viaLibri Requires Cookies CLICK HERE TO HIDE THIS NOTICE

Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1849

        Gaza. Plate 40.

      Sketches in the Holy Land and Syria. 1849 - Lithograph. Later colour. Size: 51 x 32.5 cm. (20 x 13 inches). Fine condition. Mounted size: 74.5 x 57cm. Lithograph by Haghe, Louis.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
 1.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Histoire critique des exploits et des vicissitudes de la cavalerie pendant les guerres de la Révolution et de l'Empire, jusqu'à l'armistice du 4 juin 1813. D'après l'allemand.

      Paris, Corréard, 1848-1849, - 2 tomes en un vol. in-8, XII-241 pp. et VII-[1]-226 pp., veau glacé parme, dos orné à nerfs soulignés de pointillés et de filets dorés, filet doré d'encadrement sur les plats, coupes guillochées à la hauteur des coins, roulette intérieure, tranches peignées (Tripier-Bradel).Ouvrage estimé et devenu rare. C'est une compilation, mais faite avec intelligence et provenant en grande partie de sources allemandes. Elle permet donc d'étudier l'histoire de la cavalerie pendant cette époque mémorable d'après les récits de nos adversaires (Menessier). De la bibliothèque du vicomte de Bourbon-Busset (ex-libris). Bon exemplaire (dos passé, rousseurs, plus soutenues sur certaines pages). Mennessier de La Lance, II, 590. Pohler, III, 662.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Historique F. Teissèdre]
 2.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Pétition adressée à l'Assemblée Nationale législative, pour demander le rétablissement de l'emploi de conservateur du Cabinet des médailles et antiques de la Bibliothèque Nationale, supprimé par arrêté de M. Carnot, du 1er mars 1848.

      Paris, Firmin Didot frères 1849 - in-8, 13 pp., demi-veau vert, dos lisse orné de filets dorés, tranches mouchetées (reliure de l'époque). Dos insolé, rousseurs. Rare. Avec les opuscules réunis (cf. infra), la plaquette documente un épisode qui compromit gravement la carrière de Désiré Raoul-Rochette (1790-1854), alors conservateur des médailles et pierres gravées du Cabinet des Médailles de la Bibliothèque royale depuis la mort d'Aubin-Louis Millin (1818). Laissant à Mionnet, premier employé du Cabinet, le soin des travaux scientifiques, il ne s'intéressa qu'aux acquisitions et se consacra surtout à la chaire d'archéologie de la Bibliothèque. Tout se passa à peu près normalement jusqu'à ce que deux affaires viennent entacher sa réputation : celle du trésor de Berthouville et celle du grand vol de 1831. Dans la première affaire, devançant Charles Lenormant qui intervenait pour le Louvre, il agit avec Rollin, marchand de médailles et d'antiquités au Palais-Royal, un des principaux partenaires du Cabinet, confondant les intérêts du marchand et ceux de son département, sans certainement en retirer un profit personnel. L'opinion publique le rendit cependant responsable du vol de 1831 qui fut un vrai désastre pour le Cabinet. Ces affaires portèrent un coup fatal à son ascension. Candidat à deux reprises à la direction de la Bibliothèque, en 1838, et en 1839, il lui fut à chaque fois préféré Jomard. De plus, en 1832 avaient été créés deux postes nouveaux au Cabinet, celui de second conservateur et celui de second conservateur-adjoint auxquels furent nommés respectivement Letronne et Lenormant. De 1832 à 1848, Letronne s'employa à le déconsidérer. Raoul- Rochette fut victime de la chute de Louis-Philippe en 1848. Il fut révoqué par Carnot, ministre de l'instruction publique du nouveau gouvernement, mais conserva toutefois sa chaire d'archéologie à la Bibliothèque. En dépit de ses protestations, il ne revint jamais au Cabinet. Reliées à la suite les autres pièces de la polémique : I. CARNOT (Hippolyte) : Réponse à M. Raoul-Rochette, suivie du rapport d'une commission d'enquête instituée en 1848 par le ministre de l'Instruction publique pour examiner la conduite de M. Raoul-Rochette dan l'acquisition des vases de Bernay. Paris, Imprimerie de L. Martinet, 1850, 40 pp. - II. RAOUL-ROCHETTE : Lettre à M. Carnot, sur sa Réponse à M. Raoul-Rochette, insérée dans la Liberté de penser, revue philosophique et littéraire, tome V (.). Paris, Firmin Didot frères, 1850, 30 pp. -III. RAOUL-ROCHETTE : Post-scriptum à ma Lettre à M. Carnot. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1850, 36 pp. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie Historique F. Teissèdre]
 3.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Map of the State Of New York with Parts of the Adjacent Country¿

      New York 1849 - Expertly conserved & re-mounted on new linen with original wooden rollers; attractive original color, slightly refreshed; some losses along top but with very little printed surface affected, usual cracking & toning but fully stabilized, else excellent. Rare. A very well preserved and attractive example of the revised edition of Burr¿s monumental, 1829 wall map of New York State. The present edition particularly highlights twenty years of the state¿s development following the completion of the Erie Canal. This is most evident in the addition of fourteen plans of the state¿s key cities and towns, virtually all of which owed their population growth to the influence of the Canal. In addition to a very large inset of Manhattan, there are plans of Rochester, Albany, Schenectady, Troy, Ithaca, Poughkeepsie, Buffalo, Syracuse, Oswego, Hudson, Utica, Auburn and Lockport. The Canal is also celebrated in the fine vignette of Little Falls below the title, in which a horse-drawn canal boat can be seen in the distance with a rugged, craggy scene with fishermen in the foreground. Much in the way of transportation infrastructure, including numerous rail lines, has also been added to the present edition. Railroads can be seen spanning the length of the state and reaching as far north as Hamilton and Washington counties. The map also shows roads, rivers, canals, and topography as well as the locations of industries, churches, and other structures. The extremely rare, first edition of this map provided the first major revision of the cartography of New York State since the Simeon De Witt map of 1802 and was the first significant map of the state produced after the completion of the Erie Canal. J. H. Colton acquired the copyright and first published an edition in 1834; it was one of the first wall maps published by Colton. The New York State Library notes other editions of 1844, 1850, and 1853 but not this one of 1849¿see the online reference below. Rumsey holds an 1856 edition in addition to the 1834. However, on the antiquarian map market, all editions are rare, with only two examples reported in map dealer catalogues in the last 25 years. cf Ristow, W. American Maps & Mapmakers, pp. 103-106; not in Phillips; cf.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc]
 4.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Principles of Political Economy, with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy

      London: John W. Parker, 1849.. Second edition. Two volumes. xvi, 611, (1); xvi, 552 pp. Contemporary half calf over marbled boards, spines with raised bands, renewed twin red and green gilt lettered labels, the armorial bookplates of the financier Frederick Henry Norman to the front pastedowns. Neat repairs to the joints and other extremities with some darkening to the leather, a very good set overall. First published the previous year.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop]
 5.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        ENTEN - ELLER. ET LIVS=FRAGMENT, UDGIVET AF VICTORIA EREMITA [EITHER/OR. A FRAGMENT OF LIFE. BY VICTORIA EREMITA]

      Copenhagen: Reitzel Forlag, 1849.. Two volumes bound in one. xiv,[2],320;[4],250pp. Large octavo. Contemporary three-quarter morocco and marbled boards. Bound without first half-title, spine a bit sunned, boards and fore-tips a bit rubbed, early ink name, else a very good, crisp, clean copy. Second edition of Kierkegaard's first major philosophical work. The first edition appeared in 1843, published at his own expense in an edition consisting of only 525 copies. HIMMELSTRUP 21. PRINTING & THE MIND OF MAN 314.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
 6.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        CALIFORNIA AND ITS GOLD REGIONS; WITH A GEOGRAPHICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL VIEW OF THE COUNTRY, ITS MINERAL AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES...WITH A MAP OF THE U. STATES AND CALIFORNIA

      New York: Stringer and Townsend, 1849.. 144p. plus frontispiece engraving and large folding frontispiece map. Modern three-quarter polished calf and marbled boards, raised bands, gilt morocco label. Very minor foxing, early tear in inner margin of map, professionally repaired. Near fine. According to Wheat, "One of the best of the early books on California printed for gold seekers." Robinson, who had produced a book on the Mexican War shortly before, drew on both official and unofficial sources for this book. Kurutz calls this work "a fine anthology of several of the earliest reports of the gold discovery, conditions in California, history of the region, and ways to reach the diggings...The excellent map is important for delineating the various sea and overland routes to California." The gold region is tinted yellow on the map, as well as on the inset "Map of the Gold Region," and the overland routes our drawn in blue. Among the sources drawn on are reports by Mason, Fremont, Larkin, Emory, and Kearny; and newspaper accounts. Robinson discusses several routes to California, recommending the northern Overland Trail as the best. Howes, Kurutz, and Sabin note two issues, of 137 and 144 pages, of which this is the latter, printed with an appendix on pages 125- 144. This copy also includes the frontispiece view of San Francisco which Howes notes is "sometimes found, inserted, but was not issued with the book." HOWES R366, "b." WHEAT GOLD RUSH 168. WHEAT GOLD REGIONS 70. WHEAT TRANSMISSISSIPPI 591. GRAFF 3527. COWAN, p.537. KURUTZ 539a. SABIN 72070.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
 7.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A MAN MADE OF MONEY (First Edition in Original Publisher's Cloth)

      London: Punch, 1849. Jerrold, Douglas. A MAN MADE OF MONEY. London: Punch Office, 1849. Twelve illustrations by John Leech. First Book Edition. A Very Good copy (for this title, almost as good as it gets) in original publisher's brown cloth, gilt, with its compelling design of a one-pound bank note on the upper cover. The binding is rubbed in a few places, the spine is a trifle scuffed at the bottom, there is a small circular stain on the lower cover, inner hinges just starting to crack, but firm and bright copies in original cloth like this are rarely seen. Jerrold (1803-1857) was a noted author, playwright, journalist, satirist, and dear, longtime friend of Charles Dickens. A MAN MADE OF MONEY was the third of his four novels and possibly his best. It has supernatural elements embedded in a domestic tale; everything in the protagonist's world seems normal save for the fact he can pull money out of his chest. This wish-fulfillment fantasy with its moral low-ground may rate as Jerrold's most appealing satirical tale. While generally forgotten today, Jerrold at one time was part of the comic literary royalty of his time, the equal of the other two members: Dickens and Thackeray. When Jerrold dies in 1857, Dickens and Thackeray were both pall bearers for the writer often described as "the wittiest man in London." An uncommon opportunity for the collector of Victorian Literature.. First Edition. Decorative Cloth. Very Good. Illus. by John Leech.

      [Bookseller: Lakin & Marley Rare Books]
 8.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Recherches sur l’histoire politique et littéraire de l’Espagne pendant le Moyen-âge.

      Ed. Leyde, E.J. Brill 1849 - Tome I (1 seul volume paru). 1 Vol. Grand In-8° de XII & 711 pp. Demi-chagrin bleu, plat marbré, dos à nerfs, pièce de titre. (Reliure soignée), première Ed. Lettre à M. Reinaud et Défremery, servant de préface. Recherche sur les Todjibides d’Aragon, les Benou-Hashim, rois de Saragosse, et les Benou-çomadih, rois d’Almérie – Quelques remarques sur l’histoire de Murcie pendant la première moitié du cinquième siècle de l’Hégire – Varia – Examen de l’ouvrage de M. Hoogvliet, sur l’histoire des Aftacides et sur la vie du poète Ibn-Abdoun (premier article). -Les historiens arabes et les numismates européens. Un relieur maladroit et les historiens de l’Espagne.- Notice sur les Becrites, seigneurs d’Huelva et de Djezireh Schaltisch, et sur la vie et les ouvrages du célèbre géographe Abou-Obaid Al-Becri.- Histoire de Valence depuis 1061 jusqu’à 1084. – Le Cid. Textes et résultats nouveaux. – Additions et corrections. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: CollectionOrientales]
 9.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Storia della Repubblica di Venezia scritta da Leone Galibert autore dell'Algeria antica e moderna.

      Bertocci Editore, Prato e Genova 1849 - 2 volumi in uno in 8°; legatura coeva in mezza pelle testa di moro; piatti marmorizzati. Titolo, autore e filettature dorate al dorso, i tre tagli sono marmorizzati. Pagine (2), 502, (2); 360 Doppio frontespizio con vignetta ispirata a Venezia. Storia di Venezia dalle invasioni barbariche al dominio austriaco. Notevole apparato iconografico costituito da 34 Tavole protette dalle veline e tra le quali si segnalano n. 28 Tavole con coloritura coeva a gouache, dedicate ai costumi di Venezia, e 6 Tavole costituite da fini acciai degli episodi storici e dei luoghi più caratteristici di Venezia. In coda troviamo la Lista cronologica dei Dogi della Repubblica di Venezia e La Biografia degli uomini più illustri di Venezia principalmente nelle Scienze e Lettere per servire di corredo alla Storia di Leone Galibert. Rara prima tiratura della prima edizione dalla legatura di pregio, rarissime fioriture nel testo. Opera allo stato di ottimo

      [Bookseller: Libri Antichi e Rari di A. Castiglioni]
 10.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Pendennis

      1849 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. A lovely library set of Thackeray in a great binding. William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863),English novelist best known for writing satirical novels such as Vanity Fair. During the Victorian era he was second only to Dickens in popularity. The History of Henry Esmond tells the story of the eponymous hero, his participation in the unsuccessful campaign of the Old Pretender, and his eventual marriage to his cousin and foster-mother, Rachel, Lady Castlewood. They emigrate to Virginia and Thackeray's novel, The Virginians continues the story of the family but from the point of view of Henry's grandsons, George and Henry. The History of Pendennis concerns the romantic entanglements of Arthur Pendennis or Pen, his foster sister Laura and various other acquaintances. Pen is also the narrator of two later novels, The Newcomes and The Adventures of Philip. Please note that this collection of Thackeray's work contains the following: Henry Esmond (two volumes, complete), The Adventures of Philip (two volumes, complete), The Four Geroges (one volume, complete), The Humourists (one volume, complete), Pendennis (volumes one and three only), The Newcomes (volume four only), The Virginians (volumes three and four only). These volumes were previously owned by Robert Lindsay, and contain his bookplate. Ronald Lindsay served as British Ambassador to the United States of America 1929-39. Condition: The bindings aretight and firm with the boards and all internal pages securely attached. There is some mild wear to the extremities including some rubbing,and some marks to the boards. Internally the pages are generally clean and bright withthe oddbrown spotorhandling mark. There is a bookplate on the front pastedown of each volume (asdescribed above). The overallcondition of these volumesis very good indeed..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 11.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        ENGLISH BOTANY OR COLOURED FIGURES OF BRITISH PLANTS

      1849 - 1849. Fair condition with no wrapper. Three-quarter black leather binding. 94 hand-coloured plates. Volume XVI. Front board detached. Two thrids of backstrip missing, corners worn. Pencil annotation througout. Rear board almost detached. Some damp cricking of pages and a couple of light damp marks to pages. All plates present. [S] [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Stella & Rose's Books, PBFA]
 12.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon. Ikonographische Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste. Dritte Abtheilung: Geschichte und Völkerkunde [ohne Tafeln],

      Brockhaus Leipzig 1849 - 68 Seiten Brockhaus Verlag 1849, Dreiviertelleder-Ausgabe, 68 Seiten, Buchrücken und Buchecken in braunem Leder, Buchrücken mit sehr schönem Goldprägedruck mit rotem Leder unterlegt, Buchschnitt (Rundum-Gründschnitt) in sehr gutem Zustand, Seiten innen hell aber gebrauchs-/altersfleckig, Cover: braunmarmorierter Pappband abgegriffen, Ecken und Kanten bestoßen, für sein Alter - über 150 Jahre alt - in noch recht gutem Zustand, ohne Tafeln (intern. 25M/antiquarisch/braun rot braun/Leder/-3) Sprache: de Gewicht in Gramm: 280

      [Bookseller: Lydia & Hubert Lohmaier GbR]
 13.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Nouveau Manuel Complet de Facteur D'Orgues. Atlas. [Encyclopedie-Roret].

      Paris. A la Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret. [1849]. - folio, 31cm, title-page vignette, 43 engraved plates (primarily double-page) consisting of 972 detailed diagrams / figures, cloth backed marbled boards, gilt spine title, some board & spine wear, contents fine. Titles in French.(cgc) A plate book to accompany a French manual on organ making. With nearly one thousand engravings showing all aspects of the organ. Several very intricate illustrations were engraved by Moisy. A very valuable and scarce guide to nineteenth century organ construction. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Patrick McGahern Books, Inc. (ABAC)]
 14.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        RECUEIL GENERAL DES LOIS ET DES ARRETS, 19 VOL. (1831-1849) + JURISPRUDENCE DU XIXe SIECLE, OU TABLE DECENNALE (1 VOL.) & TABLE TRICENNALE (1 VOL.) DU RECUEIL GENERAL DES LOIS ET DES ARRETS, DE 1831 A 1840

      Recueil Général des Lois et des Arrêts 1849 - RO40091405: 21 volumes grand format (In-4) d'env. 800-1000 pages chacun. Texte sur 2 colonnes. Papier et étiquettes annotées, collés sur les dos. Plats généralement abîmés, avec manques. Quelques pages abîmées, avec manques, altérant la lecture (Table décennale). Recueils généraux, avec notes et commentaires, présentant sur chaque question le résumé de la jurisprudence et la doctrine des auteurs. Fondé par J.-B. Sirey. Rédigé depuis 1831 par L.-M. Devilleneuve et A.-A. Carette. 2e série. Tables décennale et tricénnale présentant sur toutes les matières du droit (non codifiées). des résumés chronologiques de la législation et un parallèle de la jurisprudence et de la doctrine des auteurs. In-4 Broché. Etat d'usage. Plats abîmés. Dos fané. Quelques rousseurs Classification Dewey : 340-Droit [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: le-livre]
 15.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Viaggi di Gulliver

      Paulin et le Chevalier, Parigi 1849 - in 8° - pp.XXXVIII + 328 - Mezza pelle con titolo in oro al dorso - Edizione illustrata da 400 intagli - Lievi fioriture - Lungo taglio netto a pag 78 ma senza perdita di testo - Libro usato [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antica Libreria Srl]
 16.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Excursions in Southern Africa 2 Vols

      359+456 pp with plates and text illustrations Re-bound in half-calf with marbled paper-covered boards. Vol 1 has frontis. ISBN or SBN Number: n/a. William Shoberl 1849 & 1850 (different impressions), A history of the Cape Colony up to and including the War of the Axe 1846-8 in which the author was supernumerary officer in charge of irregulars and of which he relates his personal experiences in volume 2. The book contains an expose of misgovernment at the Cape by the incumbent governor and this made publication of the work very difficult. An uncommon work. All books are shipped from South Africa. We will email with price quote for shipping.

      [Bookseller: Africana Books]
 17.   Check availability:     TomFolio     Link/Print  


        Grand Panorama of London from the Thames. Extending from the New Houses of Parliament to Greenwich Hospital. . Eighteen-Feet in Length

      Charles, Evans, & I. Whitelaw, Sold By Simpkin, Marshall, London 1849 - An 18 foot long engraving with 5 joins, printed one-side, folded zig-zag fashion (accordion pleat) to 14.5 cm x 16.5 cm, mounted within brown cloth boards decorated in blind and gilt, front pastedown is red lettered title-page. Conservational repairs to a few map folds and edges, some stains and soiling, previous owner's signature to front pastedown, covers lightly soiled and faded, otherwise a quite good copy of this scarce view book. The view extends from Westminster downstream to Greenwich Reach, across the river and up the south bank to Deptford with text references in the lower margin. This is an extended version of the original twelve foot version published in 1845. Size: 12 Mo. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Contact Editions, ABAC, ILAB]
 18.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Armorial genevois. Essai historique sur les armoiries, les sceaux, les milices et les sociétés militaires, les uniformes et les bannières, les médailles et les monnaies de Genève, depuis l'époque la plus ancienne jusqu'à nos jours

      Chez Les principaux libraires et chez l'Auteur, Plainpalais, 386, Genève 1849 - Agréable reliure demi-cuir prune et toile prune, dos à quatre nerfs avec inscription dorée - (xii), 368 pp., 42 pp. (explications des planches), + 46 planches, y compris le frontispice. Quelques rousseurs éparses, notamment sur les premières pages, sinon très bel état. Six planches, ainsi que le frontispice sont coloriés à la main. Très bel exemplaire.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Poids Plume]
 19.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Constitution of the State of California

      Printed at the Office of the Alta California, San Francisco 1849 - Stitched, later red cloth four fold chemise, all within a red morocco-backed cloth slipcase, titled in gilt on the spine Provenance: Henry Lafayette Dodge (1810-1856, inscription dated 1850, U.S. Indian Agent in New Mexico, killed by Apache) The rare first separate printing of California's first Constitution: this is one of the most important and difficult to obtain state Constitutions, and includes the very rare three-page "Address" found in only a few copies. "The first appearance of the Constitution in book form and one of the earliest works printed in San Francisco" (Cowan). This copy contains the very rare final signature of leaves issued only with some copies, which comprise a three-page "Address to the People of California" (pages 17-19). The Eberstadts describe these last three pages as lacking from most copies, and it appears that many copies of the constitution were distributed before the "Address" had been printed. Section 18 of Article I (the "Declaration of Rights") bans slavery. "The text was a model of advanced, liberal, and democratic social and political thought" (Howell). California became a state in 1850. AII (California) 89; Cowan, p.140; Eberstadt 112:63a; Fahey 127; Graff 539; Greenwood 124; Howell 50:46; Jones 245; Libros Californianos (Wagner & Bliss lists); Streeter Sale 2553; Sabin 9998; Wagner California Imprints 37. (9 3/4 x 6 1/4 inches). Uncut. 19pp. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
 20.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Nouvelle Encyclopédie Monétaire D'or et D'argent En Circulation Chez Les Divers Peuples Du Monde.

      Chez L'auteur, Paris 1849 - Petit in folio, demi reliure de chagrin vert, dos à nerfs ornéXV - 218 pages, table des matières, 198 planches. Bel exemplaire. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: La Basse Fontaine]
 21.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        The Modern Housewife or Menagere, Comprising Nearly One Thousand Receipts for the Economic and Judicious Preparation of Every Meal of the Day, and Those for the Nursery and Sick Room; with Minute Directions for Family Management in All Its Branches

      Simpkin, Marshall, & Co., London 1849 - FINEST COPY EXTANT (?) Second edition (so stated). Octavo. Original gilt and blind stamped green cloth, pictorial spine with stag head seated woman with trout; yellow coated endpapers. Small ticket of book binder Josiah Westley, London. Few small spots to cloth, but an exceptionally tight, clean, fresh copy. Frontispiece portrait and illustrated title page; a few small vignettes in text. No dust jacket. Very good. 441 pages + 14 pages of ads. Printed by Savill and Edwards, 4 Chandos Street, Covent Garden. Cagle 1004. Oxford page 180. Bitting page 443. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Houle Rare Books/Autographs/ABAA/PADA]
 22.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Bentley's Miscellany (March, April, May, 1839) [Bound with] Edmond Dantes and Ellen Wareham

      (Bentley; Noble; Peterson), (London; Louisville;Philadelphia) 1849 - Sammelband. Three distinct works bound in one volume. 23.5 cm. 1. Bentley's Miscellany. (Three issues: March, April, May, 1839; pp. 219-562.) With eight etched plates by George Cruikshank. 2. Edmond Dantes. A sequel to the Count of Monte-Cristo. [by Edmund Flagg] (Louisville, KY: George W. Noble, 1849. 203 pp.) With two wood-engraved frontispiece plates by F.J. Pilliner. 3. Ellen Wareham [or, Love and Duty, by Miss Ellen Pickering [i.e. Arabella Jane Sullivan]. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson (no date); pp. [9]-116, [2]. Lacks the title page, with 2 pages of advertisements at the back. In red half morocco and marbled paper boards, morocco spine label, all edges specked. Good or better with moderate scattered foxing to the text pages. "Ellen Wareham" lacks the title page, and has one circular dampstain to the upper half of the first eight leaves, with a small tear to the first leaf; else all three works are very good and complete. Bentley's features two installments of "Oliver Twist," its first printed appearance, illustrated with two plates by Cruikshank; and the first three installments of "Jack Sheppard" by Ainsworth, with six plates by Cruikshank. Bound in after Bentley's three numbers are two scarce American imprints: the true first American edition of "Edmond Dantes," published in Kentucky, and the first American edition of "Ellen Wareham," published in Philadelphia. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers-Rare Books, Inc. ABAA]
 23.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Philip van Artevelde: A Dramatic Romance. In Two Parts

      London - Edward Moxon, 1849 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. A tragic play which commemorates the life of this fourteenth centuryFlemish patriot. Fifth Edition. With a bookbinder's stamp for Budden to the verso of the front free-endpaper. Complete in two parts. Condition: In a full calf binding. Externally, rubbed, with lossto top of spine. Front joint starting. Hinges failed. Internally, the textblock is generally firmly bound, although the front free-endpaper, front blank andhalf-title are detached but present. Page 307, the rear blank, andrear free-endpaper remain attached to the rear board. Occasional light foxing prominent to first and last few pages, with occasional marks. Private ink ownership stamp from Trinity College to verso of front free-endpaper. Overall: GOOD ONLY..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 24.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        TEATRO DE LA GUERRA: CABRERA, LOS MONTEMOLINISTAS Y REPUBLICANOS EN CATALUÑA. (2 tomos). Crónicas de nuestros días. Redactada por un testigo ocular de los acontecimientos.

      Madrid: Imprenta de D. B. González, 1849. - 4to. Tomo 1º. XIV 395 pp. 119 pp. 2 h. Tomo 2º. 255 pp. 95 pp. 2 h. En el tomo 1º vistas de Manresa, Olot, Solsona, Falcet, Urgel, Berga, y retratos y biografías de Van-Halen, Llauder, Urbiztondo, barón de Méer, Linage. En el tomo 2º vistas de Lérida, Vich, Ripoll, Acción del Pasteral, Calaf. Retratos y biografías de Montemolín, Cabrera, Pavía, Ameller, Baldrich, y Concha. Encuadernación en holandesa piel de época. Buen estado. Palau 328634, no vió esta obra. Recibió sólo una información parcial de D. Manuel Piorno de Valladolid.

      [Bookseller: Librería Antonio Castro-Sevilla]
 25.   Check availability:     IberLibro     Link/Print  


        British Moths and their Transformations.

      1849. 1849 - 2 volumes 4to bound in 1, later cloth. 85 hand-coloured lithographic plates (of 124, missing some text at beginning Volume 2 and final plates), each showing a selection of moths around a flowering plant, some including caterpillars. A little very light and occasional foxing to a couple of leaves, otherwise plates are well coloured and in nice condition. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Nicholas Goodyer ABA ILAB]
 26.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        The Life And Voyages Of Christopher Columbus; Together With The Voyages Of His Companions

      John Murray 1849 - VGC.Three volume set.John Murray,1849.A New and Revised Edition.Brown hardbacks(gilt lettering to the spine, some dents,ink marks and nicks on the covers and spines,small tear and mark on the edges of the spine for vol III) in VGC, no Dj cover.Illustrated with 2 large b/w folded maps inside the back covers for vol I and II.Ex-monastic library set with a stamp on the front endpaper,library sticker inside the front cover,library shelf number on the spines.Nice and clean pages with some ink marks,aged and slightly tainted on the outer edges,some foxing marks,creases,nicks and ink marks on the edges of the pages,previous owner name and small inscription written inside the edges of the front covers for all three volumes,foxing marks inside the last blank pages of the books.The books are in VGC for its age with some shelf wear.1438pp including Preface,index and 16 pages with books published during the present season(1849).A collectable 3 volume set.Heavy books. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Alpha 2 Omega Books BA]
 27.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Impresiones de un Viage de Mexico a Washington en Octubre y Noviembre de 1848

      Impr. de W.G. Stewart, Nueva-York 1849 - First edition. Printed orange glazed wrappers. 54pp. Wrappers oxidized, small nicks and tears, a very good copy. Rosa was an advocate for peace after the Mexican-American War, and as the Mexican Minister for Relations, helped to insure that Mexico would abide by the Treaty of Guadalupe. *Sabin* 39065. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers-Rare Books, Inc. ABAA]
 28.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Bound Volume of 10 tracts on Colonial Subjects

      1849-1855, London 1849 - 10 tracts in contemporary half calf binding. Leather rubbed and shaved at edges of spine and at corners of boards. Spine title: "Pamphlets 7". Owner's signature "Wodehouse". Page dimensions: 208 x 133mm. Contents: 1. "Speech of the Hon. Joseph Howe on the Union of the North American Provinces and on the Right of British Colonists to Representation in the Imperial Parliament, and to Participation in the Public Employments and Distinctions of the Empire". London: James Ridgway, 1855. 63 pages. 2. "The Colonial Empire of Great Britain, especially in its Religious Aspect" by Lord Lyttelton. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. (1849). 44 pages. 3. "Catalogue of Contributions transmitted from British Guiana to the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855". Georgetown: printed at the Royal Gazette Office, 1855. xl, 56 pages + 2 folding maps (1 with colour) + 1 folding diagram. 4. "Some Reflections on the Speech of the Rt. Hon. Lord John Russell on Colonial Policy" by C. B. Adderley. London: John W. Parker, 1850. 30 pages. 5. "Transportation Not Necessary" by C. B. Adderley. London: John W. Parker, 1851. 74 pages + 6 pages advertisements. 6. "The Supremacy of Great Britain not inconsistent with Self-Government for the Colonies" by Henry Thring. London: John W. Parker, 1851. 64 pages. 7. "Statement of the Present Cape Case. Addressed to the Society for Reform of Colonial Government" by C. B. Adderley. London: John W. Parker, 1851. [iv], 36 pages. 8. "Memoranda towards a history of the earlier Colonial Administration of Great Britain" by Samuel Lucas. London: Savill & Edwards, 1851. 16 pages. 9. "The Speech of the Right Hon. Lord John Russell in the House of Commons, Feb. 8, 1850, on Colonial Policy, with a view to Promote the General Wealth and Population of the Colonies and their Capacity for Self-Government." London: James Ridgway, 1850. iv, 68 pages. 10. "Colonial Surveying with a view to the Disposal of Waste Land: In a Report to the New Zealand Company" by Felix Wakefield. London: John W. Parker, 1849. v, [1], 89, [1] pages. ; 8vo [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Renaissance Books]
 29.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Manuscript medical daybook / ledger.

      1849-62, Northumberland County, PA 1849 - Robin, Joseph Craven (1806-93). Manuscript medical daybook / ledger. Approx. 260pp., 19 or 20 pages pasted with clippings (primarily poetry). Northumberland County, PA, 1849-62. 328 x 203 mm. Original reverse calf stamped in black, worn. A few leaves in front loose, light toning and spotting, but a very good example.Medical ledger and daybook of Dr. Joseph Craven Robin, the first physician to locate and practice in Elysburg, Pennsylvania. "He first read medicine with his brother William at Sunbury, completing his professional preparation at the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1828 began practice at Sunbury. The following year he removed to Elysburg, at which point he was the first physician to locate permanently, and he was in active practice there for forty-two years, his field covering all the eastern part of Northumberland County and the adjoining portions of Montour, Columbia and Schuylkill counties. He was of the old 'saddle-bag' doctors, and in spite of the hardships of a physician's life in his day survived all his fellow practitioners who were in practice at the time his career began, living to the advanced age of eighty-seven years. He retired from active professional labors about 1870" (Floyd's Northumberland County Genealogy).

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience]
 30.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        ANAESTHESIA, OR THE EMPLOYMENT OF CHLOROFORM AND ETHER IN SURGERY, MIDWIFERY, ETC

      Lindsay and Blakiston, Philadelphia 1849 - This well-preserved binding shows only minor corner wear with some slight fraying at the spine extremities. Foxing noted throughout, usually quite modest, heavier on the preliminaries and title-page. Text is crisp and clean. This is a very important treatise on anaesthesia, divided into four parts. The first part deals with anaesthesia in surgery, the second with anaesthesia in midwifery, the third with the nature and power of various anaesthetic agents, and the fourth with local anaesthesia. The author was a professor at Edinburgh University. He was the first physician to use chloroform in obstetrics rather than the commonly used ether which was more irritating to mother and baby. 248pp. See G-M 5657 , Norman 1946, and Osler Bibliotheca 1366 for citations. Penny postcard laid-in with listings of surgical instruments from the J.N. Scott Company in Kansas City. Octavo [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Glenn Books, ABAA, ILAB]
 31.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        HISTOOIRE NATURELLE DES QUINQUINAS

      1849 - WEDDELL, Hugh Algernon. HISTOIRE NATURELLE DES QUINQUINAS, ou Monographie du Genre Chinchona, suivie d'une Description du Genre Cascarella et de quelques autres Plantes de la meme Tribu. Ouvrage accompagnee de 21 Planches dessinees par Riocreux et de Steinheil. Paris: Victor Masson, 1849. First edition of Weddell's major work. Illustrated with a frontispiece etching of a South American landscape, thirty botanical plates and a map of the Andes. Large folio. 19x14 in. viii, [3] ff., 108 pp. + XXX ff. + [1] f. Weddell travelled for five years in Peru, Paraguay and Bolivia, identifying fifteen different species of "fever-bark," from which quinine is obtained. He brought back specimens for the Jardin des Plantes, from which chinchona forests were established in the East Indies. The map and the last three plates, which illustrate bark specimens, are beautifully hand-colored. In original printed wrappers, reinforced, repaired, and rebacked. Corners of the first vii pages chipped and dog- eared, not affecting printed area. Small chips to endleaves. Neat owner's signature on title. A very good copy of an important book. (Pritzel 10042; Nissen 2123). [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Boston Book Company, inc.o ABAA]
 32.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        A TREATISE IN THE DISEASES AND SURGICAL OPERATIONS OF THE MOUTH

      1849 - JOURDAIN, M. A TREATISE IN THE DISEASES AND SURGICAL OPERATIONS OF THE MOUTH, AND PARTS ADJACENT: WITH NOTES OF INTERESTING CASES, ANCIENT AND MODERN. 2 VOLUMES. Baltimore: American Society of Dental Surgeons, 1849. 233 + 7-8, pp. 237-410, complete. Together with: BOND, Thos. E. A PRACTICAL TREATISE ON DENTAL MEDICINE, BEING A COMPENDIUM OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, AS CONNECTED WITH THE STUDY OF DENTAL SURGERY. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1851. 307 pp. 8vo., half black morocco stamped in gilt, raised bands, marbled paper covered boards. Boards and leather quite worn, scraped. Ex-library with usual markings. Appears to be the first English translation of Jourdain's 1778 work, complete in two volumes, with a third volume by Bond bound in. Front hinge cracked, front board and spine nearly detached. Occasional dampstaining to margins. A few pages have shallow chips, not affecting text. No illustrations. As is.

      [Bookseller: Boston Book Company, inc.o ABAA]
 33.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        M. Tullii Ciceronis Opera Omnia. Volumes I to XI, (11 1849 Vols of Cicero.)

      Sumtibus et Typis Caroli Tauchnitii, Tauchnitz., Lipsiae, Leipzig. 1849 - Interiors good and clean. The condition of covers varies, all have some wear to extremeties, 7 I would describe as still well bound with no cracking, I has lost one board, one has a cracked front hinge but still well held, one has both boards detached but present, one has a repair to spine, most are missing their labels although the title & vol number can still be read from the indent. All blocks still well bound together. All edges red, marbled end papers, each has a number & a hand written gift inscription on 1st blank (dated 1937) & owner's name at top of title page (1855). Text in Latin. Please see attached pics for better idea of condition. Overweight set (3 Kg +) - additional P&P will apply - please contact bookseller prior to ordering to agree method and price. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Tony Hutchinson]
 34.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        James the Second: Or, The Revolution of 1688. An Historical Romance. In three volumes

      n Historical Romance. In three volumes, 1849 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. First edition. A complete set of Ainsworth's mid nineteenth-century historical novel. First Edition, Second Issue. Each volume features an illustrated frontispiece. Complete in three volumes. William Harrison Ainsworth (4 February 1805 3 January 1882) was an English historical novelist born in Manchester. He trained as a lawyer, but the legal profession held no attraction for him. While completing his legal studies in London he met the publisher John Ebers, at that time manager of the King's Theatre, Haymarket. Ebers introduced Ainsworth to literary and dramatic circles, and to his daughter, who became Ainsworth's wife. Ainsworth briefly tried the publishing business, but soon gave it up and devoted himself to journalism and literature. His first success as a writer came with Rookwood in 1834, which features Dick Turpin as its leading character. A stream of 39 novels followed, the last of which appeared in 1881. Ainsworth died in Reigate on 3 January 1882. Condition: In quarter cloth bindings with marbled boards. Externally, generally smart, lightly rubbed in places. Internally, firmly bound. Afew scattered spots and marks. Tidemarks to the frontispiece of volume II. Overall: GOOD..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 35.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        AN AMERICAN DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

      George and Charles Merriam,, Springfield, Mass.: 1849 - Revised and enlarged by Chauncey A. Goodrich from the 1847 edition, which was the first Merriam-Webster dictionary. Webster's original dictionary was published in 1828 and revised in 1840. Binding copy. Appears to be original boards with considerable edgewear, waterstains on first 10 pages or so, foxing and four leaves in middle frayed on edges, otherwise the text block is good or better. As is. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Quill & Brush, member ABAA]
 36.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Historia de Mexico desde los Primeros Movimientos que prepararon su Independencia en el ano de 1808 hasta la epoca presente

      Imprenta de J.M. Lara 1849 - 52, Mexico City - 5 vols, quarto, vol 1, pp xiii, 504, 93, and 8 (of 9 - a portrait of Hidalgo is lacking, perhaps never bound in?) lithographed plates and maps; vol. 2, 584, 82, 2 ff, with a colored map and 6 plates; vol. 3, 584, 105, with a facs., 4 plates and a map; vol. 4, 728, 102, with a facsimile of the signatures of the Virreyes, 4 plates and a map; vol. 5, 960, 147, 7 plates, a facs., and a chart. Palau (#4575) Alaman (1792 - 1853) was one of the great eye-witnesses to the formative period of Mexican history, namely from the War of Independence to the Mexican-American War and after. In addition to the narrative, Alaman includes much primary source material. A man of erudition, well-travelled, and profoundly conservative, Alaman held many important offices in the central government. These volumes are virtually unique in that they cast the Spanish role in Mexican history in a positive light; Alaman was of the opinon that Mexico was not mature enough to be a democracy. Alaman had scientific training and founded the Mexican Museum of Natural History, etc. Deluxe binding in contempory full calf, gilt, marbled edges. Previous owner's small stamp -- Guadalajara 1915 - on the fly-leaves. Some slight foxing and yellowing of paper, affecting the plates but not seriously. The complete set of the Historia is now rare, both on the market and on OCLC - only 1 appearance at auction for many years. The condition of this set is very good. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: PLAZA BOOKS ABAA]
 37.   Check availability:     IberLibro     Link/Print  


        ATLAS DE ESPAÑA Y SUS POSESIONES EN ULTRAMAR. PLANO DE MADRID

      0 - Madrid. 1849. Grabado al acero. 112x84 cm. plano Oficial de la Villa. Escudos, cartucho y vistas. Carpeta en cartoné edit. impresa, plegado. Un poco rasgado en doblez de margen. Muy buen ejemplar. Este plano es copia del que formaron por orden y a expensas del Excmo. Ayuntamiento de esta Capital, D. Juan Merlo, Fernando Gutiérrez y Juan de Rivera desde 1841 a 1846, hechas adiciones y marcando en la población las reformas que han ocurrido hasta la fecha por los actuales Coello y Madoz. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librería Torreón de Rueda]
 38.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Journal of an African Cruiser . . . By an Officer of the U.S. Navy. Edited by Nathaniel Hawthorne [Bound with:] Lamartine, Alphonse de. Raphael; or, Pages of the Book of the Life at Twenty.

      New York: Wiley and Putnam, 1845 [&] New York: Harper & Brothers, 1849. - Inscribed by Bridge on the half-title: "Miss Woodbury / With the Compliments [of] / The Author." The "of" was shaved by the binder. Miss Woodbury was Virginia L. Woodbury, as she has signed her name on the title-page of the Lamartine title and dated it January 19, 1850. She was almost certainly one of the four daughters of Levi Woodbury (1789-1851), the prominent New Hampshire politican and later Supreme Court Justice. Levi Woodbury, as secretary of the treasury, approved Hawthorne's appointment to the post of measurer at the Boston Custom House in1839. Horatio Bridge's importance to Hawthorne's literary career and their friendship has been well documented. 2 vols in 1, 8vo, contemporary black quarter morocco, marbled paper sides, gilt lettering. Clark A14.1; BAL 7597, printing A. Edges rubbed; some light foxing; very good copy. First edition, first printing of the Journal of an African Cruiser. [Attributes: Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Brick Row Book Shop, ABAA]
 39.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Scottish Parochial Registers Memoranda of the State of the Parochial Registers of Scotland Whereby is Clearly Shown the Imperative Neccesity for a National System of Regular Registration

      Edinburgh - Thomas George Stevenson, 1849 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. First edition. A detailed reference workcontaining a catalogue ofexisting parochial registers and a list of Scottish parishes. First edition. Includesdetails ofthe state of the parochial records provided by the Minister of each parish in the New Statistical Account of 1845. Condition: In original cloth binding with paper spine label. Externally, lightly rubbed, with wear to the head of the spine. Internally, firmly bound, bright and generally clean, aside from the odd handling mark and light foxing to the endpapers. Bookseller's label to the rear pastedown. Overall: VERY GOOD..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
 40.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Seven Lamps of Architecture

      London: Smith, Elder, and Co.. Fine. 1849. FIRST EDITION. Leather. Fine condition quarto in red leather with decorative gilt stamping. Exquisite binding and condition. ; 4to - over 9¾" - 12" .

      [Bookseller: Book Gallery // Mike Riley]
 41.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers

      Boston and Cambridge: James Munroe and Company,, 1849. Duodecimo (197 × 122 mm) in sixes. Original brown cloth (BAL binding variant T, trade binding), title gilt to spine with blind rules forming compartments filled with arabesques in blind, blind panels to the boards, buff endpapers. Slight wear at the extremities, the spine chipped head and tail, but the publisher's name still largely legible at the tail, free endpapers irregularly discoloured, last 3 leaves torn along the bottom margin, no loss of text. A very good copy. First edition of Thoreau's first book. Thoreau published at his own expense an edition of 1,000 copies: less than 300 sold, and in 1853 the remainder was returned to him - 256 bound up and 450 in sheets - prompting his rueful journal entry: "I have now a library of nearly 900 volumes, over 700 of which I wrote myself." The present copy has the three lines of text which were dropped from the bottom of p. 396 by the printers supplied in pencil in a contemporary hand, as also the corrections at pp. 94, 120, and 139. The advert leaf advises that "Will soon be published, Walden or Life in the Woods…", but due to the commercial failure of his first work it was not until 1854 that the latter was finally published by Ticknor and Fields.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 42.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, Together with an Historical View of the Affairs of Ireland.

      University Press, Oxford 1849 - Very lovely bound Oxford University Press edition of this 1703 military history classic. With the armorial stamping of Oxford University's St. Edmund Hall - "Teddy Hall" - in gilt on the front and rear covers. Seven volumes - (8vo). Full tan calf, gilt emblems on covers, spines gilt, morocco spine labels, all edges marbled. A very attractive and desirable set. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: First Place Books]
 43.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        The History of the Rebellion and Civil War in England, Together with an Historical View of the Affairs of Ireland

      Oxford at the University Press, Oxford 1849 - Complete in 7 volumes. Bound in full calf, each volume professionally rebacked retaining the original gilt edge boards, raised bands, gilt tooling, leather title labels, full marble edges, original marble endpapers. Boards edges light rubbed, with just a touch of loss on corners, one board repaired with some loss of gilt tooling. All binding in very good clean firm condition, all hinge joints very strong. Internally, no loose pages, neat gift inscription on endpaper dated 1849, no other writing/marking, some occasional light spotting to prelims. Pages in very good clean condition throughout. A very nice clean set, in very attractive full calf bindings.A52 Size: 8vo

      [Bookseller: George Jeffery Books]
 44.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Emma: A Novel 1849

      SIMMS AND M'INTYRE, BELFAST 1849 - Boards: mild book, shelf, edge wear, rubs, corner bumps, some soil marks, some discoloration, front hinge cracked. Interior: pages some foxing. Very good condition taking the age into consideration. DATE PUBLISHED: 1849 EDITION: 290 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Princeton Antiques Bookshop]
 45.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

______________________________________________________________________________


      Home     Wants Manager     Library Search     562 Years   Links     Contact      Search Help      Terms of Service     


Copyright © 2018 viaLibri™ Limited. All rights reserved.