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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1861

        Ein Beitrag zu den Untersuchungen über die Bewegung eines flüssigen gleichartigen Ellipsoides.Göttingen: Dieterischen Buchhandlung, 1861. First edition, offprint issue..

      His classic paper on the rotating-liquid ellipsoid. "Continuing work of Dirichlet, in 1861 Riemann studied the motion of a liquid mass under its own gravity, within a varying ellipsoidal surface ..., a problem that had been the subject of many works. One of Riemann's classic results deals with the stability of an ellipsoid rotating around a principal axis under equatorial disturbances" (D.S.B.). "Investigations of the equilibrium shapes of homogeneous rotating fluids, which are of obvious interest because of the shapes of the celestial bodies, date back to Newton and were continues by MacLaurin (1742) and Lagrange (1811), besides others. In 1834 Jacobi made the surprising discovery that if the angular momentum exceeds a certain critical value, then ellipsoids without rotational symmetry can also appear as equilibrium shapes. Beginning in the winter of 1856/57 Dirichlet investigated what happens when the critical value is exceeded ... (Laugwitz: Bernhard Riemann, p.265) and posed the Dirichlet problem of determining the motion of a gravitating body that has the shape of an ellipsoid at each instant of time, when the coordinates of the particles are linear functions of their initial values. "Dirichlet himself considered the special case of a spheroid. Dedekind, who prepared Dirichlet's work for publication, found yet another class of solutions. A complete solution of Dirichlet's problem of stationary figures was given only by Riemann. He showed that, given a linear dependence of the velocity field on coordinates of the most general type of motion under which the ellipsoidal shape of the figure of equilibrium is preserved, there is a superposition of uniform rotation and internal movements with uniform vorticity of the liquid. Riemann's ellipsoids include the classical ellipsoids of Maclaurin, Jacobi, and Dedekind and, in addition, three new classes of figures. (Monastyrsky: Riemann, Topology, and Physics, p.71).. Offprint from: Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen Bd. 9. 4to: 258 x 200 mm. Bound in recent marbled paper. Last page with some soiling, otherwise fine. 36 pp

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        On the Sources of the Nitrogen of Vegetation; with Special Reference to the Question Whether Plants Assimilate Free or Uncombined Nitrogen.

      First Edition, extracted from The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 151 , 431-577pp., with 4 engraved plates (these with small and neat embossed unlinked library name), disbound, large quarto, very good copy, London, [The Royal Society], 1861. *"Lawes had begun experiments in 1837 on growing plants in pots with various manures. He discovered the fact that mineral phosphates when treated with sulphuric acid yielded a most effective manure. Taking out his patent for the production of superphosphates in 1842, Lawes soon found himself busy with the establishment of a successful business… Gilbert was invited in June 1843 to superintend the Rothamsted experiments. Thus began that partnership in investigation which has yielded such a rich harvest of results, and an association with Rothamsted which lasted for fifty-eight years. Gilbert was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1860, and received a Royal Medal in 1867. The character and scope of Gilbert's life-work was well described by Prof. Dewar at a special meeting of the Chemical Society in 1898, when he said, "The work of Gilbert, as we know, was early differentiated into that most complex and mysterious study, the study of organic life. For the last fifty years he has devoted his attention to the physiology of plant life in every phase of its development. With a skill that has been unprecedented, he has recorded from year to year the variations in the growth of every kind of nutritious plant. He has examined into the meteorological conditions, the variations of climate, of soil, and of mineral agents, of drainage, and of every conceivable thing affecting the production and development of plant growth. These memoirs are admitted throughout the world to be unique in their importance."…One of the most important results of the Rothamsted investigations has been the replacing of the "mineral theory" of Liebig by the "nitrogen theory" of Lawes and Gilbert. Gilbert, early in his work at Rothamsted, noticed that the results of his field experiments were at variance with this Liebig's "mineral theory." He found that the nitrogen compounds of the atmosphere were sufficient only for a very meagre vegetation. Cereals treated with ammonium salts and other nitrogenous manures showed a far greater increase of produce than when phosphates, potash or other ash constituents only were supplied. "As more nitrogen was assimilated a greater amount of the fixed bases were found in the ash, and he considered that the function of the fixed bases was to act as carriers of nitric acid. These bases potash, soda, lime and magnesia, were not mutually replaceable, but the predominance of one or the other affected the produce. Luxuriance of growth was associated with the amount of nitrogen available and assimilated, and in the presence of this sufficiency of nitrogen the formation of carbohydrates depended on the amount of potash available." ..The work on the assimilation of nitrogen by plants extended over three years and was made the subject of a communication to the Royal Society in 1861. The paper, entitled, "The Sources of the Nitrogen of Vegetation; with special reference to the question whether Plants assimilate free or combined Nitrogen," occupies 144 pages of the Philosophical Transactions, and is a brilliant example of the scrupulous accuracy and attention to detail which characterised all Gilbert's work… The authors state in the summary of conclusions that "in our experiments with graminaceous plants, grown both with and without a supply of combined nitrogen beyond that contained in the seed sown, in which there was great variation in the amount of combined nitrogen involved and a wide range in the conditions, character and amount of growth, we have in no case found any evidence of an assimilation of free or uncombined nitrogen."." See: W. B. Bottonley; Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert, 1817-1901.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Autograph Note, Signed ("H B Stowe") to Mr. [James Wallace] Black, photographer of Boston, arranging a portrait of her daughter "for her brother [the author's son Frederick] who leaves for the seat of war on Saturday"

      Boston n.d. ca. may 1861 [Boston, n.d., ca. may 1861]. 8vo. One page, pen and ink on paper. Old folds, tipped onto album leaf. Clean and fresh. Hedrick, Harriet Beecher Stowe, pp. 299-300, 306-7. Provenance: Collection of James W. Hunnewell, Cambridge, of the firm of Fields, Osgood & Co . The author of Uncle Tom's Cabin writes to well known Boston photographer James Wallace Black (1825-1896): "Mr. Black,My daughter Miss Stowe I wish if possible to have taken this morning for her brother who leaves for the seat of war on Saturday. You will oblige me if you wil find a place for herHB Stowe" Arranging a photographic portrait (of her daughter Georgiana?), this tersely worded note belies the profound unease Stowe felt at the prospect of her son Frederick's imminent departure "for the seat of war." The unsettled Frederick had dropped out of medical school to enlist in the First Massachusetts Regiment. "Publicly Stowe rejoiced that the young men 'embrace [the cause] as a bride, and are ready to die [for it]'; privately she prayed with Fred and tried to prepare herself for the worst. In her vivd imagination, Stowe pictured her son in an army camp, subject to the temptations of a soldier's life; there were some things worse than death" (Hedrick). And in truth the war proved a devastation to Frederick, who transferred to the Seventy-Third Ohio Regiment in March 1863 and was wounded at Gettysburg; he returned home an alcoholic and subsequently disappeared in the West. An excellent Stowe autograph

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        The Book of Household Management; Comprising Information for the Mistress, Housekeeper, Cook, Kitchen-Maid, Butler... also, Sanitary, Medical, & Legal Memoranda.

      London: S.O. Beeton, 248, Strand, 1861.. First edition, first issue, 8vo, xxxix, (i), 1112 pp. Frontispiece, coloured second title and 12 coloured plates showing 47 dishes, plus a duplicate of the plate at page 513 bound in one leaf further on, some generally light foxing throughout, minor damp staining to the frontispiece and second title, outer edges of early leaves slightly bumped, marbled endpapers. Contemporary half morocco, marbled sides, gilt decorated spine with a maroon label, some wear to extremities and spine but otherwise a good sound copy. Perhaps the most famous cookery book of all. Endlessly reprinted to the present day, Mrs Beeton has become a byword for straightforward and wholesome cookery despite her death in 1865 at only 28.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Oeuvres completes... avec des extraits de dauberton, et la classification de cuvier. insieme a: lacepede. histoire naturelle... comprenant les cetaces, les quadrupedes ovipares, les serpents et les poissons... paris, furne, 1861-66.

      Otto volumi di cm. 26, pp. 5.500 ca. complessive. Con ritratto di Buffon in antiporta al primo volume e 161 tavole incise in rame su tavole fuori testo di maggiore grammatura, finemente colorate e gommate all'epoca. Elegante e solida legatura uniforme del tempo in mezza pelle verde, dorsi a nervi con titoli e filetti in oro. Qualche fioritura alle carte di testo che non interessa le tavole, peraltro esemplare fresco ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Non comune soprattutto quando completo degli ultimi due volume con l'opera di Lacépède che viene spesso proposta come lavoro autonomo. Cfr. Nissen ZBI, 700.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Map of the County of Sussex from an Actual Survey Made in the Years 1823 & 1824 Corrected to the Present Time by William Figg, F.S.A. Surveyor. Presented to the Subscriber's to The Sussex Express, Surrey Standard & Kent Mail, by the Proprietor...

      Lewes: William Edwin Baxter, 1861.. Map dimensions 128 x 208 cm. A most decorative large map of the county with original hand colouring in block and outline. Large vignette illustration of Chichester Cathedral to lower right corner of the map. Tables of explanation and a reference to the hundreds to the lower edge. The whole dissected into twenty four sections and recently skilfully remounted on new linen. Chipping to a few section edges, otherwise a very good example. The map in this large format was first published by the Greenwoods in 1825. This edition brought up to date by the local surveyor William Figg, as with Baxter, a notable family name in the area. Kingsley notes that the map was not printed at Baxter's Lewes printworks, rather at by the London firm Maclure, Macdonald and Macgregor. He also provides an extensive history to the map, its publications and its makers. Kingsley, 89 A. First Lithographic Transfer.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Zwei offene Briefe an Dr. J. Spaeth, Professor der Geburtshilfe an der k.k. Josefs-Akademie in Wien, und an Hofrath Dr. F. W. Scanzoni, Professor der Geburtshilfe zu W¸rzburg

      Pest: Gustav Emich Buchdrucker der ungar. Akademie 1861 Pest: Gustav Emich, Buchdrucker der ungar. Akademie, 1861. First Edition. 8vo. 21, [1] pp., plus final blank. Original green wrappers. Wrappers detached, some fading at margins, still a Fine copy of a scarce work. Waller 8835; DSB XII, pp. 294-297 . Rare work by Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865), one of the great figures of nineteenth century medicine: "His discovery concerning the etiology and prevention of puerperal fever was a brilliant example of fact-finding, meaningful statistical analysis, and keen inductive reasoning. The highly successful prophylactic hand washings made him a pioneer in antisepsis during the pre-bacteriological era in spite of deliberate opposition and uninformed resistance" (DSB). After publication of his landmark work, "Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers" (1861), Semmelweis was ruthlessly attacked by the leading figures in gynaecology. He published the present work and two other open letters in response to his harshest critics but to no avail. Embittered, Semmelweis died in 1865. It was Pasteur's work that subsequently provided a satisfactory explanation for Semmelweis' empirically based prophylaxis

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Ouvrage orné de gravures coloriées, répresentant en pied, d'après les miniatures originales, faites d'après nature, de Foëch de Basle et de Whirsker, ces différens acteurs dans les rôles où ils ont excellé.

      Paris, Alphonse Leclerc, 1861. 8vo. viii,+ 219,+ (1) pp.+ 49 engraved handcoloured plates. Title printed in black and red. Red half morocco, richly gilt spine with raised bands, marbled boards with gilt lines, top edge gilt and the others trimmed (Allö). Two minor tears at front board. Book plate. Colas 160. Second and enlarged edition, first published in 1829. The table of plates mentions only 36 plates, as in the first edition, but here it is complete with 49 plates!

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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