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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1869

        The Innocents Abroad

      American Publishing Company, Hartford, 1869. The Innocents Abroad by Mark Twain. First edition, second printing with textual errors corrected. Rebound in dark brown ¾ leather with brown pebble design marbled paper. As new binding. Paper labels. Publisher: American Publishing Company, Hartford, 1869. Exceptionally clean copy with gilding on top edge. Smudging to blank page at verso of plate in front showing a ship at sea. Slight 651 pages plus ads in back. Protected by Mylar. Inventory #12-206. Price: $900.. 1st Edition. Hardcover. As New/No Jacket.

      [Bookseller: Discovery Bay Old Books]
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        THE INNOCENTS ABROAD

      1869. hardcover. <center><b>Mark Twain&#39;s second book, <i>inscribed</i> by him to Charles Warren Stoddard</b></center> Twain, Mark (Samuel L. Clemens). THE INNOCENTS ABROAD, or The New Pilgrims&#39; Progress;... With Two Hundred and Thirty-Four Illustrations. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Company, 1876. Original very dark brown cloth decorated in gilt. <p>First Edition, later printing, of Mark Twain&#39;s second book (preceded only by THE CELEBRATED JUMPING FROG OF CALAVERAS COUNTY). This is Twain&#39;s account, filled with shrewd observation and humor, of his steamship journey to Europe and the Levant -- originally in the form of letters to American newspapers. It proved to be Twain&#39;s first commercial success; as with most books produced by The American Publishing Company, copies were sold on a subscription basis, i.e. door-to-door by salesmen, rather than through bookshops.</p> <p>The first edition was published in 1869; this is a later printing from those plates, published in 1876. Condition is bright and near-fine (a hint of wear at the ends of the joints, front endpaper slightly cracked, small inkstain on the bottom edge, 1924 catalogue description of this copy tipped in). McBride pp 6-7; Blanck 3316. Housed in a morocco-backed clamshell case.</p> <p><u>The front free endpaper is inscribed and signed by Twain</u>, "To Chas Warren Stoddard | from his friend | Mark Twain | Hartford Oct. 1877." Stoddard (1843-1909) was an American writer who grew up on the East Coast but who settled in San Francisco in 1859 (and thus was there when Twain arrived there). Like Twain, Stoddard was a world traveler; beginning in 1873 he had a five-year world tour (including the time of this inscription) as a correspondent for the <i>San Francisco Chronicle</i>, and beginning in 1880 he became co-editor (with Bret Harte and Ina Coolbrith -- together known as the "Golden Gate Trinity") of the <i>Overland Monthly</i> -- which in 1870 had published some of Twain&#39;s earliest writings.</p> <p>Provenance: bookplate of William Harris Arnold (1854-1923), the bibliophile who authored VENTURES IN BOOK COLLECTING (1924).</p> SIGNED / INSCRIBED / ASSOCIATION COPIES, NONFICTION (Sumner & Stillman Code:11863)

      [Bookseller: Sumner & Stillman]
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        [Les Classiques] Oeuvres complètes

      Paris: Alexandre Houssiaux, 1869. relié. 14x22,5cm. Nouvelle édition des oeuvres complètes de l&#39;auteur. Reliures en demi chagrin marine, dos à cinq nerfs sertis de filets dorés ornés de doubles caissons dorés agrémentés de motifs typographiques dorés, légères traces de frottements sans gravité pour certains dos, plats de papier marbré, infimes épidermures sur certains plats, petites taches sur le premier plat du tome 4, deux coins émoussés, gardes et contreplats de papier à la cuve, reliures de l&#39;époque. Ouvrage orné de planches hors-texte par les meilleurs artistes de l&#39;époque dont Bertall, Daumier, Gavarni, Johannot, Nanteuil ainsi que de rares illustrations in-texte. Quelques rousseurs sans gravité. Agréable ensemble agréablement établi en reliure de l&#39;époque. - Alexandre Houssiaux, Paris _1869, 14x22,5cm, 20 volumes reliés. - Les Classiques 20 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        OEUVRES COMPLETES DE H. DE BALZAC

      Paris: Michel Levy Freres, 1869-1876.. Twenty-four volumes. Large octavo. Contemporary calf and marbled boards, ribbon markers. Binder&#39;s blanks tanned, a few spines have small nicks or rubs, occasional minor foxing, but a very good set. The important "Edition Definitive," concluding with the volume of correspondence, 1819-1850. TALVART & PLACE I, p.176.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        PIERCE EGAN&#39;S FINISH TO THE ADVENTURES OF TOM, JERRY AND LOGIC, In Their Pursuits Through LIFE IN AND OUT OF LONDON

      London:: John Camden Hotten,. no-date [circa 1869]. An early edition, not the first, but with the 36 colored plates by Cruikshank. Freshly re-bound in marbled boards with red leather spine ruled in gold; black leather spine label lettered in gold; top edge gilt. "Life in London" was a monthly satiric journal written by Egan and published by Hotten with illustrations by Cruikshank. The first edition of "Life in London or, the Day and Night Scenes of Jerry Hawthorn, esq., and his elegant friend, Corinthian Tom, accompanied by Bob Logic, the Oxonian, in their rambles and Sprees through the Metropolis" appeared on 15 July, 1821. British plays based on Egan&#39;s characters launched a "Tom & Jerry" craze here and, in name at least, the "Tom & Jerry" cartoon characters. Fine.

      [Bookseller: Quill & Brush]
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        Lorna Doone: A Romance of Exmoor

      1869. first edition. First Edition of &#147;Lorna Doone,&#148;with an Autograph Letter Signed by R.D. BlackmoreBLACKMORE, R.D. Lorna Doone: A Romance of Exmoor. In Three Volumes. London: Sampson Low, Son, & Marston, 1869.First edition. Apparently one of only 500 copies printed. Three small octavo volumes (7 1/8 x 4 11/16 inches; 181 x 119 mm.). vi, 332; iv, 340; iv, 342 pp. Bound without the preliminary blank leaf in Volume I and the final blank leaf in Volume III, but with the sixteen-page publisher&#146;s catalogue, dated March, 1869, at the end of Volume III.Bound ca. 1960 by Bayntun-Rivière (stamp-signed in gilt on the front turn-in) in full red morocco. Covers with gilt double fillet border, spines panelled and lettered in gilt in compartments with five raised bands, board edges and turn-ins decoratively tooled in gilt, all edges gilt, marbled endpapers. Spines very slightly sunned. A few short, expertly repaired margin tears. Some occasional minor foxing or soiling. Bookplate of J. Hodges on front pastedown of each volume. Overall, an excellent copy.Laid in is an Autograph Letter Signed from Blackmore to James Payn, Teddington, Decr. 3rd. 1877, thanking him for his assistance in the publishing of his works. One small octavo page on a folded sheet. &#147;Being called suddenly from home, I had not time last week to thank you, for your letter, & to say that probably I owe to your kind offices the conquest of the Teutons. This success is all the more surprising in that the reviewers have (almost with one accord) set forth an onslaught on my poor book.&#148; Small bookseller&#146;s description affixed to the recto of the second leaf. (Erema: or My Father&#146;s Sin was publishd by Smith, Elder & Co. in 1877.) Payn was a literary adviser for the publishers Smith, Elder & Company.The Lorna Doone shortbread cookie was introduced by Nabisco in 1912. No one, even at Nabisco, is quite sure of exactly how the name was chosen. All that can be said is that R.D. Blackmore, a British novelist, was the author of a popular book titled &#39;Lorna Doone,&#39; the lead character, Lorna Doone of course, was of Scottish heritage, and shortbread was considered Scottish. Hence, a shortbread cookie named Lorna Doone.Sadleir 227. Wolff 536.

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
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        FAIRY TALES. Translated by J R Planche

      London: George Routledge and Sons,, 1869 Perrault, Charles. FAIRY TALES. Translated by J R Planche. Illustrated by Godwin, Corbould & Haryer. London: George Routledge and Sons, 1869. Sm. Octavo, pp. [i-xi], [b], 2-558 + 6p Ads. Original rust blind embossed pebbled cloth, all edges gilt, front & spine panels stamped in gilt and black. First edition thus., Neat contemporary inscription on the half title. Collects twenty-four of Perrault&#39;s short stories, including: Beauty And The Beast, Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, etc. An exceptionally bright copy [the rear hinge neatly strengthened]. An attractive Routledge decorative publisher&#39;s binding. During this period, Routledge published similar works including: Foggerty&#39;s Fairy And Other Tales, Fairy Tales of the Countess D&#39;Aulnoy, also translated By J.R. Planche, & Oriental Fairy Tales, or Fancy&#39;s Wanderings in the East by the Brothers Dalziel which while not available in abundance, copies are easily found. The Perrault title however is hardly ever seen.. First Thus. Illus. by Godwin, Corbould & Haryer.

      [Bookseller: TBCL The Book Collector's Library]
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        Les Songes Drolatiques de Pantagruel ou sont contenues plusieurs figures de l&#39;invention de Maitre Francois Rabelais

      Paris: Librairie Tross, 1869. Octavo. xviii pp., (64) ff. From a very small edition, this is one of only two copies printed entirely on vellum. Contains 120 plates, which are facsimiles of the illustrations to the extremely rare edition of 1565. These are early examples of a printing process called "gillotage," a method of printing from etched relief blocks patented by Firmin Gillot in 1850. In addition, there is a facsimile of the original text of 1565 as well as an eighteen-page explanatory introduction, both also on vellum. The illustrations themselves are imaginative and highly accomplished grotesques, combining animal, vegetable, and human forms in the style of Bosch and Brueghel. Rabelais is thought to have created the iconography, and the artist is unknown. Some have interpreted the figures allegorically, in terms of sixteenth-century political and ecclesiastical events. An extremely fine copy, unbound as issued, with tissue guards throughout. Housed in a marbled chemise and box, which shows light rubbing.

      [Bookseller: Bromer Booksellers]
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        The INNOCENTS ABROAD, or the New Pilgrim&#39;s Progress. Being some Account of the Steamship Quaker City&#39;s Pleasure Excursion to Europe and the Holy Land; with Descriptions of Courntries, Nations, Incidents and Adventures, as They Appeared to the Author

      San Franciso & Hartford:: H H Bancroft / American Publishing Co.,. 1869.. 8vo. 8-7/8" x 5-3/4". 1st edition, 2nd issue (BAL 3316). 651, [5] pp. 5 pages of adverts @ rear.. Original publisher&#39;s brown decorative cloth (professionally rebacked). Beveled edges.. General shelf wear. Period pos to front eps & preliminary blank.. Square & tight. A solid VG - VG+ copy of Twain&#39;s 2nd book.. The scarcer San Francisco imprint, which retains the last 2 advert leaves (a state not seen by BAL). . Illustrated: 2 frontispieces, 14 inserted plates & many intratextual woodcuts.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        HAND AND SOUL

      [London: Privately printed for the author by Strangeways & Walden, November 1869].  18 x 12cm [12mo], in original buff paper wraps w/printed title within a fine-ruled border to fr. cover, [1-3 (half-title; blank; title & text)] 4-22 (text, author's name & printer) [23-24 (blanks)] pp., all finely bound in burgundy straight-grain morocco w/decorative gilt dentelles, gilt title & 5 raised bands to spine, marbled ep.s, a.e.g., by Lucien Broca, London (stamped in French to verso of fr. ep.).  With the decorative bookplate of Rosalind (designed by Charles William Sherborn & signed "CWS 1888") to fr. pastedown; also w/the bookplate of Marie-Louise & Samuel Robert Rosenthal (designed by "V A") to fr. ep. On 3 Dec. 1869 Rossetti wrote to William Davies: "I send you with this a little tale written long ago.  I had included it among the poems I am printing, as it is really more a sort of poem than anything else; but coming to the conclusion after all that it looked awkward there I have had a few copies struck off to give away.  I send one for [James] Smetham too when you see him" (WMR, "Rossetti Papers" p.492).  T.J. Wise claimed, without authority, that 100 copies were printed, a figure which disagrees with Rossetti's "a few copies" & Colbeck's "a small unspecified number."  Rossetti "caused various copies of Hand and Soul to be done up in a drab wrapper; and he gave some of them away, but never sold them.  These copies appear to be the same printing as in the Poems privately printed; but the pagination is altered, and runs from p. 1 to 22, and at the close is printed 'Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1850'.  From time to time copies ... in this form have turned up for sale, and have commanded high prices" (WMR, DGR Bibliography 1905 p.17).  "Hand and Soul" was originally published in the 1st number of "The Germ," & after this pamphlet was printed it appeared in the "Fortnightly Review" (Dec. 1870, pp.692-701). Binding Fine; contents Fine.  Slater p.216, Ashley IV 122, Fredeman 23.6 (see also 28.2, 28.22, & 30.12), Fennell pp.138-40, Colbeck 8.

      [Bookseller: Leonard Roberts, Bookseller]
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        THE QUINOLOGY OF THE EAST INDIAN PLANTATIONS, 3 Parts, complete

      London: L. Reeve and Co., 1st edition, 1869-1876.. Bottom front outer corner with small bump, faint edge to cloth, the last two black-and-white plates have a small (3/4 inch high) marginal minor damp stains that do not touch the image; a bright, clean, very good to near fine copy.. Pp. (4), x, 116 + 17 full-page lithographic plates - 13 are hand-colored, 2 full-page photo-plates. Original full green textured cloth with elaborate gilt plant on the center front board with title above and below the plant, gilt title on spine, large folio (20.5 x 15 inches). This rare work documents the cultivation of quinine producing trees. These trees were introduced into India from the Andes by Markham and Spruce. John Eliot Howard undertook microscopical observations of the bark of all forms of cinchona to find which would be best to use as a malarial preventative. The work featured 3 hand-colored plates with cross-sections of bark and 10 spectacular hand-colored plates of the quinine-producing trees and flowers. This volume has been collated complete by H. Bernard Quaritch of London and bears his signature on the rear endpaper. See Nissen, BBI, 943.

      [Bookseller: Natural History Books]
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        On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

      London: John Murray,, 1869. or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Fifth Edition, with additions and corrections. (Tenth thousand.) Octavo. Original green fine sand-grain cloth, titles to spine gilt, decorative panels blocked in blind to sides, black endpapers: Freeman&#39;s variant "c" binding. Housed in a dark green quarter morocco solander box. Folding lithographic diagram. Bound without the advertisements sometimes found in other copies. Modern bookplate of Nils Fries (1912&#150;1994) professor of physiological and anatomical botany at Uppsala University, with his pencilled note at back noting his acquisition of the book in Sweden, 21 June 1952. Extremities rubbed, corners just worn, inner hinges cracked but holding, some quires starting, with resultant proud fore-edges slightly frayed; overall a little shaken, but a good copy. Fifth edition, presentation copy, inscribed by the publisher&#39;s clerk, "From the author", on the half-title, as usual. This edition sees the first use by Darwin of Herbert Spencer&#39;s phrase "survival of the fittest", appearing in the heading of chapter IV and in the text. Darwin had expressed concern about the price of his book after learning that Lancashire labourers were forced to club together to be able to afford a copy. John Murray therefore produced two versions of the fifth edition: the cheaper volume sold for 7/6 and used a very small typeface; this copy is of the standard version, which continued to be sold for 15 shillings.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Battle of Ridgeway, C.W. [Canada West]. Near Ridgeway Station, June 2, 1866

      Buffalo: Major C. Donahue and D. Egan, New York. Sold by: John Gilman, Norwich. Printed by The Sage, Sons & Co. Lith., Print&#39;g & Manufac&#39;g Col,, [1869]. 1st Edition. No binding. Very Good. RARE PRINT OF AN IMPORTANT CANADIAN MILITARY HISTORICAL EVENT. Full title: Battle of Ridgeway, C.W. [Canada West]. : Desperate Charge of the Fenians, Under Col. O&#39;Neill, Near Ridgeway Station, June 2, 1866, and Total Route of the British Troops, Including the Queens own Regt. Under Command of Col. Booker. Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1869, by Maj. C. Donohue and D. Egan, in the Clerk&#39;s Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Northern District of New York. Medium Used: Color lithograph, Year: c1869. Size: Image size 16 3/8 x 21 3/8" (417 x 544 mm). Condition: A few minor marginal tears, backed with Japan paper otherwise very good condition. Print showing the Fenians routing British troops at the battle of Ridgeway., This is a dramatic scene of the Battle of Ridgeway Canada West (now Ontario). The battle is sometimes referred to as the Battle of Lime Ridge or Limestone Ridge. The battle was fought between an Irish-American invading force against Canadian regular troops. This was the largest of the Fenian Raids into Canada. The battle flag on the Fenian troops reads "I.R.A." Rare (c1869 coloured copies)of this print located only at LAC(2), LOC(2) & Riverbrink Museum

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books Inc. (IOBA)]
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        OEUVRES COMPLETE DE J. RACINE (8 VOL SET - COMPLETE) Avec une Vie de l"Auteur et un Examin de Chacun de ses Ouvrages

      Paris: Garnier Freres, 1869 - 1877. Hardcover. Near Fine. 6 1/2 x 9 3/4 in. 8 vol set. Half crushed chocolate morocco with lacquered marbled paper boards. (Truly beautiful binding) 5 raised bands. Gilt lettering and decoration on spine. Marbled endpapers. Gilt upper text block. Tissue-protected B&W illustrations. Condition is : NEAR FINE : spines and covers near perfect, with two exceptions, noted below. Lacquered marble boards and endpapers vivid, text exceptionally clean. Very slight foxing to side and bottom of text block, gilt upper block very bright. Extraordinarily tight, clean copies. Small David B. Ogden book plate on front paste-down.& Vol I : 508 pgs. 1869. Cond: as above.& Vol II : 480 pgs. 1870. Cond: as above.& Vol III : 515 pgs. 1875. Cond: as above.& Vol IV : 1v, 481 pgs. Cond: as above.& Vol V : cxi, 479 pgs. 1877. Cond: as above.& Vol VI : xxix, 477 pgs. 1876. Cond: as above.& Vol VII : xvi, 494 pgs. 1877. Cond: as above, with wear to front paper board, where one book stuck to another, a spot approx. 1/2 inch diam.& Vol VIII : viii, 552 pgs. 1877. Cond: as above, with wear to front paper board where one book stuck to another, approx 1/2 in diam.& & &

      [Bookseller: Andre Strong Bookseller]
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        Alice&#39;s Adventures in Wonderland

      Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1869. First edition printed in America. Illustrated by John Tenniel. Original publisher&#39;s green cloth. Light rubbing and minor wear to extremities, fore-edge lightly bumped, light foxing to preliminary pages. An extremely bright and unsophisticated copy, scarce in this condition.. First Edition. Hard Cover. Near Fine.

      [Bookseller: B & B Rare Books, Ltd., ABAA]
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        ALICE&#39;S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND [and] THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS

      18. CARROLL, Lewis. ALICE&#39;S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND. With forty-two illustrations by John Tenniel. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1869. The first American edition of "Alice" to be actually printed in the U.S. It differs in a number of points from the earlier London printings: the illustrations lack Tenniel&#39;s cipher and Dalziel&#39;s name, several illustrations are placed differently on the page, and the text is not a line-for-line recreation of the English original. (Taylor, Lewis Carroll at Texas, 15.) Offered with: CARROLL, Lewis. THROUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS, AND WHAT ALICE FOUND THERE. With fifty illustrations by John Tenniel. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1872. First American edition. Uniformly bound in early twentieth century bindings: 3/4 red calf and red cloth sides. Description afixed with tape on front pastedown, else handsome set of these classic titles. Two volumes:

      [Bookseller: Boston Book Company]
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        Alice&#39;s Adventures in Wonderland; Alice Through the Looking Glass

      London: Macmillan and co.,, 1869 & 1872. 2 volumes, octavo (180 × 122 mm). Finely bound for Henry Sotheran in burgundy morocco, titles and decoration to spines, raised bands, Alice motifs to boards, decoration to turn-ins, marbled endpapers, gilt edges. With black and white illustrations. Inscription to verso of front free endpapers, the occasional minor blemish, spines just a touch rubbed, an excellent copy. Alice is eighteenth thousand and Through the Looking Glass is a first edition. A handsomely bound copy.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Aventures d&#39;Alice au Pays de Merveilles

      London: Macmillan and Co, 1869. FIRST FRENCH EDITION. 1 volume, translated by Henri Bue, illustrations by John Tenniel. In the publisher&#39;s original gilt stamped blue cloth, all edges gilt, back corners still square, inner and outer hinges fine. A truly FINE SHARP UNREPAIRED COPY often found in shabby shape.

      [Bookseller: D&D Galleries - ABAA]
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        ALICE&#39;S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

      London: Macmillan and Co., 1869. A beautiful early printing, sixteenth thousand, 192pp., illustrated with forty-two illustrations by John Tenniel, sumptuously bound by Bayntun in full red straight grained morocco, board edges single ruled in gilt with gilt corner flourishes, inner gilt dentelles, raised bands with compartments decorated in a floral gilt motif, red and tan morocco spine labels and all edges gilt, marbled endpapers, original covers and spine bound in at the rear, early owner&#39;s name. A tiny surface scratch to upper board. A superb copy. Perfect for that special gift. . Octavo.

      [Bookseller: Hayday Books, LLC]
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        Autograph Letter, signed, to an unnamed recipient

      [Paris], "mercredi" [21 july, 1869]. 8vo. 1 p., on sheet of blue-tinted stationery. Minor soiling and foxing, etc., creased at folds, very good . This seemingly inconsequential note was written at a time of intense mourning; for on the preceding day, Flaubert had to bury perhaps the most important friend in his life, the poet Louis-Hyacinthe Bouilhet. On the precding Sunday, July 18, 1869, three days before this was written, Bouilhet died in Rouen. Bouilhet was Flaubert&#39;s most trusted critic, his "literary mid-wife" and his frequent collaborator, whose judgement Flaubert held in the highest esteem. All of Flaubert&#39;s major works until that time - including Madame Bovary - had been written under the watchful eye of Bouilhet. In fact, it was Bouilhet who suggested to Flaubert the very subject of Madame Bovary, and consulted with him regularly throughout its progress. "Boulhet, who had studied medicine under Flaubert&#39;s father, proposed the local and recent case of another former student. In 1848 - the second wife of a Dr. Delamare, after a series of adulteries and extravagances, had poisoned herself and precipitated her husband&#39;s suicide, leaving an orphan daughter. Flaubet acknowledged this suggestion, and the years of crucial midwifery that supported it, when he dedicated Madame Bovary to Bouilhet." (Harry Levin, "Madame Bovary: The Cathedral and the Hospital", 1952). Bouilhet was Flaubert&#39;s greatest literary friend, and Flaubert never stopped mourning his death. It was Flaubert, who, along with their friend Caudron, took charge of the funeral details in their native Rouen, and who buried Bouilhet there on Tuesday, July 20, in a ceremony attended by over 2,000. Flaubert did not even dare look into the casket. In a letter of Thursday, the 22nd, he wrote to another friend: "I say to myself, &#39;Why write now, since he is no longer there?&#39;" In this hastily scribbled note to an intimate, written on the day after the funeral, possibly to Louise Colet, or Maxime du Camp - Flaubert, in a state of numb shock, seems to be making monetary arrangements, as well as gathering his deceased friend&#39;s manuscripts. It was Flaubert who arranged for the posthumous publication of Bouilhet&#39;s poems, for which he wrote the Introduction - hence the reference to the "cahiers" in the following note: "J&#39;ai empochE hier à l&#39;Odeon 400 fr. pr. toi. / [Alfred] Guerard* m&#39;a renvoyE les cahiers. Je serai à Croisset** vendredi soir / J&#39;arriverais à Rouen par l&#39;express du soir. / Ma premiËre course à Rouen qui aura lieu lundi au mardi sera pr. (?) porter cet argent à [Pascal-DEsirEe] Caudron***. / Je t&#39;embrasse / Gustave Flaubert / Mercredi [21 July 1869]" *a faithful friend of Bouilhet&#39;s from Rouen ** Village just outside of Rouen, where Flaubert grew up *** Another mutual friend from Rouen, Caudron was in charge of finding a burial plot for Bouilhet - he was buried next to Flaubert&#39;s father

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        FIVE WEEKS IN A BALLOON

      1869. hardcover. <center><b>the first edition in English of Verne&#39;s first book</b></center> [Verne, Jules.] FIVE WEEKS IN A BALLOON; or, Journeys and Discoveries in Africa by Three Englishmen. Compiled in French by Jules Verne, from the Original Notes of Dr. Ferguson; and done into English by "William Lackland." New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1869. 12 pp undated ads. Original brown cloth pictorially decorated in gilt. <p>First American Edition (and first edition in the English language) of Jules Verne&#39;s first book. Per the "Publisher&#39;s Note,"</p> <p><?ms_indent>FIVE WEEKS IN A BALLOON is, in a measure, a satire on English books on African travel. So far as the geography, the inhabitants, the animals, and the features of the countries the travellers pass over, it is entirely accurate... The mode of locomotion is, of course, purely imaginary, and the incidents and adventures fictitious. The latter are abundantly amusing, and, in view of the wonderful "travellers&#39; tales" with which we have been entertained by African explorers, they can scarcely be considered extravagant...</?ms_indent></p> <p>CINQ SEMAINES EN BALLON had been published in French in 1863, and then this Appleton edition was published in March 1869 (they promoted it just prior to publication as FOUR WEEKS IN A BALLOON); Chapman & Hall&#39;s British edition -- which is virtually impossible to find -- did not come out for another year, by June 1870. No other Verne title was published in America until 1873 -- when both JOURNEY TO THE CENTRE OF THE EARTH and TWENTY THOUSAND LEAGUES UNDER THE SEAS appeared.</p> <p>This copy is in medium-brown sand-grain cloth (we have also had green pebble grain cloth and orange-brown pebble-grain cloth). It is in very good condition (spine faded, as usual with this color, but there is little wear other than a few nicks in the spine ends; the original yellow endpapers are clean and intact, and there is no foxing on the leaves within). Taves & Michaluk V001; Myers 20.</p> AUTHORS&#39; FIRST BOOKS, FANTASY / SCIENCE FICTION / SUPERNATURAL (Sumner & Stillman Code:8287)

      [Bookseller: Sumner & Stillman]
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        Egenhændigt brev m. underskrift til "Fröken Daugaard!". Dat. Kjøbenhavn den 22 Jan/ 1869." Original handwritten and signed letter for "Fröken Daugaard!" ("Miss Daugaard!).

      Dated "Kjøbenhavn (Copenhagen) den 22 Jan./ 1869." 2 1/2 side 8vo.Grundet papirkvaliteten brunplettet.H.C.A. takker digterinden Christine Daugaard for "den Tillid at/ sende mig nogle Digte af et ungt/ Menneske." Den unge mand var ansat hos C.Daugaards fader, som var præst, og H.C.A. er blevet bedt om at vurdere hans poetiske evner. Det fremgår, at H.C.A. i almindelighed ikke bryder sig om at udtale sig for meget om denne slags sager, "Da indsees til=/ =visse, Fröken Daugaard, hvor u=/ =mueligt det er at sige." For "naar man er ung, har følelse, nogen Begavelse og en sand Læsning, da/ kan man i vor Tid bringe/ ganske smukke Vers paa Papiret." "Der gaaer/ næppe en Uge uden at jeg/ modtager Breve fra unge Folk,/ som alle "ønsker at gaae Digt=/ =ningens Vei" som den unge Mand i Brevet til Dem har/ udtrykt sig." Trods sin tilbageholdende og ikke umiddelbart særligt imødekommende indstilling til disse unge digterspirer, kan H.C.A. med glæde meddele, at han har læst næsten alle de tilsendte digte med stor fornøjelse. Især et digt, "Danmark", tiltaler forfatteren, "det er følt, det er friskt og selv/ i Udtrykkene er noget ejendommeligt." Han slutter med at ønske den unge mand den bedste fremgang.2 1/2 pp. 8vo. Due to paper-quality brownspotted. H.C.A. thanks the 38-year old poet, Christine Daugaard, for (following quotations are in own translation) "the confidence <you show me by> sending me some poems by a young/ person." ("den Tillid at/ sende mig nogle Digte af et ungt/ Menneske.") H.C.A. has been asked to evaluate the poetic abilities of the young man, who is employed by Christine Daugaard's father, a well known priest. It is evident from the letter that Hans Christian Andersen usually does not like to say too much in cases like this. "Certainly it is understood, Miss Daugaard, how im-/ possible it is to say." ("Da indsees til=/ =visse, Fröken Daugaard, hvor u=/ =mueligt det er at sige.") Because "When you are young, emotional, in some way talented and well read, then/ in our time it is possible to bring/ fairly pretty poems into writing." "Barely/ a week goes by, in which/ I do not receive letters from young folk,/ who all "wish to become/ a poet" like the young man has expressed himself in his letter to you." ("naar man er ung, har følelse, nogen Begavelse og en sand Læsning, da/ kan man i vor Tid bringe/ ganske smukke Vers paa Papiret." "Der gaaer/ næppe en Uge uden at jeg/ modtager Breve fra unge Folk,/ som alle "ønsker at gaae Digt=/ =ningens Vei" som den unge Mand i Brevet til Dem har/ udtrykt sig.") In spite of his reserved and not very enthusiastic approach to these young writers-to-be, H.C.A. can gladly inform that he has read nearly all the poems with great joy. Especially one poem, "Denmark", appeals to him, "it is <inspired by> feeling, it is lively and even/ in the expressions it has something characteristic." ("det er følt, det er friskt og selv/ i Udtrykkene er noget ejendommeligt.") He ends the letter by wishing the young man great advance.. Interessant brev, der både siger noget om H.C.A.s status blandt almindelige mennesker i samtiden, hans påvirkning af ungdommen, hans liv som offentlig person og nok mest interessant om hans eget syn på både sin egen digteriske virksomhed og de unge fremtidige digtere. Det er interessant at se H.C.A. som litteraturkritiker og dermed forstå, hvad han selv anser for værdifuldt, hvad angår poetiske frembringelser. This is a very interesting letter that not only reveals something about the status of H.C.A. among "ordinary" people at the time, his influence on the young generation, as well as his life as a public persona, but which also tells us about his view on his own poetry and that of the young generation. It is interesting and unusual to see H.C.A. as a literary critic and thereby to understand what he appreciates and recognizes as valuable when it comes to poetic production.Christine Daugaard was one of the few Danish female poets at the time of H.C.A. She was a quiet spinster, whose poetry possessed much elegance, sincerity and correctness

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Woman's Work and Woman's Culture - A Series of Essays.

      London: MacMillan and Co, 1869. lxiv + 367 pp, 23 x 14.5 cm. Good tight copy, with occasional slight foxing, spine restored, and new endpapers. Contributers include Frances Power Cobbe, Jessie Boucherett, Rev G Butler, Sophia Jex-Blake, James Stuart, Charles H Pearson, Herbert N Mozley, Julia Wedgwood, Elizabeth C Wolstenholme, and John Boyd-Kinnear: a nineteenth-century galaxy of people who were concerned about women's rights. Rare.

      [Bookseller: Saintfield Antiques & Fine Books]
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        Strangers Yet. Song. Words By Lord Houghton. The Music Composed And Dedicated To Miss Talfourd. Sung by Made Sainton Dolby

      Boosey & Co, London. Inscribed by person(s) connected with book. Binding: Hardcover. Book Condition: Good Condition. Dust Jacket Condition: No Dust Jacket. THIS IS ONE OF THE SCORES FROM OUR BOOK NUMBER #6647000 - No 1 In E Flat No 2 In F. Undated but dated & Signed [Initialled by Dolby] 1869. Size: 13 inches tall by 9.5 inches. 5 pages. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 750gms-1kgm. Category: Music; Inscribed by person(s) connected with book. Inventory No: 6647001.

      [Bookseller: John T. & Pearl Lewis]
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        Cinque orazioni latine inedite. Pubblicato da un Cod. MS. della Bibliotheca Nazionale per cura del bibliotecario Antonio Galasso. Con un discorso preliminare.

      Napoli, Domenico and Antonio Morano, 1869. 8vo. Bound uncut and unopened with the original blue printed wrappers in a recent green full cloth binding with gilt leather title-label to spine. Back wrapper with worm holes, lack of lower corner, and tears.Some minor brownspotting due to the paper quality. CXXIII, (1), 72 pp.. The very rare first edition, first printing, of five of Vico's early orations (Oration I, III, IV, V, VI, and the beginning of II), which founded the first basis for his seminal "Scienza Nuova". The publication of the orations is based on manuscript XIII B 53 in the National Library of Naples. Although Vico's orations are of the greatest importance to the understanding of the philosophical and intellectual development of this seminal and vastly influential thinker, Vico himself only promoted the immediate publication of the last of them, namely the "De nostri Temporis Studiorum Ratione", which was printed in 1708, based on the argument that it summed up much of that which was included in his earlier orations. Thus, had it not been for Galasso, the invaluable five early orations, being all of the unpublished early texts, might not have been preserved for posterity. Besides this invaluable contribution to Vico scolarship, Galasso here also provides us with a very elaborate study on the seminal importance of the present orations. (Part of the second oration was published by Villarosa in 1823).GIAMBATTISTA VICO (1668 - 1744) was appointed professor of Latin Eloqence at the University of Naples in 1699 and possessed this chair till 1708. In this capacity Vico had to each year give an inaugural oration, and it is five of these that are printed here for the first time. Vico's orations were based on classic humanistic grounds, with great inspiration found in e.g. Pico della Mirandola, and he tried to urge his students to develop both as human beings and as scholars, inspiring them to use their education to become better persons, as well as inspiring them to keep educating themselves and persuading them that they have the capacity to become wise, telling them that they are "born for wisdom". As such, Vico's early orations display the greatest examples of his ideas of paideia and and humanitas as well as his inspiration from Greek and Latin sources and especially from the Renaissance humanists; they contain the very first sketches of his theories on humanity and history, which later came to provide the basis for his revolutionary "Scienza Nuova"

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        Frankenstein; or the Modern Prometheus.

      Boston and Cambridge: Sever, Francis & Co. 1869.. Third American edition, small 8vo, 177, (1, 2 advertisement) pp. Signature on front blank of Edward P. Warren, dated 1882. Publisher's advertisement slip laid in by title - the recto advertising "Vanity Fair", some light foxing, one gathering loose. Original purple cloth, faded and marked, spine ends worn. Edward Warren, (1860-1928), art collector and patron. As well as commissioning Rodin to sculpt "The Kiss" he acquired a superb collection of classical antiquities, many of which now reside in the Boston Museum and the Metropolitan Museum in New York. First published in London in 1818, the first American edition appeared in 1833.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        ALICE'S ABENTEUER IM WUNDERLAND. Uebersetzt von Antonie Zimmermann. Mit zweiundvierzig Illustrationen von John Tenniel.

      [12], 178, [2]pp. Original green decorative cloth gilt with medallion illustrations to upper and lower covers. All edges gilt.. Octavo. First edition. First issue. Slight wear to head and heel of spine; slight bubbling of cloth; hinges expertly repaired; else a very good copy of the scarce first issue, contained in a cloth, gilt clamshell box. Presentation copy, inscribed on front free endpaper: 'W. H. Ranken, with the Author's sincere regards march. 1869.' Casson family bookplate. It is believed that this copy was once owned by the actress Dame Sybil Thorndike (Casson). W. H. Ranken (to whom A Valentine, the second poem in Phantasmagoria is addressed,) was a close friend of Dodgson's at Oxford. He later taught English in Germany for a while. They visited Whitby together in 1854, and stories told to children by Dodgson on the shore at Whitby during the visit were thought by Ranken to have been the first germs of Alice in Wonderland. The first issue, which is by far the scarcer of the two, has the London: Macmillan imprint. The second issue, Liepzig: Johann Friedrich Hartknoch.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Collection of Prayers and Religious Quotations, in Slavonic

      Russia 1869 Russia, 1869. (SLAVONIC) 12mo (135 x 85 mm.). Manuscript, with notes and Capitals in red. 88 pp. Contemporary black blindstamped calf, the upper cover with a roundel of a lion fighting a unicorn with Russian inscription 'Thus do body and soul fight against each other as two wild beasts', within scallop border, in marbled chemise and orange slip-case . A collection of personal thoughts and prayers opening with the Trebnik of Patriarch Iosafat. On the penultimate page the last paragraph reads 'I am sending you instead of prayers this little book ... ' ending with the abbreviated name 'Gr. I. Evfr.' (possibly for Grigorii Ivanovich Evrasov) dated 1869

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        1): Die hesiodische Theogonie ... + 2): Anacreontis Teii... + 3) Nitzsche, Rich., questionum Eudocianarum... + 4) Theognidis Elegiae... + 5) Bernays, Jacob, die Heraklitischen Briefe... + 6) Die harmonischen Fragmente des Aristoxenus... + 7) Rohde, Erwin, über Lucian's Schrift... + 8) Byk, S.A., der Hellenismus und der Platonismus... [In: Literarisches Centralblatt für Deutschland: 1): Nr. 18, 25. April 1868 + 2): Nr. 45, 31. Oktober 1868 + 3): No. 48, 21. November 1868 + 4): No. 6, 30. Januer 1869 + 5): No. 6, 30. Januer 1869 + 6): No. 6, 30. Januer 1869 + 7): No. 15, 3. April, 1869 + 8) Nr. 37, 3. September 1870].

      Leipzig, Avenarius, 1869, 1869, 1870. 4to. All bound together in a very nice recent stiff marbled paper-binding in old style with a gilt leather title-label to front board. The brownish nuances of the binding-paper perfectly matches the old red edges of the contents. An exceedingly nice set with only minor scattered brownspotting, mostly to general title-pages. Bound with all three generel title-pages for "Literarisches Centralblatt für Deutschland. Herausgegeben von Friedrich Zarncke", 1868, 1869, 1870, as well as the contents-leaves for all three volumes, and all six numbers of "Literarisches Centralblatt" in their entirety. In all: X pp. + pp. (465) -496 + pp. (1209) - 1232 + pp. (1297) - 1328 + XI, (I) pp. + pp. (129) - 160) + pp. (409) - 440 + XI, (I) pp. + pp. (1001) - 1024. The Nietzsche-articles: (1868:) Nr. 15: pp. 481-82 + Nr. 45: p.1224 + Nr. 48: p. 1309 + (1869:) Nr. 6: pp. 144 + Nr. 6: p. 145 + Nr. 6: p. 146 + Nr. 15: pp. 426-27 + (1870:) Nr. 37: pp. (1101-2).(N.B. the pp. that are not in Roman numerals recte = columns).. Exceedingly scarce collection of the first printings of eight of Nietzsche's earliest publications, including his second publication, which was only preceded by his "Zur Geschichte der Theognidischen Spruchsammlung" in Rheinisches Museum, from 1867. The present collection constitutes all that Nietzsche published in "Literarisches Centralblatt", being the entire collection of the Reviews. The first seven are signed "Fr. N." and the last is signed "F.N.".Nietzsche began studying philology at the University of Bonn in the winter semester og 1864/65 and quickly became a prize student. His university studies were fairly quickly interrupted, though, as he spent a year in the Prussian Artillary, from October 1867. After about half a year, he was seriously injured and had to spend the last five months there as a reconvalescent. Nonetheless this year did not mean a brek in Nietzsche's studies, quite the contary. Already in April 1868, before his injury (in May), he published his first book review, namely that of Schoemann's work on "Die hesiodische Theogonie", which had just appeared. And after the injury, he naturally had even more time for studying at his disposal; "Nietzsche's protracted recovery from his military injuries allowed him considerable time to study and to take on other scholarly duties, one of which was to write book reviews for a teacher, Friedrich Zarncke, who edited the "Literarisches Centralblatt". Nietzsche had been assigned the entire field of Greek philosophy - excepting only Aristotle - and this provide him with the opportunity for eight brief appearances in print between 1868 and 1870." (Schaberg, The Nietzsche Canon, p. 10).It is of great interest to see the young Nietzsche as the sober, upbuilding philological book reviewer, who minutely and fairly describes new books within his field. For instance he writes about Schoemann's book: "In dieser energischen und ausführlichen Polemik ruht vornehmlich der Werth dieses Buches: obschon wir auch an der reinlichen Darlegung der Schömann'schen Hypothese sowie an dem sorgfältig gearbeiteten wesentlich mythologischen Commentar unsere Freude haben...", even though it lacks a critical apparatus... Or about Nitzche's "Quaestionum Eudocianarum" he writes "Der Verf. der forliegenden Dissertation hat das Verdienst, auf einem abgelegenen Felde mehrere unverwerfliche Bausteine mitgeschickter Hand zusammengebracht zu haben, ohne dass es ihm gelungen wäre, durch eine nach allen Seiten hin Licht werfende Hypothese sein gewonnenes Material zu verwerthen." The most interesting of the riview is probably the seventh, that on the doctoral dissertation of Erwin Rohde, "über Lucian's Schrift...", which was published by Engelmann in Leipzig. Erwin Rohde was Nietzsche's best friend at the University of Leipzig. They were close friends for many years. It was probably due to the present positive review of Rohde's dissertation, that he (Rohde) later wrote his defense of Nietzsche's first book, "Geburt der Tragödie" - the only academic defense of the work that appeared. It was to Engelmann, who had published Rohde's dissertation, that Nietzsche first offered "Geburt der Tragödie" in 1871. Nietzsche ends his review of Rohde's work with the words "- In Summa: man trifft in der gegenwärtigen Gelehrten Welt die glückliche Vereinigung von gründlichen Wissen, dialektscher Energie und künstlerischem Geschmack nicht zu oft, um nicht der classischen Philologie zu dieser neuen Jüngerschaft ausdrücklich zu gratulieren." Schaberg 1-8

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        Im Auftrag Sr. Majestät des Königs von Preussen mit dem englischen Expeditionscorps in Abessinien.

      Mit Holzstich-Portrait, gefalt. lithogr. Karte und 3 gefalt. Tabellen. VII, 182 S., 1 Bl. HLdr. d. Zt. Erste Ausgabe. - Fumagalli 310; Kainbacher II, 344; Henze IV, 658. - Berieben, oberes Kapital mit kl. Fehlstelle. Gestempelt, Vortitel mit kleinen Löchern, leicht gebräunt und fleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Opere complete... traduzione eseguita sulle migliori e piu' recenti edizioni francesi con la nomenclatura linnejana e la classificazione di cuvier e con aggiunte note ed oservazioni estratte dalle opere dei piu' illustri naturalisti italiani e stranieri. napoli, stabilimento tipografico, 1869-78.

      Quindici volumi di cm. 26, pp. 8.000 ca. complessive. Con ritratto dell'autore e 202 belle tavole incise in rame e finimente colorate. Legatura coeva in mezza pelle con piccole punte, dorsi lisci con titoli in oro. Complessivamente genuino e ben conservato con ciascuna delle tavole protetta da velina originale. Non comune a trovarsi completo come il presente esemplare. Il volume quindicesimo titola: ""Vita e tempi di Buffon"".

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        La Chaleur solaire et ses applications industrielles. Deuxième Édition. Revue et considérablement augmentée.

      Paris, 1869. 8vo. Uncut. Original printed wrappers. Some soiling to wrappers, and spine quite worn. Book block a bit loose. Internally only a bit of occasional brownspotting. (6), 294 pp. + two folded plates. Illustrated.. Presentation-copy of the scarce first edition thus, being the much revised and expanded second edition of the first book explicitly devoted to solar energy, "Solar Energy and its Industrial Applications". This second edition, illustrating for the first time the now world-famous "sun Engine" of 1878, which became the greatest and most famous "sun machine" ever built, is of equal importance to the first. The fold-out illustration which appears here has become the most famous illustration of a solar powered machine and has been reproduced in all histories about solar energy ever since. This seminal second edition was expanded and revised on the basis of Mouchot's demonstration of his groundbreaking solar engine at the 1878 Paris exhibition. "He made a number of notable public demonstrations of his inventions. With Abel Pifre, he demonstrated a solar generator that powered a steam engine at the 1878 Paris Exhibition. Mouchot's exhibition engine included a mirror over 13 feet (3.96 meters) in diameter and a 21-gallon (79.5 liters) boiler. The boiler generated seven atmospheres of pressure and drove an ice-maker that produced a "solar" block of ice." (The Energy Library). Mouchot won the gold medal for his amazing 1878 sun machine at the Universal Exposition in Paris. An amazing feature of this groundbreaking machine was the demonstration of its ability to produce ice using concentrated solar heat. With this machine, Mouchot anticipated solar refrigerators, which he foresaw as becoming greatly important in hot climates, where sun-generated ice would help prevent food from spoiling.The PRESENTATION-INSCRIPTION to the half-title reads as thus: "à Monsieur Vanaut/ Expert-Comptable [i.e. professional accountant]/ hommage de l'auteur/ A. Mouchot". Auguste Mouchot was a French mathematics teacher, who in the 1860'ies became famous as the designer (and patent-taker) of the first machine that generated electricity with solar thermal energy electricity by the exposure of the sun, causing a revolution in the development of solar thermal power. Mouchot began his work with solar energy in 1860 after expressing grave concerns about his country's dependence on coal. In 1869 he published the first edition of his seminal "La Chaleur Solaire", which constitutes a milestone of what we now call "green energy", as it laid the foundation for our understanding of the conversion of solar radiation into mechanical power driven by steam.His work on solar energy and on the development of his sun machine forms the basis for the later developments on solar energy. "The work of Adams, Ericsson, and Shuman had been directly influenced by the solar conceptions of Augustin Mouchot, a man who arrived on the scene in nineteenth century France at precisely that moment when his ideas were likely to attract the most attention. It was a time when French industrial might was at a peak and her leaders open to new ideas, none more so than her emperor. " (Kryza, The Power of Light, p. 147). "His initial experiments involved a glass-enclosed, water-filled iron cauldron, in which sunlight passed through a glass cover, heating the water. This simple arrangement boiled water, but it also produced small quantities of steam. Mouchot added a reflector to concentrate additional radiation onto the cauldron, thus increasing the steam output. He succeeded in using his apparatus to operate a small, conventional steam engine. Impressed by Mouchot's device, Emperor Napoleon III offered financial assistance, which Mouchot used to produce refinements to the energy system. Mouchot's work help lay the foundation for our current understanding of the conversion of solar radiation into mechanical power driven by steam.The publication of his book on solar energy, "La Chaleur solaire et ses Applications industrielles" (1869), coincided with the unveiling of the largest solar steam engine he had yet built. This engine was displayed in Paris until the city fell under siege during the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, and was not found after the siege ended." (The Energy Library). "By 1878, Mouchot had quintupled the size of the boiler that created the solar-heated steam from a relatively modest 10 gallons to an industrial-grade 50-gallon tank. He invented a boiler design made of many tubes placed side by side with a capacity of 35 gallons for water and 15 for steam. To validate his work, Mouchot seems to have ben the only inventor of a solar plant (except Frank Shuman) who had his apparatus tested by independent engineers." (Kryza, p. 164). After having exhibited his sun machine in 1869, Mouchot received financial assistance in order to further develop his great invention. In September 1872, he received financial assistance from the General Council of Indre-et-Loire to install an experimental solar generator at the Tours library. He presented a paper on the generator to the Academy of Sciences on 4 October 1875, and in December of the same year he presented to the Academy a device he claimed would, in optimal sunshine, provide a steam flow of 140 liters per minute. Later the following year he sought permission from the ministry to take leave from his teaching position in order to develop an engine for the Universal Exhibition of 1878, and in January 1877 he obtained a mission and a grant for the purchase of materials and execution of his solar engines in French Algeria, where sunlight was in abundance. The director of science missions recommended Mouchout to the Governor of Algeria, stressing the importance of his mission to France, "for science and for the glory of the University".Partly for political reasons, seeing the effect that industrial and technological changes had upon society and the peoples of Algeria, Mouchot asked for a leave of absense that would allow him to return to France. "The French colonial authorities , eager to possess the inventions they felt they had already paid for, refused. But they lent Mouchot a sympathetic ear and promised to improve local conditions. Temporarily, he seemed mollified. Following a year of testing designs for an ever-larger concentrator suitable for tropical use, Mouchot presented his findings to the authorities in Algiers. They were so impressed with the models and sketches that they awarded him 5000 francs to construct "the largest mirror ever built in the world" for a huge sun machine that would represent Algeria in yet another unversal exposition in Paris. There, it was hoped, it would garner a number of prizes, win additional financing, and then be shipped back to Africa and used commercially. His money in hand, Mouchot returned to France to begin construction of his new project.With the help of a new assistant, Abel Pifre, Mouchot completed the new solar machjine in September 1878. At its widest point, the cone-shaped mirror measured twice the diameter of the device shown at Tours the previous year, and its total reflecting surface was four times greater. The boiler too had an innovative design: long vertical tubes were fastened side by side to form a circular column at the focus of the reflector. As planned, the solar engine was put on display in the French capital. Mouchot's giant solar machine entertained exposition visitors by pumping 500 gallons of water per hour, distilling alcohol, and cooking food. It was able to achieve a head of steam in far less time than previous models.The most noteworthy demonstration occurred on September 22, 1878, as Mouchot recounted: "Under a slightly veiled but continually shining sun, I was able able to raise the pressure in the boiler to 91 pounds ... [and] in spite of the seeming paradox of the statement, [it was] possible to use the rays of the sun to make ice."Mouchot was able to make ice because he had connected the solar motor to a heat-powered refigeration device invented by Ferdinand Carré in the 1850's. Mouchot saw an important future for solar refrigerators in hot climates, where sun-generated ice would help prevent food from spoiling. The average Parisian spectator, hardly aware of the scientific principles at work, was amazed - this was magic indeed, the burning heat of the sun transformed into ice." (Kryza, pp. 170-72)

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