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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1858

        The Plays. Edited by Howard Staunton. The illustrations by John Gilbert. Engraved by the brothers Dalziel.

      London: George Routledge & Co., 1858 - 3 volumes, octavo (251 x 164 mm). Contemporary red pebble-grained morocco, titles and decoration to spines gilt separated by raised bands, college crest to boards gilt surrounded by gilt panelling, inner dentelles gilt, marbled endpapers, gilt edges. Bookplate to front pastedowns, some occasional light foxing, an excellent set. Engraved frontispieces and numerous engravings throughout. First Staunton edition. A handsomely bound set. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        Missionsreisen und Forschungen in Süd-Afrika während eines sechszehnjährigen Aufenthalts im Innern des Continents. Autorisierte, vollständige Ausgabe für Deutschland. Nebst 23 Ansichten in Tondruck und zahlreichen eingedruckten Holzschnitten, 2 Karten und einem Portrait. 2 Bände (in 1, komplett).

      Leipzig, Hermann Costenoble 1858 - 8°. 22 cm. Gefaltete Tafel (Viktoriawasserfall), XII Seiten, Portrait Livingstones, 392 Seiten, Vortitel und Titelblatt des 2. Bandes, XVI, 346 Seiten. Schwarzer Halblederband der Zeit mit goldgeprägtem Rückentitel. Erste Ausgabe. Kainbacher (2016) Seite 279. Vollständig mit allen Abbildungen, Tafeln und den gefalteten Karten "Idealer Durchschnitt des südlichen Central-Afrika" und der großen Karte im Anhang "Special-Karte von Livingstone's Reise über den Afrikanischen Continent, nach seinen astronomischen Beobachtungen, Skizzen, Angaben, Entfernungen usw." Sehr gutes Exemplar [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Lenzen GbR]
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        The Parting Look.

      George Baxter Patentee,, 1858. Baxter print. Size: 46.5 x 63.2 cm (18½ x 25 inches). Baxter stamp at lower right corner. Very good condition. After a painting The Parting Glance by by E, H Corbould. This is No. 363 as illustrated in "The Price guide to Baxter Prints" by A. Ball and M. Martin. "This print and No. 335 are the two largest prints produced by Baxter and this is one of his most popular productions." Baxter is regarded as the "Inventor" of colour printing. The Baxter process, which he patented in 1835, involved an initial metal keyplate and up to 20 wood or metal blocks to apply each individual colour. Baxter was concerned with the overall quality, he only used the best quality paper and mixed all his own oil inks. To gain perfect registration, alignment of all the blocks, was an art in itself. Each colour or layer of oil ink was built up to achieve what was a miniature oil painting, art for the masses. Apart from the sale of 'Oil Pictures' his prints were used to illustrate books, his 'Cabinet of Paintings' was the first to be published in full colour, as well as music sheets, needleboxes, boxes for handkerchiefs, playing cards etc.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Civil War Diary

      1858. (CIVIL WAR) BAXTER, Archie, 141st New York Volunteers. Civil War Diary. No place: no publisher, [1864]. 24mo (measures 2-1/2 by 4 inches), original full black morocco, portfolio closure. $3600.Rare 1864 Civil War diary attributed to Archie Baxter of the New York 141st New York Volunteers, written in pencil in a legible hand, with written accounts of his and his unit's travels and actions, including front-line action and being wounded ""charging a post"" during the Battle of Resaca of the Atlanta Campaign (May 13-15, 1864) and taken to a field hospital.The small diary has entries for three days per page. The diary begins on April 7, with many days reading simply ""Bridgeport, Ala."" Located on both a rail line and the Tennessee River, Bridgeport was a key strategic site during the Civil War, with the Union turning the town into a major shipyard, building gunboats and transports for the Union Army. Baxter and his unit were on the move late April through May, with notations about the towns or areas he has reached (May 4 ""Left Shelmound and made Chatanooga at 8 o'clock PM"").His regiment participated in the Battle of Resaca from May 13-15, 1864, and during this time the writer saw front-line action and was wounded in battle. On May 13 he writes, ""Left Mill Creek Ridge and moved on Johnson's left flank""; May 14: ""Changed position from right center to extreme left""; and then on May 15: ""Wounded charging a post and taken to field hospital."" ""The regiment was heavily engaged at the battle of Resaca, where it lost 15 killed and 77 woundedÂ… The regiment started on the Atlanta campaign with 22 officers and 434 enlisted men. Its casualties in battle up to September 1 amounted to 210"" (The Union Army: a History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States, 1861-65 (1908)).May 24 the diarist writes ""Left field Hospital at Resica [sic] Geo. stopping at Dalton overnight."" On May 27, he notes, ""Arrived in Nashville Tenn and admitted into Genrl. Hospital."" May 28-June 6 are blank, followed by an entry on June 7, ""In Genrl. hospital."" He notes that he was discharged from hospital on June 8, and he saw more action soon after that. On the 13th of June he writes, ""Left Cartersville for the front."" June 14: ""Arrived at the front."" June 15: ""Archibald Arbuckle killed,"" mentioning five fellow soldiers ""wounded."" June 16: ""Tilman killed."" June 17: ""Rebels evacuated their works our army in pursuit."" June 18: ""In battle line in front of the enemy."" After that entry, Baxter mentions owing some money, and has written a few addresses down, but there are no more entries regarding his or his unit's movements or actions. Without 12 leaves, covering the dates January 1 through March 9; March 10-April 6 blank (as are several other leaves later in the diary). Four leaves that contained writing have been roughly removed, covering the period August 25-September 15. Marked on the inside cover ""Oostanaula River"" and ""Chickamauga,"" Chickamauga possibly in another, contemporary hand. A few sums penciled on front endpapers, final leaves and rear pastedown. From the Denis E. Reen collection, with his bookmark laid in.A few leaves in October and elsewhere loose, binding rubbed, wallet flap worn. A very good Civil War diary by a soldier who was wounded in action.

      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books]
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        Philostrate. Traité sur la gymnastique

      1858. Paris, Librairie de Firmin Didot frères Novembre 1858. In-8 relié demi percaline noire à coins, plats cartonnés (reliure postérieure vers 1950), xxiii pour l'avis au lecteur de Ch. Daremberg + 99 pages. Texte grec accompagné d'une traduction en regard et de notes par Ch. Daremberg. Les deux dernières pages ont été restaurées en bord, sans manque. Des annotations, en grec, dont il ne nous est pas possible d'identifier l'auteur mais manifestement un érudit du temps. Il pourrait s'agir de Julius Juthner qui donna, plus tard en 1909, une traduction de ce traité car, accompagne notre exemplaire, une couverture volante de l'édition de 1858 portant le nom de Juthner manuscrit. Exemplaire très rare et en bon état.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Artgil]
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        Etudes historiques sur le Rouergue

      - Paris, Imprimerie Adlinistrative de Paul Dupont, 1858 - 1859. 4 volumes grands In-8 brochés, 550 + 619 + 478 + 590 pages. Les couvertures sont un peu défraichies et salies, les intérieurs sont en bon état, sans rousseurs. Edition originale rare et bien complète pour ce monumental travail, incontournable pour l'histoire du Rouergue, dont le manuscrit fut remis par l'auteur au département et publié aprés sa mort sous les auspices du Conseil Général de l'Aveyron. Mériterait la reliure. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

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        THE WILD FLOWERS OF THE ALPHABET. A Poem for Children.

      [1] 2-31 [32] ll., 8 hand-coloured lithographed plates and 23 hand-coloured vignettes within the text. Original decorative cloth gilt.All edges gilt. First edition. Re-cased; paper browning as is often the case with the book; slight wear to some fore-edges; else a very good copy.-

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Les petrifications d\'Esino ou description des fossiles appartenant au depot triasique superieur des environs d\'Esino en Lombardie. Divises en Quatre monographies,comprenant les gasteropodes, les acephales, les brachiopodes, les cephalopodes, les crinoides, les zoophytes et les amorphozoaires. Paleontologie lombarde, ou, Description des fossiles de Lombardie, 1e serie.

      Milan, Impr. de J. Bernardoni, 1858-1860. XII-152 pages + 31 Lithographiees Hardcover Seltene Originalausgabe, kein Reprint. Buch dem Alter entsprechend in mittelmäßigem Zustand. Ehemaliges Bibliotheksexemplar. Weitere Angaben zum Zustand und detaillierte Fotos auf Anfrage. Sprache: französisch. -- Original edition, no reprint. Ex-library book in acceptable condition. Further pictures and information on request. Language: French. petrominera_alt. Q-023 Versand D: 5,00 EUR

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Bookfarm]
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        Duvaucel's Trogon

      Original lithographs with later hand-colour forJohn Gould's A Monograph of the Trogonidae or Family of Trogons, Second Edition, 1858-75. ~p~Duvaucel's Trogon [Scarlet-rumped Trogon], Harpactes duvauceli, H.C. Richter. £695

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Golden-headed Train-bearer [Golden-headed Quezal].

      W. Hart and J. Gould Golden-headed Train-bearer [Golden-headed Quezal]. An original lithograph with later hand colour for 'A Monograph of the Trogonidae or family of Trogons' 2nd edition 1858-75. 530 x 360mm approximately. £750

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Red-billed Train-bearer [Quezal]

      Richter after Gould Red-billed Train-bearer [Quezal] An original lithograph with later hand colour for 'A Monograph of the Trogonidae or family of Trogons' 2nd edition 1858-75 530 x 360 mm approx £695

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Red-headed Trogon

      Hart after Gould Red-headed Trogon An original lithograph with later hand colour for 'A Monograph of the Trogonidae or family of Trogons' 2nd edition 1858-75 530 x 360 mm approx £695

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Rayed-tail Trogon

      Richter after Gould Rayed-tail Trogon An original lithograph with later hand colour for 'A Monograph of the Trogonidae or family of Trogons' 2nd edition 1858-75 530 x 360 mm approx £695

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Lemon-breasted Trogon

      Hart after Gould Lemon-breasted Trogon An original lithograph with later hand colour for 'A Monograph of the Trogonidae or family of Trogons' 2nd edition 1858-75 530 x 360 mm approx £695

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        Les petrifications d'Esino ou description des fossiles appartenant au depot triasique superieur des environs d'Esino en Lombardie. Divises en Quatre monographies,comprenant les gasteropodes, les acephales, les brachiopodes, les cephalopodes, les crinoides, les zoophytes et les amorphozoaires. Paleontologie lombarde, ou, Description des fossiles de Lombardie, 1e serie.

      Milan, Impr. de J. Bernardoni, 1858-1860. - XII-152 pages + 31 Lithographiees Seltene Originalausgabe, kein Reprint. Buch dem Alter entsprechend in mittelmäßigem Zustand. Ehemaliges Bibliotheksexemplar. Weitere Angaben zum Zustand und detaillierte Fotos auf Anfrage. Sprache: französisch. -- Original edition, no reprint. Ex-library book in acceptable condition. Further pictures and information on request. Language: French. petrominera_alt. Q-023 Sprache: Französisch Gewicht in Gramm: 1600 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiq. Bookfarm/ Sebastian Seckfort]
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        Beschreibung der bekanntesten Kupfermünzen. Bde. 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 und [der später erschienene Indexband] 7 in Erstauflage, 3 in Reprint.

      Originale: Selbstverlag, Prag 1858, 1861, 1865, 1868, 1872 / Reprints: Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York 1965, 1967. - Bd. VII: Index to the volumes I-VI, compiled by Lore Börner (erschienen 1967); je gr.8°, 5 x privater Halbleinwandeinband in guter Qualität, 2X Halbleineneinband 1: Enthält die Kaiserthümer Oesterreich, Russland und Frankreich, das Königreich Grossbritannien und Irland und die deutschen Bundesstaaten - ca. X und 581Seiten und 12 s-w-Tafeln; 2: Enthält die Königreiche Schweden, Dänemark, der Niederlande, Belgien, Spanien, Portugall und Griechenland, die Schweiz, Italien und die Türkei - ca. X und 504 Seiten und Tafeln 13-20; 3 (im Reprint): Enthält die aussereuropäischen Münzen - ca. 10 und 215 Seiten, Tafeln 21-62; 4: Enthält die Beschreibung englischer Token, Jettone und Zeichen - ca. 10 und 449 Seiten, Tafeln 63-65; 5: Enthält die Beschreibung der Jetone und Marken aus Österreich, Russland, Frankreich und Deutschland. Ca. 10 und 507 Seiten, Tafeln 66 bis 71; 6: Enthält den Schluss der Jetone, den Nachtrag und General-Index - ca. 2 und 296, 224, XXXIX Seiten und Tafeln 72-79. 7: 349 Seiten. Zustand 1, 2, 4, 5: Blöcke ganz vereinzelt leicht stockig, sonst schön; 6: vordere Gelenke S. 4/5 leicht angeplatzt, letzte Tafeln stärker stockfleckig, sonst schön. Die Originalbände in gelungener Buchbinderarbeit im 20. Jahrhundert nachgebunden, mit Rückentitel; Bde. 3 und 7 Einbände minim berieben, Ecken unten leicht eingedrückt, 7 mit Fleck am Schnitt; sonst schön.

      [Bookseller: Cassiodor Antiquariat]
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      London, T. Nelson and Sons, 1858.. FIRST EDITION SECOND ISSUE dated 1858 on title page, 8vo, approximately 170 x 110 mm, 6¾ x 4½ inches, coloured frontispiece (Terrible Encounter with a Shark, indicating a second issue), colour illustrated extra title page and 6 colour plates all by the author, pages: viii, (9)-438, bound in 19th century half calf over brown pebble cloth sides, gilt dividing lines, gilt raised bands, gilt lettered red morocco label, edges and endpapers marbled. Gilt on spine slightly dull, cloth unevenly slightly darkened, owner signature in pencil dated 1876 on reverse of front endpaper, the same one in ink on reverse of frontispiece, another ink signature dated 1926 on reverse of front endpaper, very small crease to top corner of frontispiece and both title pages, tiny closed tear to fore-edge margin of frontispiece neatly repaired, reverse and margins of frontispiece slightly dusty, very small pale stain to lower margin, a different early signature to top of title page, some light browning and pale staining throughout, mostly to margins and varying in intensity, a few pages lightly soiled, small dark stain on text on pages 341-349, obscuring a letter on a couple of pages, but all easily legible, page 17/18 reinserted and top margin slightly chipped and slightly frayed, neatly repaired with no loss of printed area (see image), inner margin of page 47/48 and 49/50 untidily repaired, no loss of text, small closed tear to text on page 101/102, no loss, small crease to some top corners of text pages, very short closed tear to inner edge of plate page 30, just entering 5 mm (¼") into the image, repaired without loss, 2 short closed tears to margin of plate page 178 neatly repaired, 3 to margin of plate page 214 neatly repaired, all tissue guards but 1 missing. A good complete but well used copy, sturdily bound. See R. M. Ballantyne, First Editions by Eric Quayle 12a. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE, FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        The Virginians

      London: Bradbury and Evans, 1858. Copyright date is 1858 and 1859, 2 volumes. Autograph letter, signed, by Thackeray mounted to front free endpaper. Illustrations by the author. Early half brown morocco and cloth, spines lettered in gilt. First Edition, first issue With 'actresses' on page 207, line 33, and chapters 47 & 48 misnumbered as 48 & 49. Bindings rubbed; heavily foxed; very good. No jackets. Bindings secure, a solid collectible SIGNED two volumes . Signed by Author. First Edition. Leather. Very Good/no dust Jacket. Illus. by The Author. 7¾" - 9¾" Tall. Collectible & Signed.

      [Bookseller: Mclin Haven]
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        Causes Célèbres de tous les Peuples. 4 TOMES en 2 Volumes. Livraison 1 à 100

      1858. LEBRUN et Cie. 1858 - 1861. In-4.Carré. Relié demi-cuir. Bon état. Couv. légèrement passée. Dos satisfaisant. Quelques rousseurs. Entre 15 et 20 pages par livraisons. Nombreuses gravures en noir et blanc, dans le texte. Texte sur 2 colonnes. Titre, tomaison, filets et roulettes dorés sur demi-veau. Continuateur de l'Annuaire Historique de Lesur. Collection complète de cette importante publication illustrée, parue en 100 livraisons, créée par Armand Fouquier. Il s'agit d"une compilation de récits de scandales politiques ou judiciaires ayant défrayé la chronique au XIXeme siecle. Marcellange, Madame Levaillant, Lesurques, Célestine Doudet, Le Duc d'Enghien, Eliçabide, La Veuve Boursier, Le Collier de la Reine, Dautun Le Fratricide, La Reine Caroline, Le Testament du Duc de Bourbon, Ravaillac, Les Sergents de la Rochelle, William Palmer, Latude, Honoré Ulbach, Charlotte Corday, Madame Roland, Les Assassins de Saint-Cyr, Les Associations de Malfaiteurs, La Marquise de Brinvilliers, Alibaud, La Chambre Ardente, Mandrin ... INTROUVABLE

      [Bookseller: Le-Livre.Com]
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        Red Sweet Springs, Monroe Country VA

      Richmond, Virginia: Edward Beyer, 1858. Tinted lithograph, 'Taken from Nature by Ed. Beyer', printed by W. Loeillot in Berlin. An exemplary print from one of the greatest American view books: `a major outstanding item' (Bennett)Edward Beyer was a German artist who visited the United States in the early 1850's. He chose to concentrate his work on Virginia and Kentucky, spending three years in Virginia working on the original drawings for this book. Although the title notes that the copyright was registered by Beyer in the District of Virginia, the book was actually produced in Germany, with the plates being prepared in Dresden or Berlin. The superb tinted lithograph views were generally printed in black with, generally, two further colours.'This Watering Place is located in Montgomery County, on the Eastern slope of the Alleghanies, near their summit, in the Southwestern part of the State... It has been built up within the last two years, and promises to be the most agreeable place in the mountains. It is of easy access, on a branch road running from the Virginia and Tennessee Road to the Springs, eight miles from Alleghany Springs, and five miles from the Yellow Sulphur Springs' ( Description of the Album of Virginia... Illustrated Richmond, 1857).Deak writes of Beyer, "He was taken by the beauty of the Virginia landscape, particularly by the elegant settings of some of the region's watering places...Virginians responded warmly to Beyer's enterprise and often gave him advance access to architectural plans when these could be of help to him. There was probably no Virginia county that Beyer left unvisited in his zeal to present what is, in fact, an affectionate family album of an entire state." Deak praises Beyer's "delicate and precise style" and "characteristic refinement of proportion.".Cf. Bennett p.10; cf. Deak Picturing America 721; cf. Howes B413 ("b"); cf. Sabin 5125.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        ANTIQUITIES OF CHESHIRE IN PHOTOGRAPH, with short descriptive notes: to which are added views of several Ancient Buildings in Shropshire and North Wales.

      Chester and London: Hugh Roberts, Parker, Whittaker and Co., 1858.. FIRST EDITION 1858. Folio, 370 x 280 mm, 14½ x 11 inches, pages: [6], 1- 55; TWENTY-FIVE ORIGINAL ALBUMEN MOUNTED PHOTOGRAPHS. Modern black crushed morocco spine, modern brown cloth covers, gilt lettering to spine, new endpapers. Slight rubbing to spine, corners bumped, 3 small closed tears neatly repaired to top of title page, 1 closed tear neatly repaired to bottom edge of half-title, last 2 pages have tiny chips to edges, a few small white marks to edge of upper cover, damp stain affecting the bottom quarter of all pages, affecting 1 corner of all photographs, on 13 photographs the damp stain is visible, on the rest it is not. 2 photographs have slight silvering to edges, foxing to margins of first 2 plates and last plate, foxing to prelims and occasionally to margins. A stained copy of a very rare photography book. Only 1 copy listed as being sold at auction in American Book Prices Current in over 30 years and 2 copies listed in Copac, held at Oxford and Cardiff. See: Helmut Gernsheim, Incunabula of British Photographic Literature 1839-1875, page 26, No.83. Bryans undertook to preserve many fine architectural examples which were disappearing at the time of publication, due to wear or the 'improvements' of modern restoration. The photographs include views of halls (Poole, Lower Huxley, Crewe, Dorfold), castles (Conway, Rhuddlan, Caernarvon), abbeys (Haughmond, Buildwas), and historic streets etc. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE. FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        La Cuisinière Poétique, suivi de "Histoire de la Mode en France"

      1858. MICHEL LEVY FRERES. 1858. In-18.Carré. Relié demi-cuir. Bon état. Couv. convenable. Dos satisfaisant. Intérieur acceptable. Rare ouvrage de 199 + 188 pages. Méry, Dumas, Th. de Banville, Th. Gautier, Em. Deschamps, C. Cataguel, A. Barthet, Emile Solié, Xavier Aubryet, Aur. Scholl, Charles Bataille ... Collection Hetzel & Lévy.

      [Bookseller: Le-Livre.Com]
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        History of the Express Companies: And the Origin of American Railroads. Together with some reminiscences of the latter days of the mail coach and baggage wagon business in the United States

      New York: For Sale at the Express Offices Throughout the United States, 1858. Frontis, 287p. illustrations. 23cm. Second edition. Publisher's stamped brown cloth with gilt decoration on front cover, titling in gilt on spine; top and fore edge black. Flecking of front cover and spine, short tear in front cover joint cloth; wear to spine ends; one corner skinned; damp stain along bottom edge; prior owner's neat signature on front cover pastedown and front free endpaper; numerous notes in pencil. In better than good condition. First published in 1858 as a forty page pamphlet for a few hundred subscribers, this second edition adds a significant amount of new material on the Western express companies, including the American Express Co., the National Express, Thompson and Co., Wells Fargo, the United States Express Co., and others. Howes: S1008; Sabin: 91827. Scarce.

      [Bookseller: Michael J. Osborne Books LLC]
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        Travel Letters written to his mother and sister while on an 1857-1858 trip to South America and an Extended Voyage “Around the World” from 1865-1868

      Collection contains 61 letters, totaling some 572 pages, plus several incomplete letters and fragments, mailing envelopes, miscellaneous memoranda, documents and invoices pertaining to Nisbet's travels. Plus miscellaneous family correspondence, ephemera, etc. Highly interesting and detailed travel letters describing two trips undertaken by Nisbet, a wealthy and well connected New Yorker, one to South America in 1858, and a later journey around the world which lasted from 1865-1868. Nisbet was an intrepid traveler often journeying to places unfrequented by Americans including a trip up the Nile, the Holy Land, Russia, India, including Kashmir and the Himalayas, China and Japan. Nisbet's letters are vivid and descriptive, some run to ten and twenty pages in length, and provide his impressions of each country and locale visited. His letters from Egypt, Palestine, India, China and Japan are of great interest. Nisbet in addition shipped home a large amount of artifacts and artworks amongst other items from each country. Nisbet was a wealthy young man, whose family owned properties both in Yonkers and in New York City, and whose income allowed him to undertake this extensive tour and to effectively retire from business in 1865, at the age of thirty. Nisbet's correspondence is a superb collection of 19th century American travel letters, far beyond the typical "Grand Tour" letters often encountered. Nisbet's obituary in the New York Times of February 6, 1906 provides a brief synopsis of his life: "William F. Nisbet of 400 West End Avenue, a well-known resident of this city, died yesterday of apoplexy, aged 71 years. On his mother's side he was of old Dutch stock. His father was a Presbyterian clergyman of Scotch descent. In early life he was interested in the Architectural Iron Works, but in 1865, retired from business and became an extensive traveler and art collector. He resided in Yonkers for many years, where for a long time he was President of the Board of Education. Mr. Nisbet was of striking and magnetic personality, and a gentleman of the old school. He leaves a wife and two sons." Sample Quotations - South American Trip Rio Janeiro July 21, 1858 "Dear Sister, I wrote several days since by the packet this I propose sending by the Lapwing the same vessel which brought me out. Since my last I have been engaged to such a degree that I have not as yet made certain excursions into the country which is my intention yet to do. I have made one tour only, that to Tepuca, a very rural mountainous district about 4 leagues from Rio. The mode of travel out of the cities of this country as indeed of all South American cities is on mule back. In this city 9/10 of the transportation is by mules or negroes, horses are as rare as elephants with us. … On my visit to Tepuca I rode a mule 8 hours dismounting but once in that time… At a distance of ten miles from Rio you find more wilderness. Forests seldom visited by the feet of man, varied by mountain and valley and streams which in unison form a picture of primitive nature which would be difficult to match within 2 days journey of New York. … There was some excitement created in the city yesterday on account of the refusal of some negroes who had been sold to go to the interior refusing to obey. They took possession of a house near the Consulado armed themselves with missiles of one kind and another and showed fight. The police who always go armed with musket and sword were ordered out to the scene. These police are mostly mulattoes and blacks and lack the manly determination and bearing of the white man they are unskillful in command on such emergencies. This was fully elicited on this occasion. They stationed themselves in the 2d story of a house on the same side [of the] street and fired glancing balls … the balls done no damage … but skipped along through the streets injuring several persons. The negroes only yielded when their weapons or missiles were exhausted. The sale of negroes to the interior is of such frequent occurrence that were it always made a casus belli the city would be in a state of perpetual insurrection. Two thirds of the people are negroes ½ of them slaves. You here see hundreds of native Africans of various tribes who have been sold in slavery. They are a great boon to the country in my opinion. My philanthropy for the negro is all exploded. If those who preach emancipation with such rampant arguments could see (as I have) 2 or 3 hundred of real Africans together and contrast their entire person mental and mechanical (say nothing about their physical for I have seen many that could they be turned to stone would vie with the bronze cast of Hercules or other types of physical strength grace & beauty) with the same number of mulattoes or of the negro one or two generations removed from the native they would methinks consider their humanity misspent… Very little of Brazil in the United States … I leave on next Sunday for Rio Grande a southern province in Brazil en route to Montevideo and Buenos Ayres. I intend making the journey from Rio Grande to Montevideo overland and see the country as it can be made in less time than by water. I shall probably stop in the La Platte cities about a month and then return to Rio and thence home…" Rio Grande d' Sul, Aug. 5th, 1858 "Dear Mother, I last wrote from Rio Janeiro when on the eve of sailing for the south… Three days out brought us to St. Catharine's situated on the long island of the same name. It is a most lovely spot. The island is upon the coast about 28" S latitude I think. It is about 30 miles long and 6 or 8 broad and divided from the main land by a strait about 2 miles wide… its valleys and mountain sides are highly cultivated as is fitly proved by its extensive orange groves and its immense exportation of farinha and beans. Most of the carriage is by mules and niggers although you now and then see an oxcart the wheels of which are pinned to the axletree, axletree and all turning. This is an ancient Roman custom and it is a fit example of the backwardness of this people to throw aside ancient customs or to adopt new ones. At this island are made by the negro women & Indians most beautiful flowers of fish scales also of feathers of various colours from numerous variety of Brazilian birds. I saw also flowers or wreaths for the head made of changeable or variegated wings of insects chiefly of the beetle tribe. I have several specimens of each which I shall bring home with me when I return… At 6 a.m. we weighed anchor for Rio Grande. … This city is situated about 6 miles from the sea in a wide but shallow bay. The entrance to the bay is over a bar of sand which at times is rendered so formidable by the heavy sea which breaks over it as to render entrance impossible save at the great hazard of ship and lives… Safely crossed we soon raised the city of Rio Grande from whence I write. The site is a perfect desert as is the country for many miles about it. The sand drifts to such an extent that immense walls are built in order to prevent the burying of the city. Its streets are very dirty and disgusting presenting as Shakespeare has it "such a rank compound of vilanous sweets as ever offended nostrils" It however is the only and best seaport of the Province of Rio Grande the most southern and flourishing province of Brazil composing a greater area than entire France. From this place a large lake runs north some 160 miles As I was unavoidably detained in this place some 8 or 9 days I concluded to take a trip up this lake to a large town or settlement at its head; from this town (Porto Alegre) I have just returned. I have still 3 or 4 days before I start overland for Montevideo. I go on horseback a distance of about 200 miles having previously boated about 125. As the region is very wild consisting of immense pampas or plains and the people rather barbarous I of course go armed cap a pie. I have a companion a Mr. Barker an old resident of this place who goes with me. We will make it in about 6 days from here. I shall stop in Montevideo a week or two on business and then as long in Buenos Ayres then return to Rio. Don't go to my office for news of me as I write you oftener than I write there or at least as often…" Buenos Ayres, Sep. 10, 1858 "Dear Sister, I trust you will have received mine from Montevideo ere this arrives I write to the States by about every opportunity which my changeable life presents some go by steam via England, some by sail and direct but so great is the distance and so unreliable the various stages of the passage that you may never receive many that have left my hands… Since I last wrote you I have crossed the River Platte from Montevideo to Buenos Ayres. I have been here but two days but am perfectly at home. It has been my luck to arrive at the all the places to which I have been drawn on holidays. The day of my arrival in Rio or the following morn dawned upon St. George's day. That of my entry into Montevideo was 25th de Augusto. The 4th of July of this one horse republic, and lastly I arrived here on the day celebrated by the Spaniards as the anniversary of the birthday of the Virgin Mary. Every where in South America ones attention is awakened to the great number and the barrier which these too frequent feast days offer to business and prosperity. Many of the natives complain bitterly of this and petitions signed by large masses of people and wealthy ones have been sent to the Pope soliciting him to exempt the people from the observance of many of these religious days. Here they have a revolution every few years (might be safe to say months at times) and with each change of party or for each victory or political event must be named an yearly anniversary to be kept up with all the pomp and parade of state and people… There is an old church or cathedral here which is better than 300 years old, I doubt if on the western continent is to be found another to match it in years. The city is to the stranger made easy being very level and streets all at right angles… The houses built generally around a hollow square and one or two stories in height are peculiarly noticeable for their solidity and their appearance as if closed to strangers. The windows all strongly barred give a prison like aspect to the dwellings. … The harbor however is most miserable. It is indeed to be wondered at that such a city … should ever have grown up under the disadvantages of the harbor. Boats of the smallest tonnage can approach only within a mile of the city… It is only the immense trade in hides and jerked beef, and wool which could for one moment enable this place to maintain such prestige… I shall stope here only until the 28th of this month…" Sample Quotations – "Round the World" Trip Letters "No 5 Cairo, Egypt Dec. 10, 1865 My dear Mother and Sister, Here we sit taking a cup of tea and smoking good Lata Kea tobacco, in quaint, dirty, oriental Cairo by far the most unclean city that I ever yet set my foot into… We came up to Cairo on Thursday by rail it is 130 miles over a rich country, perfectly flat and cultivated by irrigation water wheels turned by oxen are seen on every hand lifting water from a canal & to a higher level in order that fields as flat as a table may be inundated the sediment allowed to settle and then the water is drawn off. Extensive fields of cotton ripe but unpicked of course were passed. Numerous villages built of clay one story high and without glased windows or doors were passed. Nothing more wretched in fact or in aspect can be imagined than these hovel villages of the poor Egyptians. Donkeys, camels, dogs & cats seemed to live with them on equal footing. There is every shade of white & black of human kind here Abyssinians yellow. Nubians black. A more distant African race jet dead black. Egyptians yellow but there is no distinction made between colors. Many of the most intelligent dragomen are very black and speak 2 or 3 or 4 languages. There is now no legalized slavery here although there are plenty of slaves. Yet any slave can go before the consuls or authorities and claim & get his or her freedom. Yet I have been long enough in this beautiful valley of the Nile to note the wretchedness of its people … The great fault is in the head of the people the viceroy and the government. Ishmael Pacha seeks only the promotion of private and family interests. Manufactures, agriculture, commercial enterprise all are dwindling for lack of encouragement and legislation. No man living has such an opportunity to immortalize himself and recuperate, invigorate a great country as this viceroy. The people are not alone victims to a long continued neglect of opportunities but they are equally cursed by their system of religion which holds them aloof from believers in Christain faith. … I was in Mehemet Ali's mosque in the citadel this morning & to my surprise there was a woman there. A living she Saint in tatters and disgustingly dirty. I have been parleying with various dragomen since my arrival in regard to going up the river. I find everything here monstrously high and a boat up the river for two persons to 2d cataract all food &c included costs not less than 350 pounds sterling or $ 1750 – dollars - £500 – 550 will take 4 persons up. This is three or four times the price of 5 years ago. This augmentation is owing to various causes but chiefly to the cattle murrain which has destroyed many thousands of sheep and cattle for two years. And to the high price of cereals and vegetables caused by the extraordinary attention given to the cultivation of cotton since our rebellion broke out. In the city of Alexandria rents have quadrupled in 3 years or so – here greatly increased. …" "No. 6 Cairo, Egypt Dec. 22d 1865 My dear Mother & Sister, …To night I have been making out contract with dragoman to go up the Nile and in 2 days (by Christmas) we shall be on the water. There are three of us my companions are excellent and gentlemen. One is a son of one of the wealthiest men in New York Meres Taylor, the other a young man of fortune Mr. Wood and an old acquaintance… We have a splendid boat, large and nicely furnished a dragoman, captain, two waiters, rudderman and ten sailors to pull or row when there is no wind. There are no Americans here this winter & precious few English. Only two boats have gone up. We go to 2d cataracat or start with that intent…" "No. 8 Thebes Upper Egypt, January 16, 1866 My dear Mother & Sister, Two and a half hours ago (after a passage of 20 days) our Dahabechr came up under full sail to the east bank of the Nile that portion of ancient Thebes known as Luxor, two minutes more and my feet kissed the ground which I had so longed to see. … Thus far our journey has been but a pleasure excursion – Up at 9 a.m. take coffee or tea or chocolate – then if no wind a stroll on shore under the palm & accacea trees then to breakfast go on shore with gun & shoot pigeons or if we are under sail sit down in cabin on divans or on the upper deck and read. To understand thoroughly this country its ancient & modern history requires much reading… Dinner comes at 6 & then coffee and pipes take up two or 3 hours. Study of French writing up my journal letters &c keep me busy so that I am scarcely ever in my berth before 1 or 2 o'c. … Today commences in all mahometan countries the fast of Ramadan when all strict Mahommetans neither eat nor drink between the rising & setting of the sun. This lasts a month and it is held in great strictness by most of the poor & rich. … The people of Egypt outside of one or two of its large cities live almost entirely on vegetable food – Lentils (a kind of bean) bread made of flour (of wheat or doro a kind of corn) but coarse because of the hull being ground with it & not separated and onions are the staple articles of diet of the great masses. Clothing: Adam & Eve had no less when they were struck with shame Garments of cotton or coarse wool are made with few stitches. Shoes are rarely seen. Heads are generally shaved so combs are useless. They all wash in the Nile or not at all and the winds & sand storms are warded from their heads by mud houses covered with thatch of palm branches – no wooden floors or carpets here to be washed or swept, no furniture to be dusted… Irrigation & ploughing & reaping are the toils of the land – the laborers are plenty and the work light. With this state of affairs is it any wonder that the people are degraded no schools in the land so now & then the beneficent missionary societies open one or now & then in the larger towns a native school is opened the scholars taught until they know a little something & are then hurried off by Government orders upon Government duties – A most unhappy people are these Egyptians living under an accursed tyranny – During 20 days on the Nile I have seen thousands of these poor natives herded together in boats as thick as they could stand (no exaggeration) going down the river to work on the R. Road which viceroy is now building between Cairo & Thebes on the western bank. He builds this road entirely by forced labor if you know what that means. It means that he makes an order for 50,000 men more or less (that was his last order) & that each town of Egypt is apportioned its quota which is collected by the sheikh or president of the town who uses no system of draft … but selcts at will whoever he chooses of course he is open to bribery & most of them make fortunes in that way. Boys of 12 years & men of 60 are taken & summarily sent off from their families. But this is not the worst they get no pay & furnish their own provisions. … They work 12 hours per day under merciless drivers who force them sick or well. … We now start for 2d cataract …" "No. 9 On board dahabukr "Nubia" River Nile 10 miles N of Derr & about 850 miles from mouth of river, Feby. 3rd 1866 My dear Mother & Sister, I wrote last and sent a letter from Luxor it was dated 18th Jany. We stopped there two days … Luxor is a portion of the ancient city of Thebes and is situated upon the East bank. Karnak another portion & upon the same bank, while Kornna another portion lies upon the west side of the river… Neither of them now anything more than ancient ruins of temples bordered or surrounded by a few miserable hovels of sundried brick or mud walls… [There follows a lengthy description of the tombs, temples and other sites visited, including those of Ramses 2nd and 3rd, Karnak] … On our way down we started a jackal and soon entered a depression in the mountain side and half way up where were the gaping mouths of natural caves at the doors of which were strewn quantities of human bones and quantities of mummy cloth torn in shreds. Here an arm there a leg, a skull or a trunk the dissection of the poor arab antique hunters who had been tearing or unwrapping these mummies to get the scarabaeus or other jewels from their persons. … On January 20th we left Luxor with a fair wind for Aswan the foot of the 1st cataract … stopping but twice on the way once at Eine where the crew made their bread & where I took donkey & guide & went several miles out into the desert to visit the oldest Christian convent in Egypt. Established by Empress Helena in honor of the martyrs killed by Diocletian. The convent stands far off upon the borders of the desert a repulsive pile of brick one story high. We entered by a low door to which I had to stoop & found ourselves within a dusty dirty straw covered court where sat a black woman almost nude & engaged in trapping the vermin from her pickaninny's head. We were received by two men who we were told were monks they however neither dressed nor acted like monks… These were sanctuaries but with civilized people they would hardly have been used for pig pens … [There follows a lengthy description of being pulled through the first cataract] … We were 3 days getting through the cataract which consists of 4 considerable rapids the last the greatest… One and a half miles above the last fall and standing sentinel like before the gate between the rocks ere the descent of the water stands the island of Philae sacred to the Ancients and upon which are the ruins of some of the most tasteful and elegant temples. In it fable reports Osoris the all powerful god of the Nile to be buried… 100 miles more & we shall be at 2nd cataract beyond which we shall go 35 miles to Sennet by camels & then commence our return … Above the 1st cataract the valley is very narrow & almost entirely usurped by the width of the river whose banks are generally 20 ft high … at the tops of which stretch banks of deep golden sand in which no vegetation will grow save here and there a palm tree which root close to the brink. Yet there is vegetation which is cultivated upon the almost perpendicular banks … are deeply green with peas and lentils the chief staples of the poor Egyptians diet… We pass frequently a temple standing like skeletons of departed glory in solitary places oft half buried in the engulfing drifts of sand. I wish I was prepared for it & had companions eager for it should quit the boat at 2d cataract & go on into the center of Africa. I should love to follow up the Nile to its sources and visit unknown parts surrounded with all the risks and excitements of travelling among savages. Capts Speke & Grant have done far more than the world think in exploring & discovering the feeders of the once mysterious Nile…" "No 12 Cairo Egypt Mch 22, 1866 My dear Mother & Sister, Once more in Egypts heart. We completed our Nile voyage on 17th March … we bid good bye to our faithful crew and farewell to the staunch little craft which for nearly three months had been our home… I am doubtful if all of my letters have or ever will reach their destination… You can however always know wether you have received all or not from the number as I number each letter sent. We left Thebes on 3d March and made during our voyage down several excursions which were very interesting & some of them full of adventure. We had strong NW wind most of the time which was almost sufficient to counteract the force of the current & made the voyage irksome. We rode 24 miles one hot day to the ruins of Abydus and walked several more. Another day we spent at Sioit where we saw a very strange phase of religious fanaticism or it might better be termed of the sacreligious ignorance of the moslems. It was a dance at the tomb or grave of a dervish. These dervishes are sort of moslem priests or holy men who dress strangely & like beggars living by charity and having their abode in certain buildings & places or wandering through the country. They are wonderful fanatics & perform most marvelous things under the influences of high excitement. They often eat serpents & one or two instances have occurred of them eating glass… Our most to be remembered adventure was a visit to the crockodile caves of Moabdeh near Manfelout. We entered and traversed the dungeon, ragged rock mazes of this great cave by crawling , creeping & at times walking upright… We penetrated as far as 25 minutes would carry us and stood amid cords of mummified crockodiles crawled over unknown depths of reptiles & human mummies. On every side save above countless numbers of crocks were packed, packed in the crevices of the rocks, packed in its depths – some were 15 ft long some 10 in – the latter always done up in bundles of a dozen or more like cigars. … Once more on the river we stopped only at the Pyramids of Gheseh the great pyramids of the world… We came back to Cairo at the Hotel & are well satisfied with our 3 months voyage. Here we shall remain a few days & thence to Syria & Palestine – We shall probably go to Suez see the French Canal which is intended to connect the Mediterranean & Red Seas … We had intended to cross the Great desert by Mount Sinai, Akeba, Petra & Hebron to Jerusalem but all sorts of rumors are rife in regard to strife between the Alawi & other Bedouins between Akaba & Petra & we have abandoned the route & now propose to go to Alexandria & thence by sea to Beyrout thence to Jerusalem & through Palestine to Syria… Quite a number of Americans have been in Egypt this winter but very few of them have been up the Nile. …The English traveler Palgrave has just left and tomorrow I dine with him so you see we have some society here…" "No. 13 Alexandria Mch 29th 1866 My dear Mother & Sister, … I leave in steamer early in morning go on board to night and will probably be in Beyrout in 3 days … We have taken a dragoman for 60 days in Syria & Palestine & have our cook the same Mohammed we had on the Nile a good & trusty fellow. We have all our tents, table, chairs… crockery, provisions &c with us & shall in less than a week be fairly in the saddle for 2 or 3 months a glorious life I tell you…" "No. 15 Jerusalem 23d Apl. 1866 My Dear Mother & Sister, It is 1:30 p.m. I have been in Jerusalem half an hour … I last wrote you from Beyrout the morning I set out therefrom to journey along the coast southward to Jerusalem. I believe it was on the 6th by reason of a side excursion to El Jun a drouse village in the mountains 3 hours from the ancient city of Sidon … we were two days in reaching Sidon. Near El Jun is an old convent lastly occupied by Lady Hester Stanhope a strange Englishwoman here she lived with a troop of Albanians about her excluding all Europeans and here she died and was deserted by her retinue of servants ere she was buried… W came down to Tyre, Akka, Mt. Carmel where I dined with the monks of the old convent & slept there one night then returned to the plain of Akka … next morning crossed the plain of Sharon to Ceaserea on the coast the ruins of the former capital of Palestine. Here we encamped within the ruins & close upon the shores of the Mediterranean. We were now in a region which the handbooks & the journals of travelers tell us is infested with wandering Bedouins and robbers, we however are in Jerusalem after traversing the entire length of the plain of Sharon & not a hostile being have we seen. Our cortege consists of 7 mules, 3 donkeys & 5 horses (15 animals) and 9 men (beside ourselves) Dragomen, cook, muleteers &c. This is our usual accompanying force myself & companion alone are armed but we are well armed. We had a Turkish soldier as guard a portion of the way from Carmel, but he was no use as guide and I think would be the first to run in Emergency…" "No 17 Nazareth Palestine May 13, 66 My dear Mother & Sister, I wrote you last on the 3d inst and four days after left Jerusalem to journey northward. It was late in the day before we struck our tents on top of the Mount of Olives opposite Jerusalem. We went up there for one day and one night… It was 9 oc p.m. when our Bedouin guide led us up to our tents at the fountain of Jacob just south of Bethel… It is now a wretched village of a dozen miserable huts perched on the summit of a little tell. Our 2d nights encampment was at Nablous the most picturesque and delightful situation of any place I have seen in Palestine… He confirmed that the sect of Samaritans was thinning out & that it would be extinct at no distant day. The Turk taxes them with severe discrimination and like all Christian sects they are persecuted by the Moslems. There is something strange about the passing away of this sect next oldest to the Jews themselves. … Our next days ride was through Samaria to Jenin… where we encamped. … Here we heard awful tales of blood & murder that the Bedouins about Mt. Tabor were fighting with trans Jordanic tribes – that the day before 22 had been killed… Our tents were pitched within the low walls of the Greek convent and after dinner we had a visit from the Greek Bishop of Nazereth who was there on occasion of some religious festival. … He told us that news had just reached Nazareth of the breaking out of war between Austria & Prussia & of the recent killing of the sheikh of Jenin & 7 men by a party of Bedouins. Said the Bedouins on this side of the Jordan were greatly excited & threatened an outbreak… Magdala 17 May- This is on the sea of Gallilee… and was the birth place of Mary Magdalen… Our tents are pitched 1/8 mile from the lake shore close under a great hill and within a few hundred feet of the modern Arab village of Mefdel the unworthy occupant of the site of Magdalen. It covers about an acre with its 20 or 30 one story flat roofed rude & wretched stone hovels – and its inhabitants are a thievish wretched set of arabs… The Jews in Palestine are a wretched looking set and are dreadfully persecuted. Last night at safed some moslems came about our kitchen tent to talk & trade with our cook & dragoman, a Jew offered. As I was resting on my bed I saw two of the moslems knock his hat off & kick it. The Jew picked it up & without a word walked off. I ran out & ordered the wretched moslems off & not to return, and told the Jew to remain… We had made up our minds to go down the west shore of the sea cross the Jordan and make an excursion into the Hansan & around the entire sea. Over the Jordan is called dangerous ground as there is no government there than that of the nomadic Bedouins. We therefore sent to the governor of Tiberius asking a sufficient escort of soldiers to guarantee our safety & that of our luggage train. He came to our tent promised to send ten men with us to the camp of an officer at the hot spring of Hamman esh Shikh in a wady 2 hours east of the Jordan. We would there procure the necessary guard for our further journey…. We forded the Jordan ½ a mile below the lake… crossing the plain of Ghos we entered the deep wady wherein flows the Mandhur river … In 15 minutes we started and passed up the narrow valley through thistles 5 or 6 feet high… and after a severe climb of 1 ½ hours we at last stood upon the grand plateau of the Hausan which is some 2000 feet above the sea of Gallilee … It is the grazing & wandering ground of these wild savage Bedouins. We soon came upon a small encampment of them … We passed one little village called Drloosa which I have nowhere seen mentioned by any traveler (In fact I have read no travelller who had ever taken this route) It was a collection of miserable huts mostly deserted as the locusts have for two years destroyed every green thing in this part and the Bedouins have driven their herds elsewhere…. Safed 18 May Here we are to night wrapped in overcoats while last night we were 2000 ft lower in the pit of Gallilee melting… It is not an ancient city but has long been a stronghold of the Jews … The turks have taken all the casing stones away and left only the heart of rubble. Seen from a distance it is a grand ruin one of the most picturesque in all Palestine. The great earthquake of 1837 overturned the walls & destroyed the houses of the town some 5000 people were buried…. Traveling in the East is the most expensive in the world & when I get in Europe I shall spend less. Yet what I spend is well spent & I shall never regret it…" "No. 18 Damascus May 31, 1866 My dear Mother & Sister … We leave today for Baalbeck & the Cedars & shall have 10 days of hard riding through the mountains want to arrive at Beyrout in time to take the steamer (of 10 June when we shall go to Athens (Greece) & Constantinople & the probably up the Danube to Vienna en route to Paris…" "No. 20 Constantinople June 28, 1866 My dear Mother & sister, I arrived here at 10 oc this morning after having spent 12 days in a Turkish Lazaretto at the Asiatic Dardanelles 12 days is bad or worse than most prisons. … We were assured that we should meet no quarantine as on the 7th she left Alexia in Egypt & at that date not a case of cholera had been reported there, … Yet on our arrival at Smyrna on 14th we were at once put under quarantine & ordered to proceed up the straits of Dardanelles to Abydos there to go into Lazaretto (which means in Turkey the worst sort of a prison enclosure and the worst sort of treatment, food &c) … Here there were 54 rooms and into this oven 500 passengers were crammed. Each room 15 x 18 feet … ceiling 10 ft 4 windows secured by iron bars – grates & not one piece of furniture at first. We finally had beds on floor, 2 chairs a board to dine on, 2 bottles for candlesticks. The walls were smeared with filth – the floor full of fleas & vermin. The air was foetid & tainted & the authorities refused to give us chloride of lime to cleanse & disinfect. Our meals were cooked 3 miles away at a small town & sent up. They were poor & scanty but we were charged 16/- = $ 4 per day for them & beds – almost twice what is charged in some eastern hotels… I wrote to Constantinople and had a great basket full of potted meats, fruits biscuits sardines cheese, bologna sausage &c &c sent which reached me in 4 days. Besides I wrote to the American consul at Dardanelles & got apricots & pears. I had taken an old dragoman with me as far as Constantinople & here in Lazaretto he proved of great good to the party, without him we should have fared hard… The large mass of them were pilgrims returning from Jerusalem & Mecca The Christian & moslem shrines. Here were Russians, Turks, Greeks, Circassians, Albanians, Bulgarians, Arabians, Nubians, Chinese, Syrians, Austrians, Persians, French, English, Americans. Christians, Jews, Moslems, such a variety of costumes, customs and manners can not be seen even in any eastern city. There was a large number of poor Russian women who had been to Jerusalem – and were now returning to their homes upon the far off steppes of western Russia the distant borders of Siberia the great valleys of the Don & Volga, the Caucasus & northern Russia… many had not food or wherewith to buy it & we ourselves fed each day some 20 poor women with rice &c. 5 times each day a muezzin … stood out in the square and called the true believers to prayer and once each day a party of 20 odd moslems prostrated and girated in accord with the movement of a leader. We had quarrels and fights there too. There were 3 harems (or families of wives) there. One old Turk had his 7 wives and he kept them shut up close. When they came out to air themselves it was always with their mouths & faces, except eyes covered up as is usual in these Eastern lands … Constantinople is magnificent in its situation Grand in its great mosques and barracks. Its bazaars are far superior in stock and variety to those of Cairo or Damascus. There is no cholera here at all although it is just a year since today that it broke out here and ceased not its ravages until 1/20 of its population (or almost 45,000) We shall stay here a week or so & then go up the Danube to Pesth & Vienna. News came here to day of a great battle between Austrians & Italians in which the latter lost the day. Also of a report of a victory by the Austrians over the Prussians. A big war is brewing & we shall have it this summer, if it will keep a few Americans at home it will leave Switzerland less crowded with them. … I am in capital health and spend a few minutes each day in anathematizing the Turks. It is a standing disgrace to civilized Europe that the Turks are permitted to control these beautiful seas and lands – They should be swept away from Europe at once…" "No. 21 Pesth, Hungary July 12th, 1866 My dear Mother & Sister, … Danube is the Mississippi of Europe many steamers on it yet the people & country are wild. Pesth I like hugely it is a well built city of Eastern Austria & the Magyar Capital (Hungarian) … Across the river is the town of Buda and on the hill right above the river is one of the Royal Palaces of Austria… The Empress arrived on the 5th & visited the wounded Austrian soldiers 10,000 of whom are quartered about Pesth. I saw her just after my arrival, she was returning from her visit to the wounded. Her escort was simple… Yet there was no boisterous crowd, no enthusiasm simply a respectful & quiet recognition. The streets were not at all crowded, in fact you could have raced horses over its length & breadth without running over many. … You will have read ere this reaches you of the defeat of the Austrians by the Prussians on the Elbe. Great loss on the Austrian side stated at 80,000 men. It is a severe blow, nearly a 6th of there army annihilated at a single stroke – the Prussians marching on toward Vienna. The Hungarians you will recollect insurrected against Austria in 1848 – Kossuth was their leader. Now they are fighting on the Austrian side & many are volunteering. Yet Austria has so often played them false that they do not volunteer as freely as they would had not their faith & rights been tampered with. … Vienna 14 July 1866 I arrived here last night about dusk, was all day on the road from Pesth. Passed numerous trains loaded with the Imperial household treasures and numerous troops of soldiers with all the ponderous enginery of war. I shall stay here 4 or 5 days or so & then on to Paris… I have not met one American in these parts as yet…" "No. 22 Paris July 29, 1866 My dear Mother & Sister, … I spent several days in Vienna the wealthy people had mostly left and carried off their valuables the roads were blocked up with people fleeing the city to escape the anticipated attack & siege of the Prussians. On the other hand the well to do peasants were flocking in from the country north of Vienna to escape the Prussians. Every one expected each day to hear the Prussian guns and a military guard took possession of the high spire or tower of St. Stephens Cathedral the highest in Vienna where they scanned all day the northern plain the old fields of Wagram & Austerlitz to look for the approaching enemy. Great numbers of troops were in & about the city. In the Prater or public park some 30,000 were encamped while on the north bank of the Danube a very large force were occupied in building a chain of forts. The people were gloomy and trembled for the future. Yet Vienna always called so gay & dissipated had even then its light life… It was a very interesting time in Germany. The R Roads were loaded down with war material & soldiers. Great trains of locomotives & cars were being run beyond the enemies reach. The crown valuables, the Empress & her family all were sent off to Buda… After Vienna I went to Munich the capital of Bavaria a city full of works of art & artists. Bavaria has taken up the cause with Austria and there too everything looked war like. Everyone was discouraged almost agast at the fortune of Prussia. …" "No. 26 Christiania, Norway 22 Sept. '66 My dear Mother & Sister, You will see I am on the move. I arrived here 2 days ago and leave tomorrow morning to go up into the country for 3 weeks or so. I go across the country to Bergen on the Atlantic coast … The Emigration of Norwegians to America this year has been great. Estimated from 20 to 30,000 this from a nation. They leave a charming but mostly sterile land one teeming with grand history and misty romance … Ten years ago not more than one or two Americans visited Norway each year. This year some 50 have been here…" "No. 27 Christiansund, Norway Oct 8th, '66 My Dear Mother & Sister, … One posts by boat as he does by horses in the interior (prices per mile being in both cases fixed by Government Tariff) & rowed down to Utne 4 ½ hours arrived at midnight only 4 or 5 houses there one of which was an inn knocked & door was opened people turned out & in one hour had a dinner or supper of game, beer, applesauce, cake &c. It proved the best inn in Norway… As to game they actually give it to you everywhere. You don't get beef anywhere though & on the coast towns one gets fish until he is tired of them. I am very fond of little herring such as they make anchovies of. They are capital fried & here is the place for them. Sometimes as many as 10,000 barrels of herring are taken in one catch by one great net. Speaking of game I forgot to mention reindeer the great game of the country. I have eaten it several times it is not as good as beef or even red deer meat (venison) I expect to be in Trondheim tomorrow afternoon stay there a day & then post back over the country to the head of Morsen lake & over it to Christiana Will be back in about 2 weeks & then Stockholm…" "No 29 St. Petersburg, Russia Nov. 14/66 My dear Mother & Sister, I last wrote you from Stockholm on 1st Nov I left that place in steamer and crossed the gulf of Bothnia to Finland… so after three days at H[elsingfors] I took another carriage & posted 400 versts 275 English miles to St. Petersburg. This makes between 4 & 500 miles by carriage through Finland. I cannot say that Finland is an interesting country at this season … I reached the Russian frontier at midnight and had to turn out with my passport &c. The big guard who stood at the pole which prevents vehicles from crossing the line until examined was very clever & in order to prevent the trouble of unlashing my trunks as well as to escape the possible annoyance of duty upon a few things in my luggage I quietly dropped a couple of marks about (40¢) into his hand. Lightning don't flash quicker than he wheeled on his heel lifted the gate & away we rattled…. It was 3:30 when I arrived in the heart of the city. I found the first hotel full not a room & driving a mite further was fortunate to get lodgings. The marriage of the Caravalet Alexander with the Princess Dagmar of Denmark had taken place the day before… and the city was still full of strangers & visitors… St. Petersburg this is the grandest city in many respects I have ever seen … I was too late for the marriage which took place on Oct 28th Russian time or Nov 9th our time (we are 12 days ahead of Russian time) but I have seen most of the festivities since. The illumination last Sunday night was something superb & ever to be remembered. The Quay buildings on either bank of the Neva the principal street Nevski and the principal buildings everywhere were sheets of flame. I do not think I exaggerate when I say that on the great bureau building opposite the winter palace 50,000 cups of oil were placed all over the front… there were stars of flame crowns of flame. As & Ws (the initial of the bride & groom) of flame, double eagles of flame and hundreds of nondescripts of flame… I rode in a drosky down the Nevski (the Broadway) it is 150 ft wide & it was so dazzlingly bright as to hurt ones eyes. There was an endless row carriages up & an endless one down moving by fits & starts as they could. There was a moving river of people with eddies on either hand – Such a display of furs. Every man with his giant fur coat very nearly to his feet & with a collar which when put up hides the wearer. Women double wadded & looking like small balloons in their comfortable roundness & shoulder furs, fur caps & a sort of capote for the head & neck used by both sexes to keep the wind off. Yesterday a military parade – It was quite splendid although not Russia's best. Regiments of cuirassiers, of lancers, of Cossacks mounted in regiments of black, small bay & gray horses & moving in line of battle in full trot over the frozen ground. The breath from the nostrils of the lines of horses seeming to come from orderly rows of moving locomotives… shall stay for a couple of weeks or so & then to Moscow by Rail Road … I meet no Americans in North Europe I suppose I shall find oceans of them in Italy…" "No. 30 Moscow, Russia, Dec. 18, 1866 "My dear Mother & Sister, … I was in St. Petersburg over 3 weeks & arrived here on 6th. I enjoyed myself in St. P and saw it pretty thoroughly. On 3d Dec. I went to the Noblian ball the great ball of each season. It was a bewildering scene of splendor – outside the front of the building was a sheet of illumination. The ball room one of the finest in Europe. I went at 11 o'clock and in 5 minutes after we arrived the Emperor & Imperial family occupied the canopied dais erected for them on one side of the ball room. The floor was a jam of moving colors & gold lace. A colossal bouquet in motion. For almost every man was in uniform. Either military or Ambassadorial. Ladies were gorgeous & rich in costume white predominating and were loaded down with jewels, diamonds predominating. The Emperor leaving his family stepped down upon the floor the crowd broke before him while he advanced & saluted on either hand, now & then stopping an instant to take the hand of some veteran of his army or to speak with some noble woman of his court. Yet he stopped but an instant & kept a direction leading toward one corner where could be seen towering over the throng two heads one covered with a great & magnificent turban of black Astrakan about the upper portion of which was wrapped coils of pure white cashmere. The other bore an immense hat of pure white Astrakan (Somewhat similar to the bear skin hats of the Huzzars) These were Shamyl & his son Caucassians. The old man wore a long gray beard & was dressed in a loose caftan or bernous white as drifted snow. The Emperor approached freely extended his hand to the old man who shook it warmly & then both entered into a cheerful conversation which lasted 5 minutes. This Shamyl is renowned in Europe & for 30 years he fought against the Russians in his native mountains at last he surrendered & is now one of the warmest admirers of the Czar. … I did not see him extend his hand to the parvenu who he last summer ennobled for having saved him from assassination. Yet he stood in the crowd looking on. He is a man of perhaps 35 and was an apprentice to a hatter in St. Petersburg but without education & poor. Now he has an estate, an annuity, a patent of nobility, & is fast educating.Yet is he looked down upon by the nobles. I cannot understand the policy of making such a man a noble. I can that of giving him a fortune. You should have seen the coronets worn by the Grand Duchess Constantine & by Princess Dagmar the bride of Russia. I think the diamonds on the former were worth at least a couple of millions. About her neck 3 strings each stone as large as hazlenuts. Dagmar looked beautiful. She is in my eyes the prettiest princess in Europe & probably the most perfect woman of them all. Around her neck were hung in coils like cable chain strings of brilliants of the 1st water & magnitude. The Princess & some others danced or rather walked the stately Polonaise. There was little dancing every one seemd to be estimating the others. Ambassadors were numerous, the one which appeared to me the greatest object was one representing the "Phantom government" of the Mexican Imperialists. He seemed conscious of some imposition & I think will soon want a place… I like Moscow & since my arrival have scarcely had time to sleep or eat much less to write… There are scarcely any Americans in Russia save a few who live at Petersburg & Moscow engaged in business. I do not get papers here. I think they are stopped by the censor as the government is very strict about such things…" "No 31 Moscow Jany 10 '67 "My dear Mother & Sister, I am a little surprised on looking at my memoranda book to see that my last was so far back (Dec.18). But time flies so rapidly & is so thoroughly occupied that weeks seem but as days… We are having weather thoroughly winter & Russian Several days this week the thermometer stood 22 Beaumur (the French authority) equal to 18 below zero Fahrenheit… Very little walking is done. Small sleighs holding two besides the mujik or driver are very numerous & riding is cheap. You are obliged to bargain with the drivers any ride you take… Russian time is 12 days behind our time – hence to day is 29 Dec & this week is & has been one of pleasure to all Russians. Yesterday I found it impossible to get a half hours repairing to a coat. No one working and most of the common people drunk and good natured, for the Russians are a good natured people & even when two men get to pounding each other they do it on the back of the head & shoulders & never in the face like the English and Junkers… Moscow is cold for outdoor amusements … Then they have bear fights where bears are brought into a pit & dogs let in to kill them. This last amusement has not yet commenced as it is rather cold to drive into the suburbs & sit & witness such things with thermometer much below zero… The streets, the bazarrs, the 485 places of worship of which 250 are regular churches, 20 convents & 180 Government buildings all interest the traveler. At night there are theaters, ballets, masked balls, clubs &c. A new ballet called the czar's daughter was produced here 2 or 3 weeks ago. It is very beautiful both "miz en scene" & costumes and entirely unique. It is purely Russian & in it are introduced the costumes & dances of many of the tribes of Europe & Asia which in the aggregate make up the huge Russian Empire. Finnish, Polish, Bohemian, Little Russian, Cossack, Siberian, Circassian, Georgian, Perisan &c &c. The dancers are all Russian & not surpassed if equaled by any in the world. Last night was a wonder in Moscow. Especially did the mujiks & common Russians gape & stare. For the first time the streets were lighted with gas & several fine illuminations took place. The gas posts stand as yet side by side with the old oil lamps. Which are also lit I suppose because the contract for same is not yet expired. Moscow is very rich and is strange that they have so long done without gas. Since the Emancipation of the serfs 5 years ago great numbers of the nobility have been impoverished & as the ukase swept away the authority over the serfs they find broad acres of no value without labor to till them. The law here is no respector of persons unless they have money. So that it is a common thing now a days to find princes & princesses in jail for debt – for here debtors can at any time be imprisoned. I have had a nobleman clad in old clothes ask alms of me in the public streets of Moscow. Moscow is not so gay now as then for most of these nobles have no surplus means to keep up town houses in addition to their country one. The nobles bred to no vocation can do nothing and deprived of the serfs are often mere cultivated beggars, who have the recollection of latter days to make them more miserable. The merchants of Moscow are by far the richest class. Many of them are very rich 20,000,000 of roubles ($14,000,000) is the position of several. It is common to see a man standing in an open shop all day selling a few articles and yet this man be worth millions. Theft & dishonesty of every character has full sway among all classes in Russia. Talk of American defaulters of repudiators & the specie-swindlers in all its phases of the petty thefts of servants & officals in our own land It is a paradise in honesty to Russia. I firmly believe that among the merchants & nobility of Russia there is less honor & integrity than among any other first class nation or civilized people & as to the servants the workmen, not 10 out of the hundreds of thousands in Moscow & elsewhere are honest. In some factories here every workman's person is examined before he is allowed to leave the factory. Men will put tallow under their shirts (and down their throats) candles in the boots & up the sleeves, brass cuttings in their hair, & yet when caught at it deny that they know how they came there… To make complaint against a petty theif or any other entails endless trouble & expense. One man here had a nice harness stolen reported it to the police, was sent for every day for 2 months to come & identify paid out as much as the harness cost & never got it. Sometime after he had another stolen, but resolved to say nothing about it 3 or 4 days the police called & asked him if he had lost a harness. He said he had but that an effort to recover the last had cost him so uch time & money that he had resolved not to attempt the recovery of this. The officer then told him that for not entering complaint he was liable to 300 roubles fine (5 times the cost of the harness) – that he must go to headquarters & pay it. … In the courts the man who bribes most freely & heavily is always the successful man. I have been to dine this evening with two American travelers, one Appleton of Boston & Longfellow, son of the poet. They are the only travelers here that I know of. Several days ago Dr. Thompson of the N. Y. Tabernacle & his wife were here for 3 days. I shall remain until holidays are over a week or so & then return to Petersburg where I shall remain 4 or 5 days & then be off for Warsaw & Berlin. …" "No 33. St. Petersburg, January 31st '67 My dear Mother & Sister, … As to marrying riches, don't expect it unless I love the girl. I can marry rich if I like both at home & abroad, but I marry no one for that alone. I will tell you a funny thing which happened to me in Russia. A young woman proposed to marry me. She was 20, pretty, rich, good family, highly educated speaking 5 languages & very sensible in most things. I did not see it in that light however of course don't mention this to anyone for it seems so astonishing that they would think I lied. In Russia no man marries before the dowry of money, dresses &c is paid into his hands by the parents it is a matter of business. Lots of nice girls here who want husbands. … I have had a nice time in Rusia I forgot to tell you I was robbed at Moscow which with my purchases will partially account for the money I have drawn. A servant in the house or a thief from outside came into my room when I had accidentally left my purse & took from it not all but about 100$ I am however a fortunate man A friend of mine there was robbed of 800$ in same way. My traveling companion last summer lost his watch & chain & 150$ I leave for Warsaw in 2 days and thence for Berlin Dresden & in 3 weeks shall be in Italy…" "No. 39 Malaga Spain, Sunday May 26th 1867 My dear Mother & Sister, … When I left Naples May 11th I had written to Paris to Rothschild to hold my letters for further advice as I did not know just where I could order them with certainty… in course of 4 or 5 days to get them to send letters (one mail) to Madrid where I expect to be in less than 2 weeks on my way north & out of Spain. One of the last things I did at Naples was to make an expedition to Paestum (about 70 miles south of Naples on the coast) to see the ruins of 3 wonderful temples there very few people go now a days on account of scare about brigands – which is all nonsense- 2 years ago an English lord at Naples was spending a great deal of money & making a great show. He arranged to visit Paestum … The brigands then in their heyday had spies & it was decided to capture him & hold him for ransom. The day came he did not go but another young Englishman did & the brigands took him for the mylord It cost him a pile of money to get his release… The journey was one scene of peace and pleasantry and one of the most interesting in all Italy. I have a large gouache or water colour picture (of a kind peculiar to Naples) of the temples & several others views of Naples in my trunk which I sent to Paris from Marseilles. Another interesting trip was to the grotto Azzura or blue grotto on the island of Capri at the mouth of the bay of Naples. … From Naples I took steamer to Leghorn & Genoa the last place I stopped a day … The next morning I went out to draw gold (for in Spain except in one or two places one can draw any to great disadvantage) get hand books &c. About noon word came that all steamers leaving Marseilles for Spain were quarantined & that the steamer of yesterday was in for 3 days at Barcellona. I was a fortunate man & made up my mind I would go by land, mail & diligence so started at 5 next morning & riding all day & all night crossed the Spanish frontier at 3 a.m. when the customs officers hauled us out & examined baggage fortunately I travel here with a leather bag & roll of blanket & coat together, so I have no trouble. I spent 2 days in Barcellona & got off by rail again before the steamer passengers got on shore. This shows the absurdity of quarantine at times. I came from Barcellona where if there was any cholera I did not hear of it yet was equally dangerous with those who went by sea. I got into Spain no questions asked. To this point which you will see is in the south on the Mediterranean I have travelled through the mountains & country by R & diligence. Hard work & mostly by night. I arrived here 2 hours ago (10 oc. A.m.) from Grenada which place I left at 8 o. c. last night & rode all night in diligence 10 horses 3 drivers & postilion. The animals ran all the way & changed every 2 hours or so… There is a family of my acquaintance keeping house here I shall hunt them up after I write this. The Alhambra the old palace of the Moorish kings in Spain is at Grenada. I spent 2 days there and well spent they were the country is superb. The view from the Alhambra magnificent on the eastern side of a great plain (shut in on every side by mountains) upon a spur or nose of the mountain stands this superb relict of Saracenic architecture overlooking the city of Grenada on the plain beneath the Alhambra is not more than 300 ft or so above the city & plain yet commands an extraordinary landscape, back, east and far above it is the snow clad summit of the Sierra Nevada … Strange that 3 days since just after my first visit to the palace the last home of the Moorish kings previous to expulsion by the Spaniards I took up a copy of the London Times in which I saw that Maximillian had fled or perhaps met his death at the hands of the liberal soldiers in Mexico. The history of Spain is so much that of Mexico that the course of events there are watched with great interest by the Spaniards. Spanish sympathy was with French bayonets, but it will be hard to find another scapegrace to act the part of Maximillian. Mexico is a god forsaken country – you cant make anything of the Italian or Latin race … My destiny after Spain will be Switzerland I shall go direct out of Spain to the alps & then to the Exhibition…" "No. 40 Cadiz, Spain, June 16, 1867 My dear Mother & Sister, … I leave this place tomorrow for Lisbon Portugal by steamer & shall go from there to Madrid by rail. I have not had any letters since leaving Naples I have allowed them to remain at Paris … and then go out of Spain over the Pyrenees probably stopping at Biarritz the famous watering place , then to Bordeaux on my way to Geneva Switzerland (Where I suppose I shall find hosts of Americans here I find none) … I crossed to Africa from Gibraltar & visited Tangiers once more. I seemed to be in the Orient. For the moors of Morocco are as thoroughly eastern as the Arabs of the Syrian deserts. Morocco is a country almost untraveled – therefore has a great charm for me. How pleasant it was once more to call one Mohammed by name and to see a bare legged, bernoussed turbaned, dusky son of Islam enter. I have just come from Seville by far the most charming city I have seen in Spain. I spent 4 or 5 days there It ranks with Madrid in wealth and outranks it in beauty & interest…" "No. 41 Pau in Basses Pyranees, South France July 7 '67 My dear Mother & Sister, … I did not meet any Americans in Spain in fact few go there – I suppose one great reason is it is a difficult country to travel. This place is a great resort for invalids with lung complaints &c. Last winter hundreds of Americans & English here now not one. It is strange that in all my travels the only parts I have met with Americans or English in any number have been Italy or Paris. I can count on my fingers all I ever met in all other countries… This is a strange place no young lady walks the st with a young man she can go alone with her dog or with other women – but alone without a dog not. In the morning early you hear sweet music upon a shepards pipe looking out you will see a mountain goatherd & his dog driving a dozen or so black goats about from door to door & stopping to milk in every mug or pitcher that is brought forth…" "No. 42 Paris 20, July 67 My dear Mother & Sister, … You see I am once more in Paris the starting point & home of all continental travelers. I spent several days in the Pyrenees & wrote you on the 7th inst from Pau. It was very interesting to proceed from there to Bordeaux thence across the country to Geneva but I found that it would be quicker to come this way & it would give a chance to repair & replenish my wardrobe… In about 5 or 6 days I shall start for Cologne & up the Rhine. I am glad to be out of Spain where I have suffered some hard travel. Diligences & RR are tedious, hotels & food bad & I lost my trunks there & for 5 or 6 dys was without a shirt or collar not even a tooth brush…" "No. 44 Luzerne Switzerland August 29, '67 My dear Mother & Sister, … In those parts I have been I have met few people scarcely any Americans or English owing to the fact that the Engadine & Eastern Switzerland is little travelled. While the cholera scare has kept away travelers from the Italian lakes. I Have been fumigated with sulphur 4 or 5 times a day in north Italy, baggage likewise… They take you into a close room & burn sulphur keeping you in two minutes. It does no one harm nor do I believe it [wou]ld do any good as a disinfectant …I am told 19 nobles have died of it – the poor people go off like sheep. I am now out of it however so you will not fret about it. I do not have the slightest fear of it, yet I should not care to go to Rome just now had I not been there already. Here I find hosts of people Americans first English 2nd … I expect to get out of Switzerland in about 2 weeks & then for good old England & Scotland…" "No. 46 Glasgow, Scotland Oct 8 '67 My dear Mother & Sister, … I have now about concluded to return home by way of India, China & Japan to San Francisco etc. Of course this is the long way about yet it is a journey so novel & full of interest & so easily accomplished now that we have splendid steamers from San Francisco to Japan & China that I think I should make it now that I am on this side. It will occupy me 6 months or so from the time I leave Paris which should be about the 1st of December. This brings me in India in the winter the cool & healthy season & continues me around to China & Japan in the most desirable seasons. In doing this trip I shall have been around the world & shall reach New York about July next. There is no danger & traveling is there very delightful I kno

      [Bookseller: Michael Brown Rare Books, LLC]
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      Columbus, Oh, 1858. 224pp. plus six plates (including frontispiece). 12mo. Original cloth, stamped in blind, spine gilt. Cloth rubbed; corners and head and foot of spine worn. Frontispiece torn and repaired, with some loss to edge of image. Light dampstaining and foxing throughout. Plate six loose but present. Good. According to Crakes, the text is based on Dixon's notes, which were found in Santa Fe in the possession of a descendant of Castro Urego, for whom Dixon worked after his escape and until his death. At one time the highly romanticized style of the narrative led to suspicions about the authenticity of the tale, but the consensus today is that the captivity is authentic, although it probably occurred later than the ascribed date of 1806. Quite rare. The NUC locates only three copies. HOWES C850, "b." WAGNER-CAMP 299. AYER SUPPLEMENT 37. GRAFF 903. VAUGHAN 81. STREETER SALE 3065. BRAISLIN SALE 508.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Nye Eventyr og Historier. Anden Samling.

      Copenhagen, C. A. Reitzel, 1858. - 8vo. (8), 67 pp. Later half cloth. First edition. - Provenance: descendants of the Henriques family, in whose home Andersen had been a frequent visitor during the last fifteen years of his life. The house was full of life and happy days as a large circle of both Danish and foreign musicians and artists visited the salons and parties held there. The friendship with the family was established in August Bournonville's home, where the poet first heard the young, talented Therese Henriques (1833-83) playing the piano. Immediately, a warm friendship between the two was kindled, and it would last a lifetime. - Some occasional foxing. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Egypt and Palestine Photographed and Described

      1858. First Edition . (EGYPT) (HOLY LAND) FRITH, Francis. Egypt and Palestine Photographed and Described. London: James S. Virtue, [1858-1859]. Two volumes. Folio (13 by 18 inches),original full burgundy morocco gilt, elaborately gilt-decorated spines and boards, raised bands, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. $22,000.First edition of Frith’s masterful two-volume work, containing 76 vintage mounted albumen prints from wet-collodion negatives of Egyptian and Palestinian antiquities, preserving their integrity from “the corroding tooth of Time, and the ceaseless drifting of the remorseless sand.” Prints fine, most signed and numbered by Frith in the negative, in handsome original morocco-gilt bindings.Frith’s photographs of Egypt and the Holy Land, some of the earliest and most sought-after images of the Near East, established his reputation as one of the most important photographers of the 19th century. “One of the most renowned of 19th-century photobooks,” Frith’s prints in Egypt and Palestine are “justly famous… as much for their technical as for their artistic achievement” (Parr & Badger I:28). “The books of Francis Frith inaugurated the first golden age of albumen-silver photographic illustration (1860-80)… One of the most outspoken on the esthetics of photography, Frith was among the first photographers to successfully seize the opportunity of using the recently perfected glass-negative and albumen print process to establish a reputation as a master photographic book illustrator… During September, 1856 to July, 1857, he journeyed to Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, where he made full-plate and stereo negatives. Upon his return [to England] they were published under the title Egypt and Palestine Photographed and Described (1858-59), in which every photograph was faced with a page or more of descriptive text… He writes in a chatty, discursive manner, often including remarks about how he made a picture, while discussing the history of a particular monument… the photographs communicate special information ranging from the graffiti on the stones to the amorphous piles of rubble that have, by comparison, a crystalline clarity and definition” (Truthful Lens, 30-31). The crisp quality of Frith’s images is remarkable since he was forced to develop his wet-plate negatives in caves, tombs and temples to escape the heat and strong light of the desert. Subscribers List (II). Truthful Lens 61. Gift bookplate (I). Several embossed library stamps. Small shelf numbers to lower margins of contents pages.Prints exceptionally fine, lightest scattered foxing to text and mounts, slight rubbing, mild toning to boards. Volume I text block and inner hinges expertly repaired. A splendid about-fine copy, rare in this condition.

      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books]
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        Lives of the Lindsays


      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        ANTIQUITIES OF CHESHIRE IN PHOTOGRAPH, with short descriptive notes: to which are added views of several Ancient Buildings in Shropshire and North Wales.

      Chester and London: Hugh Roberts Parker Whittaker and Co 1858 - FIRST EDITION 1858. Folio, 370 x 280 mm, 14

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton P.B.F.A.]
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        Traité de la folie des femmes enceintes, des nouvelles accouchées et des nourrices et considérations médico-légales qui se rattachent à ce sujet

      Paris, J.B. Baillière, 1858. 1858, 1858, in-8, VI-394 pages, cartonnage moderne à la bradel, pièce de titre noire, couverture conservée, Première édition. Très rare. Marcé s'intéressa à la physiologie de l'écriture et à l'influence de la grossesse et de l'accouchement sur le développement des affections mentales. Dans son ouvrage, il traite plus particulièrement des troubles intellectuels pendant la grossesse, de l'influence de la grossesse sur la marche et la guérison de l'aliénation mentale, des causes de la folie des nouvelles accouchées et des nourrices. Cachet du Dr Carrier. Semelaigne, II, 137

      [Bookseller: Librairie Alain Brieux]
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        Reisen in S

      Leipzig, Costenoble 1858 - 2 B

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Tresor am Roemer]
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        The Complete Works of Kang Youwei(Chinese Edition)(Old-Used) KANG YOU WEI QUAN JI (112)

      China Renmin University Press. paperback. New. Ship out in 2 business day, And Fast shipping, Free Tracking number will be provided after the shipment.Language: Chinese. Kang Youwei (1858-1927) was a Chinese scholar. prominent political thinker and reformer of the late Qing Dynasty. He led movements to establish a constitutional monarchy and was an ardent Chinese nationalist. His ideas inspired a reformation movement that was supported by the Guangxu Emperor but loathed by Empress Dowager Cixi. This complete works contains the published and unpublished works of Kang Youwei. including letters. memorials. monographs. travel notes. and poems. ... Satisfaction guaranteed,or money back.

      [Bookseller: cninternationalseller]
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        Watercolour: Bicyclists in front of Church

      [c.1880s]. Signed lower right. 13 x 9.5 inches. Fine. Signed lower right. 13 x 9.5 inches. William T. Smedley (1858-1920) studied art and engraving at then Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, then in Paris under Jean-Paul Laurens, of the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts and Académie Julian. Today Smedley is best know for his illustrations of Twain's "The Gilded Age" (1899). In 1890 he received the Evans Prize of the American Watercolor Society.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        The Three Clerks. A novel.

      London Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street 1858 First Printings, complete in three volumes, one of only 1,000 sets. 8vo's: iv,340; iv,322; iv,334pp. Three-quarter blue morocco over French blue cloth, spines in six compartments paneled in gilt (four with central gilt ornament, two lettered directly in gilt), top edges gilt, marbled end papers. Provenance: bookplates of bibliophile Joseph Spencer Graydon to front paste downs. An excellent set, Near Fine or better (spines sunned, but gilt still bright; modest edge wear). Sadleir, Trollope, 6. NCBEL III, 882. Wolff 6796. Near Fine+ Trollope's sixth novel, written, according to the Trollope Society, "mostly in railway carriages, since his work for the Post Office [Trollope joined the London post office at age 19 and worked there in various capacities for the next 33 years] still entailed a good deal of travelling . . . The story is drawn from his memories of his work (as a clerk) at the GPO in St Martin-le-Grand, and Richard Mullen has called it the most autobiographical of Trollope's novels. The plot concerns three civil servants, Henry Norman and the cousins Alaric and Charley Tudor. They are involved with the three daughters of a clergyman's widow, Mrs Woodward. . . . The third of the clerks, . . . [t]he character of Charley Tudor, has long been claimed as an autobiographical portrait of Trollope, 'in his hobbledehoy days'. . . Trollope sent the novel to his mother in Italy, and from there it made its way to the home of Elizabeth Barrett Browning; she read it with great enjoyment, but reported in a letter that the grave illness Katie Woodward faces in the third volume of the novel 'wrung [her] to tears'. (Trollope himself always cried when he read this particular section). She concluded: 'My husband, who can seldom get a novel to hold him, has been held by this . . . what a thoroughly man's book it is!'" In fact, Trollope considered this "certainly the best novel I had yet written . . . the work has a more continued interest, and contains the first well-described love-scene that I ever wrote" (Trollope, Autobiography). N. B. With few exceptions (always identified), we only stock books in exceptional condition. All orders are packaged with care and posted promptly. Satisfaction guaranteed.

      [Bookseller: Fine Editions Ltd]
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        Vue Gènèrale de Rome prise du Mont Janicule

      1858. Bella e rara veduta panoramica di Roma presa dal monte Gianicolo. La litografia, come il disegno, è opera di C. Fichot. La veduta di Fichot compare nel Catalogue de fonds et d'assortiment dell'editore francese François Delarue, datato 1858 . Il nostro esemplare reca l'indirizzo dell'editore Lemercier. Litografia originale, finemente acquarellata, qualche piccolo strappo e qualche alone nei margini bianchi, senza interessare l'immagine, nel complesso in buono stato di conservazione. Nice large perspective view of Rome from Gianicolo, drawned and lithographed by C. Fichot. These Fichot litho is listed in the Catalogue de fonds et d'assortiment of the French editor François Delarue, dated 1858 . Our copy bears the Lemercier address. Orignal litho, finely hand-colored, some tears and soiling in the white margins, not affecting the image, otherwise in good condition. Parigi Paris 680 510

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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      NICK. CHRISTMAS. (MOORE,CLEMENT) NIGHT BEFORE CHRISTMAS; Or kriss kringle's visit by Clement C. Moore WITH OTHER CHRISTMAS POEMS. Phil.: Willis P. Hazard [1858]. Large 8vo (7" wide x 10 1/2" high), pictorial wraps, [16]p. including covers, lacks outer wrap, last leaf has 2 triangular pieces off inner edges (no loss of text), spine worn, corners rounded, some soil and chipping, G-VG. This edition is important because it marks the first use of the "Night Before Christmas" as the title which we've all come to use, as opposed to "A Visit From St. Nicholas." It is illustrated by Nick with 3 full page wood engravings plus a large engraving on the cover that isn't repeated in the text. The illustration of Santa going down the chimney is a copy by R. Roberts of Charles Ingham's drawing that was first printed in 1841 for the January issue of the New York Mirror. The remainder of the book contains 2 Christmas poems: "The Night After Christmas" which is a parody of Moore's poem, illustrated with 2 full page engravings and "Christmas and Children" illustrated with 1 large engraving. Rare.

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc.]
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        Emaux et Camées. Seconde édition augmentée

      Poulet-Malassis et de Broise, 1858. In - 12 (17,5 x 11,6 cm), (2) ff. - 230 pp. - (1) ff., demi - veau aubergine foncé, dos lisse orné de filets, tranches mouchetées (reliure d'époque). Troisième édition, en partie originale, augmentée de 9 poèmes inédits. L'Edition originale de 1852 chez Didier contenant 18 poèmes, celle de Poulet - Malassis en contient donc 27, dont la Préface (les 2 poèmes ajoutés à la seconde édition en 1853 chez Didier également, n'ont pas été repris, Les Accroche - coeurs et Les Néreides). Les 9 poèmes nouveaux sont : Odelette anacréontique, Fumée, Apollonie, L'Aveugle, Lied, Fantaisies d'hiver, La Source, L'Art, Buchers et tombeaux. Illustré d'un beau frontispice dessiné et gravé à l'eau - forte par Emile Théodore THEROND (Saint - Jean - du - Gard 1821 - ?), représentant un portrait de l'auteur en médaillon, ainsi que de bandeaux et culs - de - lampe gravés sur bois, par le même. Exemplaire enrichi d'un envoi autographe signé de Théophile Gautier au verso du frontispice : "à Maria Baubry, tendre et long souvenir ". Imprimé sur beau papier. Edition tirée à 1000 exemplaires. (frottements sur le dos, quelques rousseurs légères). / / 12o (17,5 x 11,6 cm), (2) ff. - 230 pp. - (1) ff., dark aubergine half - calf, smooth spine tooled with fillets, sprinkled edges (contemporary binding). Third edition, partly original, with 9 new poems added. The first edition, published in 1852 by Didier, containing 18 poems, this one by Poulet - Malassis contains 27 poems, including Preface (the 2 poems added to third edition, 1853, also Didier, were not printed in this third edition, "Les Accroche - coeurs" and "Les Néreides"). The 9 new poems are : Odelette anacréontique, Fumée, Apollonie, L'Aveugle, Lied, Fantaisies d'hiver, La Source, L'Art, Buchers et tombeaux. Illustrated with a nice frontispiece, drawn and etched by Emile Théodore THEROND (Saint - Jean - du - Gard 1821 - ?), depicting a medallion portrait of the author, and with wood - engraved heading bands and culs - de - lampe by the same artist. Copy enriched with a sign handwritten dedication by Théophile Gautier on frontispiece verso : "à Maria Baubry, tendre et long souvenir ". Printed on fine paper. Limited printing of 1000 copies. (rubbings on spine, some light spots).

      [Bookseller: Librairie Henri Picard & Fils]
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        SOUVENIRS D´UN MONTAGNARD (1858-1888)

      1858. Pau 1888. Imprimerie Vignancour. Tela editorial. 508 pp. 20x14. Segunda edición, aunque el autor siempre la consideró como la primera( 1878 ) ya que las excursiones son ordenadas geograficamente, empezando en Biarritz y terminando en Perpignan. Separa los Pirineos franceses de los españoles. En francés. Pequeña mancha en parte superior cubiertas.

      [Bookseller: Librería Vobiscum]
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        Paysages et chasses de Pierre-Paul Rubens

      , Charles Muquardt, Librairie Européenne, Bruxelles, 1858. In-fol. Reliure en chagrin noir, illustrée d'une grande plaquette dorée, d'après J. Wissaert Avec 36 dessins par Fourmois et j. van Severdonck in fine condition.

      [Bookseller: Erik Tonen Books]
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        American Edition. The Young Sea Officer's Sheet Anchor; or a Key to the Leading of Rigging, and to Practical Seamanship. By Darcy Lever Esq. with Additions by George W. Blunt.

      New York: E. & G.W. Blunt, 1858. Quarto, engraved title-page and 114 engraved plates, two folding; original speckled sheep. The classic and generously illustrated (a plate to every page of text) guide to practical seamanship, and particularly to rigging, here in a specially arranged American edition. The editor, George Blunt, explains that thirty-four years earlier, "his vocation then being upon the deep", he had used an English edition of Lever's Sheet Anchor. Modern changes in rigging have been included, and the new material includes Tables on Rope, Canvas, Guns, Spars, Clippers, and Forbes's New Rig. A few stains, worn.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Fine Autograph Letter Signed in full to Mrs Procter (Charles, 1812-1870, Novelist)

      1858 - (Ann Benson née Skepper, wife, 1824, of Bryan Waller Procter, 1787-1874, the poet and lawyer 'Barry Cornwall'), sending her a "thousand thanks for your kind and considerate note. I received at the same time, one from my boy in India." (Walter Landor Dickens, 1841-1863), "wherein he said he had seen your Patriarch and was going to 'Tiffin' with him next day. I wonder whether the 'Moonshee' was of the party. I wonder whether I should like to have a Moonshee. As at present advised I think not." he continues that he is "heartily glad our dear Miss Berwick has achieved so great a success. Pray congratulate her, most cordially, from me and with love to Procter and with love to yourself . affectionately yours .", 2 sides 8vo., Gad's Hill Place, Higham by Rochester, Kent, 9th July 'Miss Berwick' is the pseudonym of Adelaide Anne PROCTER (1825–1864, poet, the Procters' daughter). She published 'Legends and Lyrics' in 1858. After she died, Dickens told how her fine poems had arrived on the desk of 'Household Words' and how his office had built up an imaginary picture of 'Miss Berwick'. She had not wished to put them forward as by the daughter of her father's friend, and was only revealed after Dickens took some page-proofs with him when he went to dine with the family. Walter Dickens had gone out, aged 16, just before the Mutiny, to join the Bengal Army. The "Patriarch" may refer jokingly to the Procters' son Montagu who was in the same army. At the beginning of the Mutiny, Dickens wrote, Montagu Procter and brother officers helped a party of a child and four women (one of whom he later married) drop down a wall in Delhi and escape through the jungle to Meerut. A 'Moonshee' is a Mohammedan professor or teacher of language. (Queen Victoria's taught her Hindustani). In calling young Montagu Procter "your Patriarch", Dickens may be alluding to Mrs Procter's step-father, Basil Montagu, whose name the boy shared. Basil Montagu, (1770-1851), the friend of Wordsworth, had already children by his first two wives when he married Mrs Procter's mother in 1808. The Procters themselves married in 1824. From 1825 to 1832 they lived with him at 25 Bedford Square, where they raised their family of six and met many famous writers. By the time he died, he was indeed a 'Patriarch'. Very fine and unpublished letter by Dickens.

      [Bookseller: Sophie Dupre ABA ILAB PADA]
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        The Virginians

      Bradbury and Evans, London 1858 - Copyright date is 1858 and 1859, 2 volumes. Autograph letter, signed, by Thackeray mounted to front free endpaper. Illustrations by the author. Early half brown morocco and cloth, spines lettered in gilt. First Edition, first issue With 'actresses' on page 207, line 33, and chapters 47 & 48 misnumbered as 48 & 49. Bindings rubbed; heavily foxed; very good. No jackets. Bindings secure, a solid collectible SIGNED two volumes Size: 7¾" - 9¾" Tall [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: mclin haven books [IOBA]]
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        Légendes Flamandes. Félicien Rops

      , Michel Levy, Paris / Bruxelles Meline Cans ,1858. Bound, Relie, cloth; 13x20cm. 251pp.avec 12 eaux-fortes original. Édition illustrée de douze eaux-fortes sur chine contre collées, par Adolf Dillens, Charles de Groux, Félicien Rops, François Roffiaen, Edmond de Schampheleer, Jules van Imschoot, Otto von Thoren. préface par Èmile Deschanel. imprimerie Delevingne Bruxelles.bon etat.

      [Bookseller: Erik Tonen Books]
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