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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1794

        Medicina theologica, ou supplica humilde, feita a todos os senhores confessores e directores, sobre o modo de proceder com seus penitentes na emenda dos peccados, principalmente da lascivia, colera, e bebedice. Bound third in the volume.

      Lisbon, Na Off. de Antonio Rodrigues Galhardo, 1794. - 11 works bound together. Small 4°, nineteenth-century (third quarter) quarter sheep over marbled boards (some wear to extremities, three small round wormholes in spine, six in upper cover with a bit more damage, and one slightly larger in rear cover), flat spine with green lettering piece ("Miscellanea" stamped in gilt), edges sprinkled red. Two small round wormholes throughout, touching some letters of text but not affecting legibility; repairs in lower margins of leaves S1-2; occasional light dampstaining, more pronounced on title page. Still, in near good to good condition. 147 pp., (2 ll.). *** FIRST EDITION of the first Portuguese book on psychosomatic medicine, and one of the earliest works on this subject in any language. Mello Franco is recognized as a precursor of Freud. Upon publication Medicina theologica was attacked for containing "dangerous, heterodox and impious doctrines." (Small wonder, when pp. 3-4 of the preface reads, "O Christianismo he o que mais me lastimou . . . só domina a desordem, e a iniquidade, propaga-se a libertinagem, desfallece o Santo, e marchão todos pela estrada dos peccadores.") The government ordered its suppression and dissolved the Real Meza da Censura, which had approved its publication, while the police tried in vain to discover its author.Mello Franco considers that the best way to cure human corruption (particularly lasciviousness, anger and drunkenness) is through confession, and he wants to raise confessors almost to the level of physicians who can treat the body as well as the spirit. He discusses love as sickness, including satyriasis and nymphomania, giving recipes for anti-aphrodisiacs that the confessor may prescribe. There are likewise recipes for medications to suppress anger. Chapter XX (p. 115) begins with the interesting comment, "A bebedice he huma grande enfermidade, que nunca se cura com remedios moraes, e difficilmente com os fysicos," and goes on to discuss the treatment of alcoholism (pp. 115-23).Mello Franco (1757-1823), a native of Minas Gerais, practiced medicine in Lisbon until 1817, when he returned to Brazil. He was frequently in trouble with the authorities for his liberal writings and associations, and spent several years imprisoned by the Inquisition. His Tratado da educação fysica dos meninos, Lisbon 1790, is the first book on pediatrics by a Brazilian. Reino da estupidez, a satirical poem aimed at the professors of Coimbra, was circulating anonymously in manuscript as early as 1785 (the first printed version was not until 1818), and caused an enormous scandal.*** Borba de Moraes (1983) I, 320-1; cf. the first edition (1958) I, 274 where Borba cites only 2 known copies, and describes the book as "very rare"; Período colonial, pp. 140-3. Sacramento Blake III, 45. Innocêncio VI, 175. Holmes, Rarest Books in the Oliveira Lima Collection 160. JCB, Portuguese and Brazilian Books 794/2. National Library of Medicine, Eighteenth-Century STC p. 300. Not in Lisbon, Faculdade de Medicina, Catálogo da colecção portuguesa. Not in Bosch or Rodrigues. See Adelino de Almeida Calado, "Juízo crítico sobre a Medicina theologica," Boletim internacional de bibliographia luso-brasileira III (1962), 640-86. NUC: DCU-IA, RPJCB, PPAmP.*** BOUND WITH: I. FIGUEIREDO, António Pereira de. Portuguezes nos Concilios Geraes: isto he, Relaçaõ dos Embaixadores, Prelados, e Doutores portuguezes, que tem assistido nos Concilios Geraes do Occidente. Por . Deputado da Real Meza da Commissão Geral Sobre o [Exame?chewed] e Censura dos Livros, e Official das Cartas Latinas de Sua Magestade Fidelissima. Lisbon: Officina de Antonio Gomes, 1787. Title page has long horizontal hole across middle, with loss of one word (?exame??). Small hole on every page, generally with loss of one letter on each page. Glued at head of title page is a slip of paper (late nineteenth or early twentieth-century) with the printed name Dr. Francisco Antonio Rodrigues de Gusmão. 134 pp., 1 l. errata, 10 pp., (1 l. advt.).F [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
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        Rapport sur les destructions opérées par le vandalisme, et sur les moyens de le réprimer

      [Paris] : [Imprimerie nationale] 1794 - In-8° broché, 28 pages, en feuilles, non rogné, tel que paru, relié par une cordelette. Le premier et légendaire des trois rapports sur le vandalisme du 14 fructidor an II. il sera plus tard réimprimé pour le Bulletin du Bibliophile en 1843. Tourneux, III, 17721. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: PRISCA]
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        Il Morgante Maggiore

      Venezia - Nella Stamperia Palese 1794 - A scarceset comprising ofPulci's 28 cantaripoem in ottava rima, who's subjectis loosely derived from the Carolingian epic tradition. Written in comic and parodistic episodes, focusing on religion and myth, Pulci originallycreated his seriesto be sung by storytellers in Florence's piazzas. It was laterread at the Medicis' court, where the public appreciated theflamboyant characters. Popular Florentine humour, bourgeois way of thinking and living, and free imagination are expressed in a language based upon the Florentine dialect and extends from criminal argot to literary or scientific Latin. Each volumefeatures an illustrated title page. Complete in four volumes. Condition: In original paper vellum bindings with gilt decorative spines. Externally,smart with somerubbingto extremitiesand marks to boards. Internally, firmly bound with bright pages. Scattered foxing to first and last pages of each volume. Volume three has some offsetting to rear endpaper. Copperplate ink signature to front endpaper of allvolumes. Overall: VERY GOOD. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books PBFA]
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        TRAVELS IN INDIA, DURING THE YEARS 1780, 1781, 1782, AND 1783. THE SECOND EDITION, CORRECTED.

      Printed for the author and sold by J. Edwards, London 1794 - London: Printed for the author and sold by J. Edwards, 1794. 4to. 2nd edition. vi + 156 pp + [ii], with folding engraved map, 14 engraved plates of people and places. Sporadic light foxing. A very small circular stamp on the back of each plate. Plate at p62 with light water tide mark across a third of it. Quarter calf and marbled boards. Spine with 6 raised bands and two gilt leather labels. Very good condition.William Hodges (1744-1797), an artist on Cook's Second Voyage prior to exploring India, spent six years on the subcontinent under the patronage of the governor, Warren Hastings. Hodges was impressed by the beauty of the scenery, especially by the ancient architectural monuments. On his return to Great Britain, he exhibited his paintings of views of India, publishing a set of forty-eight aquatints some of which are included in "Travels in India.", as well as "A Dissertation on the Prototypes of Architecture, Hindoo, Moorish, and Gothic" (1787) in which he championed Indian architecture as equal to the classical European structures. HEAVY BOOK. Extra postage likely. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Bjarne Tokerud Bookseller ABAC & PBFA]
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        Critik der reinen Vernunft

      Riga : Johann Friedrich Hartknoch 1794 - Octavo (210mm X 128mm) blackish-purple half leather with gilt border rule and blackish-purple textured cloth; gilt spine lettering and four spine bands with gilt rules; speckled edges; cinnamon end-papers. pp: [i-vii], viii-xliv, [8 contents], 884; title-page has a woodblock device. Armorial bookplate of John Rose Butlin F.S.A. to front paste-down. Overall very good+ condition (VG binding with NF text-block), Sturdy binding with light wear to spine-ends and three of the four fore-corners - the lower front corner is bruised with split in the leather at the tip, yet corner still appears fairly square; also, there is a small nick to rear board fore-edge; gilt still very clear. Tight text-block with light age-dulling to top edge; clean, crisp leaves, which show only slight age-toning along with pale foxing also to some of the front and rear-most leaves - there are no previous owner inscriptions, annotations, underlings, marginalia, etc; silk marker present, but is detached. A neat and decent copy with moderate external wear. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Lost World Books]
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        Lehrbuch der Hydraulik mit beständiger Rücksicht auf die Erfahrung. Und: Fortsetzung . welche eine Theorie der Schwungräder und ihre Anwendung bei Maschinen enthält. 2 Teile in einem Band.

      Altenburg, Richter, 1794-1796. - 25 x 20 cm. CX, 655 + XX, 657-816 Seiten. Mit zus. 53 gefalteten Kupfertafeln und 1 gest. Portrait. *Engelmann, Bibl. mech.-techn. 213. Poggendorff I, 1372. Ferchl 295. - Erste (einzige) Ausgabe, vollständig mit 53 Kupfertafeln. Langsdorf (1757-1834) war ein deutscher Mathematiker, Geologe, Naturforscher und Techniker. Nach seinem Studium in Göttingen und Gießen arbeitete er zunächst als Praktiker, ab 1784 als Salineninspektor in Gerabronn. Er publizierte viele mathematische und praktische Schriften, u.a. ein verdienstvolles Werk über Salinenkunde in 5 Bänden. Seine Bedeutung liegt hauptsächlich auf dem Gebiet der Technologie, wo er als Praktiker und Autor großen Einfluß auf den technologischen Fortschritt in Deutschland ausübte. Das vorliegende Lehrbuch der Hydraulik gilt als seine bestes technologisches Werk, es entstand kurz vor Beginn seiner akademischen Laufbahn (1796 trat er seine erste Professur für Maschinenkunde in Erlangen an). - Recht seltenes und umfangreiches Werk über Brunnen, Dampfmaschinen, Feuerspritzen, Mühlen, Pumpen, Röhren, Saug- und Druckwerke, Stampf- und Pochwerke, Schwung- und Wasserräder. - Leicht bis mäßig gebräunt, Titelblatt mit kleinem zeitgenöss. Stempel. Bis auf das kleine Fehlstück am oberen Rücken in insgesamt recht guter Erhaltung. Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 2500 Halblederband der Zeit mit Rückenvergoldung und Rückenschild (Rücken oben mit ca. 2 cm Fehlstelle) [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Braun]
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        A collection of 61 broadsides, chiefly announcements of degree defenses.

      This is a great and eye-pleasing assemblage for the study of Guatemalan art, specifically that of engraving, etching, and typography. Announcements of university degree defenses are a => rare printing genre; for example, none of the 61 items in this collection are held in the John Carter Brown Library. Additionally, only 16 were discovered by Medina. Of the 61 items, 37 are in the smaller folio format (appx. 29.5 x 20 cm; 11.75" x 8.875") and 24 in the larger folio format (42 x 30.5 cm; 16.5" x 12"). Each has an engraving or etching in the top area: The very attractive images include saints and Madonnas, including three instances of the Virgin of Guadalupe, but also coats of arms and, very interestingly, portraits of living individuals. The typography is always center-justified above a final paragraph or two that is right justified; and the printers have used a variety of ornaments to create interesting borders. There is one case of an image being used twice: once on a small format broadside and also on a large one. The etched text has been eliminated on one of these; and when one looks carefully at the other images it is clear that engraved text has been masked or removed from some of them also -- further evidence of recycling as having been a printshop practice. Remarkably, one of the broadsides is bilingual (Latin & Spanish) and is a publication => not of a university defense but a publication of that Enlightenment development, the social organization "La Sociedad Economica," in this case La Sociedad Economica de Guatemala. It announces that it has been reborn, and will not let the authorities "suffocate" it. Another is a => eulogy for a retired university professor. Among the defense announcements, some give the actual questions/topics that will be asked/defended. The date range of the items is 1794 to 1823 and the engravers include Juan Jose Rosales de Santa Cruz, Narcisco Rosal, Juan Pedro Larrabe, Garci-Aguirre, Francisco Cabrera, Valladolid, and Jose Casildo Espana. Notably one is by the Mexican engraver Villavicencio. Finally, the printers are the usual admirable suspects: Bracamonte, Beteta, and Arevalo. => It is interesting to see them represented by such UNusual ephemera!

      [Bookseller: PRB&M/SessaBks (Philadelphia Rare Books ]
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        The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, Translated out of the Original Greek: and with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised. Appointed to be Read in Churches

      Boston: Printed at Boston, by Alexander Young and Thomas Minns, For J. Boyle, B. Larkin, J. White, Thomas and Andrews, D. West, E. Larkin, W.P. Blake, and J. West. Sold by them at their respective book-Stores, 1794. A-U6 W6 X-Z6 (Z6 verso blank). Text printed in two columns. 1 vols. 12mo. Recent half calf. Small hole in top of title page margin (not affecting text), title leaf with tissue repair at gutter and fore edge margin, 4 other leaves with small repairs to margins. Very good. A-U6 W6 X-Z6 (Z6 verso blank). Text printed in two columns. 1 vols. 12mo. SO MUCH FOR SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE. Rare edition of the New Testament printed in 1794 at Boston for the consortium of booksellers (to provide an American printed alternative to British printings), with the Great Seal of the United States prominently displayed on the title page, suggesting that even at the dawn of the American republic, certain clauses of the Third Amendment were subject to fluid interpretation. This is the only instance where the Great Seal of the United States was used in conjunction with a patently religious work. Copies are recorded at AAS and Duke. Evans 26664; Hills, English Bible in America, 48; ESTC W4683 (AAS, Duke)

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        Verdades Eternas, Confirmadas con la Sagrada Escritura, y Expuestas en décimas Castellanas para conservarlas facilmente en la Memoria, por el Presbytero Don Francisco Xavier Lozano

      Mexico: La Oficina de los Herederos del Lic. D. Joseph de Jauregui, 1794. 1794. Original edition, published in Mexico. Two parts bound in this one volume. NEAR FINE. A clean, tight copy in lovely tree-calf binding. Pages are fresh and unmarked, the paper supple and bright. First 8 leaves, last ~20 leaves and endpapers have small book worm channels at top outside corner (affecting only folios in last few leaves), also a very short channel to top margin of about 6 leaves at center of book. Pages otherwise fine. Leather cover is gilt titled on blue leather spine label. Cover is lightly worn, a few short, shallow worm channels on front cover but overall near fine. Binding tight and straight. A collection of over 900 poems by the Spanish Jesuit, Francisco Xavier Lozano. Born in Spain, Lozano apparently lived in Mexico from about 1737 until the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1767. He also wrote "Los atributos de Dios y misterios del Dios hombre." 6 x 8-1/4". Part 1: xiv + 168 pages. Part 2: 173 pages. An lovely copy of a very scarce book. . First Edition. Leather. Near Fine/Not Issued. 8vo.

      [Bookseller: Knickerbocker Books]
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        Septem Provinciae seu Belgium Foederatum, quod generaliter audit Hollandia, secundum recentissimas observationes. Prostat Augustae Vindelicorum apud Ioannem Walch. - MDCCLXXXXIV.':.

      - Altkolorierter Kupferstich b. Johann Walch in Augsburg, dat. 1794, 49 x 59 Nicht bei van der Heijden, Old maps of the Netherlands 1548-1794! - Zeigt die Niederlande. - Oben links Titelkartusche; darunter Meilenzeiger und Windrose. - Seltener Augsburger Einblattdruck! (hochauflösende Bilder auf meiner Homepage, oder bei Anfrage - high resolution pictures on my homepage or after request)

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Dekorative Halblederausgabe mit Kupferstichen - Universalhistorie alter, mittler und neuer Zeiten. 15 Bände + 1 Registerband in 16 Bänden (Komplett). Aus dem Französischen. Mit Zusätzen und Berichtigungen von Wilhelm Ernst Christiani.

      Wien, Franz Haas, 1794. 8°. 16 Bände. Mit 15 Kupferstichtafeln von Weinrauch als Frontispize in Bdn 1-15. Halblederbände der Zeit mit 4 Bünden, zweifarb. Lederrückenschildchen, Rückengoldprägung, Lederecken und rotem Rundum-Farbschnitt. - Claude François Xavier Millot (1726 in Ornans, - 1785 in Paris) war Kleriker und Historiker. Millot erhielt seine Ausbildung an einer von Jesuiten geleiteten Schule und nach dem obligatem Noviziat trat er der Societas Jesu bei. Später unterrichtete er an mehreren Ordensschulen, u.a. auch in Lyon wo er als Dozent für Beredsamkeit wirkte. 1757 veröffentlichte Millot eine Eloge auf Montesquieu und musste daraufhin seinen Orden verlassen. Mehr Historiker als Kleriker veröffentlichte Millot in den nächsten Jahren einige historische Werke. 1777 ernannte ihn die Académie française zum Nachfolger des verstorbenen Schriftstellers Jean-Baptiste Louis Gresset. Anlässlich von Millots Aufnahme in die Académie française prägte d`Alembert das Bonmot \"Millot hat nichts von einem Priester an sich als das Kleid\". Die hier vorliegende deutsche Übersetzung eines seiner Hauptwerke erschien erstmals 1772/83 in Paris (Élements d`histoire génerale ancienne et moderne). Einbände berieben und bestoßen, Kapitale stellw. etwas lädiert und wurmstichig. Kupfertafeln in den weißen Rändern, Vorsätze und Titelblätter etwas stockfleckig. Versandkostenfreie Lieferung L.

      [Bookseller: \"erlesenes\" - Antiquariat und Buchhand]
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        Universalhistorie alter, mittler und neuer Zeit. Aus dem Französischen. Mit Zusätzen und Berichtigungen von Wilhelm Ernst CHRISTIANI.

      Wien, Franz Haas 1794. 16 Bände (inkl. Registerband). Mit 14 (statt 15) gest. Frontisp. von Weinrauch. - Dabei: Hormayr [zu Hortenburg], Joseph Frh. von. Allgemeine Geschichte der neuesten Zeit, vom Tode Friedrich des Großen bis zum zweyten Pariser Frieden. Neue Ausg. 3 Bde. Wien, Carl Gerold o. J. [1831]. Schmutztit., gest. Frontisp. (Portr. H.s von Benedotti), Titelbl., 353 Ss.; Schmutzt., gest. Frontisp. (von Blaschke nach Schedy), Titelbl., 351 S., 1 S.; (Schmutzt. fehlt), gest. Front. (von Blaschke), Titelbl., 446 S. Uniform gebundene, dekorative HLdrbde. d. Zt. m. 2 Rüschi., farbigem Rundumschnitt, marmoriertem Überzugspapier und an den Kapitalen mit dezenter Goldprägung. Einbde. vor allem an den Kanten berieben, Ecken tls. bestoßen. Die Frontisp. teilweise verstärkt bzw. unterlegt, hinterer flieg. Vors. von Bd. III mit Ausriß, Papier durchgehend etw. gebräunt u. fingerfleckig. Im Ganzen dekoratives Exemplar. Graesse IV, 528; Ebert 17726. Millots Universalhistorie endet mit dem Tode Friedrich II., wo Hormayr seine Geschichte fortsetzt. - Die einzelnen Bde. von Millots Werk umfassen 3-500 S., eine Vorrede Christanis u. ein Inhaltsverzeichnis geht den meisten Bdn. voraus. Es fehlen: 1 Bl. (Ss. XVII/XVIII) des Inh. von Bd. III, die letzten 2 Bll. (Ss302-304) des V. Bds., Front. von Bd. VI, Titelbl. u. 2 Bll. (Ss. I-IV) der Vorr. von Bd. IX u. Titelbl. u. 1. Bl. (Ss. I/II) der Vorr. v. Bd. XII. Zum beigg. Werk: Die erste Ausg. erschien 1817-18 in Wien. Vgl. Wurzbach IX, 282: \"... es ist dies eine Fortsetzung der damals in Österreich allgemein und sehr stark verbreiteten Universalhistorie von Abbe Millot, als deren 17.-19. Band sie auch herausgegeben wurde.\" Versand D: 15,00 EUR Geschichte

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Löcker]
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        Portraits of Rare And Curious Birds with Their Descriptions, from the Menagery of Osterly Park in the County of Middlesex (Two Volumes as One)

      London: Printed By W. Bulmer and Co, and Published for the Author Two volumes bound as one, and includes the original very scarce title page and dedication pages for volume II. Volume I was published in 1794 and volume II in 1799. 101 full page, hand colored, illustrations plates, with at least 18 being signed and dated by the artist. Original boards retained, and recased in full polished leather with raised spine bands, gilt stamped lettering and decoration, and hand tooled border over boards. Original hand tooled leather edge inside covers, and marbled end leaves. Bound by J. Bohn, No 31 Frith St., Soho, London. Blank end leaves are slightly soiled. Occasional light smudges and very slight foxing. Occasional very slight offsetting of coloring onto text. Collated and complete, with all plates being very good to near fine. Beautiful and bright. An exceptional example of this very scarce and desirable title. . First Edition. Full Leather. Very Good/No Jacket. 4to.

      [Bookseller: Lloyd Zimmer, Books and Maps]
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        A collection of 15 broadsides and pamphlets.

      

      [Bookseller: Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co]
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        Curaçao antieke kaart.

      CURAÇAO, W.I.C. UITVALSBASIS VOOR HANDEL EN KAAPVAART"Curaçao, from the originals of Gerard van Keulen"'. Kopergravure vervaardigd door Thomas Jefferys uitgegeven door Laurie & Whittle te Londen 1794. Later met de hand gekleurd. Afm. 46,2 x 61,5 cm.Kaart van Curaço, met rechts een inzet van een plattegrond van Fort Amsterdam gelegen aan de Sint Annabaai. Rechtsboven een viertal kustprofielen van het eiland gezien vanuit verschillende richtingen. Linksonder schaalstokken in Sea Leagues en Dutch miles. Aangegeven zijn ook de plantages, zoutpannen, bronnen en vegetatie.Deze kaart verscheen in "The West-India Atlas"' met 41 kaarten en 27 pagina"s tekst.Jefferys was een van de belangrijkste Engelse uitgevers van kaarten in de 18de eeuw. Hij vervaardigde kaarten van de gehele wereld, maar zijn beste werk is van Noord-Amerika en West-Indië. Hij begon zijn carrière in de kaarten handel in de vroege jaren 1730, hij was werkzaam als graveur voor verschillende Londense uitgevers en begon uiteindelijk zijn eigen winkel. In 1746 werd hij benoemd tot geograaf van de Prince of Wales en werd in 1760 geograaf aan de Koning. Daarmee kreeg hij toegang tot de manuscripten en cartografische informatie in het bezit van de Engelse marine. Begin jaren 1760 begon hij aan een ambitieus project om op basis van nieuw onderzoek van een reeks Engelse graafschappen kaarten te produceren, maar het geld raakte op en zijn faillissement volgde in 1766. Hij werkte vervolgens samen met de Londense uitgever Robert Sayer, die veel van Jefferys' platen tot na zijn dood in 1771 opnieuw uitgaven. Dit exemplaar komt uit een atlas weer iets later uitgegeven door Laurie & Whittle.Jefferys maakte deze kaart naar voorbeeld van Gerard van Keulen, die in 1728 zijn "Nieuwe Afteekening van het Eyland Curacao"' had gemaakt.Prijs: € 4.350,- (incl. lijst).

      [Bookseller: Inter-Antiquariaat MEFFERDT & DE JONGE]
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        Pantheon der Deutschen. Komplett in 3 Bänden. Enthält 1) D. Martin Luther. Friedrich II., König von Preußen. 2) Kaiser Rudolph von Habsburg. Gottfried Wilhelm Freyherr von Leibnitz. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. 3) Hermanns Schlachten. Ulrich von Hutten. Nicolaus Copernicus. Moriz von Sachsen.

      Chemnitz , 1795 bey Karl Gottlieb Hofmann. UND: Leipzig 1800 bei Friedr. Gotthold Jacobäer. 1794 - 8°. Neuere, marmorierte Pappbände mit montierten Deckel- und Rückentiteln. Zwei der Originalbroschurumschläge mit eingebunden. Alle Bände mit Titelblatt, gest. Frontispiz und gestochenem Titel. Bd.1: 7 Bl., CX S., 1 Bl. Zwischentitel, 410 Seiten mit 2 Porträttafeln und 22 Kupfertafeln. Titelrückseite mit Heraldischem Vorbesitzerstempel "Grosherzogliche Bibliothek Neustrelitz". / 2. Bd. XXXVI (+4), 135, 194 und 192 Seiten mit 3 Porträtstichen und 9 Kupferstichen. / Bd.3: 1 Bl., IV, 92, 108, 116 und 162 Seiten mit 3 Porträtkupfern und 7 Kupferstichen. // Zumeist etwas randgebräunt, einige Lagen stark gebräunt, wenige Lagen feuchtrandig, überwiegend sauber und wohlerhalten. Zusammen also 15, 13 und 11 Kupfer, davon 3 Frontispiz, 8 Porträts und 28 Tfn, also 39 Tafeln! Durchaus gut erhaltenes Exemplar! FL1418

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat und Buchhandlung Carl Wegner]
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        "The history of the origin, progress, and termination of the American war."

      Dublin: "printed for Messrs. P. Wogan, P. Byrbne, Jr., J. Moore, and W. Jones". 1794. "First Dublin and first octavo edition, 2 volumes, 8vo, pp. xii, 446; [iii]-xixd, [1], 502, [24] index; later half calf over marbled boards, red morocco labels on gilt-decorated spines; very good. First published in London the same year in quarto, with maps. ""Stedman's account is generally considered to be the best contemporary account of the Revolution written from the British sideÂ… The author was apparently an American loyalist, who was born in Philadelphia [and educated at William and Mary College] and served as Commissary of Prisoners under Howe, Clinton, and Cornwallis"" (Sabin 91057). Howes S-914; DNB XVIII, p. 1013: ""the standard work on the subject."" JCB II:372."

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books]
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        World, rare 18th century wall map.

      "A General Map of the World or Terraqueous Globe, with all the New Discoveries and Marginal Delineations, Containing the Most Interesting Particulars in the Solar, Starry and Mundane Systems . . . 1794"'.Drawn in London by Thomas Dunn based on earlier cartographic research by J. B. B. D'Anville. Published by Laurie and Whittle as plate nos. 1-2 in the 1797 edition of Thomas Kitchin's General Atlas. Size: 106,7 x 124,5 cm.Beautiful double hemisphere wall map of the world, embellished with a number of different Celestial Models. The map was revised several times to include the discoveries of Captain Cook"s 3 voyages. The general outline of North America is known in 1794. However, few inland expeditions had extended westward beyond the Mississippi. The map notes two separate speculative courses for the mythical River of the West, a northern route extending from Lake Winnipeg and a southern route passing south of Winnepeg through Pike's lake. South America exhibits a typically accurate coastline and limited knowledge of the interior beyond Peru and the populated coastlands. A few islands are noted off the coast, including the Galapagos, which are referred to as the Inchanted Islands. The Amazon is vague with many of its tributaries drawn in speculatively. In Africa we also find the coasts well defined but a vague interior. The Nile River follows the Ptolemaic course with a presumed source in two lakes at the base of the "Mountains of the Moon". Asia is exceptionally well mapped reflecting the most recent information available in Europe. Australia appears in full as New Holland or Terra Australis. Numerous points along the coast are named with associated notes regarding the activities of various explorers. Van Diemen's Land or Tasmania is curiously attached to the mainland - an error that many earlier maps had long ago corrected. There is little trace of either Antarctica or the Great Southern continent.Price: € 4.500,- (excl. BTW/VAT).

      [Bookseller: Inter-Antiquariaat MEFFERDT & DE JONGE]
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        Indonesia, Strait of Sunda or Batavia - Laurie and Whittle, 1794.

      INDONESIA NAUTICAL CHART"A New Chart for Sailing between the Straits of Sunda or Batavia and the Straits of Banca and Gaspar.' Copper engraving from "The East-India Pilot, or Oriental Navigator' published in London by Robert Laurie and James Whittle in 1794. Coloured by a later hand. Size: 50,8 x 68,6 cm.Nautical chart of northwestern Java and eastern Sumatra, including the Straits of Sunda and the Strait of Banca. The map covers from the Strait of Banca southwards to the Krakatoa volcano, the east as far as Batavia (Jakarta). Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, this region was a major battleground between rival Dutch, British, and Portugese trading monopolies. The Dutch and British in particular contested over northwestern Java, with its easy access to regional spice, in particular pepper, ports. In 1602 the British East India Company established a trade entrepot at Bantam to contest the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in nearby Batavia. The Dutch, allied with a local Sultan, eventually drove the English out of Bantam and Java itself. By the end of the 18th century, when this map was made, the Bantam entrepot was little more than a name on a map - as seen here - while Batavia further east had risen, with a population of nearly one million, to dominate Java. In 1800, just six years after this map was published, the VOC was formally dissolved and the Dutch East Indies established in its place as a full-fledged national colonial venture. The British meanwhile established themselves in Bencoolen, on Sumatra, and later in Singapore and Malacca.Cartographically this chart is derived from earlier maps prepared for Jean-Baptiste d"Apres de Mannevillette"s 1745 Neptune Oriental. It was subsequently updated and revised under Laurie and Whittle based on charts compiled by Captain Lestock Williams. The map offers rich detail including countless depth soundings, notes on the sea floor, commentary on reefs, rhumb lines, shoals, place names and a wealth of other practical information for the mariner.Price: € 975,- (excl. VAT/BTW).

      [Bookseller: Inter-Antiquariaat MEFFERDT & DE JONGE]
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        The whole proceedings on the trial of an indictment against Thomas Walker of Manchester, merchant, William Paul, Samuel Jackson, James Cheetham, Oliver Pearsall, Benjamin Booth, and Joseph Collier; for a conspiracy to overthrow the constitution and government, and to aid and assist the French, (being the King's enemies) in case they should invade this Kingdom. Tried at the Assizes at Lancaster, April 2, 1794, before the Hon. Mr. Justice Health, one of the judges of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas. Taken in short-hand by Joseph Gurney.

      

      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books]
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        A history of three of the judges of King Charles I. Major-General Whalley, Major-General Goffe, and Colonel Dixwell: Who, at the Restoration, 1660, fled to America; and were secreted and concealed, in Massachusetts and Connecticut, for near thirty years. With an account of Mr. Theophilus Whale, of Narragansett, supposed to have been also one of the judges.

      Hartford: Elisha Babcock 12mo. 357, [5 (4 blank)], 357, [4 (3 blank)] pp.; 8 plts. (3 fold.); lacks the frontis. port.. 1794 A history of three members of the tribunal which had Charles I beheaded in 1649, by the former president of Yale College, a post which he held from 1778 to his death in 1795. Plates 3, 8, and 9 were => engraved by Amos Doolittle; plate 7 is not present here nor is there any copy known to have it present. (Sabin categorically states: "there is no plate 7 in any of the copies seen, and it is probable none was made."). Period-style quarter calf with marbled paper–covered sides, spine with gilt-stamped leather title and author labels and blind-tooled floral decorations in compartments. Previous owner's signature on the title-page. Rubber-stamps of the Mercantile Library, and inked marks and underlining inside, with scattered marginalia. Frontispiece portrait lacking, with eight plates (three of which are fold-out) present; each of the three folding plates with a split along one fold. Occasional marginal tears and small chips to corners; waterstaining and foxing, yet paper strong and reading easy.

      [Bookseller: Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co]
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        A collection of 61 broadsides, chiefly announcements of degree defenses.

      Guatemala: Various publishers Folio (see below). [61] ff.. 1794–1823 This is a great and eye-pleasing assemblage for the study of Guatemalan art, specifically that of engraving, etching, and typography. Announcements of university degree defenses are a => rare printing genre; for example, none of the 61 items in this collection are held in the John Carter Brown Library. Additionally, only 16 were discovered by Medina. Of the 61 items, 37 are in the smaller folio format (appx. 29.5 x 20 cm; 11.75" x 8.875") and 24 in the larger folio format (42 x 30.5 cm; 16.5" x 12"). Each has an engraving or etching in the top area: The very attractive images include saints and Madonnas, including three instances of the Virgin of Guadalupe, but also coats of arms and, very interestingly, portraits of living individuals. The typography is always center-justified above a final paragraph or two that is right justified; and the printers have used a variety of ornaments to create interesting borders. There is one case of an image being used twice: once on a small format broadside and also on a large one. The etched text has been eliminated on one of these; and when one looks carefully at the other images it is clear that engraved text has been masked or removed from some of them also — further evidence of recycling as having been a printshop practice. Remarkably, one of the broadsides is bilingual (Latin & Spanish) and is a publication => not of a university defense but a publication of that Enlightenment development, the social organization "La Sociedad Economica," in this case La Sociedad Economica de Guatemala. It announces that it has been reborn, and will not let the authorities "suffocate" it. Another is a => eulogy for a retired university professor. Among the defense announcements, some give the actual questions/topics that will be asked/defended. The date range of the items is 1794 to 1823 and the engravers include Juan Jose Rosales de Santa Cruz, Narcisco Rosal, Juan Pedro Larrabe, Garci-Aguirre, Francisco Cabrera, Valladolid, and Jose Casildo Espana. Notably one is by the Mexican engraver Villavicencio. Finally, the printers are the usual admirable suspects: Bracamonte, Beteta, and Arevalo. => It is interesting to see them represented by such UNusual ephemera! All items are in very good condition, in Mylar sleeves, the entire collection in a quarter morocco clamshell case.

      [Bookseller: Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co]
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        A Dictionary of the English Language Â…

      

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Advice to the Privileged Orders, in the Several States of Europe, Resulting from the Necessity and Propriety of a General Revolution in the Principle of Government. Part 1. […] Part II

      London printed: New York-Reprinted: by Childs ans Swaine, 1794. First American editions. 118; 88 pp. 1 vols. Contemporary calf and marbled boards. Rebacked and recornered, with new endsheets. First American editions. 118; 88 pp. 1 vols. First American editions of two separately printed parts of Barlow's most important prose work. "[Advice to the Privileged Orders] forcibly presents the doctrine of the responsibility of the State, a doctrine as admissably true today as it was then heretical to Barlow's college friends" (ANB). [Bound with:] BARLOW, Joel. A letter to the National Convention of France, on the defects in the Constitution of 1791, and the extent of the amendments which ought to be applied. To which is added The conspiracy of kings, a poem. By Joel Barlow...New York : Printed by Thomas Greenleaf, for J. Fellows, no. 192, Water-Street. (According to act of Congress.), [1793]. 87 pp. First American edition. Evans 25143; BAL 880. Evans 24075 & 26617; BAL 871 & 883; Sabin 3414. Provenance: Horatio G. Stevens (signature on first blank, son of Ebenezer and brother of John Austin); Arthur J. Stansbury (1781-1845, signature on title)

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        Der teutsche Obstgärtner oder gemeinnütziges Magazin des Obstbaues in Teutschlands sämmtlichen Kreisen; verfasset von einigen practischen Freunden der Obstcultur. Komplett mit 22 Bänden, gebunden in 25 Büchern.

      Weimar, im Verlage des Industrie-Comptoirs. - 1804. 1794 - 8°. 25 Bände (18 braune Pappbände der Zeit mit handschriftlicher Rückennummer und aufgeklebter Rückensignatur; 7 gelbe Halbleinenbände mit hs. Rückentitel). Dreiseitenrotschnitt. 22 gestochene Frontispiz, 22 gest. Titelvignetten, 432 teils gefalteten, gestochenen Tafeln, 387 davon coloriert. Ausgeschiedenes Bibliotheksexemplar mit Stempeln ausschließlich in den vord. Vorsätzen, auf den Titeln und rückseitig der Frontispize. Die Einbände etwas berieben (wohl auch vom Entfernen einer Signatur) und angeschmutzt, Ecken zumeist durchstoßen. Im Innenbereich überwiegend angenehm sauber. Gutes Exemplar. Collationiert. Im Vorsatz des 1. Bandes eingelegte Collation von alter Hand. Vereinzelt Korrekturen in alter Tinte (z.Bsp. die Fehlpaginierungen), beispielsweise in Band 1 auf 7 Seiten, Bde. 17/18 nur einmal, folgende gar nicht mehr. Genau so auch der Erhaltungszustand zum Ende hin immer besser werdend. Band 4 leicht gewellt. Tf.III, Bd.I / Tf.V, Bd.IV / Tf.IV, Bd.V / Tf.XXIII, Bd.VI / Tf.I, teils mit Fingerflecken, einige auch mit Braunflecken, davon vor allem auf den s/w Tafeln betroffen. -- Die Tafeln der Bände 1-6, 7-12 sowie 13-14 sind jeweils separat in ein Buch gebunden. Daher zu den ursprünglichen 22 Bänden hier noch drei "Tafelbände", insgesamt also 25 Bücher. FL3499

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat und Buchhandlung Carl Wegner]
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        PANTHEON DER DEUTSCHEN

      bey Karl Gottlieb Hofmann, Chemnitz 1794 - Erster (- Dritter) Theil. In drei Bänden. Mit drei Titelkupfern, drei Kupfertiteln mit Vignetten und 36 Kupfertafeln. [Bde. 1 u.2:] Chemnitz, bey Karl Gottlieb Hofmann 1794-1795 [Bd.3:] Leipzig, bey Friedrich Gotthold Jacobäer 1800. I: Vortitel, Front., (2) Bll., CX, 410 S. II: Vortitel, Front., XVIII, 135, 194, 192 S. III: Vortitel, Front., IV, 92, 108, 116, 162 S. Halblederbände d.Zt. mit zwei farb. Rückenschilden und –linienvergoldung. Kapitale bestoßen, etwas berieben. Erste Ausgabe (Rümann 841 kennt nur 30 Kupfer; Lanck./Oehler III,43). – Etwas stock- bzw. braunfleckig, „Endlich ist der längst erwartete dritte Theil des Pantheons der Deutschen in der Jacobäerschen Buchhandlung in Leipzig erschienen, nachdem die Herausgabe desselben durch den vorigen Verleger 3 [?!] Jahre hindurch war unterbrochen worden“ kündigt der Verlag die Fortsetzung im Intelligenzblatt 95 der A.L.Z. vom 5.Juli 1800 an und schließt: „Es ist wohl nicht zu zweifeln, dass das Publicum die weitere und künftighin ununterbrochene Fortsetzung dieses Pantheons in der zeitherigen Weise wünschenswerth finden, und den gegenwärtigen Verleger besser als den vorigen hiezu durch zeitige Bestellung aufmuntern wird, in welchem Falle ein 4r Theil zur Oster-Messe 1801 erscheinen soll.“ Dazu ist es nicht gekommen. Nachdem schon der dritte Teil, „durch Unglücksfälle des vorigen Verlegers veranlaßt“ (K.G.Hofmann, 1762 in Chemnitz geboren, starb ebda 1799. Über sein Leben ist fast nichts bekannt.), verzögert erschienen war, endete das groß geplante Werk mit diesem Band, obwohl bemerkenswerte Autoren daran mitgearbeitet haben. Neben J.A.EBERHARD (Leibniz), CHR.GIRTANNER (Rudolph von Habsburg), J.F.SCHINK (Lessing), F.C.SCHLENKERT (Hermann der Cherusker), CHR.J. WAGENSEIL (Ulrich von Hutten), E.K.WIELAND (Luther), K.L.WOLTMANN (Moritz von Sachsen) seien hier v.a. der Jakobiner HEINRICH WÜRZER (Friedrich II.), sowie G.CHR. LICHTENBERG (Kopernikus; Jung 371) hervorgehoben. JACOBÄER nennt in o.g. Annonce SCHLENKERT als Verfasser des Beitrags über MORITZ VON SACHSEN, HOFMANN im Vorbericht zum 2.Teil K.L.WOLTMANN. Das Frontispiz zum zweiten Teil zeigt eine Ansicht des damals noch nicht ausgeführten Wolfenbütteler LESSING-Denkmals von dem Gothaer Bildhauer FRIEDRICH DOELL noch unter freiem Himmel. Wegen fortgesetzter Beschädigungen durch LESSING-Feinde wurde es 1806 in die Bibliotheksrotunde versetzt. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Günther Trauzettel]
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        LA CONVERSION DE LA MADALENA. En que se ponen los tres estados que tuvo, de pecadora, de penitente, i de gracia

      Salvador Fauli, 464 pgs., Valencia, España 1794 - Lomo y tapas con algunas roturas. Mancha en borde lateral de las hojas. [Libro en Español / Book in Spanish] [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Buenos Aires Libros]
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        The report of the committee appointed to manage the experiments of the Society for the Improvement of Naval Architecture

      London: printed, (by order of the Society) May 1794. 8vo., two large folding engraved plates (slightly soiled, margins browned), (4) + 12pp., including the half-title, with a few contemporary pen and ink calculations in margin of final leaf, stitched into new marbled wrappers with title on upper cover. A very good copy. Apparently very rare. (ESTC & COPAC find copies only at BL + Bodleian + London Lib. + Essex Inst., Mass.). Signed at the end of the text 'By order of the Society, Joseph Brockbank, Sec.' this is a paper reporting experiments concerning the resistance of water upon differently shaped bodies. The Society for the Improvement of Naval Architecture had been founded on 14th April 1791. The experiments reported here took place in the Greenland Dock in London ('the largest and most convenient piece of still water for the purpose near London'). The two plates illustrate in some detail the apparatus used.

      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books]
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        La Nuova Zelanda trascorsa nel 1769 e 1770 dal Cook Comandante dell' Endeavour vascello di S.M. Britannica.

      Venezia 1794 - Rara carta, proveniente dal quinto volume dell'opera "Raccolta di tutti i viaggi fatti intorno al mondo da diverse nazioni dell'Europa" di Jean Pierre Berenger edito nel 1794-96 illustrato con carte dell'editore veneziano Zatta. Rispetto alla medesima carta inserita in "Atlante novissimo", cambiano il titolo e la data. Bel cartiglio figurato. Buono stato di conservazione con pieghe editoriali e traccia di restauri agli angoli delle medesime.

      [Bookseller: libreria antiquaria perini Sas di Perini]
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        A Treatise on the Culture of the Cucumber: shewing a new and advantageous method of cultivating that plant

      Printed for the Author; and sold by T. Cadell, London 1794 - (8 1/4 x 5 1/8 inches). Engraved folding frontispiece plate. Contemporary calf backed marbled paper covered boards with vellum tips, flat spine in six compartments, red morocco lettering piece in the second, the others with overall decoration in gilt Provenance: George Thomas Leaton-Blenkinsopp (armorial bookplate, arms on the spine) A lovely copy of MacPhail's work on the forced cultivation of cucumbers. MacPhail (fl. 1786-1805), the gardener to Lord Hawkesbury in Surrey, here advocates his controversial system of cultivating cucumbers in a brick bed. "This is the first edition of the work which introduced MacPhail's cucumber forcing frame which achieved considerable popularity" (Johnson). Scarce. Henrey III:999; Johnson 624. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Geschichte des siebenjährigen Krieges in Deutschland zwischen dem Könige von Preußen und der Kaiserin Königin mit ihren Alliirten vom General LLoyd. [ 3 Bände von 6] Erster Theil / welcher die Feldzüge von 1756 und 1757 enthält. Zweiter Theil / welcher den Feldzug von 1758 enthält. Dritter Theil / welcher den Feldzug von 1759 enthält.

      Berlin, gedruckt und verlegt von Johann Friedrich Unger, 1794. 1. Theil: Aus dem Englischen aufs neue übersetzt, mit verbesserten Planen und Anmerkungen. 1. Theil: 1794, 302 Seiten, 8 Karten, 2. Theil, 1785 , 387 Seiten, 3 Karten, 3. Theil, 1795, 334 Seiten, 2 Karten. (Kupfertafeln und Texttabellen jeweils gefaltet) Geprägte Halbledereinbände der Zeit. -Ott1- (in guter Erhaltung, Papier tlw. braunfleckig, Die Kupfer in guter Erhaltung. Einbände und Kanten leicht berieben) Die 13 Kupfertafeln mit mehrfach gefalteten Karten zeigen die Schlachtenaufstellungen bei (1.Bd.:) Lowositz, Reichenberg, Prag, Kollin, Jägerndorff, Rosbach, Breslau und Leuthen, 1756 u. 1757, (2. Bd.:) Krefeldt, Zorndorf(mit 3 verschiedenen Stellungen, bezeichnet Tafel 1-4) und Hohkirch ,1758, (3.Bd.:) Minden und Cunersdorf ,1759. [Der 1. Band (mit falscher Schreibung des Verfassernamens: Tempelhof) ist eine Übersetzung von \"The History of the late war in Germany, between the King of Prussia and the Empress of Germany and her allies\" von Henry Lloyd, die weiteren Teile verfaßte Tempelhoff (1737-1807).Der englische General Henry Lloyd hatte den Beginn des Siebenjährigen Krieges auf österreichischer Seite mitgemacht - 1760 trat er in preußischen Dienst.] Versand D: 5,00 EUR

      [Bookseller: St. Jürgen Antiquariat]
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        A TREATISE ON THE PRACTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF JUDICATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK IN CIVIL ACTIONS

      New York: T. and J. Swords, 1794. Thick octavo. Half calf and marbled boards in antique style, stamped in gilt, leather label. Interleaved throughout, with extensive manuscript annotations in a contemporary hand. Contemporary ownership inscription on titlepage, trimmed a bit at top edge. Light scattered soiling. Very good. The first American practice manual for the legal profession, based in part on manuscript works by Alexander Hamilton. The present copy, interleaved throughout, contains massive annotations compiled by an attorney who was evidently in active practice before the New York Supreme Court at least until 1813. This is the self-styled second edition, published the same year as the first. It may have been the intention of the annotator to publish a new edition, but no such every appeared. Not much is known about William Wyche, a British emigré to America. On the titlepage of his treatise he styles himself as being "Of the honorable law society of Grey's Inn, London; and citizen of the United States of America." Wyche entered Grey's Inn at the end of 1788, but did not stay long enough to be registered as a proper barrister (a term of five years), and citizenship took two years' residence, meaning he must have emigrated around or before 1792. His TREATISE... quite practically translates, in a well-organized fashion, the practices of the New York court system in civil cases. This would have been eminently helpful for lawyers just starting out and learning to navigate the state's legal system. In the preface Wyche discusses the sources he consulted in the compilation of his work, noting: "Some practical sketches in manuscript, one passing under the name of a personage of high respectability, have been consulted; and whatever appeared of importance has been incorporated." The manuscript work referred to is undoubtedly one prepared by Alexander Hamilton in the 1780s. His treatise on practice circulated in manuscript copies (only one of which survives today) but was never published in the Federal period. It has been published in modern times by both the Hamilton Papers project and the New York Bar Association as PRACTICAL PROCEEDINGS IN THE SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. A comparison of the texts reveals that Wyche did indeed draw heavily on Hamilton's pioneering work. Wyche himself was only briefly part of the New York legal scene. He was not admitted to practice before the New York Supreme Court until May of 1795. Prior to this he published several books and married in 1794. He appeared in the 1795 and 1796 New York directories, and last appeared in a legal action in January 1796. After that he disappears. The present copy is of extraordinary interest for the extensive contemporary annotations throughout the text. The volume is interleaved, doubling its size, and bears significant and detailed notes throughout by an unidentified contemporary author. The annotator was clearly an active practitioner before the Court. The earliest date we note is 1796, shortly after publication, and the latest is 1813, providing a detailed picture of the evolution of the Court in its early years. A fertile basis for future research, the notes are quite evocative of the training of American lawyers in the Federal period. A highly important book and manuscript, providing a key to the basis of legal practice in New York. ESTC W2533. EVANS 28140. COHEN 9188. Robert Emery, LAW LIBRARY JOURNAL 93:3, pp.469-77.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        The Genuine Trial of Thomas Hardy for High Treason, At the Sessions...

      1794. Treason Trial Inspired by Fear of the French Revolution [Trial]. Hardy, Thomas [1752-1832], Defendant. Sibly, Manoah, Reporter. The Genuine Trial of Thomas Hardy for High Treason, At the Sessions House in the Old Bailey, From October 28 to November 5, 1794. London: Printed for J.S. Jordan, 1795. Two volumes. viii, [9]-508; viii, 602 pp. Lacking half-titles. Octavo (8-1/2" x 5"). Recent quarter cloth over marbled boards, printed paper title labels to spines, speckled edges. Moderate toning, light foxing in a few places, underlining to a few passages in Volume II, early owner signature to title page of Volume I. Ex-library. Small perforated stamp to title page of Volume II. A nice copy in a handsome binding. * Only edition. A shoemaker by trade, Hardy was the founder and First Secretary of the London Corresponding Society. This was a popular association of workingmen committing to the cause of universal male suffrage. Unnerved by the excesses of the French Revolution, and eager to set an example, Hardy was indicted for high treason in 1794. The public favored Hardy's cause and he was seen as an unjustly persecuted apostle of English liberty. As the trial proved, the Crown's case, prosecuted by Lord Eldon, had little merit and Hardy was acquitted to great acclaim. This account contains a complete transcript of the trial, along with a narrative account and the texts of letters and documents introduced as evidence. English Short-Title Catalogue T73925.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        VARIAE RESOLUTIONES JURIS CIVILIS, COMMUNIS, ET REGII, TOMIS TRIBUS DISTINCTAE. I.-Ultimarum Voluntatum, II.-Contractuum, III.-Delictorum. Editio Novissima, Cui praeter Annotationes EMANUELIS SOAREZ A RIBEIRA, accesserunt Illustrationes, sive Additiones JOANNIS DE AYLLON LAYNEZ in fine cujusque Capitis appositae, cum Indice Generali

      - Matriti: Typis Viudae et Filli PETRI MARIN, 1794, 3 tomos en 2 vol. de 31x22 cm., en pergamino, 4 h.+881 y 372 págs., en perfecto estado

      [Bookseller: Fábula Libros (Librería Jiménez-Bravo)]
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        LAWS OF NORTH-CAROLINA. AT A GENERAL ASSEMBLY, BEGUN AND HELD AT NEWBERN...IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED AND NINETY-FOUR...BEING THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SAID ASSEMBLY [caption title]

      Newbern: From the Press of Francois X. Martin, 1794. Folio. Modern buckram, gilt leather label. Ink library stamps on first leaf, dampstain at bottom of gutter, some spotting and tanning. Good. The session laws for the second session of the North Carolina legislature in 1794. The first act here cedes land on Cape Fear near Fort Johnston to the United States. The remainder of the work is concerned with laws related to the state militia. Rare, ESTC records ten copies. EVANS 27425. McMURTRIE 197. ESTC W35576.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        A Concise Treatise on the Art of AnglingConfirmed by Actual Experience, and Minute Observations: with the propermethods For Breeding and Feeding Fish, and of making Fish-ponds, Stews.&c. with several Arcana, never before made Public. To which is added THECOMPLETE FLY-FISHER; The Game-Laws, Relative To Angling; and Prognosticsof the Weather, independent of the Barmomter. By Thomas Best.

      London.Printed for B Crosby. 1794. 12mo, 18.5cm, the Third Edition, correctedand improved. [xii],153,[1]p., copper engraved frontis (pastoral scene,gentleman fishing, Lady watching - with 6 clear vignette illustrationsfor fishing flies on the bottom margin), in the original plain wraps,early repaired in brown paper, spine cap wanting, upper preliminary pagesloose, corners turned down, housed in light grey clam shell box, marbledinterior, paper label, internally a relatively clean copy , the scarce third edition. W&S. 11. Gingrich pp75-77. "The other outstanding 18thcentury angling author, based on number of editions and influence, isThomas Best, whose "Art of Angling" ran through four editions before thecentury's end. . The author was keeper of his Majesty's drawing roomin the town of London". Gingrich. Title page differs from the firstedition of 1787.. Soft cover.

      [Bookseller: Patrick McGahern Books, Inc. (ABAC)]
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        SPEECH OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS [caption title]

      [Philadelphia: Printed by Francis Childs, 1794. Small tears at fold lines, not affecting text. Lightly toned. Very good. In a half morocco box. The very rare first printing of George Washington's sixth State of the Union Address, delivered on November 19, 1794. Most of the speech, nearly three-quarters of the printed text, is taken up by a discussion of the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania, during which the authority of the federal government was severely tested. Washington's speech gives his account of the rebellion and his explanation of his military response to the insurrection, and offers important insights into his conceptions of the rule of law and the powers of the new federal government. Washington's description of the unfolding of events in western Pennsylvania, when residents protested an excise tax on liquor by resort to arms, is terse and to the point. He summarizes the course of the complaints from the frontier and describes the escalating violence. Washington recounts how Congress considered the complaints about the tax, but that this consideration only seemed to spur the rebels, writing that "the very forbearance to press prosecutions was misinterpreted into a fear of urging the execution of the laws." Washington castigates the rebellious American citizens as "the enemies of order" and malevolent "insurgents," gripped by a "treasonable fury" and a "spirit inimical to all order." His anger is palpable, as he accuses the insurgents of seeking to "withstand by force of arms the authority of the United States, and thereby to extort a repeal of the laws of excise, and an alteration in the conduct of government." Washington goes on to explain his actions in calling up a large militia force to march to western Pennsylvania and subdue the insurrection by force. What is very interesting in the text of the address is Washington's forceful interpretation of the powers and responsibilities of the federal government and the chief executive, and the ultimate rule of law. This address thereby becomes a forceful statement by Washington of his thoughts on the role and power of government. Washington describes the liquor tax as a constitutional exercising of the legislative power of the Congress, and expresses his dismay when he found that the courts and local authorities in western Pennsylvania were unable to control the rebels. He writes that "crimes, which reached the very existence of social order, were perpetrated without controul; - the friends of government were insulted, abused, and overawed into silence." Washington proclaims that to yield to those who were violently opposing the tax "would be to violate the fundamental principle of our constitution, which enjoins that the will of the majority shall prevail." Several times he expresses the need to obey the "authority of laws" and he reiterates his oath to "preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the United States." In the remainder of the address Washington discusses the need for a better organized militia and more adequate fortifications, issues which connect with the subject of the Whiskey Rebellion. He goes on to report on relations with Indian tribes on the frontier, the activities of General Anthony Wayne, and treaty negotiations. Washington also discusses the need to retire the national debt, the progress of the United States Mint, and his policy of equanimity in relations with European powers. Evans ascribes the printing of this speech to Francis Childs. Only five copies located in OCLC. Rare, and a very important expression of George Washington's philosophy of the role and power of the federal government when it faced the first serious domestic challenge to its authority. EVANS 27923.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        BOTANISCHES BILDERBUCH FUR DIE JUGEND UND FREUNDE DER PFLANZENKUNDE. TEXT IN GERMAN, FRENCH and ENGLISH

      Leipzig, Voss und Compagnie, 1794-95.. Volume I and 25 pages of Volume 2 only, normally bound in 4. FIRST EDITION, 1794-95. 4to, approximately 250 x 210 mm, 9¾ x 8¼ inches, engraved title page to Volume I with colour printed vignette, Volume 2 lacks title page, 36 ATTRACTIVE HAND COLOURED PLATES OF WILD FLOWERS, 30 to Volume I and 6 to the first part of Volume II, the text is in 3 languages: GERMAN, FRENCH and ENGLISH, pages 124; 125-150; 151-154 index in 4 languages including Latin, with catchword to index on page 150, bound in half leather over marbled sides, contrasting gilt lettered labels to spine, all edges red. Tiny split to top of upper hinge, just slightly rubbed at head and tail of spine, corners slightly worn, neat inscription on front pastedown, inscriber's initials stamped neatly on title page, title page faintly browned, small old ink library stamp on verso title page and on final page of index, occasional small brown spots to text pages, a few text pages lightly browned, originally sold in 28 parts and occasional trace of blue paper wrapper shows at inner edge including on title page, 1 plate has a little faint browning to background, 1 has a small very pale stain to background, otherwise plates very nice and bright, the hand colouring very neat. Binding tight and firm. A very good copy (Volume I and first part of Volume II only). Little is known about Friedrich Dreves (1775-1816) born in Dobbersen. He was responsible only for Volume I, the later volumes were by Friedrich Gottlob Hayne with the assistance of Heinrich Christoph Albrecht. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE, FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        Minutes of the Proceedings of the ... Convention of Delegates from the Abolition Societies Established in Different Parts of the United States, Assembled at Philadelphia [First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Seventh Conventions]

      Philadelphia: Printed by Zachariah Poulson, Junr.. (1794-1801). First. Six sewn pamphlets in plain paper wrappers: 30, [2]; 32; 32; 59; 20; 55pp. Three (1794, 1797, 1801) are untrimmed in original plain paper wrappers; the other three (1795, 1796, 1798) are trimmed in early plain paper wrappers. The first pamphlet from 1794 has a contemporary signature of Samuel Rodman on the top of the title page; the fourth pamphlet from 1797 has a contemporary signature of Isaac Hicks on the front wrap. The front wrap of the fourth pamphlet is detached, a very good set.These pamphlets record the proceedings of the first American effort at national organization around the anti-slavery cause. Held in January 1794, the first meeting drew delegates from the abolition societies of Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland. Later meetings added attendees from Rhode Island and Virginia, and each pamphlet lists the names of those present -- among them Benjamin Rush, Jonathan Edwards, and many important early abolitionists. The first gathering "voted to petition Congress to prohibit the slave trade and also to appeal to the legislatures of the various states to abolish slavery. The petitions pointed out the inconsistency of a country that had recently rejected the tyranny of kings engaging in "domestic despotism." Despite limited funds or authority and infrequent meetings, these conventions harnessed considerable public support for reform and imbued their ideological successor, the American Anti-Slavery Society, with cornerstone goals designed to "bring the whole nation to a speedy repentance." Evans 26533, 28146, 29947, 31686, 33264 (Conventions 1-5). .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        An original watercolour, titled 'Calycanthus' of a cream-red-flowered shrub with two butterflies and a dragon-fly

      1794. Folio. (17 1/2 x 13 3/4 inches). Original water-colour on Whatman wove paper (sheet size: 17 1/2 x 13 3/4 inches), titled in both English, and Chinese characters. A Chinese drawing of a flowering shrub with butterflies produced for the Western market by a highly-talented Chinese artist. This watercolour derives from a well-established tradition of Chinese artists, working in and around the coastal trading ports, producing work for Western patrons, particularly the members of the East India and Dutch East India Companies. While meeting Western demands for botanical accuracy, the drawing has that fine Chinese feeling and tradition for design and delicacy which almost brings the plant to life. The insects (and particularly the butterflies) are used to heighten what is already a pleasing composition.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        ASSEMBL?E COLONIALE DE L'ISLE DE FRANCE. S?ANCE Du 17 BRUMAIRE AU MATIN, 3me. ANN?E DE LA REPUBLIQUE...RAPPORT FAIR A L'ASSEMBL?E COLONIALE DE L'ISLE DE FRANCE, AU SUJET DE ST. F?LIX, DUPLESSIS, TYROL, TESSAN, FAYOL, MARCENAY, GRANGIER, TOUS ARRET?S A L'ISLE DE LA R?UNION, PAR LES COMMISSAIRES DE LA CHAUMI»RE, & D?TENUS ?S PRISONS DE LA PLACE [caption title]

      Port de la Montagne [i.e. Port Louis]: Chez F.N. Bolle, 1794. Small quarto. Stitched as issued. Contemporary notation on first page, some contemporary underlining in text. Minor soiling. Very good. A remarkable early imprint from the colonial press at the French colony of Mauritius, also known as the Ile de France, in the south Indian Ocean. The text contains a report of the French Revolutionary Committee of Public Safety regarding prisoners arrested on the island of RÈunion being held as enemies of the Revolution. The document was printed in the capital, Port Louis, which was called Port de la Montagne from 1792 to 1795. The Dutch were the first Europeans to become interested in the island, taking possession in 1598. After exploiting the island's dense forests for a century and introducing the cultivation of sugar cane and cotton, in 1710 the Dutch abandoned the colony. The French soon claimed it as "Ile de France," and the island remained under the control of the French East India Company until 1767. During the long war between France and England at the beginning of the 19th century, Mauritius proved to be an important strategic naval base. The British took charge of the island in 1810, and the Treaty of Paris confirmed official British possession in 1814. It remained an important sugar producing colony, and in the 20th century agricultural production was expanded to include tea, rice, and other produce. Printing began on Mauritius in 1768. During the French period, until 1810, only about 400 imprints were produced, mostly in the form of official documents and newspapers, though there are also almanacs and a few other items. All are quite rare. No copies located in OCLC; Toussaint locates a copy at the Archives Nationales in Paris.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        A Collection of the Private Acts of the General Assembly of the State of North-Carolina, from the Year 1715, to the Year 1790, inclusive, now in Force and Use

      Francois-Xavier Martin, Newbern 1794 - [5],249,[3]pp. Antique three-quarter calf and marbled boards, spine gilt with leather label. Minor toning, light foxing. Lacks the list of subscribers leaf, as usual. A rare collection of private acts published to supplement the Iredell edition of the laws of North Carolina. The publication starts with a 1715 act to incorporate a town in Bath County and to secure a public library at St. Thomas's Parish in Pamplico, and ends with a 1788 act to allow a debtor named John Colson back into North Carolina to settle his affairs. Rare. ESTC records only fifteen copies worldwide. ESTC w239; Evans 27419; McMurtrie 199; Sabin 55602; Weeks 99. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Gedanken über einige dem Officier der leichten Reutery nothwendige Kenntnisse.

      Riga, Müller, 1794. 4to. 246 + (1) s. 14 kobberstukne plansjer. Samt. helskinnbd. Papiretikett på ryggen

      [Bookseller: Ruuds Antikvariat]
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        Spanische Novellen. Von Grosse, Verfasser des Genius.

      bei Friedrich Maurer, Berlin 1794 - Erster (- Vierter) Theil. In zwei Bänden. Mit vier Titelkupfern. Berlin, bei Friedrich Maurer 1794 – 1796. I: Front., Titel, 192 S.; II: Front., Titel, 128 S.; III: Front., Titel, 104 S.; IV: Front., Titel, 222 S. Marmorierte Halblederbände d.Zt. mit Rückenschild. Ein Schild mit Fehlstelle, etwas berieben. Erste Ausgabe (Goedeke V,493,10). – Exemplar auf Schreibpapier. Gelegentlich etwas (stock-) fleckig. Starke marmorierte Vorsätze. C.GROSSE (Magdeburg 1768 - 1847 Kopenhagen) gilt als eine "der abenteuerlichsten Gestalten der deutschen Literaturgeschichte" (NDB VII,15). Der Sohn eines Arztes kam 1788 zum Studium nach Halle, wo er im Umfeld BAHRDTs in Verbindung zu Geheimgesellschaften geriet. In diesem Umfeld, wo Phantasienamen und -titel anzunehmen gängige klandestine Praxis war, wurde er MARQUIS VON GROSSE und GRAF VON VARGAS. 1791 ging er nach Spanien, 1792 nach Italien, "wo der Hauptteil seines schriftstellerischen Werks entstand. Danach [1809] lebte GROSSE unter dem Namen Graf VON VARGAS-BEDEMAR in Kopenhagen, von der dän. Regierung mit hohen Ämtern betraut. Mit dem König verband ihn enge Freundschaft, und als geachteter Geologe wurde er Mitglied mehrerer naturwissenschaftlicher Gesellschaften. GROSSE war der 'Romantiker der Trivialliteratur' [Thalmann]. Nicht nur sein Lebenslauf verkörperte eine romantische Existenzform, in der Schein und Sein nicht mehr deutlich zu unterscheiden sind. Auch seine schöngeistige Schriftstellerei nahm Motive und Visionen voraus, die erst von den Romantikern voll ausgeformt wurden." (Killy 4,371). „Er hebt die Kontinuität eines Lebens wie die eines flauen Romans, der nicht mehr unterhält, auf. (.) GROSSE ist als romantischer Graf eine Kometenfigur (.). Er (.) gehört wie CAGLIOSTRO und Konsorten zu den Figuren, die auf dem Index der bürgerlichen Moral stehen." (M.Thalmann. Die Romantik des Trivialen, S.54f.). Besonders sein Bundesroman Der Genius übte starke Wirkung auf TIECK (William Lovell) und WACKENRODER aus und noch E.T.A.HOFFMANN bekannte nach dessen Lektüre: "Meine Phantasie hatte einen Festtag." Sie erkannten in ihm "den Weltmann ihrer eigenen Generation" (Thalmann S.55). Bedeutend ist der Einfluss seiner „horrid mysteries“ auch auf die englische Romantik, von JANE AUSTEN in Northanger Abbey empfohlen. Noch vor Veröffentlichung des letzten Bandes des Genius (1795) erschienen die ersten beiden Bände der vorliegenden Spanischen Novellen, die heute ebenso selten, aber weit weniger bekannt sind. GROSSE behauptet, die Vorlagen zu denen in den ersten beiden Bänden teils bei CERVANTES gefunden, teils nach mündlicher Überlieferung niedergeschrieben zu haben, während die in den folgenden eigene Erfindung in spanischer, d.h. romantischer Manier seien, der er sich offensichtlich wesensverwandt fühlt: „Es ist gewiß, daß zu Feenmährchen und Gespenstergeschichten kein Charakter tauglicher ist, als der Spanische. Nicht sowohl wegen seines natürlichen Hanges zum Romantischen und Abentheuerlichen, sondern wegen seiner stillen und gefaßten Haltung, die das Wunderbarste als ganz natürlich behandelt. (.). Zuletzt ist das Umherschweifende, das Glücksritterwesen in Spanien ganz national.“ (Vorrede, 3.Bd.). „Keinen anderen Zweck, als den zu gefallen“ (Vorrede, 1.Bd.) hatte er bei den Gespenstergeschichten und Märchen im Sinn, die den Inhalt der Novellen ausmachen, die sich dennoch deutlich von der damals gängigen Ware unterscheiden. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Günther Trauzettel]
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        Mémoire sur les eaux minérales et les établissements thermaux des Pyrénées. [Relié à la suite] : Mémoire sur les eaux minérales de Naples et sur les bains de vapeurs., par Attumoneli.

      A Paris, chez Vatar, an III [1794] ; Impr. de la Société de Médecine, an XII [1804]. - Deux ouvrages en un vol. in-8 reliure de l'époque demi-veau havane, dos lisse, pièce de titre grenat, roulettes et fleurons dorés, tranches mouchetées, XXVII-153 pp., 4 planches dépliantes gravées sur cuivre, [1] f. d'errata, [1] ff., 168 pp. Mouillure claire angulaire en marge des planches, petit cachet, bel ex. Envoi signé de l'auteur Lomet au premier faux-titre : "Pour le citoyen Schilmank chef de bataillon de génie, de la part de l'auteur". Les planches montrent des projets d'établissements thermaux, dont un à Barèges. Réf. bibliographiques : Labarere, 936. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Trait d'Union sarl.]
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        Früher eigenhändiger Brief ohne Unterschrift an einen Grafen.

      Mannheim, 30.1.1794. 23 x 19 cm. 4 S. auf Doppelbogen Hadernbütten mit Wasserzeichen. gute Erhaltung. Montgelas war von 1799 bis 1817 Minister unter dem Kurfürsten und späteren König von Bayern Maximilian I. 1786 trat M. in den Dienst des Herzogs Karl II. August von Pfalz-Zweibrücken. Als die Franzosen 1793 Zweibrücken besetzten, blieb M. nach der Flucht Karls als herzoglicher Beamter zurück, um zwischen den fremden Truppen und der Bevölkerung zu vermitteln. Bei Karl II. fiel er in Ungnade, nachdem er sich unter Rettung des herzoglichen Archivs nach Mannheim durchgeschlagen hatte. Nach Karls Tod stellte dessen Bruder und Nachfolger Max Joseph 1796 M. als politischen Berater ein und nahm ihn 1799 mit nach München. Übersetzung: ... Die Franzosen haben das Schloss von Worms angezündet, haben einen großen Teil der Kontribution, die sie den Einwohner auferlegt hatten, erhoben, und haben danach diesen Ort am 24. dieses Monats verlassen. Briefe des Generals Graf von Isenburg, der in Ihrem Hauptquartier Mainz ist, kündigen die Räumung von Frankenthal für heute an. Die Dörfer jenseits des Rheins, die zu uns am nächsten sind, sind immer noch vom Feind besetzt. Ihre Exzellenz kennen die Geschichte von Fort Louis. Man weiß nicht genau, wo die Hauptmacht der französischen Truppen ist, und ihr Hauptquartier. Uns ist gestern ein Bataillon Bayern angekommen, wir erwarten für heute ein zweites, so sehr wie es gestattet ist, nach dem Anschein zu urteilen. Denn Sie wissen, Monsieur le Comte, dass derartig außergewöhnliche Dinge geschehen, dass es unmöglich wird, etwas vorherzusehen. Der Feldzug scheint auf unseren Seiten beendet zu sein. Man hat Unruhen in Italien und den Niederlanden. Die Landung der Engländer in C... war erneut in einem Brief aus London angekündigt worden, der dem General Prinz von Waldeck zugekommen ist, aber ich bezweifle noch, dass dies Erfolg hat. Wir wurden darüber so oft getäuscht, dass es sehr wohl erlaubt ist, nicht mehr leicht daran zu glauben. Dies wäre jedoch das einzige und wahre Mittel, uns das Ende zu verschaffen, dass wir alle so sehr wünschen müssen, und so wie wir Grund haben, es zu wünschen. Eine Versammlung so nahe der Hauptstadt und unterstützt von den Unzufriedenen des Inlandes hätte mehr Wirkung als der notwendigerweise blutige, lange und kostspielige Angriff der Grenzen. Die zwei Generale sind noch nicht eingetroffen. Es tut mir leid, es zu schreiben, aber von den Kommandanten bis zum letzten Soldat ist nur ein Schrei nach Frieden. Sie rufen nach ihm mit all ihrer Kraft und sind der Feindseligkeiten sehr müde. Ich bitte Ihre Exzellenz diese Einzelheit für sich zu behalten, aber die Beobachtung ist genau, und ich weiß, dass Sie ein getreues Bild mögen. Viele beginnen daran zu zweifeln, dass der König zur Armee kommt. Man spricht von Verhandlungen und ... zwischen Ihrem Hof und jenem von Wien zugunsten des ersteren. Was hat es mit den russischen Bewaffnungen am Schwarzen Meer auf sich? Möchte die große Katharina den Besonderheiten dieses schrecklichen Jahrhundertendes die Krone aufsetzen, indem sie den günstigen Augenblick nutzt, um ihr berühmtes orientalischen System zu verwirklichen? Der liebe Onkel war zwei Tage lang krank ... Unser Meister ist wegen einer starken Erkältung unpäßlich, die, ohne dass sie gefährlich wäre, ihn gezwungen hat, seine Reise nach München zu verschieben. Die bittersten Gedanken drängen sich über die elende Lage auf, in der wir uns befinden, und die sehr realen Gefahren, in denen sich die bürgerliche Gesellschaft befindet. Mein Herz ist schwer wegen dem was ich verliere, wegen dem, was ich erleide, mehr noch wegen dem, was ich fürchte. Es wird mir letztendlich ein großer Trost sein ... zu erfahren, Monsieur le Comte, dass Sie ruhig und zufrieden sind, und Sie mich beständig mit einer Freundschaft beehren, die mein Glück und mein Trost sein wird...\" Versand D: 6,00 EUR

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Bebuquin]
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        Recherches sur les causes des principaux faits physiques. 2 vols.

      Maradan, Paris 1794 - Lamarck, Jean Baptiste (1744-1829). Recherches sur les causes des principaux faits physiques. . . . 2 vols., 8vo. xvi, 375; [4], 412pp. Engraved plate in Vol. I, folding chart in Vol. II. B1 in Vol. I is a cancel, signed "B*". Paris: Maradan, seconde année de la République [1794]. 211 x 136 mm. Original paste paper wrappers, hand-lettered paper spine labels, spines worn and chipped with some loss, wrappers partly detached. Edges a bit frayed, some toning, but very good. First Edition of Lamarck’s first major scientific work. "With the publication of the Recherches, Larmarck brought together the various strands of his work in physics and chemistry, and his views on the differences between organic and inorganic beings" (Corsi, pp. 47-48). Lamarck’s chemical theories played an important part in the development of his ideas about the origin of species, as they provided a materialistic definition of life, reproduction and evolution. In opposition to the "new chemistry" established by Lavoisier, Lamarck held that there were only four true elements: Earth, air, fire and water. Fire was the most important of these four elements, and its three states—natural, "fixed," and a state of expansion (caloric fire)—were central to a great number of chemical and physical phenomena. Lamarck believed that only living beings could produce chemical compounds, with the most complex compounds being produced by those animals with the most highly organized physiological structure; in the absence of life, these compounds would naturally decompose over time into their constituent elements, producing in the process all known inorganic substances. This mineral "chain of being," with continuous degradation from the most complex to the simplest, is similar to Lamarck’s later theory of the evolution of species: Each stressed the gradual and successive production of forms, while denying the relevance of defined species. Corsi, The Age of Lamarck, pp. 47-53. Duveen, Bibliotheca alchemica et chemica, p. 334. Norman 1260. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience]
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