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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1861

        Disraeli Steps in to Aid Queen Victoria

      Disraeli Steps in to Aid Queen Victoria.& After the death of her husband Prince Albert in 1861, Queen Victoria went into a lengthy seclusion. At first this was accepted, but as the years went on her subjects began to openly criticize her isolation. In 1871, when a decade had passed, Prime Minister William Gladstone, whom she disliked, pressed her to increase the number of her public appearances. She resisted, complaining that Gladstone spoke to her as if he was addressing a public gathering and insisting she was too weak to handle strenuous public displays. But the clamor continued, and constitutionally she had no means to go direct to the people to halt it. Benjamin Disraeli, who then led the opposition party, was a favorite of hers and determined to come to her aid. Hughendon was Disraeli's country manor; he lived here from 1848 until his death in 1881. It had an annual harvest festival, and he thought it presented the perfect vehicle to help the Queen. & & Disraeli had the authority to appoint the vicar of the church at Hughenden, and his final selection was the Rev. Henry Blagden, with whom he maintained a close relationship. From Blagden he received the official invitation to preside over the 1871 festival. This is his letter accepting that invitation. & & Autograph Letter Signed, 2 pages, London, September 9, 1871, to Blagden. "Your note has only just come to hand. I presume from its date that it has been somewhere mislaid. I shall have great pleasure in presiding over the Harvest Festival."& & Disraeli issued a lengthy, heart-felt justification of the Queen at the festivities. As stated in the biography "Benjamin Disraeli: Earl of Beaconsfield" by William Monypenny, "Disraeli had the knowledge and insight which others lacked; and he took the opportunity of the Harvest Festival at Hughenden to explain what the state of the Queen's health was, and how conscientiously in spite of weakness she carried on the most material part of her work." &

      [Bookseller: The Raab Collection]
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        The Early Italian Poets from Ciullo d'Alcamo to Dante Alighieri (1100-1200-1300) in the original metres, together with Dante's Vita Nuova, translated by D.G. Rossetti

      London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 1861. Hard Cover. FIRST EDITION. An excellent PRESENTATION COPY, inscribed at the time of publication ÒTo Thomas Keightley Esq with true respect & regard D G Rossetti - Xmas 1861.Ó The recipient, a classical scholar and historian, had long been a friend of the Rossetti family, and was in particular a supporter of Gabriel RossettiÕs theories on Dante. William Rossetti remarked that KeightleyÕs The Fairy Mythology had a great effect on and himself in their childhood. KeightleyÕs Òthank-youÓ letter to the author, dated Christmas Day 1861, is printed in J.C. Troxell, Three Rossettis (1937) on page 14. This is the authorÕs first regularly published book, one of 600 copies. Very good in original brown cloth with gilt title to spine and cover design by the author. This book has been professionally recased, a common repair for this title due to the text block being too heavy for the binding. There is light rubbing to the edges and boards, and a short, expertly repaired closed tear to the book cloth along rear board and spine. The interior is clean and bright. Housed in a green half-morocco slipcase with a few scuff marks to spine. 464 pages plus errata. PRERAPH/020309. Very Good.

      [Bookseller: The Kelmscott Bookshop]
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        Report Upon the Colorado River of the West, Explored in 1857-1858 by Lieutenant Joseph C. Ives

      Washington: Government Printing Office, 1861. 5 parts in one volume. large 4to., (11 2/8 x 8 6/8 inches). 2 large folding lithographic maps (short closed tears near the mount, some minor spotting), 8 fine folding lithographic views, 8 chromolithographic plates and 16 lithographic plates of views (and fossils) from sketches by Baldwin Mollhausen (some spotting and marginal staining). Original black cloth gilt (rebacked preserving the original spine, corners renewed, a little rubbed). First edition, Senate and preferred issue. Probably best known as the engineer and architect of the Washington Monument (1859-1860), in 1857 Ives was "promoted to first lieutenant and was named to lead an expedition up the Colorado River in order to develop potential routes of supply in the event of a war between the national government and the Mormon settlements in Deseret (Utah). Ives's expedition included John Strong Newberry as naturalist, the Prussian Heinrich Balduin Möllhausen as artist and unofficial diarist, and F. W. Egloffstein as topographer. Ives purchased a steamboat in Philadelphia. The vessel was taken apart and shipped via the Isthmus of Panama to California and thence to the mouth of the Colorado River, where Ives and the members of his expedition rendezvoused late in 1857. Ives and his men reassembled the steamboat and christened it the Explorer. They launched the ship on 31 December 1857 and set out on their journey of reconnaissance. They progressed northward for two months, passing through Mojave Canyon and Bill Williams's Fork, before the ship hit a rock on 5 March 1858. Following this setback, Ives divided his men into two parties, one to return with the boat, the other to return by land. Ives led the latter group, which consisted of Newberry, Egloffstein, Möllhausen, Peacock, three laborers, the Mexican packers, and twenty soldiers commanded by Lieutenant John Tipton. The groups parted company on 23 March 1858, and Ives's group soon entered the most rewarding part of their travels. On 3 April they had their first sight of what Ives called the "Big Cãnon" (what today is called the Grand Canyon). Ives recorded his reactions, "a splendid panorama burst suddenly into view . . . vast plateaus, towering one above the other thousands of feet in the air, the long horizontal bands broken at intervals by wide and profound abysses, and extending a hundred miles to the north, till the deep azure blue faded into a light cerulean tint that blended with the dome of the heavens." Ives and his men descended as far as they could that day, and the next morning (4 Apr. 1858) they stood on the floor of the Grand Canyon. Spanish explorers had sighted the Grand Canyon in 1540, and trappers probably had seen it, but Ives and his party appear to have been the first white men to visit the floor of this great natural wonder. Ives's party pushed on and visited Cataract Canyon on 12 April. On 2 May Ives divided his party again and led a small group to the villages of the Moqui. He and his men then pushed eastward and reached Fort Defiance on 23 May 1858, concluding their journey there. Their expedition had been productive in many particulars, but Ives made a strange prediction in his report, "It seems intended by nature that the Colorado River, along the greater portion of its lone and majestic way, shall be forever unvisited and undisturbed." The next century would prove quite the opposite to be the case" (DANB). This is the official report. Catalogue description prepared for and on behalf of Arader Galleries by Kate Hunter.. Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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      1861. hardcover. <center><b>in the more elaborate "A" binding, and in highly-desirable condition</b></center> Eliot, George [pseudonym of Marian Evans]. SILAS MARNER: The Weaver of Raveloe. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1861. 16 pp undated ads + 4 pp (Carlyle) ads bearing January 1861 reviews. Original blind-stamped orange-brown cloth. <p>First Edition of George Eliot&#39;s only single-volume novel ("a short and simple one, but flawlessly fashioned").</p> <p><?ms_indent>SILAS MARNER is a novel of remarkable quality. Idyllic, certainly, but nowhere does it strain belief or offer coincidence as a resolution... There is not a superfluous line in the narrative and the book has <u>charm</u>, a quality rarely found in the work of the great Victorian novelists. [CGEL]</?ms_indent></p> <p>This was George Eliot&#39;s third novel, following ADAM BEDE and THE MILL ON THE FLOSS (published in the prior two years, also by Blackwood); after SILAS MARNER she would temporarily abandon her successful environment of rural England, and fail miserably with ROMOLA, sited in Italy.</p> <p>This copy is in Carter&#39;s "binding A," with the more elaborate giltwork on the spine (a variation also present on Eliot&#39;s two prior novels); Carter theorizes that if either binding preceded the other, it would have to be "A", but acknowledges that the two may have been concurrent. (In our experience "A" is certainly the scarcer, in any event.) This copy has the two leaves of Alexander Carlyle ads at the rear; these extra leaves appear only in some copies, and in some cases they are bound in at the front instead.</p> <p>This is a handsome copy, just about fine -- with virtually no wear nor soil. The endpapers (in this copy original pale peach) have only very slight cracking at the rear -- usually a major problem; the leaves have no foxing. Baker & Ross A6.1.a; Sadleir 819 ("B" binding); Wolff 2063 (binding not specified); Carter BV pp 110-112. Housed in a custom clamshell case.</p> BOOKS WRITTEN BY WOMEN (Sumner & Stillman Code:12182)

      [Bookseller: Sumner & Stillman]
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        Silas Marner: The Weaver of Raveloe

      Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1861. First Edition, First Issue. 8vo. Original terra cotta embossed cloth with gilt design and lettering on spine. Rare first issue with two page advertisement at front, "Autobiography of Dr. Alexander Carlyle," and 16pp list at back "Messrs. Blackwood and Sons." A striking copy with very slight fraying to extremities of spine, rear cover unevenly marked with light discoloration. Hinges intact, contents tight and fine with no foxing or soiling present. A rare find indeed.

      [Bookseller: Nudelman Rare Books]
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      Chicago. 1861.. vii,[1],134pp. plus frontispiece, plates, and errata leaf. Original cloth, rebacked. Some scattered soiling and foxing. Manuscript note on frontis. Else quite good. Clark was a Chicago physician who went to Colorado to prospect for gold in 1860, without success. He describes in detail the frontier town and expresses distaste with some of its aspects, such as the gambling, crime, and language. His narrative is considered to be one of the few authentic and truthful accounts of life and travel in Colorado of the day. The plates offer many fine illustrations of Denver and other western towns. "One of the best of the few contemporary accounts of the Pike&#39;s Peak gold rush..." - Wilcox. "[Clark&#39;s] is one of the few authentic accounts of that year&#39;s travel to the Rockies" - Wagner-Camp. HOWES C430, "b." STREETER SALE 2144. CHICAGO ANTE-FIRE IMPRINTS 548. GRAFF 731. WAGNER- CAMP 372. WILCOX, p.24.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Beskrifning och anekdoter om skälar och apor.

      Med 11 träsnitt. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1861. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration och träsnittsillustrationer i texten. + Beskrifning och anekdoter om roffåglar. Med 11 träsnitt. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1874. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration och träsnittsillustrationer i texten. + Äfwentyr med krokodiler och alligatorer. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1856. 16:o. 16 s. Med två titelillustrationer. + Jagtäfventyr från Ostindien och Afrika. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 32 s. Med en titelillustration. + Flyttfåglarne. Med 50 figurer. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1860. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration och träsnittsillustrationer i texten. + Äfwentyr wid hwalfiskfångst. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Buffel-jagter. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Ormtjusare och ormfängare. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + En lejonjagt i Afrika. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + En lejonjagt i Persien. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Anekdoter om ormar. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1855. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Anekdoter om elefanter. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1873. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Kapten Blighs olyckliga resa år 1788. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1863. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Fasansfulla olyckor på Amerikas kuster. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1875. 16:o. 48 s. Med en titelillustration. + Pizarros död. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1872. 16:o. 16 s. Med en titelillustration. + Sjöröfwaren Robertson. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1871. 16:o. 32 s. Med en titelillustration. + Förskräckliga skeppsbrott. Sthlm, P. G. Berg, 1867. 16:o. 32 s. Med en titelillustration. Samtida nött hfrbd med sparsamt guldornerad rygg. Marmorerade snitt. Ryggen med skrapmärken. Enstaka småfläckar och vissa häften lite bruntonade. Titelbladet till "Ormtjusare" med fläckar och "Anekdoter om ormar" lagerfläckig. Med Emil Hebbes namnstpl på den första och sista småskriften samt försättsbladet. Samtliga titelblad med Hebbes blåstpl "H" nedtill. Ur Gunnar Brusewitz bibliotek.. Müntzing I:19 för "Beskrifning och anekdoter om roffåglar". Trevligt samlingsband med illustrerade småskrifter utgivna av P. G. Berg. Här finns ett representativt urval ur serierna Natural- och jakthistorier respektive Sjömanshistorier i varierande upplagor. Boktryckaren och förläggaren P. G. Berg gav ut en rad folkskriftsserier i olika ämnen, inte minst med historiskt och naturalhistoriskt innehåll

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Pittoreskt Sverige.

      Första serien: kanalfärden mellan Stockholm och Göteborg. Tjugo lithografierade utsigter efter originalteckningar. Med kort text af Fr. Hedberg. (I-V). Sthlm, Hörbergska boktryckeriet, 1861. Tvär-4:o. (4),48 s. & 20 litograferade plr & 2 utvikbara litograferade och delvis handkolorerade kartor. Trevligt grönt hfrbd med smakfullt guldornerad rygg (De Pers, Antwerpen). Första häftet skuret, övriga med endast putsade snitt. Omslagen till häfte II-V medbundna. Inlagan ngt lagerfläckig.. Aberstén 411. Denna första serie var allt som utkom. Planscherna avbildar Stockholm, Södertälje, Stegeborg, Mem, Söderköping, slussarna vid Berg, Vreta kloster, Borenhult, Motala, Vadstena, Sjötorp, Läckö slott, Vänersborg, Halleberg och Hunneberg, Trollhättan, Lilla Edet, Bohus och Kungälv samt Göteborg

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        The Laws Which Regulate the Deposition of Lead Ore in Veins; illustrated by an examination of the geological structure of the mining districts of Alston Moor

      London, Edward Stanford, 1861.. FIRST EDITION 1861, SIGNED BY LAWRENCE RICKARD WAGER ON FIRST BLANK ENDPAPER (see below). 8vo, approximately 235 x 155 mm, 9¼ x 6 inches, large folding coloured map of the Mining district of Alston Moor and Coal-Cleugh in a rear pocket, 21 illustrations including 2 lithographs, 1 being the frontispiece, the rest are coloured sectional illustrations of geological veins etc, 5 are folding, 1 is a large folding plate, 3 small text illustrations, pages: xix, plus list of illustrations, 1-258, plus 18 pages of adverts, original publisher&#39;s pebble cloth, gilt lettering to spine, blind decoration to covers, original brown coated endpapers. Cloth rubbed and spine faded with a few pale marks, wear to head of spine with a small nick, tail of spine worn with slight loss of cloth, lower hinge repaired, corners worn, slight shelf wear to edges, inner paper hinges cracked, large folding map in pocket has neat repairs with 2 strips of linen to folds, first folding plate has a neat closed tear repaired just running into image, a few other tiny repairs to margins, hardly noticeable, endpapers age-browned and foxed, some scattered pale foxing, affecting a few illustrations, otherwise a good copy. L. R. Wager, that is Lawrence Rickard Wager, commonly known as Bill Wager, (5 February 1904 &#150; 20 November 1965) a British geologist, explorer and mountaineer, described as "one of the finest geological thinkers of his generation" and best remembered for his work on the Skaergaard intrusion in Greenland, and for his attempt on Mount Everest in 1933. See Wikipedia. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        The Princess : A Medley

      London: Edward Moxon, 1861. Tenth Edition. Fine Leather Binding. Near Fine. Publisher&#39;s small, attractive red leather binding with beautifully patterned surfaces. Lavish gilt decor to inner linings, with gilt title "The Princess" to spine. Page edges are professionally gauffered and gilt-covered all round to dynamic effect (see photo). This binding is twin to our Enoch Arden first edition (listed separately), which was also prepared by Moxon some three years later, in 1864. The text is printed on luxurious quality paper and looks as good as new, printed by Bradbury & Evans of London. The magnificent exterior is flawed only by being slightly bumped at one fore corner. A luxury edition of one of the Poet Laureate Tennyson&#39;s most finely bound publications. The Princess was first published in 1847, yet this 10th edition is as well-presented as any other, representing true value for a collector. Neat former owner&#39;s signature of Kate Danby on inside cover dated 1868. 183 pp. THIS VALUABLE BOOK WILL BE DELIVERED BY SECURE POSTAGE, FULLY INSURED AT THE COST TO THE BUYER. PRICE OF POSTAGE WILL DEPEND ON LOCATION.

      [Bookseller: 1st Impressions Rare Books]
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        Nye Eventyr og Historier. 2. Række, 1 . - 4. Samling.

      Kbhvn. 1861-66. Indbundet med helt guldsnit i ét smukt privat helskindsbind rigt dekoreret med guld på ryg og permer.. BFN 817-23; 828-31; 890-95; 910-14

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        Ancient Law, Its Connection With the Early History of Society, and Its Relation to Modern Ideas

      First edition of Maine's magnum opus, a work recently described as "[n]ext only to Blackstone . . . the most durable work of jurisprudence in the English language", influential upon Holmes, who confessed to Laski it "fed [my] philosophical passion". Contemporary calf, rebacked, much of the original extra-gilt spine laid down, a fresh copy; with the armorial bookplate of Archibald Campbell Swinton. John Murray, Albemarle Street, London, 1861.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs, Accompanying the Annual Message of the President to the . . . Congress [title varies]. Eighteen Volumes [further details gladly provided]

      A good run for the decade of the Civil War and its aftermath, from the Thirty-Seventh through the Fortieth Congresses, including the Appendix on the Lincoln Association, some bearing the signature of ?J.G.B. Davis, an Assistant Secretary of State. 3/4 morocco over marbled boards, the boards loose or detached and the spines perished, but the text block sound; a working set. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1861-69.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        The Natural History of Selborne; with observations on various parts of nature; and naturalist's calendar.

      With additions and supplementary notes by William Jardine. Ed., with further illustrations, a biographical sketch of the author, and a complete index by Edward Jesse. London: Henry G. Bohn 1861. With Black/white frontisp. of Selborne & 40 coloured engravings. Later dark green full morocco by Bayntun, inner and outer borders gilt, spine gilt in compartments with gilt animals, boards with gilt and blind-tooled ornamental borders and centre-pieces with gilt animals, all edges gilt

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        Cenno storico illustrato della guerra d'Italia del 1859 fra l'Austria, la Francia e a Sardegna.

      Riproduzioni sui disegni ed incisioni di Francia. Coll'aggiunta delle Rivoluzioni siciliane per Saverio Pistolesi artista romano. Palermo, Tipografia di Bernardo Virz?, 1861. In folio, pp. 359, mm. ill. protette da veline e divise in: 9 lit. acquarellate d'epoca, f. t. e a p. p., raffiguranti episodi, scene e campi di battaglia (Palestro, Montebello, Turrigo, Montebello, Solferino, a doppia p. la Battaglia di Magenta, Varese, Melegnano, a doppia p. la Battaglia di San Martino) e 29 tonolit. con i ritratti di comandanti e generali (Maresciallo Conte Baraguey Hilliers, Vittorio Emanuele, Generale Adolfo Niel, Maresciallo Francesco Canrobert, Maresciallo Maurizio Mac - Mahon, Conte Giulay Francesco Feld Maresciallo, Maresciallo Vaillant, Generale Schlik, Filiberto Mollard, S. A. I. Principe Giuseppe Paolo Napoleone, Generale Barone De Hess, Manfredo Fanti Luogotenente Generale, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Alfonso Della Marmora, Generale Camou, Giacomo Durando, Generale Girolamo Ulloa, Generale Forey, Francesco Giuseppe II, Napoleone III, Generale Beuret, Generale Cler, Generale Dieu, Massimo D'Azeglio, Generale Augier, Generale Forey (doppia), Napoleone III, i Segnatari del Trattato di Zurigo, Consiglio di Guerra a Cassano, Conte Camillo di Cavur, Generale Espinasse), testo inquadrato da cornice con decori floreali agli angoli, timbro di appartenenza di biblioteca al foglio di guardia e in antip. (Konventsbibliotek der Thurg. Kantonsschule), leg. in mz. pelle con Autore, titolo e semplici fregi in oro al dorso, piatti in cartonato marmorizz. nero e verde. Rara compilazione a trovarsi completa di tutte le tavole. Esemplare completo molto ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Botteghina D'arte Galleria K?s]
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        The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset : compiled from the best and most ancient historians, inquisitiones post mortem, and other valuable records and mss. in the public offices and libraries, and in private hands.

      Westminster: Printed by John Bowyer Nichols, 1861. The third (& best) edition, corrected, augmented, and improved by William Shipp and James Whitworth Hodson. Published 1861-1870. 4 volumes . Titles in red & black. 128 engraved plates, plans, and maps. Together with three unpaginated pedigrees mentioned in the list of plates. Folio, pp. (2):vii-xxiii:i-iv:(2):cxliv:(2):722; (4):862; (4):755; & (2):534:clxiv, contemporary half morocco. Title to volume 1 creased and with short marginal tear. A little light occasional foxing but generally good. The bindings attractive and very solidly bound. The general map mentioned on the title page was not published as likewise were the four "reprint" plates listed also not published. The preliminary leaves to volume 1 bound out of order but present. Contemporarary signature of J. W. Erle on endpapers. A good copy of this substantial and weighty work.

      [Bookseller: Bristow & Garland]
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        Ein Beitrag zu den Untersuchungen über die Bewegung eines flüssigen gleichartigen Ellipsoides.Göttingen: Dieterischen Buchhandlung, 1861. First edition, offprint issue..

      His classic paper on the rotating-liquid ellipsoid. "Continuing work of Dirichlet, in 1861 Riemann studied the motion of a liquid mass under its own gravity, within a varying ellipsoidal surface ..., a problem that had been the subject of many works. One of Riemann's classic results deals with the stability of an ellipsoid rotating around a principal axis under equatorial disturbances" (D.S.B.). "Investigations of the equilibrium shapes of homogeneous rotating fluids, which are of obvious interest because of the shapes of the celestial bodies, date back to Newton and were continues by MacLaurin (1742) and Lagrange (1811), besides others. In 1834 Jacobi made the surprising discovery that if the angular momentum exceeds a certain critical value, then ellipsoids without rotational symmetry can also appear as equilibrium shapes. Beginning in the winter of 1856/57 Dirichlet investigated what happens when the critical value is exceeded ... (Laugwitz: Bernhard Riemann, p.265) and posed the Dirichlet problem of determining the motion of a gravitating body that has the shape of an ellipsoid at each instant of time, when the coordinates of the particles are linear functions of their initial values. "Dirichlet himself considered the special case of a spheroid. Dedekind, who prepared Dirichlet's work for publication, found yet another class of solutions. A complete solution of Dirichlet's problem of stationary figures was given only by Riemann. He showed that, given a linear dependence of the velocity field on coordinates of the most general type of motion under which the ellipsoidal shape of the figure of equilibrium is preserved, there is a superposition of uniform rotation and internal movements with uniform vorticity of the liquid. Riemann's ellipsoids include the classical ellipsoids of Maclaurin, Jacobi, and Dedekind and, in addition, three new classes of figures. (Monastyrsky: Riemann, Topology, and Physics, p.71).. Offprint from: Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen Bd. 9. 4to: 258 x 200 mm. Bound in recent marbled paper. Last page with some soiling, otherwise fine. 36 pp

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        On the Sources of the Nitrogen of Vegetation; with Special Reference to the Question Whether Plants Assimilate Free or Uncombined Nitrogen.

      First Edition, extracted from The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 151 , 431-577pp., with 4 engraved plates (these with small and neat embossed unlinked library name), disbound, large quarto, very good copy, London, [The Royal Society], 1861. *"Lawes had begun experiments in 1837 on growing plants in pots with various manures. He discovered the fact that mineral phosphates when treated with sulphuric acid yielded a most effective manure. Taking out his patent for the production of superphosphates in 1842, Lawes soon found himself busy with the establishment of a successful business… Gilbert was invited in June 1843 to superintend the Rothamsted experiments. Thus began that partnership in investigation which has yielded such a rich harvest of results, and an association with Rothamsted which lasted for fifty-eight years. Gilbert was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1860, and received a Royal Medal in 1867. The character and scope of Gilbert's life-work was well described by Prof. Dewar at a special meeting of the Chemical Society in 1898, when he said, "The work of Gilbert, as we know, was early differentiated into that most complex and mysterious study, the study of organic life. For the last fifty years he has devoted his attention to the physiology of plant life in every phase of its development. With a skill that has been unprecedented, he has recorded from year to year the variations in the growth of every kind of nutritious plant. He has examined into the meteorological conditions, the variations of climate, of soil, and of mineral agents, of drainage, and of every conceivable thing affecting the production and development of plant growth. These memoirs are admitted throughout the world to be unique in their importance."…One of the most important results of the Rothamsted investigations has been the replacing of the "mineral theory" of Liebig by the "nitrogen theory" of Lawes and Gilbert. Gilbert, early in his work at Rothamsted, noticed that the results of his field experiments were at variance with this Liebig's "mineral theory." He found that the nitrogen compounds of the atmosphere were sufficient only for a very meagre vegetation. Cereals treated with ammonium salts and other nitrogenous manures showed a far greater increase of produce than when phosphates, potash or other ash constituents only were supplied. "As more nitrogen was assimilated a greater amount of the fixed bases were found in the ash, and he considered that the function of the fixed bases was to act as carriers of nitric acid. These bases potash, soda, lime and magnesia, were not mutually replaceable, but the predominance of one or the other affected the produce. Luxuriance of growth was associated with the amount of nitrogen available and assimilated, and in the presence of this sufficiency of nitrogen the formation of carbohydrates depended on the amount of potash available." ..The work on the assimilation of nitrogen by plants extended over three years and was made the subject of a communication to the Royal Society in 1861. The paper, entitled, "The Sources of the Nitrogen of Vegetation; with special reference to the question whether Plants assimilate free or combined Nitrogen," occupies 144 pages of the Philosophical Transactions, and is a brilliant example of the scrupulous accuracy and attention to detail which characterised all Gilbert's work… The authors state in the summary of conclusions that "in our experiments with graminaceous plants, grown both with and without a supply of combined nitrogen beyond that contained in the seed sown, in which there was great variation in the amount of combined nitrogen involved and a wide range in the conditions, character and amount of growth, we have in no case found any evidence of an assimilation of free or uncombined nitrogen."." See: W. B. Bottonley; Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert, 1817-1901.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Autograph Note, Signed ("H B Stowe") to Mr. [James Wallace] Black, photographer of Boston, arranging a portrait of her daughter "for her brother [the author's son Frederick] who leaves for the seat of war on Saturday"

      Boston n.d. ca. may 1861 [Boston, n.d., ca. may 1861]. 8vo. One page, pen and ink on paper. Old folds, tipped onto album leaf. Clean and fresh. Hedrick, Harriet Beecher Stowe, pp. 299-300, 306-7. Provenance: Collection of James W. Hunnewell, Cambridge, of the firm of Fields, Osgood & Co . The author of Uncle Tom's Cabin writes to well known Boston photographer James Wallace Black (1825-1896): "Mr. Black,My daughter Miss Stowe I wish if possible to have taken this morning for her brother who leaves for the seat of war on Saturday. You will oblige me if you wil find a place for herHB Stowe" Arranging a photographic portrait (of her daughter Georgiana?), this tersely worded note belies the profound unease Stowe felt at the prospect of her son Frederick's imminent departure "for the seat of war." The unsettled Frederick had dropped out of medical school to enlist in the First Massachusetts Regiment. "Publicly Stowe rejoiced that the young men 'embrace [the cause] as a bride, and are ready to die [for it]'; privately she prayed with Fred and tried to prepare herself for the worst. In her vivd imagination, Stowe pictured her son in an army camp, subject to the temptations of a soldier's life; there were some things worse than death" (Hedrick). And in truth the war proved a devastation to Frederick, who transferred to the Seventy-Third Ohio Regiment in March 1863 and was wounded at Gettysburg; he returned home an alcoholic and subsequently disappeared in the West. An excellent Stowe autograph

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
 19.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  

        The Book of Household Management; Comprising Information for the Mistress, Housekeeper, Cook, Kitchen-Maid, Butler... also, Sanitary, Medical, & Legal Memoranda.

      London: S.O. Beeton, 248, Strand, 1861.. First edition, first issue, 8vo, xxxix, (i), 1112 pp. Frontispiece, coloured second title and 12 coloured plates showing 47 dishes, plus a duplicate of the plate at page 513 bound in one leaf further on, some generally light foxing throughout, minor damp staining to the frontispiece and second title, outer edges of early leaves slightly bumped, marbled endpapers. Contemporary half morocco, marbled sides, gilt decorated spine with a maroon label, some wear to extremities and spine but otherwise a good sound copy. Perhaps the most famous cookery book of all. Endlessly reprinted to the present day, Mrs Beeton has become a byword for straightforward and wholesome cookery despite her death in 1865 at only 28.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Oeuvres completes... avec des extraits de dauberton, et la classification de cuvier. insieme a: lacepede. histoire naturelle... comprenant les cetaces, les quadrupedes ovipares, les serpents et les poissons... paris, furne, 1861-66.

      Otto volumi di cm. 26, pp. 5.500 ca. complessive. Con ritratto di Buffon in antiporta al primo volume e 161 tavole incise in rame su tavole fuori testo di maggiore grammatura, finemente colorate e gommate all'epoca. Elegante e solida legatura uniforme del tempo in mezza pelle verde, dorsi a nervi con titoli e filetti in oro. Qualche fioritura alle carte di testo che non interessa le tavole, peraltro esemplare fresco ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Non comune soprattutto quando completo degli ultimi due volume con l'opera di Lacépède che viene spesso proposta come lavoro autonomo. Cfr. Nissen ZBI, 700.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Map of the County of Sussex from an Actual Survey Made in the Years 1823 & 1824 Corrected to the Present Time by William Figg, F.S.A. Surveyor. Presented to the Subscriber's to The Sussex Express, Surrey Standard & Kent Mail, by the Proprietor...

      Lewes: William Edwin Baxter, 1861.. Map dimensions 128 x 208 cm. A most decorative large map of the county with original hand colouring in block and outline. Large vignette illustration of Chichester Cathedral to lower right corner of the map. Tables of explanation and a reference to the hundreds to the lower edge. The whole dissected into twenty four sections and recently skilfully remounted on new linen. Chipping to a few section edges, otherwise a very good example. The map in this large format was first published by the Greenwoods in 1825. This edition brought up to date by the local surveyor William Figg, as with Baxter, a notable family name in the area. Kingsley notes that the map was not printed at Baxter's Lewes printworks, rather at by the London firm Maclure, Macdonald and Macgregor. He also provides an extensive history to the map, its publications and its makers. Kingsley, 89 A. First Lithographic Transfer.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
 22.   Check availability:     UKBookworld     Link/Print  

        Zwei offene Briefe an Dr. J. Spaeth, Professor der Geburtshilfe an der k.k. Josefs-Akademie in Wien, und an Hofrath Dr. F. W. Scanzoni, Professor der Geburtshilfe zu W¸rzburg

      Pest: Gustav Emich Buchdrucker der ungar. Akademie 1861 Pest: Gustav Emich, Buchdrucker der ungar. Akademie, 1861. First Edition. 8vo. 21, [1] pp., plus final blank. Original green wrappers. Wrappers detached, some fading at margins, still a Fine copy of a scarce work. Waller 8835; DSB XII, pp. 294-297 . Rare work by Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865), one of the great figures of nineteenth century medicine: "His discovery concerning the etiology and prevention of puerperal fever was a brilliant example of fact-finding, meaningful statistical analysis, and keen inductive reasoning. The highly successful prophylactic hand washings made him a pioneer in antisepsis during the pre-bacteriological era in spite of deliberate opposition and uninformed resistance" (DSB). After publication of his landmark work, "Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers" (1861), Semmelweis was ruthlessly attacked by the leading figures in gynaecology. He published the present work and two other open letters in response to his harshest critics but to no avail. Embittered, Semmelweis died in 1865. It was Pasteur's work that subsequently provided a satisfactory explanation for Semmelweis' empirically based prophylaxis

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
 23.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  

        Ouvrage orné de gravures coloriées, répresentant en pied, d'après les miniatures originales, faites d'après nature, de Foëch de Basle et de Whirsker, ces différens acteurs dans les rôles où ils ont excellé.

      Paris, Alphonse Leclerc, 1861. 8vo. viii,+ 219,+ (1) pp.+ 49 engraved handcoloured plates. Title printed in black and red. Red half morocco, richly gilt spine with raised bands, marbled boards with gilt lines, top edge gilt and the others trimmed (Allö). Two minor tears at front board. Book plate. Colas 160. Second and enlarged edition, first published in 1829. The table of plates mentions only 36 plates, as in the first edition, but here it is complete with 49 plates!

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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