1872" - "Given by Friedrich Nietzsche in 1872") of the rare first edition, first issue, of Nietzsche's first work, his seminal "The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music", which started his career and brought him immediate fame. The title-page furthermore bears the ownership signature of "Dr. Schenk" (signature a bit vague), to whom Nietzsche gave the present copy. Emil Schenk (1821 - 1902), from 1858 Mayor of Jena, was Nietzsche's uncle and an intimate friend of his father. The vast correspondence between Nietsche's father and Schenk, comprising ab. 250 known letters, all of great length, is seen as an important source of information for the Christian upbringing of the young Nietzsche, and Emil Schenk thus as an important figure in the founding Christianity of the genious Friedrich Nietzsche, whose views on Christianity have been seminal to the development of 19th and 20th century thought. Born on October 15, 1844, Nietzsche grew up in the small town of Röcken, near Leipzig. Many of the letters that we have between Schenk and Nietzsche's father, Ludwig, date from the Röckener years, where the Schenk couple, Emil and Emma, was doubtlessly the closest friends of Nietzsche's parents, Ludwig and Franziska. Nietzsche's father died as early as 1849, when Friedrich Nietzsche was merely five years old. After his death, when the family moved to Naumburg, his mother continued the close relationship with both Emil and Emma Schenk. Friedrich Nietzsche also remained closely connected to the best friend of his deceased father and many letters have been preserved between the two. It is therefore no wonder that his dear uncle, who represents a close tie to his early deceased father has apparently been one of the first to receive a copy of his first book, namely the present copy of "The Birth of Tragedy", given to him in the year of printing, 1872, which is quite unusual. Emil Schenk was of great importance to Friedrich Nietzsche's upbringing and continued to play a role in his life. It is furthermore while spending the summer of 1859 with him that Nietzsche has his defining near-death experience when nearly drowning, and it is Emil Scenk, who saves his life. The first edition of "Die Geburt der Tragödie" was printed in less than 700 copies (probably about 625), and is thus scarce."In his youth he became a disciple of Schopenhauer but his immediate friendship with Wagner was a decisive feature in Nietzsche's development, although the bitter hatred that later arose between them, in the words of Ernest Newman "poisened his pen as the thing itself had once poisened his soul." His principal work during the Wagner period, 1868-78, was "Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik", 1872. In this he adopted a tragico-pessimistic conception of Greek civilization, like Burckhardt but contrary to Grote. This started his career as a critic of modern civilization based on disgust with imperial Germany, Christianity, bourgeois ethics, and so on." (PMM, p.224).Nietzsche was originally a philologist, and in this his first, and perhaps most interesting, work he discusses the history of the Greek tragedy, a discussion that was to become of great importance. He introduces a distinction between what he calls the Dionysian and the Apollonian principles, claiming that life always involves a struggle between these two elements, each battling for control over the existence of humanity. Due to the unnoticible mixture of these two elements, the Greek tragedy constitutes the highest form of art, and the human condition can be understood in full when understanding these tragedies. The work geniusly isolates and then combines the most important strands of German idealism and unites them at a new level. "The Birth of Tragedy..." represents an entirely new way of understanding philology as well as philosophy

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Roughing It. By Mark Twain . . . Fully Illustrated by Eminent Artists.

      Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Co., 1872. 8vo, original gilt-pictorial black cloth, gilt lettering, a.e.g. Double frontis, six plates and illustrations in the text. Edges a little worn, with some minor repairs; boards showing at the corners; very good copy. Copies with the edges gilt, which are noted in BAL, are uncommon. ¶ Clemens’ rambling reminiscences of his journey by overland stage from Missouri to Nevada and California and his later travels in the Hawaiian Islands, where he lived for seven years.

      [Bookseller: Brick Row Book Shop]
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        London. A Pilgrimage.

      London: Grant & Co., 1872.. First edition, folio, xii, 191, (1) pp. Frontispiece, second title and 52 plates with captioned tissues, plus illustrations in the text, contemporary inscription to fly leaf verso. Original gilt titled maroon cloth with bevelled edges, rebacked retaining the original backstrip, some light rubbing. Very good.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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