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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1870

        Album.

      Gran Bretagna, 1870 c.a, album di cm. 30 x 24, leg. orig. m.tela con bei fregi ed impressioni dorate e nero al al piatto ant. al quale sono anche applicati due cartoncini tondi illustrati a colori, 13 pag. cartonate con oltre 200 ritagli a colori di varie dimensioni, anche a piena pagina (fiori, bambini, animali, ecc.). Molto bello !

      [Bookseller: Libreria Piani già' Naturalistica snc]
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        Costantinople, Vieux Quartier

      Parigi 1870 - Da un dipinto di Jean-Baptiste Herni Durand Brager (1814-1879). Litografia a colori, con ritocchi coevi ad acquarello, in ottimo stato di conservazione. Dimensioni dell'ovale 575x385 mm. Opera molto rara. After a painting by Jean-Baptiste Herni Durand Brager (1814-1879). Litograph, printed in colour, with original colouring, very god condition. A very rare work. Dimensioni 575 385mm

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Superb Album of Travel Photographs 1870's - 1880's

      Views of Egypt, Palestine, Venice and the Ottoman Empire comprising 44 albumen prints, ranging in size from 23 x 28 cms. to 26 x 34 cms., 4 smaller prints 13 x 19 cms., and a further 9 smaller examples mounted on the recto or verso of 31 stout cardboard leaves

      [Bookseller: Larry Hutchison]
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        Title in Persian] Ta'rikh-i Iran. (The History of Persia).

      Bombay: 1287 AH (1870/1 CE) - 2 volumes in one, tall quarto (332 × 230 mm); lithographed throughout. Native binding of contemporary straight-grain black half roan, green pebble-grain cloth sides, double fillet rolls forming compartments to spine gilt, titles direct to second and fourth gilt, remaining compartments with central fleuron devices gilt, edges speckled red. Blindstamp of Bath Public Library to a number of leaves and most plates. A few pale markings to sides, corners a touch bumped, light toning, sporadic faint spotting as usual, frontispiece tanned, map slightly foxed with a short closed tear at gutter, minute spill-burn to f. 5, plate facing vol. I p. 111 torn at corner to no loss of albumen print, vol. II pp. 112–3 finger-marked, most plates with a gentle ripple to edge of mount with images spared. Overall a very good copy. Portrait frontispiece, 29 plates with albumen prints mounted within lithographed foliate borders with captions as issued, large folding lithographic map opening to 650 x 510 mm. First edition in Persian, rare, with perhaps six complete copies in libraries, this copy from the collection of noted British diplomat and orientalist Col. Samuel B. Miles (1838–1914), with his wife's presentation plate to Bath Public Library to the rear pastedown, and blind-stamps as usual. "The translation of Malcolm's history was the outcome of a British mission to Iran in the 1860s for the purpose of establishing a telegraph line connecting India to Great Britain through Iran. While en route to India, the head of the mission, Major General Frederic Jon Goldsmid, was the guest of the governor of Kirman, Muhammam Isma'il Khan Vakil al-Mulk" who in return requested a Persian translation of the History, Malcolm having been a good friend of his father. Malcolm's account was critical of the Qajar dynasty, however, and Goldsmid was only able to commission one Mirza Isma'il Hayrat to produce a Persian version once back in India, "where translators were unconstrained by Qajar imperial sensibilities and where the ruling British had inherited a Persian literary and bureaucratic tradition from their Mughal predecessors" (Farzin Vejdani, Making History in Iran, pp. 24–5). Arcadian Library 12281 for the first edition overall and p. 85 refers; Diba p. 85; Ghani p. 236; Schwab 360; Wilson p. 134. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion (1861 - 1865). Part First Surgical Volume

      Government Printing Office, Washington 1870 - PUBLISHER: Washington - Government Printing Office DATE/EDITION: 1870, no added printings indicated BINDING: Hardbound in green cloth with gold lettering on the spine, 9" x 11 3/4", 650 pages plus 5 pages of index of reporters plus index for volume two of part one, in this volume. DUST JACKET: No jacket, probably as issued BOOK CONDITION: There is some damp staining to the rear cover, a small spot at the top rear page edges and along the bottom rear page edges. staining gets more faint the further you page into the book from the rear until it is gone. The text and illustrations are not affected and there are no odors to the book, other than the noted stains it is actually clean. The spine has a two inch rip along the upper front edge, a six inch rip along the bottom rear edge with a one inch rip into the center of the spine at the top of this rip, all without loss of cloth. There is play in the covers but they are secure. The text block is tight and the pages are clean with just a random spot here and there and some light even toning. DESCRIPTION: Illustrated with over 300 figures and thirteen lithographs. Prepared under the direction of the Surgeon general Joseph K. Barnes of the U.S. Army. Part 1, Vol 2 - Surgical History [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: RT Books]
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        The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion (1861-65) Two Volumes : Part I, Volume I, Medical History; Part I, Volume II, Surgical History

      Surgeon General, United States Army, Washington, D.C. 1870 - Two-Vol. set: Vol. I has a tender front ginge, with all pages sewn together and present. Both volumes have aged endpages with creased corners and minor chipping, else textblocks are clean and tight. Top page edges are lightly dust soiled. Original green cloth, moderately worn along the spine edges and corners, folding to head and foot of spine, bumped corners, scuffed boards. Vol. I is 726p., with a 365 paged appendix at end; Vol. II is 650p., index and plates list at end. Many of Volume II plates are in color, and in excellent condition. A very large and very heavy set for which additional postage may be required. Size: Folio - over 12" - 15" tall [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Clausen Books, RMABA]
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        No Treason, No VI, The Constitution of No Authority.

      1870 - Did the Civil War Nullify the U.S. Constitution? Spooner, Lysander [1808-1887]. No Treason. No. VI. The Constitution of No Authority. Boston: Published by the Author, 1870. 59 pp. Octavo (8-3/4" x 5-3/4"). Disbound stab-stitched pamphlet. Light shelfwear and toning, faint vertical crease through center. A few brief contemporary annotations to text, interior otherwise clean. A well-preserved copy of a scarce title. * First edition. One of the most colorful American reformers of the nineteenth century, Spooner is remembered for his abolitionist activities, challenge to the U.S. Post Office with his American Letter Mail Company and his contributions to libertarian and anarchist thought. No Treason. No. 6 is final title in a series of pamphlets critical of the legality of Federal actions during the Civil War. In this lengthy essay, Spooner argues that the Constitution was a contract that had been irreparably violated during the war and was thus void. Furthermore, since the government now existing under the Constitution pursued coercive policies that were contrary to Natural Law and to the consent of the governed, it had been demonstrated that document was unable to adequately stop many abuses against liberty or to prevent tyranny from taking hold. Spooner bolstered his argument by noting that the Federal government, as established by a legal contract, could not legally bind all persons living in the nation since none had ever signed their names or given their consent to it; That consent had always been assumed, thus failing the most basic burdens of proof for a valid contract in the courtroom. Spooner widely circulated the No Treason pamphlets, which also contained a legal defense against the crime of treason itself intended for former Confederate soldiers (hence the name of the pamphlet, arguing that "no treason" had been committed in the war by the south). These excerpts were published in DeBow's Review and other well known southern periodicals of the time. OCLC locates 1 copy in a law library (Social Law). [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., ABAA ILAB]
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        THE MYSTERY OF EDWIN DROOD

      1870. [with the leaves still unopened] With Illustrations [by Luke Fildes]. London: Chapman & Hall, April-September 1870. Six monthly serial parts [all that were issued] in original blue-green pictorial wrappers. First Edition, in the monthly serial parts. EDWIN DROOD remains one of the great unfinished and unsolved literary mysteries: Dickens had written only six parts, but serialization had begun, when he died on the 9th of June 1870. While writing, he never disclosed his planned development of the plot, and in fact he took special precautions to guard the denouement; as a result, subsequent proposed solutions have been mere guesswork (most such attempts have used as their basis the eight incidents depicted upon the parts' front covers, drawn by his son-in-law, the brother of Wilkie Collins).~This is overall a near-fine set, with the leaves still unopened in all six parts. About half of Part VI's wrapper spine is chipped away, and there is a little marginal chipping on the fore-edge of Part II's rear wrapper; otherwise there is very little wear. The ads are complete, except that (as is often the case) the "Cork Hat" ad has broken off in Part II (it is a thin sliver of actual printed cork, extremely brittle and delicate). The last part is in the preferred state, with the price change pasted over the former price. Housed in a basic cloth clamshell case. Hatton & Cleaver pp 373-384.

      [Bookseller: Sumner & Stillman]
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        NEW TRACKS IN NORTH AMERICA. A Journal of Travel and Adventure whilst engaged in the Survey for a Southern Railroad to the Pacific Ocean during 1867 - 1868. With Tipped-in ALS FROM THE AUTHOR.

      London Chapman & Hall 1870 - Scarce Second Edition. With contributions by General W.J.Palmer, Major A.N. Calhoun, C.C. Parry, M.D., and Captain W.F. Colton. Illustrated with Vignette Title-page, Lithographs, woodcuts, Botanical plates and two Maps one being a large folding Map (torn on hinge). Thick 8vo. Half Contemporary Calf (spine skillfully relaid) With tipped-in 2pp. Autograph Letter From The Author on 'The Colorado and Iron Company' Stationery and dated 17th Nov. 1887 and an additional tipped-in 'cut' signature verso of Title-page. lxix + (565)pps. Some pencilled text annotation in places. Marbled foredges and endpapers. Frontis. foxed to margins and verso otherwise a rather special copy of this classic work ! (Howes B330) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: HALEWOOD AND SONS ABA ILAB Est. 1867.]
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        WORMS. - Ehrenbürgerurkunde für Bismarck. "Sr. Excellenz dem Herrn Grafen Otto von Bismark-Schoenhausen Reichskanzler wurde durch den Gemeinderath der Stadt Worms in dankbarer Anerkennung seiner unerschätzbaren Verdienste um das deutsche Vaterland das Ehrenbürgerrecht der Stadt Worms verliehen und hierüber gegenwärtige Urkunde ertheilt. Worms den 11. Dezbr. 1870" usw. Entwurf für diese Urkunde.

      - Aquarell über Feder und Bleistift von Caspar Scheuren (zugeschrieben), 1870, 63,5 x 40 cm. Vgl. Boetticher, Scheuren II, Nrn. 19 und 24. Scheuren verband "oft mehrere Landschaften zu einem Cyclus, dessen Zusammenhang oder historische Folge phantasiereiche Arabesken vermitteln". - Der Text umgeben von arabesker Rahmenarchitektur mit Ansicht von Worms, Dom, Gutenbergdenkmal usw., historischen Ereignissen und Daten (Luther auf dem Reichstag 1521; der allgemeine Landfrieden 1495 usw.), den Ganzfiguren des hl. Bischofs Burkard und Kaiser Heinrichs IV., Szenen aus Sagen (Siegfried usw.), Bacchus und Amor mit Trauben bzw. Pokal u.ä. - Seitlich Farbwischer, ein paar Felder noch nicht mit Darstellungen gefüllt. Unikat unter den Wormatensien.

      [Bookseller: Peter Bierl Buch- & Kunstantiquariat]
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        [Panoramic photograph overlooking Mazatlán].[Mexico, ca. 1880-1900]. Albumen print (ca. 17 x 71 cm) in 3 parts with photographer's credit in white in the negative, mat mount. Pasted on heavily spotted and browned contemporary wove paper.

      Cf. Getty Research Institute, A nation emerges: 65 years of photography in Mexico (online research guide with photographs of Mexico from the mid-19th century to the early 20th century from the special collections of the Getty Research Institute); http://www.maztravel.com/maz/early_images.html (images of Mazatlán, ca. 1870-1950). Fine panorama of Mazatlán, on the Pacific coast of Mexico showing the historical centre and harbour. By the mid-19th century a large group of immigrants had arrived, developing Mazatlán into a thriving commercial seaport, importing equipment for the nearby gold and silver mines.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        [Two Lincoln Union Ladies' Tickets to the Lincoln Union Ball:] January 5th, 1870 [and] January 26th, 1871

      (New York). (1870-1871). Two printed tickets each with a mounted albumen photograph in cabinet card format (4.25 x 6.25 inches). The back side of each ticket has a faint printed design on white glazed paper. Both tickets are neatly trimmed along the right edge, near fine with a few tiny perimeter tears and light toning. The first ticket from 1870 has a mounted albumen photograph of a painting by A.H. Ritchie, of Lincoln with his cabinet reading the Emancipation Proclamation. The second ticket from 1871 has a mounted albumen photograph of a statue of Lincoln reading a newspaper with Grant and whom we believe is Gideon Wells. The Lincoln Union Social Club, a pro-Republican party function, held its first ball in New York City in 1870. These two ephemeral items, tickets for the first and second balls, are not to be confused with the invitations that preceded them. Of the two, the tickets may be a rarer survival. We know of only one other copy of the 1870 ticket at the Library of Congress. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        Album von Brandenburg. Erinnerungs-Blätter gezeichnet und lithographirt von Robert Geissler. Brandenburg. Verlag von Adolph Müller, um 1870.

      - Album der Stadt Brandenburg mit 16 Ansichten. - Zeigt Brandenburg vom Marienberge (2x) - (unterschiedliche Ansichten), Gotthardskirche, Katharinenkirche, Steintor, Domansicht vom Grillendamm, Realschule u. Johanniskirche, Rathaus, Schillerinsel, Marienberg vom Schleusenkanal aus, Mühlentorturm, Rathenower Tor, Domhof (Ritterakademie), Langebrücke, Ahlert's Konzertgarten u. Bahnhof. - Die einzelnen Blätter (je 9,5 x 11,5 cm) im losen Original-Umschlag. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Album von Langensalza. Erinnerungs-Blätter gezeichnet und lithographirt von Robert Geissler.

      Langensalza: Moritz Ditter o.J., um 1870 - 12 Tonlithographien, 12 Tafeln je ca. 12 x 8 cm (in zeitgenöss. Buntpapiermappe mit aufgezogenem Titelblatt). Leicht stockfleckig, sonst sehr gut erhalten. * Seltenes Album (komplett) mit reizvollen nach der Natur gezeichneten Ansichten: Gesamtansicht von Osten, Rathaus, Bonifaciuskirche, Bahnhof, Post, Neue Schule, Schützenhaus, Stephanikirche, Kath. Kirche, Gasthaus "Böhmen", "Bad Langensalza" (=Badehäuser im Park) sowie 4 kl. Denkmaldarstellungen auf 1 Blatt (Schlacht von 1866).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Ruthild Jäger]
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        The Family History of England: Civil, Military, Social, Commercial & Religious From the Earliest Period th the Passing of the Reform Bill, 1867. [Including Genealogical Tree of Anglo - Saxon Sovereigns / Including numerous Steel-Engravings and a folded Map of England] With several wonderful steele-engravings, maps, fold-out facsimiles etc.

      London, William Mackenzie. 1870 - 6 volumes (complete set). 19 cm x 27 cm. II, 402 pages, LXIV / V, 336 pages, LX / VII, 360 pages, XL / VI, 336 pages / VIII, 400 pages / VIII, 344 pages, LVI. Original Hardcover / Beautiful half leather bindings with gilt lettering to spine. The covers only slightly worn. Otherwise very good and firm condition with only minor signs of external wear. Illustrated with maps, portraits, views and other engravings. England became inhabited more than 800,000 years ago, as the discovery of flint tools and footprints at Happisburgh in Norfolk has revealed. The earliest evidence for early modern humans in North West Europe, a jawbone discovered in Devon at Kents Cavern in 1927, was re-dated in 2011 to between 41,000 and 44,000 years old. Continuous human habitation in England dates to around 13,000 years ago (see Creswellian), at the end of the last glacial period. The region has numerous remains from the Mesolithic, Neolithic, and Bronze Age, such as Stonehenge and Avebury. In the Iron Age, England, like all of Britain south of the Firth of Forth, was inhabited by the Celtic people known as the Britons, including some Belgic tribes (e.g. the Atrebates, the Catuvellauni, the Trinovantes, etc.) in the south east. In AD 43 the Roman conquest of Britain began; the Romans maintained control of their province of Britannia until the early 5th century. The end of Roman rule in Britain facilitated the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, which historians often regard as the origin of England and of the English people. The Anglo-Saxons, a collection of various Germanic peoples, established several kingdoms that became the primary powers in present-day England and parts of southern Scotland. They introduced the Old English language, which largely displaced the previous British language. The Anglo-Saxons warred with British successor states in Wales, Cornwall, and the Hen Ogledd (Old North; the Brythonic-speaking parts of northern England and southern Scotland), as well as with each other. Raids by Vikings became frequent after about AD 800, and the Norsemen settled in large parts of what is now England. During this period, several rulers attempted to unite the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, an effort that led to the emergence of the Kingdom of England by the 10th century. Under the Tudors and the later Stuart dynasty, England became a world colonial power. During the rule of the Stuarts, the English Civil War took place between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists, which resulted in the execution of King Charles I (1649) and the establishment of a series of republican governments — first, a Parliamentary republic known as the Commonwealth of England (1649-1653), then a military dictatorship under Oliver Cromwell known as The Protectorate (1653-1659). The Stuarts returned to the restored throne in 1660, though continued questions over religion and power resulted in the deposition of another Stuart king, James II, in the Glorious Revolution (1688). England, which had conquered Wales in the 13th century, united with Scotland in 1707 to form a new sovereign state called Great Britain. Following the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain ruled a worldwide Empire, the largest in recorded history. Following a process of decolonisation in the 20th century, mainly caused by the weakening of Great Britain's power in the two World Wars, almost all of the empire's overseas territories became independent countries. However, as of 2017, its cultural impact remains widespread and deep in many of them. (Wikipedia).

      [Bookseller: The Time Traveller's Bookshop Ltd.]
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        VIKRAM AND THE VAMPIRE OR TALES OF HINDU DEVILRY Adapted by Richard F Burton

      London: Longmans, Green, and Co.,. 1870. original bevel-edged pictorial black cloth, front and spine panels stamped in red and gold, rear panel stamped in red, brown coated endpapers.. Inner hinges strengthened, spine ends restored, a very good, sound. copy. A scarce book. (#148027). First edition, first binding. A translation of eleven (of the twenty-five) Hindu fairy tales told by a Baital, "a huge Bat, Vampire, or Evil Spirit which inhabited and animated dead bodies." Bleiler (1978), p. 36.

      [Bookseller: L. W. Currey, Inc.]
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        The Works of Charles Dickens (Including: Bleak House; A Tale of Two Cities; Little Dorrit; Great Expectations; Oliver Twist; A Christmas Carol; David Copperfield; Dombey & Son; The Old Curiosity Shop; Nicholas Nickleby).

      London: Chapman & Hall, [c. 1870s]. Octavo, 30 volumes. Frontispiece and illustrations in each volume. Bound in full red morocco, gilt titles and tooling to the spine, double gilt ruled to the front and rear panel, spines gilt with red floral inlays, top edges gilt, marbled endpapers. An exceptional set. Dickens is generally considered the greatest writer of the Victorian period. His works are characterized by attacks on social evils, injustice, and hypocrisy. "His imaginative freshness, his deep and sincere tenderness and pity, his whole-souled humor that is seldom sharpened into wit, his superabundance of creative energy, have built a deathless niche in the temple of fame for Charles Dickens" (Kunitz & Haycraft, 184).

      [Bookseller: Raptis Rare Books ]
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        Études sur les nationalités : leur formation et leurs rapports en temps de paix et de guerre d'après les principes modernes du droit international

      H. Georg 1870 - 0

      [Bookseller: Yushodo Co., Ltd.]
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        Vingt cinq sanguines, dessins rehaussés et dessins reproduits en fac-simile.

      71x 50 cm, Textblatt und Inhaltsblatt, 25 faksimilierten Blättern auf Bütten aufmontiert, HLwd.-Mappe mit losen Blättern mit acht Schliesskordeln, Mappe etwas fleckig und gebräunt, am Rücken minim eingerissen. Text- und Impressumsblatt einseitig durchgehend gebräunt wegen dem Kontakt mit dem nicht säurefreien Kartonumschlag. Blätter sauber. Exemplar LXX. Einführung (franz.) von André Pératé.Maurice Denis (1870 - 1943) französischer Maler des Symbolismus und Mitbegründer der Künstlergruppe Les Nabiszusammen mit Pierre Bonnard, Paul Sérusier und Édouard Vuillard. Auf seinen Italien-Reisen zwischen 1890 bis 1895 studierte er die Werke der Renaissance und im besonderen die Arbeiten von Piero della Francesca. Ab 1919 bemühte sich vor allem um eine Wiederbelebung der religiösen Kunst und gründete mit Georges Desvallières (1861-1950) die Werkstätten für Kirchenkunst. 1920 schuf er das Altarmosaik in der Basilika der Abtei Saint-Maurice im schweizerischen Kanton Wallis.

      [Bookseller: antiquariat peter petrej]
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        A Complete Treatise on Cast and Wrought Iron Bridge Construction, including Iron Foundations. In three parts: theoretical, practical and descriptive

      Lockwood, London 1870 - 1870 [third edition, carefully revised and considerably enlarged]/ [1857]. Very large quarto, two volumes (one of text, the other of plates). Volume 1: xvi, 264, [2] (list of other works by the author) pages plus 8 plates (5 folding), 9 diagrams (2 folding) and a large albumen paper photograph frontispiece (203 x 257 mm, with the top slightly arched) of the Royal Albert Bridge over the River Tamar, Saltash, with one girder raised - the bridge is by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, THE PHOTOGRAPH IS BY ROGER FENTON. Volume 2: [vi] pages plus 98 engraved plates (95 of them double-page, the other 3 of them three-page) and a tinted lithographic frontispiece of the Taptee Viaduct, India. Original half morocco and stippled cloth; leather a little rubbed, with trifling surface loss; spines a little marked and unevenly sunned, with a neatly closed short tear to the head of the front hinge of the first volume; one long clean tear to one of the three-page plates expertly repaired; tiny blank corner piece torn from one plate; small pale tidemark to one leading margin; contemporary Government departmental stamp on each half-title; new endpapers in the first volume; an excellent set (internally, virtually untouched). All of the plates in the second volume relate to specific bridges: one double-page plate gives details of the 'Bridge over Salt Water River, Melbourne and Williams Town Railway, Victoria' (and one of the diagrams in the first volume shows its curve of strains). Please use the 'Ask Bookseller a Question' link below to confirm availability and postage charges. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Michael Treloar Booksellers ANZAAB/ILAB]
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        Exploration Géologique la mer morte de la Palestine et De l'idumée

      Paris: Arthur Bertrand, 1870. FIRST AND ONLY EDITION. With 14 plates (4 double-page and in color) and text illustrations. Later half-morocco over marbled boards; other than some light browning, a very clean interior. Signature of Ph. Robert in pencil on title page. and its environs, considered the most complete survey of the area's prehistory available at the time (Zittel). Though much of the volume covers geology and animal fossils, a notable chapter is devoted to human pre-history in Syria and Palestine. Lartet treats the subject with caution, however, being well aware of the Biblical significance inextricably linked to the area and the potential risk of ruffling more than a few feathers with his observations (he also wanted to avoid embroiling his patron, the Duke of Luynes, in any vitriol). In the Epilogue, Lartet addresses the potential conflict between his findings and those interested in a Biblical interpretation, calling it "the most delicate of all subjects" and noting that his research is only concerned with the physical evidence, not theological debate. It is a bit surprising that Lartet did not go further with his argument; he would have been more than qualified to do so, having discovered the first Cro-Magnon skeletons not ten years prior to this publication. Lartet (1840-1899) was a French geologist and paleontologist. His discovery of the first Cro-Magnon skeletons is considered "one of the most important discoveries in human paleontology" (DSB). Louis' father, Edouard Lartet, was also a renowned paleontologist and major contributor to the burgeoning field of human pre-history. Extremely rare; we could not locate any copies currently on the market or sold at auction. OCLC records only 10 copies in America; Dictionary of Scientific Biography, VIII, pp. 44-45; Zittel, History of Geology, p. 219.

      [Bookseller: B & L Rootenberg Rare Books & Manuscript]
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        DER DEUTSCH-FRANZÖSISCHE KRIEG 1870-71 - 8 BÄNDE (KOMPLETT)

      Der deutsch-französische Krieg 1870 - 1871. Redigirt von der kriegsgeschichtlichen Abtheilung des Grossen Generalstabes [2 Teile in 5 Bden. und 3 Mappen mit Karten zus. 8 Bde., komplett]. Berlin, Ernst Siegfried Mittler und Sohn, 1874- 1881. OLeinenbände, Goldprägung, gr.-8, zus. ca. 4500 S. - 76 (von 78) Faltkarten - Rücken Bd. 1 etwas ausgeblichen, hier die ersten Bll. etwas altersfleckig, sonst gut erhalten, die Einbände mit nur marginalen Gebrauchsspuren! Insgesamt schönes Exemplar, die Kartenbände wurden kollationiert! ++ 1. Teil: Geschichte des Krieges bis zum Sturz des Kaiserreichs: Bd. 1/1: Vom Beginn der Feindseligkeiten bis zur Schlacht von Gravelotte Bd. 1/2: Von der Schlacht bei Gravelotte bis zum Sturz des Kaiserreichs Dritter Band, 2. Teil: Geschichte des Krieges gegen die Republik: Bd. 2/1: Von der Einschliessung von Paris bis zur Wiederbesetzung von Orléans durch die Deutschen Bd. 2/2: Die Ereignisse im Norden Frankreichs [.] Bd. 2/3: Die Ereignisse im Südosten Frankreichs von Mitte Januar bis zur Beendigung der Feindseligkeiten. Rückwärtige Verbindungen. Der Waffenstillstand. Rückmarsch und Okkupation. Rückblicke. DREI VOLLSTÄNDIGE KARTENBÄNDE: Karten I.II. Verzeichnis der Skizzen, Pläne und Übersichtskarten: 28 Karten in 24 , gut erhalten, von Hand nummeriert // 2. Kartenband: Karten III.IV. Verzeichnis der Skizzen, Pläne und Übersichtskarten von Karte 25 bis 48 (24 Karten in 29), gut erhalten, die Kanten der Faltungen äußerlich leicht angeschmutzt // 3. Kartenband: Karte. Verzeichnis der Skizzen, Pläne und Übersichtskarten von Karte 49 bis 67 (19 Karten in 23), alle sehr gut erhalten, unverletzt.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat vorZeiten]
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        Autograph Letter, signed. Responding for a request for an autograph

      Boston, 1870. 1 page. 8vo. old folds, some splitting. 1 page. 8vo. Channing quoting Lao-Tse. With on a seperate sheet "some sayings from a ---old patriot, which may open to you the way of faithful service..." The Chinese Sage/ Lau-Tse/ in the Tau Teh Ching says This..." Channing was a transcendendalist, social reformer, etc. Son of William Ellery Channing.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        CATALOGUE INITIATEUR AUX PROCÉDÉS ANCIENS ET NOUVEAUX SELS D'ARGENT, FERRO-PRUSSIATE ET CHARBON.; [bound with] CATALOGUE DES PAPIERS, APPAREILS, PRODUITS, ETC. POUR PHOTOGRAPHIE SUR COLLODION HUMIDE, COLLODION SEC ALBUMINE, PAPIER CIRÉ, AU CHARBON, ETC.

      A. Marion, Paris 1870 - 8vo., 96, [inserts 4, and 8 pp.]; 47 pp. Original printed wrappers which bear a presentation from the author to "Monsieur Poitevin" on the margin of the front wrapper. A fine, near new copy, house in a cloth over boards clamshell case with printed paper labels. Marion and Company was the largest and most important supplier of photographic equipment and materials in Europe by the second half of the nineteenth century. Their expertise as stationers was of great advantage to the expanding photographic market - they supplied card stock for carte-de-visites, cabinet cards, etc., printed with the photographer's name, address and flourishes; they also were publishers of carte-de-visites of famous personage. Auguste Marion, who lead the firm, was also a prolific experimenter and author of photographic manuals. The first title is a manual of the carbon process. Here Marion introduced at length, his improved carbon process, with mention of others as well. The remainder of the manual is concerned with various silver-salt, iron, and other processes. Adjoined, with separate title and pagination is his trade catalog of papers, apparatus and other products for collodion, wet and dry plate, albumen paper, materials for the carbon process, etc. The presentation to Alphonse Louis Poitevin may be considered an homage; Poitevin is credited for establishing the principles of photo-lithography, carbon printing and collotype printing. WorldCat locates four copies; New York Public Library, Rijksmuseum, Bibliotheque Nationale de France has a copy with both titles, and one with just the first title. Roosens and Salu No. 6554 for the first title only. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Andrew Cahan: Bookseller, Ltd., ABAA]
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        1870 1st ed Mystery of Edwin Drood Charles Dickens Opium Drug Addiction Orphans

      London : Chapman & Hall, 1870. First edition. First printing - 1870 1st ed Mystery of Edwin Drood Charles Dickens Opium Drug Addiction Orphans “first edition, of the last and final novel of Charles Dickens!” The Mystery of Edwin Drood” was Charles Dickens last novel, in fact, he did not finish it as he died in June of 1870. It was written in a dark and somber tone and it “impelled Chesterton to compare this somber half-told mystery to the performance of a dying magician making a final splendid and staggering appearance before mankind.” (Johnson 1116). Numerous conclusions and endings have been published in the attempts to finish the final thoughts of Dickens. This printing includes all six published parts of the work, and includes all 12 plates by Samuel Luke Fildes. Item number: #414 Price: $750 DICKENS, Charles The mystery of Edwin Drood, with twelve illus. by S.L. Fildes, and a portrait. London : Chapman & Hall, 1870. First edition. First printing Details: • Collation complete with all pages: [vii], [1], 190. o 12 Full page illustrations • References: Eckel, 96-98; Hatton & Cleaver, 373-84. • Binding: Decorative Hardcover; tight and secure • Language: English • Size: ~9in X 6in (22cm x 15cm) Our Guarantee: Very Fast. Very Safe. Free Shipping Worldwide. Customer satisfaction is our priority! Notify us with 7 days of receiving, and we will offer a full refund without reservation! 414 Photos available upon request [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Schilb Antiquarian]
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        The Mystery of Edwin Drood

      Chapman and Hall 1870 - First edition, first binding. (Black sawtooth border on front cover as per Smith 16. Interestingly, neither ads nor catalogue at rear as Smith describes Carter A, but no established priority thus.) [i-v]vi-vii[viii], [1]2-190 with frontispiece and 12 illustrated plates by Fildes. Original green cloth with gilt lettering with black designs, original slightly-yellow endpapers. About Very Good. Headcap and top tips worn away, wear and slight fraying along spine edges, rubbing and a few small scratches to cloth. Endpapers foxed, small bookplate on paste down. Typical small stab-holes to outer margins of a few illustrations as well as last four illustrations inserted to face versos, a variant mentioned by Smith. Dickens' final novel, which was never completed. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Burnside Rare Books]
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        Exploration Géologique la mer morte de la Palestine et De l'idumée

      Paris: Arthur Bertrand, 1870. FIRST AND ONLY EDITION. With 14 plates (4 double-page and in color) and text illustrations. Later half-morocco over marbled boards; other than some light browning, a very clean interior. Signature of Ph. Robert in pencil on title page. and its environs, considered the most complete survey of the area's prehistory available at the time (Zittel). Though much of the volume covers geology and animal fossils, a notable chapter is devoted to human pre-history in Syria and Palestine. Lartet treats the subject with caution, however, being well aware of the Biblical significance inextricably linked to the area and the potential risk of ruffling more than a few feathers with his observations (he also wanted to avoid embroiling his patron, the Duke of Luynes, in any vitriol). In the Epilogue, Lartet addresses the potential conflict between his findings and those interested in a Biblical interpretation, calling it "the most delicate of all subjects" and noting that his research is only concerned with the physical evidence, not theological debate. It is a bit surprising that Lartet did not go further with his argument; he would have been more than qualified to do so, having discovered the first Cro-Magnon skeletons not ten years prior to this publication.Lartet (1840-1899) was a French geologist and paleontologist. His discovery of the first Cro-Magnon skeletons is considered "one of the most important discoveries in human paleontology" (DSB). Louis' father, Edouard Lartet, was also a renowned paleontologist and major contributor to the burgeoning field of human pre-history.Extremely rare; we could not locate any copies currently on the market or sold at auction. OCLC records only 10 copies in America; Dictionary of Scientific Biography, VIII, pp. 44-45; Zittel, History of Geology, p. 219.

      [Bookseller: B & L Rootenberg Rare Books & Manuscript]
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        CATALOGUE INITIATEUR AUX PROCÉDÉS ANCIENS ET NOUVEAUX SELS D'ARGENT, FERRO-PRUSSIATE ET CHARBON.; [bound with] CATALOGUE DES PAPIERS, APPAREILS, PRODUITS, ETC. POUR PHOTOGRAPHIE SUR COLLODION HUMIDE, COLLODION SEC ALBUMINE, PAPIER CIRÉ, AU CHARBON, ETC.

      Paris: A. Marion, 1870. First edition. 8vo., 96, [inserts 4, and 8 pp.]; 47 pp. Original printed wrappers which bear a presentation from the author to "Monsieur Poitevin" on the margin of the front wrapper. A fine, near new copy, house in a cloth over boards clamshell case with printed paper labels. Marion and Company was the largest and most important supplier of photographic equipment and materials in Europe by the second half of the nineteenth century. Their expertise as stationers was of great advantage to the expanding photographic market - they supplied card stock for carte-de-visites, cabinet cards, etc., printed with the photographer's name, address and flourishes; they also were publishers of carte-de-visites of famous personage. Auguste Marion, who lead the firm, was also a prolific experimenter and author of photographic manuals. The first title is a manual of the carbon process. Here Marion introduced at length, his improved carbon process, with mention of others as well. The remainder of the manual is concerned with various silver-salt, iron, and other processes. Adjoined, with separate title and pagination is his trade catalog of papers, apparatus and other products for collodion, wet and dry plate, albumen paper, materials for the carbon process, etc. The presentation to Alphonse Louis Poitevin may be considered an homage; Poitevin is credited for establishing the principles of photo-lithography, carbon printing and collotype printing.WorldCat locates four copies; New York Public Library, Rijksmuseum, Bibliotheque Nationale de France has a copy with both titles, and one with just the first title. Roosens and Salu No. 6554 for the first title only.

      [Bookseller: Andrew Cahan: Bookseller, Ltd ]
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        LA PHOTOGRAPHIE, SES ORIGINES, SES PROGRÈS, SES TRANSFORMATIONS; [Contained in]: MÉMOIRES DE LA SOCIÉTE IMPÉRIALE DES SCIENCES DE L' AGRICULTURE ET DES ARTS DE LILLE. ANNÉE 1869. III SERIES - 7TH VOLUME

      Didron; Chez L. Quarre, Paris - Lille 1870 - 8vo., [ii], 561 pp. Contemporary quarter morocco gilt and cloth over boards, t.e.g., others untrimmed. The board tips are rubbed through and there is scattered foxing to the text. A near very good copy. LA PHOTOGRAPHIE, SES ORIGINES, SES PROGRES, SES TRANSFORMATIONS, is regarded as Blanquart-Évrard's enduring work, an accurate history of the first three decades of photography, illustrated with contemporary examples. "Seminal discussion of photomechanical printing and photographic illustration . the text of this treatise was the earliest to explore the importance that these new processes would eventually have in printing and publishing. Blanquart-Evrard clearly understood that the ink-based image would eventually completely replace the silver based print in publishing."--Hanson Collection catalog, p. 36.This title, which was released in three forms, is contained here in the journal of the society of which Blanquart-Évrard was the president. It begins on p. 161 and concludes on p. 214, and contains 16 specimen plates with tissue guards, of which 5 are folding: Fortier's Château de Blois - salt print (1851); Maxime Du Camp's photograph from Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie, a salt print (1852); a photo-lithograph by the Poitevin process; 2 photo-lithographs by Zurcher; La Grande Soeur, a photograph by Goupil; Galerie des Beaux-Arts, a photogravure by the Garnier process; La Justice, a heliogravure by Baldus; a reproduction of a manuscript leaf; Milon de Crotone, a photogravure by Baldus, printed by Lemercier; Vue du Baptistère Louis XIII, a relief photogravure by the Garnier process; carbon print portrait; Croquis, a photograph by Alphonse Braun from a drawing by Raphaël; Rein dans les Mains., a woodburytype by Goupil; a carbon print portrait by Marion; and a carbon print portrait byBraun. The plates come from Blanquart-Évrard's unused stock and vary from copy to copy. Most copies have 14 plates, and I have seen a reference to a copy with 15 plates; this copy with 16 plates seems to be unique. There are three different editions with this title; one is a quarto edition of 1869 with fourteen plates; another, issued in quarto in 1870 for presentation has as many as 30 plates. Rare, with WorldCat locating only five copies of this editions: Bibliotheque Nationale de France, BM Lyon, George Eastman House, University of Vermont, and the Rijksmuseum. Roosens and Salu No. 928. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Andrew Cahan: Bookseller, Ltd., ABAA]
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        Charming unsigned original photo (Russian Empress, 1847-1928, wife of Tsar Alexander III, mother of Nicholas II) & her son NICHOLAS II 1868-1918, (Tsar of Russia from 1894, Assassinated after the Revolution)]

      1870 - showing Marie sitting down with an infant Nicholas stretched out with his legs on a chair and his hands on his mothers lap, 5" x 3¼", no place,

      [Bookseller: Sophie Dupre ABA ILAB PADA]
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        Our Modern Falstaff Reviewing His Army

      [New York] 1870 - Original electrotype plate (about 4" x 2.5"). Neatly removed from the wood block, about near fine. An electrotype plate of one of Thomas Nast's earliest cartoons attacking Tammany Hall. The sketch was first published in the November 5th, 1870 issue of *Harper's Weekly*, it depicts Boss Tweed as: "Our Modern Falstaff Reviewing His Army," of thugs, convicts, and fraudulent voters. Nast's inspiration came from a *New-York Times* editorial which compared the Tammany Ring's gang of repeat voters with Falstaff's rag-tag army. Though we cannot be certain, this plate most likely was part of the set of electrotypes made by Vincent Dill for *Nast's Illustrated Almanac for 1871*, the first of five annual almanacs showcasing Nast's work, published in late October, 1870 by McLoughlin Brothers in New York. A scarce survival.

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers-Rare Books, Inc. ABAA]
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        Les champignons de la France. Histoire ? Description ? Culture ? Usages des espèces comstibles vénéneuses, suspectes, employées dans les arts, l?industrie, l?économie domestique et la médecine. Orné de vignettes et de 60 chromolithographies.

      - Paris, J. Rothschild, 1870. Large 8vo. XII,+ 231,+ (blank),+ 1-274 pp.+ 60 chromolith. plates. Stains on pp. 55-59, 103-07, 161-69 and 217-18. Some pencil notations. Contemporary slightly worn green morocco, gilt spine and raised bands, sprinkled edges. First gathering partly loose. With the owner?s label of ?M. de Coincy?, library notations on the fly leaf, and with the bookplate of Nils Fries and his purchase notation in pencil on the last page. Volbracht 427. Stafleu 1229. Uellner 284. Nissen 404. The book is actually a very much expanded, later edition of the author?s ?Guide de l?amateur de champignons? from 34 years earlier. The illustrations are drawn from nature by A. D. Cordier. François Simon Cordier (1797-1874) was a French physician and botanist, a founding member and later president of the Société botanique de France. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Gesamtansicht

      - Lithographie m. Tonplatte v. Frank n. C. Frühsorge, um 1870, 29,5 x 57 Dek. Panoramaansicht von Schwerin. Blick über den Schweriner See zur Stadt, rechts das Schloß. - Restauriert.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        (Advertisment broadside for the Indian Vampire Bat or Flying Fox.) Nie gesehenes Wunderthier! Der fliegende Hund aus Ostindien, der erste und einzig lebende in ganz Europa, ausgestellt in Schröder's zoologischem Garten. ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF CAPTIONS: A never seen wondrous anmial! The flying fox from East India, the first and only alive in Europe, exhibited in Schröder's Zoological Garden.

      Printed by Kramer & Baum, Krefeld, around 1870.. Typographical hand bill. Size: 9.5 x 7 inches. In fine condition. A very rare and unusual hand bill from the travelling menagerie of Johannes Schröder, who himself already called his menagerie a Zoological Garden, avoiding the term ‘menagerie'. It exclusively advertises one new mammal species to be shown to the audience: The Flying Fox or Fruit Bat, commonly referred to as the Vampire. Little to nothing is known about this travelling menagerie, but indications on where exactly Schröder travelled in Germany are given by two eyewitness reviews added below the main text. The first, adressed from Dresden in Saxony, is a statement by the King and the Queen of Saxony, the other is an approval of the animal as an uncommon species from India by one of the most influential German natural historians of his time : Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, adressed from Berlin. While the hand bill was printed in Krefeld, a small town in the very west of Germany, it so seems that Schröder travelled westover after having visited Prussia and Saxony. Most interesting though is, that Schröder‘s Travelling Zoo was accompagnied by a classical Wunderkammer on which information can be drawn from an extremely rare handout pamphlet, traceable in only one copy worldwide, held by the Bavarian State Library: “Führer in dem wandernden zoologischen Garten und der Sammlung von Kunst, Alterthums- & Naturseltenheiten, Münzen etc.” (Johannes Schröder, Dresden, 1869). A link to their pdf is available through Worldcat. A second, changed edition appeared in Speyer in 1872, also held by only one library worldwide. In these two publications Schröder talks of his collections as a ‘museum' rather than a as ‘natural cabinet' or ‘kunstkammer' – a change as notable as his previously mentioned turn from ‘menagerie' to ‘zoological garden'.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Stefan Wulf]
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        Codigo de Enjuiciamientos en Materia Civil con Notas

      1870. Authoritative Study of Peru's 1852 Civil Code Lama, Miguel Antonio de la, Editor. Codigo de Enjuiciamientos en Materia Civil con Notas y Concordancias. Lima: Imprenta del Estado, 1870. 476 pp. Octavo (8" x 5-1/2"). Printed wrappers bound into recent cloth, printed paper title label to spine, endpapers renewed. Light browning to text, internally clean. Ex-library. Small inkstamp to title page. * First edition. Lama was an authority of Peruvian law. This annotated text of the 1852 civil code was standard work. Clagett, A Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Peru 30.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        Altkolorierte Original-Lithographie: *Das Millernthor in Hamburg* ( um 1870 gedruckt )

      Bildmaß der Darstellung: 23 x 33,5 cm ( Höhe x Breite ). Die Bildlegende nur mit Bezeichnung Das Millernthor in Hamburg ohne nähere Angaben zum Zeichner und Stecher. ( Laut untenstehendem montierten bibliographischen Zettel des ehemaligen Bücherkabinetts Hamburg von A. Sohnemann um 1870 ausgeführt ). Alt unter Passepartout und Glas gerahmt ( Rahmenmaß: 40,5 x 52 cm ). Das Blatt im Abendlicht + Mondlicht mit Personen-und Kutschenstaffage. Hinter den beleuchteteten Pfeilern und Gittern des Millerntores ragt der Turm des Michels empor. Das Blatt gebräunt, ansonsten von guter Erhaltung. ( Hier vorzugsweise Selbstabholung wegen Bruchgefahr ). Verso mit altem Klebeetikett *Hamburgensien-Meyer, Poststr. 9* sowie verso untenstehendem montierten Zettel mit näheren Angaben zu dem Blatt. ( Pic erhältlich // webimage available )

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Friederichsen]
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        BY ORDER OF THE KING. The Authorised English Translation Of L’Homme Qui Rit.

      London: Bradbury and Evans. 1870 - First complete English edition. Three volumes. Publisher’s original green cloth with gilt titles to the upper boards and spine, illustration in black to the upper boards. A very good set, the bindings with uniform rubbing and bumping to the spine tips and with a little rippling of the cloth, but clean and bright. The contents are slightly shaken, all three volumes retain the original half titles and are illustrated throughout with an engraved frontispiece and vignette title in each volume, 6 plates in volume I, 5 plates in volume II, and 3 plates in volume III. There is the occasional foxing spot to the margins of some pages and faint evidence of a bookplate having been removed from the endpapers otherwise clean throughout. An attractive example in original condition. Further details and images for any of the items listed are available on request. Lucius Books welcomes direct contact with our customers. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: LUCIUS BOOKS (ABA, ILAB, PBFA)]
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        Bad Pyrmont'.

      - Farblithographie b. Paul Geissler in Berlin, um 1870, 56 x 75,5 Souvenirblatt mit 68 Ansichten. - Mittig Gesamtansicht von Pyrmont umgeben von Arztvillen, Salzbadehaus, Hauptallee, Stahlbadehaus, Schloß, Erdbeer Tempel, Klester Allee, Friedensthal, Königsberg, Helenquelle, Erdfälle, Dunsthöhle, Spielplätze, Goldfischteich u.a.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        (A Travelling Waxworks Wunderkammer including the ‘Siamese TwinsÂ’ Chang & Eng Bunker, mummies, and the ‘apewomanÂ’ Julia Pastrana and her baby.) Musée francais. Zum Erstenmale in dieser Stadt ausgestellt: Die zusammengewachsenen Siamesischen Zwillinge. Das größte Naturwunder des 19. Jahrhunderts. ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF CAPTIONS: Musée francais. For the first time exhibited in this town: The conjoined Siamese Twins. The greatest Natural Wonder of the 19th century.

      Munich, Deschler, s.d., but 1870.. Huge wall bill with a small wood cut vignette, showing Chang & Eng Bunker. Printed on very thin, yellow paper. Size: 25.5 x 8.5 inches. Somewhat narrow left margin, but in fine condition. Scarce wall bill advertising the Travelling Museum of Alexander Hartkopff. His name is not stated anywhere on the bill, but the exhibition can be identified as the ‘Museum HartkopffÂ’ with absolute certainty. Hartkopff was primarily based in Paris and this may explain why he could chose the title ‘Musée francaisÂ’, but I did not find a reasonable explanation, why his collection here became advertised as being a french museum and that exactly in the year the French-German war broke out – especially as Hartkopff had advertised under his name all the years before as contemporary periodicals or the previous wall bill in this catalog show. The bill starts with an announcement of what would have been the only visit of the conjoined twins Charles and Eng Bunker (1811-1874) to Munich. But it is higly unlikely, that the ‘Musée francaisÂ’ was indeed displaying the twins and not rather a waxwork model of them : Discovered in Thailand in 1829, but actually of chinese origin, the twins were brought to the US in 1839 and gained considerable popularity as main attraction in circusses, funfairs and freak shows. It was their origin that coined the term ‘Siamese twinsÂ’ for their kind of physical malformation, a phrase much in use until just recently. Although the twins mostly toured America they were well known all over the globe and later in their lives also visited Europe. In 1870, when the offered wall bill was printed, they did in fact visit Germany to present themselves to Rudolf Virchow in Berlin, the leading authority in the field of pathology in Germany at that time, to find out, whether there were any chances for surgically disjoining them. Virchow found it possible, but the twins finally decided against any change of their current condition and returned to the US. On the way home, Chang suffered a stroke and from then on depended totally on the help of his brother for the rest of his life. Although the information about the Bunker Twins given in the text of the bill basically is correct (their current age, their arrival from the States via England, their intention of possible surgical treatment), it is a well known fact that during their stay in Germany they were exclusively engaged by the company of Ernst Renz. Moreover, when staying in Berlin to meet Virchow, they insulated themselves from the public for most of the time, and to fullfill the contract with Renz they surely had to do so wherever in Germany they went to. They were clever and successful businessmen and one can doubt that they would have joined another exhibition taking the risk of contract penalties. But as mentioned in the description of the foregoing wall bill, the distinction between ‘the naturalÂ’ and ‘the artificialÂ’ may have been of much lesser importance in the 1860/70s as it is today. For the contemporary audience it may well have been almost the same to get the chance of attending an exhibition of life-like wax models as to meet the originals. But the ‘Musée francaisÂ’ included much more than the Bunker Twins. It contained a huge Wunderkammer with items from “geology, ethnology, natural history, physiology and anthropology”. This collection is described in much detail in the lower half of the bill and is stated to count for more than 2000 items spread over seperate sections (compared to only 725 on the previous wall bill from only a few years before). Many, though not all of these items again appear to be waxwork models, sculptures or half-artificial preparats. As a first highlight, the description of the cabinet so starts with a giant octopus (“sepia octopedia”), which eight tentacles were claimed to measure 11 feet long in lenght, and being as thick as 11 inches. The second section then is devoted to palaeontology, roaming a selection of fossils and models of prehistoric animals, among which we find the Ohio-animal – an american mammoth, the Dinotherium and Megasaurus : “some kind of crocodile of 20 feet in lenght”. All of those appear to be life like sculptures, not excavated skelletons. The third section is made up by a collection of ethnological models, including several mummified and tattooed heads from Australia and America. Next is a huge collection of anatomical waxworks, all of which from the hand of the German-Danish artist P. Styrman Daniel from Schleswig, graduate of the Royal Copenhagen Academy of Fine Arts and medalled there for three times (and again at the Exposition Universelle of Paris in 1867 for his waxworks!). These two last mentioned sections on human ethnography, physiology and anatomy comprised waxworks and natural preparats of basically all parts of the human body, the nervous system, the blood vessels, healthy and diseased organs as well as scenes from surgical treatments, like lithotomy – IÂ’ll be returning to this section shortly. The fifth section then showed wax molds taken from original facial (death) masks of historical persons from the 18th century onwards that formed the Swedish phrenologist Gustaf Magnus SchwartzÂ’ (1783-1858) collection. The final and somewhat heterogenous section then is again devoted to natural history and medicine, it contained a Gorilla or “man from the woods” from Gaboun, a smaller collection of pathologic specimens, mainly made up from nephrolits and comparable minerals, and another small collection of 20 specimens, representing human and animal vermin. LetÂ’s now return to the section of ethnographica and anatomical waxworks from the hands of P. S. Daniel. There, following the enumeration of several mummified heads, we find the short notation of an ‘objectÂ’ entitled “Julie Pastrana und ihr Kind” (i.e. Julie Pastrana and her child) accompagnied by a short biographical sketch: Pastrana was a Mexican born woman suffering from hypertrichosis, a malformation of the body that usually comes together with excessive growth of hair, and was she therefore oftenly referred to as the ‘ape or bear womanÂ’. While most of the items in the section of the wall bill that mentions “Julia Pastrana and her child”, appear to have been waxworks, it would seem likely, that also she and her child would only have become represented as waxwork sculptures, just like in the before discussed, obvious case of the Bunker Twins. But that appears not to be true and the history of the whereabout of HartkopffÂ’s museum reveals, that these two ‘itemsÂ’ indeed were the real mummies of Julia Pastrana and her child! Just like Chang and Eng Bunker, Julia Pastrana travelled the world engaged for freakshows, that agglomerated all kinds of deviancies from nature and oftenly were the only opportunity for individuals like her to make a living. Pastrana was said to have been married to her ‘managerÂ’ Theodore Lent, a term in her case probably meaning ‘ownerÂ’ – Lent bought her from a Sinaloa woman who claimed to be her mother. When touring Europe in 1860, Lent and Pastrana, who then was pregnant from her husband, also visited Russia. During their stay in Moscow, Julia gave birth to a son who suffered from the same malformations as herself. While still in childbed, both she and her new born died. Her husband, bereft his source of earnings, did not remain in mourning for a long time and sold their bodies to the Moscow University, where they got embalmed by a professor Sukolov. When Lent saw the excellent result of SukolovÂ’s work, he bought back the bodies and continued touring Europe, displaying his wifeÂ’s and his son‘s mummies. They were said to be usually displayed in a glass cage, with Pastrana wearing costumes she appeared on stage with before, having her shown aside her, mounted to a wooden stand like if he was a parrot or monkey. Lent continued in that way until after a few years he met another woman, who suffered from the same desease as Julia Pastrana and whose look resembled her so much, that he claimed her to be the sister of Julia. From then on, the mummies of Julia Pastrana and her child were no longer of the same use for him and they appear to have been sold ending up in HartkopffÂ’s museum. When also Hartkopf died in 1877, his museum was sold several times, finally being bought by the danish travelling compagnie of Nils Nilsen, who toured Scandinavia and especially Norway. Somewhen after 1907 we loose sight of the mummies in regards of public advertisments of HartkopfÂ’s museum (which although now owned by someone else, continued to be shown under the name of Hartkopf). But in 1921, the mummies of Pastrana and her son were rediscovered by the Norwegian Haakon Lund, in his country known as “tivoli kongen” (king of the funfairs). He and his son, who in 1954 inherited the collections of his father, presented the mummies on their tours throughout Scandinavia, but the public interest for that kind of curiosity was much lesser then as before. Upon a planned tour through the United States leading to an offer from an american collector to buy the mummies at the price of 150.000 crowns, a public outcry arose in Scandinavia and the mummies were withdrawn from the public. They were then kept in a storage facility, which vandals broke into, mutilating the mummy of PastranaÂ’s son, in 1976. The mummy of Julia Pastrana herself was stolen in 1979, but then later reported to the police as an ‘unidentified bodyÂ’, who then stored it at the Oslo Forensic Insitute. In 1990 the body was identified as being the mummy of Julia Pastrana and was from then on kept in a sealed coffin, only accessible to scientist upon special permit. Although the Norwegian government already in 1994 recommended the burial of Julia PastranaÂ’s remains, it was not until february, 12th, 2013, that she was turned over to mexican authorities and burried nearby her birthplace. The story of Julia Pastrana and her son does in many aspects resemble that of the ‘Hottentot womanÂ’, Sarah Baartman (1790-1815), whose skelleton as well as preparats of internal organs were on public display in the Paris Musée de lÂ’homme until 1974. Just like Julia Pastrana she became buried in her homeland first after the millenium, in 2002.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Stefan Wulf]
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        The Story of a Bad Boy

      Fields, Osgood & Co, Boston 1870 - First edition, First state. Frontispiece and illustrations throughout, attributed to Sol Eytinge Jr. and Harry Fenn; iv 261, [3] pp. + 23 pp. of Publisher's advertisements at the back, some dated 1870. 1 vols. 8vo. BAL 269; Peter Parley p.35 Original red cloth, spine gilt, brown endpapers; extremities frayed and some staining to covers; contemporary gift inscription on flyleaf, laid in cloth-backed drop box. Provenance: bookplate of Barton Currie (his sale Lot 5, 1963 Parke-Bernet Galleries) Frontispiece and illustrations throughout, attributed to Sol Eytinge Jr. and Harry Fenn; iv 261, [3] pp. + 23 pp. of Publisher's advertisements at the back, some dated 1870. 1 vols. 8vo [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller, ABAA]
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