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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1555

        L'Antica Musica ridotta alla Moderna Prattica, con la dichiaratione, et con gli essempi de i tre generi, con le loro spetie. Et con l'inventione di uno nuovo stromento, nel quale si contiene tutta la perfetta musica, con molti segreti musicali. Nuovamente mess'in luce, dal Reverendo M. don Nicola Vicentino

      Folio (287x194 mm). 146, [6] leaves and [8] woodcut folding plates. Signatures: A-Z6 AA6 BB8. On the title page printer's device, showing Orpheus under a tree playing the viola. Author's portrait, at the age of 44, printed on title-page verso. Beautiful woodcut decorated initials. Music notation in text. Later polished calf gilt, marbled edges. Contemporary ownership's inscription on the title page: 'Est S. Petri de Perusio'; below the initials 'D.d.M.' and the date '1857'. Small marginal tear to l. D4 with no damage to the text, title page slightly soiled, a nice copy printed on a fine, crispy paper.A beautiful copy, complete with all the eight plates, of the extremely rare first edition, first issue, of one of the most influential music theory books of the sixteenth century. The book is dedicated to Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este.Unlike most early theorists, Vicentino, who was a pupil of the Flemish-Venetian composer Adrian Willaert, did not simply summarize the practice of his time, but also attempted to adapt the Greek musical modes to the purpose of modern harmonic singing and instrumental performance. His major contribution is the adaptation of the ancient Greek chromatic and enharmonic genera to modern polyphonic practice. Anticipating Vincenzo Galilei and Claudio Monteverdi, Vicentino also expressed avant-garde's views on the relation between music and text. He stated that, in order to better express the feelings of a verbal text, music should be sometimes allowed to break the strict rules of counterpoint."This treatise is a major contribution to the growing movement that sought to free both theory and practice from a dependence on the traditional ecclesiastical modes. Of particular interest is his description of the 'arcicembalo', a unique harpsichord that was built with two keyboards, each containing three orders of keys. This construction allows the performer to play intervals smaller than a semitone as well as the possibility of playing pure intervals against tempered intervals in any key. Thus, for the first time, ancient Greek theory as well as progressive free chromaticism could be realized, and from this would gradually emerge 'the stabilization tuning into the equal temperament of more modern times'. Vicentino was also interested in both the melodic and vertical functions of intervals, which is remarkable for this period. Understandably, his theories generated fervent opposition both from his contemporaries and later from the likes of Zarlino, Artusi, and Doni. The French printer Antonio Barré, although primarily a printer of music, produced twenty music books during his career, of which this is the most famous. Vicentino's treatise is also significant as a very early example of the printing of the natural sign from type" (R.H. Cowden, A Collector's Journey: Notable Music Books Written Prior to 1800, New Castle, DE, 2015, pp. 24-25)."Vicentino, a real humanist among musicians, was so strongly influenced by the newly rediscovered Greek theory of music that he invented an instrument, the 'archicembalo', the super-harpsichord, using quarter tones, and based on his ideas of Greek music. This treatise explains the instrument and the corresponding theory of a system built on chromatic and enharmonic scales. Vicentino was himself an excellent performer on the clavichord. Vicentino was an ordained priest who entered the service of Ippolito d'Este, Cardinal of Ferrara (to whom this work is dedicated), and accompanied him to Rome. Later he returned to Ferrara, where he was 'maestro di cappella' in the court of the cardinal until his death" (W. Schab, Catalogue 14, 1950, no. 149).The book was later reissued by Barré with a new title page dated 1557. Copies of both issues complete with all the eight plates are extremely rare. The plates show diagrams of the keys of the clavichord invented by Vicentino. According to Worldcat, only one copy is recorded in America at the Metropolitan Museum of New York.Edit 16, CNCE30787; N. Vicentino, Ancient music adapted to modern practice, M. Rika Maniates & M.V. Palisca, eds., New Haven, 1996; RISM, B6, p. 861; W. Schmieder, Musik, no. 1316; Cowden, no. 22; Grove, V, 495; Eitner, X, 76; Wolffheim, 1093; Gregory-Sonneck, p. 281; Hirsch, 591; Fétis, VIII, 338.

      [Bookseller: Govi Rare Books LLC]
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        Discorso sopra la castrametatione, & bagni antichi de i Greci, & Romani. Con l'aggiunta della figura del Campo Romano. Et vna Informatione delle militia Turchesa, & de gli habiti de soldati Turchi, scritta da M. Francesco Sansouino. 2 Teile in 1 Band.

      Fol. 80, 4 Bl., fol. 28. Mit Holzschnitt-Titelvignette, 43 Holzschnitt-Tafeln, 14 Holzschnitten im Text, 1 gefalteten Tafel sowie einigen Holzschnitt-Initialen. 8 (14,5 x 10 cm). Roter Maroquinband des 19. Jhdts, signiert "Rivière", mit dreifacher Goldfilete auf den Deckeln, reicher floraler Rückenvergoldung, Steh- und Innenkantenvergoldung sowie dreiseitigem Goldschnitt und marmor. Vorsätzen. Hübsches Bändchen, "BOUND BY RIVIERE" (am Fuß des Vorderspiegels), über das Bade-, Militär- und Sportwesen der europäischen Antike dieser venezianischen Ausgabe (zuerst 1555 in Lyon) ist zum ersten Male ein Beitrag Francesco Sansovinos zum türkischen Militärwesen beigegeben, darin auch 14 Abbildungen die mehrfach gefaltete Tafel mit mehreren kleinen Holzschnitten zeigt schematisch ein römisches Heerlager die Tafeln sind verkleinerte Übernahmen der Lyoneser Ausgabe. Minimal berieben papierbedingt gebräunt erste 8 Bl. mit winzigem Wurmloch im der unteren Ecke kleines Loch in der Falttafel hinterlegt auf 2. fliegendem Vordervorsatz eine saubere handschriftl. Titelaufnahme montiert auf 3. fliegendem Vorsatz hs. Glossen zu Simeon und Sansovino auf Titelei mit altem hs. Besitzvermerk. Provenienz: verso fliegendem Vorsatz mit dem radierten Exlibris "Bibliotheque de L'Ambassadeur de France et de la Vicomtesse de Fontenay". Zu Sansovino (1521-1586, Sohn des Architekten Jacob Sansovino) vgl. Jöcher IV, 132f zum Übersetzer ins Italienische, dem Historiker Gabriel Simeon, vgl. Jöcher IV, 594 vgl. auch Brunet II, 858.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat am Moritzberg]
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        L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, avec leurs descriptions, & naïfs portraicts retirez du naturel.

      Paris Guillaume Cavellat 1555 - First edition. Cavellat issue. 7 parts in one volume, Folio (34 x 22 cm). xxviii, 382 pp., Hand-coloured woodcut printer's device on title and six sectional titles, woodcut portrait of Belon on title verso, two woodcuts of human and bird skeletons and 158 large woodcuts in text of birds by Pierre Gourdelle and others, numerous 11-line and smaller ornamental woodcut initials and head-pieces, light soiling to title, with 17th century ownership inscription to head, occasional trivial foxing and old staining, nineteenth century vellum, edges stained red, overall a fine clean copy with excellent contemporary hand-colour. A beautiful copy of the rare first edition. One of the first ornithological texts based on direct observation and illustrated from original drawings. "Belon described approximately 230 species (including the bat), most of them European, but including some foreign species observed from his sojourns in Asia Minor and Egypt" (Norman). Though much of this work is based on Aristotle and Pliny, Belon provided many novel observations as to the appearance, habits and distribution of birds. In addition, he made an important and original contribution to comparative anatomy by comparing in detail the skeletons of birds and man and showing them to be fundamentally identical in structure. "Belon was born in Le Mans, France, and studied medicine in Paris. In 1540 he went to Germany to study botany, becoming a leading figure in the sixteenth-century revival of natural history that followed the great voyages, the invention of printing, and the new artistic realism of the Renaissance. Between 1546 and 1549 Belon travelled in the eastern Mediterranean countries, comparing the animals and plants he observed with their descriptions by classical authors. The results were published as Les Observations des plusieurs singularitez et choses mémorables trouvées en Grèce, Asie, Judée, Egypte, Arabie et autre pays éstranges, 1553. On his travels, Belon was in the habit of investigating the birds and fishes that came to market, and in England he met the Venetian Daniel Barbaro, who had made many drawings of Adriatic fishes. From these sources Belon produced two books on fishes: L'Histoire naturelle des éstranges poissons marins,1551 and De aquatilibus (1553). The first is notable for its dissertation on the dolphin, in which he identified the common Atlantic species with the dolphin of the ancients and distinguished it from the porpoise. Belon's principal achievement is a history of birds, L'Histoire de la nature des oyseaux, 1555. An illustrated book of the kind inspired by the drawings of Albrecht Dürer and Leonardo da Vinci, it describes about 200 birds, mostly of European origin. He drew attention to the correspondence between the skeletons of birds and man, an early hint of the discipline of comparative anatomy. Belon was also interested in geology and botany and is reputed to have introduced the cedar of Lebanon into western Europe. He also established two botanical gardens in France and suggested that many exotic plants might be acclimatized and grown in temperate regions. In many ways a typical figure of the Renaissance, Belon's end was all too typical of that time, for he was murdered in the Bois de Boulogne in 1564" (Oxford Reference). Anker pp. 9-10; BM/STC French p. 46; Garrison-Morton 283 (Cavellat issue); Mortimer French 50; Nissen IVB 86; Norman 180. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        Nederlandtsche jaerboeken en historion sedert het jaer 1555 tot het jaer 1609, met de belegering der stadt Grol en den aenkleven des jaers 1627 (...) vertaelt door Joan Goris. Amsterdam, v. Someren etc., 1681.

      Folio, geheel perkamenten band uit de tijd, (44)+591+(76)+19+(6)+74 pag. Geillustreerd met titelprent door A. Blooteling en vele portretten en gravures. Mooi exemplaar. B2233.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat A.G. VAN DER STEUR]
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        Batavorvm [Batavorum] cvm Romanis bellvm / De Batavische oft oude Hollandtsche oorloghe teghen de Romeynen. Antwerpen, Ph. Lisaert, 1612.

      Oblong, half leren band uit de tijd, (2)+27 pag. tekst en 36 gravures, elk met 6 of 8 regels onderschrift in het Nederlands en Latijn, gesigneerd A. Tempesta. De platen van Antonio Tempesta (1555-1630) tonen de gevechten tussen de Hollanders en de Romeinen, gebaseerd op de verhalen van Tacitus. Plaat 1 is gedateerd 1611. De achterzijden van de 36 prenten zijn blanco. Er bestaan ook edities waarbij de tekst van Van Veen op de achterzijden van de prenten is gedrukt. De prenten in ons exemplaar zijn goed van druk. Funck 404. B1829.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat A.G. VAN DER STEUR]
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        Historie de la bataille navalle faite par les Dieppois & Flamans: qui est l'une des plus furieuses & soudaines expeditions de mer, qui ayt esté entreprise de nostre temps sur les ennemis du Roy.Paris, Estienne Denise, [1557?]. Small 8vo (15 x 10 cm). With 2 woodcut decorated initials and one cast fleuron (Vervliet, Vine leaf ornaments 173). Set in roman type with incidental italic. Finely executed late 19th-century(?) French red morocco by René Aussour, gold-tooled turn-ins, title, place of publication and date 1555 in gold in 2nd and 3rd of 6 spine compartments, gilt edges, headbands worked in red and white, double-combed marbled endpapers.

      Polak 4478 & 10297; USTC 29853 (3 copies); cf. Graesse III, p. 288 (Regnault issue); for the authorship: Thieury, ed., Combat naval-1555 (1861); not in JCB. Rare issue of one of the first editions (priority uncertain) of an account of a ferocious sea battle in the Habsburg-Valois Wars (also known as the Italian Wars): 18 small French ships from Dieppe, mostly only 15-60 tonne though some are nevertheless described as galleons, defeated 23 larger Flemish ships. The battle, which took place in August 1555, was one of the fiercest of the day putting both sides in great danger. It was recently the subject of a Discovery channel television documentary. The book gives a remarkably detailed account, especially from the French side, with the names, captains and capacities of all the French ships. Our undated issue of the book, with a Paris imprint must be one mentioned by Polak: "J'ai vu un autre exemplaire avec le même titre, imprimé à Paris chez Estienne Denise, s.d." The small owner's label of J.-A.-H. Dupré, printed letterpress on blue paper, is 19th-century in style, as are the binding and endpapers, but René Aussour appears to have been active to 1931 so the binding and label cannot be earlier than late nineteenth-century. With an early manuscript date "1555" on the title-page. Trimmed close to the text but with no loss and in good condition, with minor water stains.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat FORUM BV]
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        Hystoria en la qual se trata dela origen y guerras que han tenido los Turcos, desde su comienco hasta nuestros tiempos. Con muy notables sucessosque con diversas getes y nasciones les han acotecido: y de las costubres y vida dllos

      First and only edition of the best 16th century work on the Turks. During the greater part of century of discoveries, Soliman the Magnificent's expansion through the Mediterranean and across central Europe threatened Europe and Spain to the point only a large-scale invasion could. Valencian-born Rocca narrates the campaigns, battles and privateering activities of the Bereberes on the coasts of Valencia and Andalucia. The Hystoria is divided into three parts, the first deals with the crusades done to Jerusalem, the second with victories of Charles V and Venice over the Turks at the African coasts, and the third deals extensively with the way of life and customs of the Turks -which allows us a glimpse of Spanish perception of what was one of the greatest nations of the 16th century. The work has been considered rare and important from the date of Salva. It is considerably rare, no copies are traced at auction in over 30 years. It is handsomely printed in two columns, with large engraved device to title page, gothic types. Salva, 3388. Palau, 271434.

      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
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        [Aldus Press] De Philosophia volumen secundum De natura deorum, De divinatione, De fato, De legibus, De universitate, Arati versus in latinum conversi, Ciceronis de petitione Consulatus

      Venice: Apud Paulum Manutium, 1555. Vellum Binding. Good binding. The second volume of Cicero’s Philosophy, this volume “On the Nature of the Gods, etc.” Full contemporary limp vellum; with relatively significant worming to preliminary and final leaves (as well as the covers) though with little text affected; early moisture damage, tidelines and discoloration throughout. Collated against the printer's register, the book is complete. The printer's register and colophon are on the verso of k7, k8 is blank. The Aldine device is on the title page.

      [Bookseller: Black Swan Books, Inc.]
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        Institutionum Oratoriarum Libri Duodecim. Bound with Oratoris Eloquentissimi Declamationes Undeuiginto.

      Lyons. Seb Gryphus.: Lyons. Seb Gryphus., 1555. Book measures 6 3/4 x 4 3/8 inches.Complete with all pages, 741,[91],269,[1] pages, lacking last leaf of second work. Last leaf has the printers devise, ( so lacking no text ).Bound in early full vellum, full coloured edges. Vellum dust or dirt marked. Binding in very good firm condition. Internally, gutter, showing in a few places, ( i. e. inner margin where pages edges join binding ), second work has some staining, moderate to slightly heavier for about 100 pages. Pages in good condition throughout.A very nice copy, in an early printed work.A14. Very Good Plus. 8vo.

      [Bookseller: George Jeffery Books]
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        Der Erste Teil aller Schriften

      Martin Luther, Der Erste Teil aller Schriften, 1555 Book Description: Christian Rödinger , Jena, 1555. Book Condition: Good. Der Erste Teil aller Bücher und Schrifften . Leather over timber boards, clasps missing, hinges weak, book complete with all plates, text complete. Volume one of the first edition of Martin Luthers writings, published in Jena.

      [Bookseller: Avoca Antiquarian Books]
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        L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux avec leurs descriptions & naïfs portr EDITION ORIGINALE

      Paris: Benoît Prévost se vend chez Gilles Corrozet, 1555. Fine. Benoît Prévost se vend chez Gilles Corrozet, Paris 1555, in-folio (21,5x32cm), (28) 381pp. Sig.: ã6 ~e4 ~i4 a-f6 g4 h-m6 n4 o-t6 v4 x-z6 A6 (A6 blanc) B-E6 F4 G-I6 K4 L3, relié. - The first edition, rare and attractive. Six separate title pages : Anatomie et De la physiologie des oiseaux [Of the Anatomy and Physiology of Birds], Oiseaux de proie [Birds of Prey], Oiseaux nageurs [Aquatic Birds], Oiseaux de rivages [Birds of the Shore], Gallinacés [Galliforms], Corbeaux (et espèces semblables) [Ravens and similar species], Petits oiseaux chanteurs [Small songbirds].  This edition is illustrated with a magnificent printer's device to title, a portrait of the author at the age of 36 to verso, two plates of human and bird skeletons and 158 large cuts within the text (of various formats). The cuts were executed after drawings by the Parisian painter Pierre Goudet (but really Gourdelle) and other, anonymous, artists. The portrait and seven figures of birds were attributed to Geoffroy Tory by Auguste Bernard (in Geoffroy Tory Peintre et graveur, premier imprimeur royal, Paris, 1865). Numerous historiated initials and attractive borders. An enormous table of all the birds. Later, 18th century, binding in half brown sheep over paper boards, the spine in six compartments with gilt dentelle to head and filets and tools in gilt, as well as a red morocco title label and gilt birds to foot of spine. Very skilful, discreet restorations to spine. Lacking the last blank (L4). One very skilful restoration to upper margin of title. Light dampstain, growing fainter, to the lower margins of the first two quires. Two other, heavier, dampstains to inside margin and upper left corner affecting final pages. Contemporary manuscript ex-dono to title. The first description and classification of birds in French, which laid the foundations of the comparative methodology two hundred years before Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire and Cuvier. Pierre Belon (1517-1564) was one of the first ornithologists of the Renaissance. He had evidently carried out a great number of dissections, comparing beaks and claws and trying to find common anatomical forms. For the first time, he places the human skeleton in parallel with that of birds, but without however making the most of his observations and drawing practical conclusions as the naturalists of the 19th century did. Taking the same rigorous approach as for his description of fish in 1551, which he systematizes here, his descriptions of birds are based on Aristotelean principles. He classifies them, on the basis of his own observations, by their behavior and anatomy: birds of prey, aquatic birds (birds that swim, or birds with webbed feet), omnivores (principally hunting birds) and smaller birds (subdivided in turn into insectivores and granivores). There are a few entries that may at first seem surprising, but should be highlighted among Belon's descriptions, for instance his putting bats among the birds of prey, all the while acknowledging that he's perfectly well aware that they aren't birds: "For a long there has been uncertainty over whether bats should be included with the birds or put in the ranks of terrestrial animals...Seeing them fly, and seeing that they have wings, people judged them birds...both Pliny and Aristotle pointed out that they were aware that bats feed their young from two teats on their chests, the same as for man. The Latins called the bat Vespertilio; but because of the similarity we can see to mice, we call them 'bald-mice'..." (L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, livre II). As well as bats, he mentions several fantastical creatures in the last chapter of the first book, dedicated to "divers incongruous birds": "Many things have been written about various birds that strike us as fantastical: therefore we have separated out those we esteem to be true: adding that others were also formerly known, only the names of which have come down to us." In this chapter, Belon names imaginary breeds, of which he gives very precise descriptions, both in terms of physical appearance and behavior. He also mentions several mythological figures described by Classical authors or brought down to us through legend: Pegasus, a "bird having the body of a horse", the Sirens, who had "human faces and voices" and "the feathers and feet of birds". The Cercio, according to him, is "even more chatty than the Parrot & is more talented in learning to speak like men." Certain specimens, no less anthropomorphic but described as being hostile to man, are depicted in a frightening way: Mennonudes feed on human flesh and Stymphalides are "less cruel to men than Lions & Panthers & [only] attack if they want to hunt them & strike them with their beaks, harrying them to death." Belon also describes cases of fantastical birds whose physiological properties are useful to man, notably the Hercynia, "whose feathers give light like a flame...which has often served country folk travelling by night," or the Scylla which, according to magicians contains within its breast a jewel called Chloriten which, when united with iron bears magical properties. At the end of the sixth book, he devotes an entire chapter to the Phoenix, of which he gives an even more detailed description: "They say it is the size of an Eagle. The feathers around its neck are of a resplendent golden color. The rest of its body is purple in hue. Its tail is bluish & has occasional pink feathers. The rear part of its body is embellished with a crescent shape of raised feathers." Despite the fact that he includes these imaginary creatures in his classification, he does not provide illustrations of them, the illustrations in the work having been done after life. Philippe Glardon, author of the preface of a new edition of L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, (Droz, Geneva, 1997) believes that these surprising examples, apparently relegated to the ends of chapters, are in fact designed to tie together Belon's classification and balance out the work. He also notes, on the subject of Jean Cárd, that: "The monstrous is omnipresent on the horizon of the 16th century...Apart from the fairly large role of the fantastical in the creation of effects of wonder and in satisfying the need for a culture of the mythological without which one could hardly call oneself educated at the time, the monstrous...was a demonstration of the creative force of nature...and its inclusion is justified in Belon's work due to its organizational function within the discourse of classification."  Nonetheless, Belon distinguishes between the plainly fantastical descriptions of "unknown birds taken from divers authors," and his rigorous study of observable specimens "of which we have better knowledge," which give the real originality of his work, "as we shall see through the discourse of the following books." This work, followed by another in 1557 entitled Pourtraicts d'oyseaux [Portraits of Birds] became a seminal work in ornithological literature from the 17th century on. It was, however, given less attention when it appeared because of Conrad Gessner's Historia animalium, which was published at the same time, Gessner being a more popular naturalist at the time than Belon. An exceptional copy, superbly illustrated, of this first French book of ornithological descriptions, among the great scientific works of the Renaissance.  - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Édition originale, rare et précieuse. Six pages de titre spécifiques : Anatomie et De la physiologie des oiseaux, Oiseaux de proie, Oiseaux nageurs, Oiseaux de rivages, Gallinacés, Corbeaux (et espèces semblables), Petits oiseaux chanteurs. Cette édition est illustrée d'une magistrale marque d'imprimeur sur la page de titre, d'un portrait de l'auteur âgé de trente-six ans au verso de ce même feuillet, de deux planches des squelettes de l'homme et de l'oiseau, et de 158 grandes vignettes in-texte, de formats variés. Les gravures ont été exécutées d'après les dessins du peintre parisien Pierre Goudet (en réalité Gourdelle) et d'autres artistes anonymes. Le portrait ainsi que sept des figures d'oiseaux ont été attribués à Geoffroy Tory par Auguste Bernard (in Geoffroy Tory Peintre et graveur, premier imprimeur royal, Paris, 1865). Nombreuses lettrines historiées et attrayants bandeaux. Une vaste table de tous les oiseaux. Reliure postérieure du XVIIIème en demi basane brune, dos à six nerfs orné d'une dentelle dorée en tête et de roulettes et filets dorés, ainsi que d'une pièce de titre de maroquin rouge, fers à l'oiseau dorés en queue, plats de papier façon vélin. Très discrètes restaurations sur le dos. Le dernier feuillet blanc L4 est absent. Une habile restauration de papier en marge haute de la page de titre. Mouillure claire allant en s'amenuisant en marge basse des deux premiers cahiers. Deux autres mouillures plus importantes en marge intérieure et au coin supérieur gauche affectant les dernières pages. Ex-libris manuscrit de l'époque sur la page de titre. Première description et classification en français des oiseaux, qui pose les bases de la méthode comparative, deux cents ans avant Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire et Cuvier. Pierre Belon (1517-1564), est l'un des premiers ornithologistes de la Renaissance. Il a visiblement réalisé de très nombreuses dissections, procède par comparaison des becs et des serres et tente de leur trouver des formes anatomiques communes. Pour la toute première fois, il met en parallèle le squelette humain et celui des oiseaux, mais sans pour autant exploiter ses observations et en tirer des conclusions pratiques, comme le feront les naturalistes du XIXème siècle. Avec la même rigueur mise en œuvre pour sa description des poissons en 1551 et qu'il systématise ici, il décrit les oiseaux en s'inspirant des principes aristotéliciens, les classant, d'après ses propres observations, en fonction de leur comportement et leur anatomie : les oiseaux de proie, les oiseaux d'eau (nageurs ou palmipèdes), les omnivores (principalement les échassiers) et les petits oiseaux (subdivisés à leur tour en insectivores et en granivores). Quelques présences, qui peuvent de prime abord sembler étonnantes, sont à souligner dans la description de Belon, qui classe les chauves-souris parmi les rapaces, tout en expliquant qu'il a tout-à-fait conscience qu'il ne s'agit pas d'un oiseau : « Long-temps y a qu'on a mis en doute, à sçavoir si la souri-chauve devoit estre mise au nombre des oyseaux ou au raeng des animaux terrestres [...] La voyant voler et avoir aelles l'avons advouée oyseau [...]Pline [et] Aristote aussi ont fait entendre qu'ils n'ont ignoré qu'elle alaicte ses petits de deux mammelles de sa poictrine, qui sont en elle comme en l'homme. [...] Les latins l'ont nommée Vespertilio ; Mais pour l'affinité que luy voyons avec une souris l'avons nommée chauvesouris... » (L'Histoire de la nature des oyseaux, livre II) Outre la chauve-souris, il évoque le cas de plusieurs créatures fabuleuses dans le dernier chapitre du premier livre consacré à « plusieurs oyseaux incongruz » : « Maintes choses ont ésté escrites de divers oyseaux, qui nous ont semblé fabuleuses : qui est cause que nous les avons separees de celles qu'estimons vrayes : ioinct qu'on en à autresfois cognu aucuns, desquels n'avons que le seul nom. » Dans ce chapitre, Belon nomme des espèces imaginaires dont il donne des descriptions très précises tant physiques que comportementales. Il évoque ainsi plusieurs figures mythologiques décrites pas les auteurs antiques ou rapportées par les légendes : Pegasus, un « oyseau ayant teste de cheval », les Sirènes qui ont « face & voix humaines » et « plumes & pieds d'oyseaux ». Le Cercio, quant à lui, est « encor plus babillart que les Papegaulx, & apprend mieux à parler comme les hommes ». Certains spécimens, non plus anthropomorphiques mais présentés comme hostiles aux hommes, sont dépeints d'une manière effrayante : les Mennonudes se nourrissent de chair humaine et les Stymphalides « n'estant moins cruëls aux hommes, que les Lions & Pantheres, & les assaillent s'ils les veullent chasser, & les frapants de leur bec, les navrent à mort ». Belon expose également le cas d'oiseaux fabuleux dont les propriétés physiologiques sont utiles aux hommes, notamment l'Hercynia « dont les plumes luisent come feu [...] dont souvent les hommes du païs allants de nuict, en sont esclairez » ou la Scylla qui, selon les magiciens, renferme en son sein une gemme nommée Chloriten qui en alliage avec le fer aurait des propriétés merveilleuses. À la fin du sixième livre, il consacre cette fois un chapitre entier au phénix, dont il donne une description là encore très précise : « Lon dit qu'il est de la grandeur d'une Aigle. Les plumes qui sont autour de sont col, sont de couleur resplendissante sur l'or. Le demeurant du corps est de couleur purpuree. Sa queuë est entre couleur de blauez, & distinguee de plumes de couleur de roses. Le dessus de sa teste est embelly de la forme de creste de plumes eslevees. » Cependant, on remarque que s'il intègre ces animaux imaginaires à sa classification, il n'en propose aucune illustration car celles-ci sont toutes réalisées d'après nature. Philippe Glardon, auteur de la préface de la réédition de L'Histoire de la nature des oyseaux, (Droz, Genève, 1997) estime que ces exemples étonnants, en apparence relégués en fin de chapitres, servent en réalité à unifier la classification de Belon et à équilibrer l'ouvrage. Il note ainsi à la suite de Jean Céard que : « Le monstrueux est omniprésent dans l'horizon du XVlème siècle. [...]. Outre la part assez large faite au fantastique dans Ie but d'émerveiller, et de satisfaire à l'exigence d'une culture mythologique sans laquelle on n'eut pu parler d'érudition à l'époque, Ie monstrueux, [...] démonstration de la puissance créatrice de la nature, [...] se justifie aussi chez Belon par sa fonction organisatrice au sein du discours classificateur. » Cependant, Belon distingue nettement ces descriptions fantasmagoriques « d'oyseaux incognus pris de divers auheurs » de son étude rigoureuse des spécimens observables « desquels avons meilleure cognoissance » qui constituent la véritable originalité de son ouvrage, « comme on pourra voir par noz discours des livres suyvants ». Cet ouvrage, complété en 1557 par une suite intitulée Pourtraicts d'oyseaux deviendra à partir du XVIIème siècle une référence de la littérature ornithologique. Il fut pourtant peu considéré par ses contemporains, car parut à la même époque, l'Historia animalium de Conrad Gessner, autre naturaliste alors plus populaire que Belon. Exceptionnel exemplaire superbement illustré de cette première description ornithologique française, comptant parmi les grands ouvrages scientifiques de la Renaissance.      

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Historie de la bataille navalle faite par les Dieppois & Flamans: qui est l'une des plus furieuses & soudaines expeditions de mer, qui ayt esté entreprise de nostre temps sur les ennemis du Roy.Paris, Estienne Denise, [1557?]. Small 8vo (15 x 10 cm). With 2 woodcut decorated initials and one cast fleuron (Vervliet, Vine leaf ornaments 173). Set in roman type with incidental italic. Finely executed late 19th-century(?) French red morocco by René Aussour, gold-tooled turn-ins, title, place of publication and date 1555 in gold in 2nd and 3rd of 6 spine compartments, gilt edges, headbands worked in red and white, double-combed marbled endpapers.

      - Polak 4478 & 10297; USTC 29853 (3 copies); cf. Graesse III, p. 288 (Regnault issue); for the authorship: Thieury, ed., Combat naval-1555 (1861); not in JCB. Rare issue of one of the first editions (priority uncertain) of an account of a ferocious sea battle in the Habsburg-Valois Wars (also known as the Italian Wars): 18 small French ships from Dieppe, mostly only 15-60 tonne though some are nevertheless described as galleons, defeated 23 larger Flemish ships. The battle, which took place in August 1555, was one of the fiercest of the day putting both sides in great danger. It was recently the subject of a Discovery channel television documentary. The book gives a remarkably detailed account, especially from the French side, with the names, captains and capacities of all the French ships. Our undated issue of the book, with a Paris imprint must be one mentioned by Polak: "J'ai vu un autre exemplaire avec le même titre, imprimé à Paris chez Estienne Denise, s.d." The small owner's label of J.-A.-H. Dupré, printed letterpress on blue paper, is 19th-century in style, as are the binding and endpapers, but René Aussour appears to have been active to 1931 so the binding and label cannot be earlier than late nineteenth-century. With an early manuscript date "1555" on the title-page. Trimmed close to the text but with no loss and in good condition, with minor water stains.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat FORUM BV]
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        Les observations de plusieurs singularitez et choses memorables, trouvees en Grece, Asie, Iudée, Egypte, Arabie, & autres pays estranges, redigées en trois liures. Reueuz de nouveau & augmentez de figures. Le catalogue contenant le plus notables choses, est en la page fuyuante.

      - Anvers (Antwerpen), Christofle Plantin, 1555. Small, thick 8vo (14.3 x 9.4 x 4.5 cm). [lxxvi], 375 numbered leaves [= 749 pp.], one printed leaf with the privilege, one larger, folded map /view. Later vellum. Spine with black printed title.l The first Antwerp edition of this influential work on the history, geography, and natural history of the Near and Middle East by the French naturalist and explorer Pierre Belon du Mans (born 1517 - murdered in Paris, 1564). Belon travelled through these regions between 1546 and 1550 and made numerous observations on the plants and their use, on animals (including a great deal on herpetology), people (with their various costumes), and towns. The work includes the folded "map" with a view on Mont Sinai, and in the text a similar map/view of Alexandria. His reports are generally correct and not rooted in fantasy and hearsay as is often the case with his contemporaries, the sole exception being the illustration of a small dragon-like creature. Other woodcuts show trees, birds, mammals, snakes, a crocodile, a giraffe, a lobster, etc. The partially dyed fore and bottom edges suggest that this book may once have been bound in an oblong form. Some light, mostly marginal spotting but generally quite clean. The binding is modern in contemporary style. Rare in any a state. Brunet, 4533 [p. 762, with illustration of the Plantin mark]; Nissen ZBI, 304. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Schierenberg]
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        Trattato del giuoco della Palla

      Gabriele Giolito de'Ferrari and brothers,, Venice 1555 - 3 parts in one, 8o (141 x 94 mm). 6 double-page woodcut engravings of equipment and court plans inserted in signatures K and L with starred page numbers, text on the verso of the illustrations continuing the text of the regular signatures, woodcut grotesque and historiated initials, printer's device on title, larger version on verso of colophon leaf, V8 blank (a few plates slightly cropped at edges). (Some occasional pale spotting, a few leaves cropped close at headlines.) Fine modern calf binding to a 16th-century style, spine gilt, by Trevor Lloyd. FIRST EDITION OF THE THE FIRST BOOK ON THE GAME OF TENNIS, dedicated to Alfonso d'Este (1535-95), last Duke of Ferrara, grandson on his mother's side of Louis XII of France, and on his father's side of Lucrezia Borgia. Scaino, a priest and theologian, was apparently prompted to write his book after a dispute arose during a game of court tennis. In it he establishes rules and a scoring system for the game, sets the standard court sizes, and mentions some principles of etiquette to be practiced between players. It also covers many forms of tennis, his definition of "ball-game" in W.W. Kershaw's English translation (London, 1951) being: "a contest between at least two players who, placed one on one side and the other on the other as adversaries, do battle together with a solid and round instrument made from the skin of an animal and capable of bouncing, called a ball, each doing his utmost to obtain victory for himself by striking the ball as far as possible towards his adversary, striking it sometimes at the volley in mid-air, sometimes after the first bound, and sometimes at the half-volley ." (ch. iii, pt. II). The key differences in the varieties of the game depend on whether it is played with a solid or air-filled ball, with the open hand or a clenched first, with the fist without an instrument or with the fist with an instrument, and in the open or with a cord (ch v, pt. II). Two chapters in part II (xvi and xvii) describe the larger and smaller court for the cord game with the racket and are followed by two chapters (xviii and xix) on the closed and open court for the cord game with the hand. Scaino admits to being a player of "il guioco della corda", the closest equivalent to present day real tennis and lawn tennis, describing it (ch. xx) as "the rarest and most valued" form of ball-game because it is confined to a limited space, making it less subject to chance as well as requiring a greater degree of art and skill. Tennis historians have all emphasized the enormous value of Scaino's book, serving as an accurate foundation for the history of the sport. Adams II, S-547; Brunet V, 178, Supplement II, 606; Mortimer/Harvard Italian 465; Garnett p. 288; Henderson p. 176. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries - Aradernyc]
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        D. Haymonis Episcopi Halberstatensis Homiliae in Evangelia dominicalia: per totius anni circulum, & de Sanctis quibusdam praecipuis, nunc recens excusae, & à multis, quibus prior aeditio operarum incuria scatebat, erroribus ac mendus restitutae, Cum indice. De autore testem vide Joannem Tritemium.

      Paris: Mauricii Menier, 1555. Paris:: Mauricii Menier, 1555.. 16mo. 393 ff. Woodcut initial letters; some curling of leaves, some dust soiling & chipping to final leaf. Old full calf, raised bands, rebacked; extremities worn. Rubber stamp on final leaf: Collegium et Seminarium St. Hyacinth

      [Bookseller: Jeff Weber Rare Books ]
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        DISCOURS SUR LA CASTRAMETATION ET DISCIPLINE MILITAIRE DES ROMAINS, ... DES BAINS & ANTIQUES EXERCITATIONS GRECQUES & ROMAINES. DE LA RELIGION DES ANCIENS ROMAINS.

      Lyon, de l'imprimerie de Guillaume Rouille, 1555. FIRST EDITION 1555, French text, folio in fours, approximately 310 x 210 mm, 12 1/8 x 8¼ inches, large pictorial device of Du Choul on title page, 5 headpieces and 5 large pictorial initials, 37 very good almost full page woodcuts plus 1 double page folding plan of a Roman camp with 7 small illustrations in La Castrametation, 6 large woodcut illustrations in Des Bains, leaves: 55, (1 - blank); 20, (5 - Index), collation: a-o4; A-E4, F6, A1 is a half-title to Des Bains, De La Religion mentioned on the title page was planned by Du Choul for this volume but it was actually not printed until 1556 and therefore does not appear in our book. Bound in antique leather, rebacked with original gilt decorated and lettered backstrip laid on, raised bands, board edges gilt, edges speckled red. Boards rubbed, corners slightly worn, backstrip darkened and gilt very worn, neat name at top of title page, large pale damp stain to fore-edge and small repair to lower corner of title page, no loss of print, damp stain recurs on a4, 2 small old paper repairs on reverse of folding plan, 2 small closed tears to top and bottom folds and 1 more to lower edge of vertical central fold. A very good clean tight copy. The Castrametation plates show various soldiers of the Roman army, 2 holding enemy heads, others with slings, bows, catapults, 1 shows the testudo, another the battering ram, 3 show trumpeters and horn blowers, some soldiers chop wood for the camp which they then build, 2 bring a barrel of wine by boat to the camp, 6 illustrations show cavalry, 1 shows pre battle sacrifice with priests and altar, the last 2 illustrations show different types of helmet. In Des Bains there are images of the baths building, the actual bath, accessories for the ablutions, a naked man and his page preparing to bathe and finally 2 men engaged in a boxing match. Harvard Sixteenth Century French Books, Volume I, No. 181 - Mortimer describes only the third edition of 1557 which did contain De La Religion. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE. FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton P.B.F.A.]
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        Der Ander Teil der Bücher: Darin alle Streitschrifften sampt etlichen Sendbrieven an Fürsten und Stedte etc. zusamen gebracht sind. Wider allerley Secten so zu seiner zeit reine Christliche lere angefochten haben.

      Fol. Mit Titelholzschnitt und Holzschnitt-Karte. 6 nn., 576 num. Bl. Mit Rollen- und Plattenstempeln blindgepr. Schweinsleder d. Zt. über Holzdeckeln mit zwei intakten Messingschließen sowie handschriftlichem Monogramm NL und Datierung 1555 (etwas fleckig, gering berieben und bestoßen). Zweiter Band aus der zweiten Gesamtausgabe von Luthers Werken. - Der Titelholzschnitt zeigt Kurfürst Johann Friedrich von Sachsen und Luther im Gebet vor dem Kreuz Christi knieend. - Spiegel und Vorsatz gestempelt sowie mit alten Besitzvermerken bzw. Eintragungen zur Familiengeschichte eines Vorbesitzers. - Die Karte auf Bl. 540 mit Darstellung von Europa, Asien und Africa sowie Tierallegorien. - Blatt 144 mit Eckfehlstelle. Tls. etwas braunfleckig. Insgesamt wohlerhaltenes, sauberes Exemplar.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Sander]
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        Lexicon Iuris [Juris], Seu Epitome Definitionum & Rerum... Venice 1555

      1555. Dictionary by a Notable Sixteenth-Century Protestant Jurist Oldendorp, Johann [1486-1567]. Figull, Hermann, Editor. Lexicon Iuris, Seu Epitome Definitionum & Rerum, Ex Omnibus Iis. In Lucem Partim Edidit, Partim Aliquot Annis Publice Docuit, Diligenter Concinnata per Hermannum Figulum. Venice: Apud Cominum de Tridino Montisferrati, 1555. 96 ff. Main text in parallel columns. Octavo (6" x 4-1/4"). Contemporary limp vellum, faint early hand-lettered title to spine, fragments of thong ties, endpapers renewed. Light soiling and a few minor stains, minor chipping to head of spine, two small chips to front joint, another small chip to fore edge of rear cover (where tie used to be). Large woodcut printer device to title page, woodcut decorated initials. Moderate toning to text, somewhat heavier in places, dampstaining to margins of a few leaves. Early owner signature and annotations to title page, underlining and marks to a few passages, interior otherwise clean. * Later edition of Oldendorp's highly regarded dictionary, which was first published in 1548. Its success was due in part to its style. It is a compact, practical work with concise and clearly written definitions. Oldendorp, a state official and law professor, was a notable Protestant jurist. His Protestant viewpoint enhanced the value of his dictionary in areas of Europe that embraced Protestantism. This dictionary went through several editions in France, Germany and Italy. Copies of all editions are rather scarce. Our 1555 Venice edition is rare. OCLC locates one copy worldwide (at Harvard Law School). EDIT16 locates 6, all in Italy. Censimento Nazionale Delle Edizioni Italiane del XVI Secolo CNCE 24706.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        SECRETI DEL REVERENDO DONNO ALESSIO PIEMONTESE NUOVAMENTE POSTI IN LUCE. OPERA UTILE ET NECESSARIA UNIVERSALMENTE A CIASCUNO.

      1555. Venezia, Sigismondo Bordogna, 1555, PRIMA EDIZIONE, pp (2) + 229 + (3), cm 21,5x15,5, rilegatura coeva in tutta pergamena, piccoli restauri conservativi alla legatura. Scritta a penna sul frontespizio: sotto la data in numeri romani √® stato aggiunto l'anno in numeri arabi. Alcune lievi macchie (di cera ?) alle prime 10 pagine e lievi tracce di alone di umidit√† alla parte superiore delle prime pagine, nel complesso buon esemplare. Celebre opera composta sotto pseudonimo da Girolamo Ruscelli (Viterbo, 1504 - 1566). Si tratta di un compendio di medicina, alchimia, spezierie, farmacologia, tratto dalla sapienza dei dotti come da "povere femminelle, artigiani, contadini.

      [Bookseller: Dominioni Alessandro Libreria]
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        [Aldus Press] De Philosophia volumen secundum De natura deorum, De divinatione, De fato, De legibus, De universitate, Arati versus in latinum conversi, Ciceronis de petitione Consulatus

      Venice: Apud Paulum Manutium, 1555. Vellum Binding. Good binding. The second volume of Cicero

      [Bookseller: Black Swan Books, Inc. ]
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        Palladii Divi Evagrii discipuli lausiaca quae dicitur historia, et Theodoreti Episcopi Cyri ....., id est religiosa historia. Quorum uterque continet instituta, res gestas, & miracula piorum virorum sui temporis. Gentiano Herveto Aurelio interprete.

      Martinum Iuuenem, 1555. In 8°, p. perg. molle, cc.nn. 10 + pp. 477. Capilettera. Il front. , la pag. 1/2 e dietro l'ultima pag. si evidenzia una menda da bianchetto. Tagli dorati.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Cicerone M.T.]
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        Réunion de 5 commentaires de Thomas d'Acquin sur la physique d'Aristote, imprimés à Venise de 1555 à 1566.

      Venice, 1555-1566. ____ Contient : - In quatuor libros Aristotelis de Coelo & Mundo commentaria. Venice, Hieronymus Scotus, 1555. In-folio de (6), 79 ff., (1 f. bl.) - In libros Aristotelis De Generatione et corruptione. Venice, Hieronymus Scotus, 1555. In-folio de(4), 37 ff., (1 f. bl.). - S. Tho[mas] in Meteora Aristo.[telis] commentaria. Venice, Apud Juntas, 1547. In-folio de (12), 69 ff., (1 f. bl.). - D. Thomae Aquinatis in libros de Anima Aristotelis expositio. Venice, Apud Juntas, 1565. In-folio de (6), 92 ff. - S. Thomae Aquinatis commentaria, quae extant in eos, qui Parva naturalia Aristotelis dicuntur libros ... Petri item de Alvernia ... expositio ... Libelli etiam duo Sancti Thomae ... alter de Motu cordis ... alter vero de Lumine ... Venice, Luca Antonio Junta, 1566. In-folio de (4), 84 ff. L'exemplaire a appartenu à NICOLAS HENNEQUIN dont les armes figurent sur les plats, avec la devise " membra non animum tegunte", armes qui sont frappées aussi sur le dos. Nicolas Hennequin, baron d'Ecquevilly, seigneur de Fresnes, né après 1597, a été pourvu de la charge de capitaine général de la vénerie en 1642. Olivier 2457 Cachet de le bibliothèque de Juilly sur le premier titre. Fondé en 1638, le collège de Juilly est un des plus anciens de France. Il a eut pour élèves Henri de Boulainvilliers, Montesquieu, Vaucanson, Jean-Dominique Cassini, Emile Clapeyron... La coiffe supérieure manque, reliure un peu frottée. *****. In-folio. Collation : Veau brun, dos à nerfs orné avec armes dorées entre les nerfs, encadrements dorés sur les plats et armes dorées au centre, tranches mouchetées. (Reliure du XVIIe.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        METZ, FRANCE: DISEGNO ET CIRCUITO DELLA CITTA DI METZ

      Venice circa . 1555 - Copper engraving (5 tiny holes in the image, soft folds, very light staining in white margins, otherwise in a good condition): sheet: 26 x 35 cm, image: 21 x 27 cm. A rare separately issued map of Metz from the 'Lafreri School', made just after the Treaty of Chambord in 1552. Rare separtately issued map and bird's eye view shows the map of Metz in France, concentrating on it's city walls, fortifications, defence system and surrounding cities. This rare engraving was published separately probably slightly after 1552. In 1552, Metz passed to the hands of the Kings of France with the signature of the Treaty of Chambord in 1552. Under French rule, Metz was selected as capital of the Three Bishoprics and became a strategic fortified town. Later it was re-published with text on the back in Giulio Ballino’s De' Disegni delle più belle illustri città e fortezze del Mondo (Venice, Zaltieri 1569). We could only find another example of this map (Bibliothèque nationale de France, GED-683).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
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        Las Siete Partidas nuevamente glosadas por el Licenciado Gregorio Lopez del Consejo Real de Indias de su Magestad. Con su repertorio muy Copioso, assi del Testo como de la Glosa.

      Impresso en Salamanca por Andrea de Portonaris, Impressor de su Magestad, 1555. - 9 tomes en 4 volumes in-folio. 151ff. chiffrés. + 116ff. chiffrés. + 186ff. chiffrés. + 73ff. chiffrés. (1f.blanc) + 112ff. chiffrés. + 116ff. chiffrés. + 102ff. chiffrés. + 20ff. 31ff. + 68ff. 8ff. 237ff. Plein veau brun, dos à nerfs ornés (reliure espagnole du 18e siècle). Edition Originale de la version de référence des fameuses "Siete Partidas", texte fondamental pour l'histoire du Droit. Il exerça une influence considérable, dès son apparition au 13e siècle, sur tout l'Occident chrétien et, plus tard, sur les pays de l'Amérique latine auxquels il servit de base à l'élaboration de leur propre juridiction et où il fut en application jusqu'au 19e siècle et parfois même jusqu'au début du 20e siècle. Rédigé entre 1256 et 1265 par plusieurs juristes sous l'égide du roi de Castille Alfonso X, l'ouvrage aborde tous les aspects du savoir juridique à travers 7 grandes sections ("Partidas") que la qualité de leur rédaction en espagnol, place parmi les grands textes écrits dans cette langue. La présente édition, éditée par le juriste Gregorio López avec ses commentaires qui paraissent pour la première fois, constitue l'édition de référence, et un remarquable monument typographique à ce texte fondateur. Intéressant exemplaire enrichi d'un tome additionnel constitué des index et répertoires de l'édition de 1576, parue chez le même imprimeur. Traces d'humidité aux 60 premiers feuillets du premier tome, dues à un accident ayant déformé le plat supérieur du premier volume. Quelques défauts ici ou là, mais bon exemplaire à grandes marges imprimé sur papier fort et bien relié au 18e siècle. Palau, 7091: "Primera edición del texto de Gregorio López, quien revisó y corregió escrupulosamente los manuscritos y textos anteriores, en los que el descuido de copistas e impresores habia llegado a introducir variantes de importancia y a falsear el espiritu del legislador. De modo que esta edición fue declarada como texto único auténtico y legal en la práctica del foro". [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librería Comellas]
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        Meditationes devotissimae S Bonaventurae Card Super totam vitam Domini nostri Iesu Christi Venice in vico sanctae Mariae Formosae ad ignum spei

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, avec leurs descriptions, & na

      Paris Guillaume Cavellat 1555 - First edition. Cavellat issue. 7 parts in one volume, Folio (34 x 22 cm). xxviii, 382 pp., Hand-coloured woodcut printer's device on title and six sectional titles, woodcut portrait of Belon on title verso, two woodcuts of human and bird skeletons and 158 large woodcuts in text of birds by Pierre Gourdelle and others, numerous 11-line and smaller ornamental woodcut initials and head-pieces, light soiling to title, with 17th century ownership inscription to head, occasional trivial foxing and old staining, nineteenth century vellum, edges stained red, overall a fine clean copy with excellent contemporary hand-colour. A beautiful copy of the rare first edition. One of the first ornithological texts based on direct observation and illustrated from original drawings. "Belon described approximately 230 species (including the bat), most of them European, but including some foreign species observed from his sojourns in Asia Minor and Egypt" (Norman). Though much of this work is based on Aristotle and Pliny, Belon provided many novel observations as to the appearance, habits and distribution of birds. In addition, he made an important and original contribution to comparative anatomy by comparing in detail the skeletons of birds and man and showing them to be fundamentally identical in structure. "Belon was born in Le Mans, France, and studied medicine in Paris. In 1540 he went to Germany to study botany, becoming a leading figure in the sixteenth-century revival of natural history that followed the great voyages, the invention of printing, and the new artistic realism of the Renaissance. Between 1546 and 1549 Belon travelled in the eastern Mediterranean countries, comparing the animals and plants he observed with their descriptions by classical authors. The results were published as Les Observations des plusieurs singularitez et choses m

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        Letters Patent Signed 'El Rey', as Duke of Milan, (1527-1598, joint Sovereign with Mary I, 1554-1558, from 1555 King of Spain)

      1555 - in a beautifully clear italic hand, in Latin with translation, with short titles in Spanish and Italian, saying that "following the settlement" on Philip of the "Duchy of Milan, Principality of Pavia, and County of Anglería, by the most Invincible and Puissant Prince and Lord CHARLES V . August Emperor of the Romans . my most respected Father and Lord . we appointed our . sincerely beloved Cousin Don FERNANDO ÁLVAREZ DE TOLEDO", (1507-1582, from 1532 3rd DUKE OF ALBA), Philip's father's and his "Lieutenant-General and Captain-General in Italy, to be our Governor in the said Dominion of Milan", accordingly he now empowers Alba or his deputies "to receive the . accustomed homage and oath of fidelity on the succession of a new Prince to the said Dominion from the Feudatories in the said Duchy", knowing that Alba "is endowed with the highest loyalty, . prudence, knowledge of affairs and experience", swearing that they will do "while they shall live, all . that they are bound to do . in obedience and loyalty to us and our successors . by reason of their feudal possessions of whatever quality and nature . according to the forms both old and new and the custom of the said State of Milan", the Duke can take any appropriate steps "even if such things should . require a more particular mandate than is expressed in these presents", those not taking the oath to be "under the full weight of our anger and indignation, and pain of Ten Thousand marks of pure gold", with Philip II's armorial seal as Duke of Milan approximately 2½ inches diameter, and elaborate note of registration, vellum, 14" x 25½" folding to 10¼" x 6½", Brussels "in the Duchy of Brabant, in the 2nd Year of Our Reign", 8th December lacking the obverse of the seal, here expertly replaced at some time with a plain wax backing, preserving without loss the coat of arms (rubbed, but its main features are all present), the surrounding legend defective but retaining lettering PHILIPPVS, VTRIVS (Siciliae) and (Dux) MEDIOLANI, the document in excellent crisp condition Philip II was born and brought up in Spain, as heir to his father Charles V (1500-1558) and grandmother Joanna, Queen of Spain, 'la loca', who had died only on 11th April 1555. Philip was now (joint) sovereign of England - the title put first in this document - having married Queen Mary at Winchester Cathedral on 25th July 1554. In September 1555, thinking ahead to his abdication, Charles summoned Philip from England to Brussels, and on 15th October 1555, at an emotional ceremony, conveyed the Netherlands, inherited from Charles's father Philip of Burgundy, to his son, detaching them from the Empire. They were to give Philip II endless trouble. Charles had also detached the Duchy of Milan, key to holding Italy against the French, which had reverted to the Empire after the last Sforza died in 1535. He had proclaimed Philip as Duke on 11th October 1540, but Philip is now sovereign. Charles was to complete his abdication on 16th January 1556, when the more compact but often unruly Empire went to his brother Ferdinand I, while the scattered western dominions - Spain, including Aragon with its dependent kingdoms in the Mediterranean, and vast portions of the New World - were confirmed as Philip's. The Great Duke of Alba (Alva) had campaigned with Charles V, and had accompanied Philip to England. Charles knew that Alba was ambitious, and warned his son against trusting any one noble completely. However, as Spain's best general, he was indispensible. He was Governor of Milan, 1555, Viceroy of Naples 1556, and captured Rome in 1557. He is most famous for his fierce reduction of the Netherlands as Governor, 1567-1573, and for securing Portugal to the crown of Spain in 1580. Philip's seal here displays, in chief, the Spanish dominions - 1st grand quarter, Castile & León, 2nd Aragón, including Aragón proper, the two Sicilies (largely hidden by the escutcheon), Hungary and Jerusalem, and, in base, the Burgundian - 3rd grand quarter

      [Bookseller: Sophie Dupre ABA ILAB PADA]
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        De verbis anomalis libri II Venice Comin da Trino

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Institutionum oratoriarum libri duodecim, summa diligentia ad fidem vetustissimorum codicum recogniti, ac restituti. Cum rerum verborumque; indece locupletissimo.

      Lyon, Sebastien Gryphius, 1555. ____ Relié avec : QUINTILIANUS. Declamationes undeuiginti. Lyon, Apud Seb. Gryphium, 1555. 269, (3) pp. Jolies impressions en caractères italiques. Marque de l'imprimeur sur les titres et les derniers feuillets. Ex-libris manuscrit : "ex Joannis Offredi bibliotheca, 1633". Bel exemplaire. Adams Q-41. Baudrier VIII, 278. *****. In-8. [168 x 107 mm] Collation : 741, (88) pp., 1 f. bl., Vélin, tranches rouges. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Réunion de 5 commentaires de Thomas d'Acquin sur la physique d'Aristote, imprimés à Venise de 1555 à 1566.

      Venice, 1555-1566. ____ Contient : - In quatuor libros Aristotelis de Coelo & Mundo commentaria. Venice, Hieronymus Scotus, 1555. In-folio de (6), 79 ff., (1 f. bl.) - In libros Aristotelis De Generatione et corruptione. Venice, Hieronymus Scotus, 1555. In-folio de(4), 37 ff., (1 f. bl.). - S. Tho[mas] in Meteora Aristo.[telis] commentaria. Venice, Apud Juntas, 1547. In-folio de (12), 69 ff., (1 f. bl.). - D. Thomae Aquinatis in libros de Anima Aristotelis expositio. Venice, Apud Juntas, 1565. In-folio de (6), 92 ff. - S. Thomae Aquinatis commentaria, quae extant in eos, qui Parva naturalia Aristotelis dicuntur libros ... Petri item de Alvernia ... expositio ... Libelli etiam duo Sancti Thomae ... alter de Motu cordis ... alter vero de Lumine ... Venice, Luca Antonio Junta, 1566. In-folio de (4), 84 ff. L'exemplaire a appartenu à NICOLAS HENNEQUIN dont les armes figurent sur les plats, avec la devise " membra non animum tegunte", armes qui sont frappées aussi sur le dos. Nicolas Hennequin, baron d'Ecquevilly, seigneur de Fresnes, né après 1597, a été pourvu de la charge de capitaine général de la vénerie en 1642. Olivier 2457 Cachet de le bibliothèque de Juilly sur le premier titre. Fondé en 1638, le collège de Juilly est un des plus anciens de France. Il a eut pour élèves Henri de Boulainvilliers, Montesquieu, Vaucanson, Jean-Dominique Cassini, Emile Clapeyron... La coiffe supérieure manque, reliure un peu frottée. *****. In-folio. Collation : Veau brun, dos à nerfs orné avec armes dorées entre les nerfs, encadrements dorés sur les plats et armes dorées au centre, tranches mouchetées. (Reliure du XVIIe.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Toutes les euvres vulgaires de Francoys Petrarque. Contenant quatre livres de M. D. Laure d'Avignon sa maitresse : jadis par luy composez en langage Thuscan, & mis en Françoys par Vasquin Philieul de Carpentras Docteur es droictz. Avecques briefs sommaires ou argumes requis pour plus facile intelligence du tout.

      Avignon, Barthelemy Bonhomme, 1555. ____ Première traduction française complète des oeuvres de Pétrarque. Le traducteur, Vasquin Philieul (Carpentras, 1522 - vers 1582, 1586) avait déjà publié en 1548, sous le titre de Laure d'Avignon, la première traduction en vers du Canzoniere de Pétrarque, que l'on retrouve ici dans la première partie. "Vasquin Philieul a joué un rôle de premier plan dans la divulgation de la poésie de Pétrarque en France au XVIe siècle : il a été le premier à publier une traduction complète des oeuvres vulgaires du poète italien. Avant lui, seuls Clément Marot et Jacques Peletier du Mans s'étaient essayés à une transposition des sonnets de Pétrarque en français, mais leur contribution n'avait été que très partielle : Marot avait traduit six sonnets et une chanson, Peletier douze sonnets recueillis dans ses Oeuvres poétiques. Vers le milieu du siècle qui fut celui de pétrarquisme triomphant, une francisation des oeuvres vulgaires du poète toscan était encore à faire, du moins pour les 'Rerum vulgarium fragmenta', puisque les 'Triumphi' comptaient déjà un certain nombre de traductions françaises. Vasquin Philieul fut celui qui se chargea de l'entreprise." Jean Balsamo, Les poètes français de la Renaissance et Pétrarque. Divisé en quatre livres, avec pour chacun une page de titre. Petit accroc restauré sur la page de titre. Erreur de pagination, passe de 240 à 251 sans manque. Très bel exemplaire relié par Niedrée en 1846. Pansier, Histoire du livre et de l'imprimerie à Avignon 115. ***** First French complete edition of the works of Petrarch. In-8. Collation : 399 pp. [noté 409] Maroquin rouge, dos à nerf orné, tranches dorées, encadrement doré sur les plats. (Reliure du XIXe, Niedrée.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        De varia quercus historia. Accessit Pylati Montis descriptio.

      Lyon, Guillaume Rouillé, 1555. ____ Première édition. Elle est illustrée de 15 bois gravés, répartis sur quatre pages. C'est la première monographie sur les chênes. Leurs diverses espèces, les animaux qui y habitent, les chênes dans l'histoire et les superstitions. Le chapitre "De veteribus gallorum magis" présente le carré magique "Sator Arepo Tenet Opera Rotas" comme efficace contre la fièvre. Il est suivi du chapitre : "De prodigiis & sacrificiis quercus". La description de la flore du Mont-Pilat a été publié par la suite par Gesner dans son "De raris et admirandis Herbis". Fils de l'humaniste lyonnais Guillaume Du Choul, Jean Du Choul était apothicaire.Baudrier IX, 219-20. Davy de Virville, Hist. de la botanique en France 30. Une petite galerie de vers sur une charnière de la reliure. Bon exemplaire. Ex-libris gravé : "De la bibliothèque du président Sacase." ***** First edition. It is illustrated with 15 woodcuts, spread over four pages. This is the first monograph on oak tree. Their various species, animals that live there, the oaks in history and superstitions... The chapter "De veteribus gallorum magis" presents the magic square "Sator Arepo Tenet Opera Rotas" as effective against fever. Hunt 73 : "Probably the first separate treatise on the oak tree." In-8. [158 x 99 mm] Collation : 109, (19) pp. Demi-maroquin brun, dos à nerfs orné. (Reliure du XIXe.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Lexicon Iuris [Juris], Seu Epitome Definitionum & Rerum... Venice, 155

      1555. Dictionary by a Notable Sixteenth-Century Protestant Jurist Oldendorp, Johann [1486-1567]. Figull, Hermann, Editor. Lexicon Iuris, Seu Epitome Definitionum & Rerum, Ex Omnibus Iis. In Lucem Partim Edidit, Partim Aliquot Annis Publice Docuit, Diligenter Concinnata per Hermannum Figulum. Venice: Apud Cominum de Tridino Montisferrati, 1555. 96 ff. Main text in parallel columns. Octavo (6" x 4-1/4"). Contemporary limp vellum, faint early hand-lettered title to spine, fragments of thong ties, endpapers renewed. Light soiling and a few minor stains, minor chipping to head of spine, two small chips to front joint, another small chip to fore edge of rear cover (where tie used to be). Large woodcut printer device to title page, woodcut decorated initials. Moderate toning to text, somewhat heavier in places, dampstaining to margins of a few leaves. Early owner signature and annotations to title page, underlining and marks to a few passages, interior otherwise clean. $4,000. * Later edition of Oldendorp's highly regarded dictionary, which was first published in 1548. Its success was due in part to its style. It is a compact, practical work with concise and clearly written definitions. Oldendorp, a state official and law professor, was a notable Protestant jurist. His Protestant viewpoint enhanced the value of his dictionary in areas of Europe that embraced Protestantism. This dictionary went through several editions in France, Germany and Italy. Copies of all editions are rather scarce. Our 1555 Venice edition is rare. OCLC locates one copy worldwide (at Harvard Law School). EDIT16 locates 6, all in Italy. Censimento Nazionale Delle Edizioni Italiane del XVI Secolo CNCE 24706.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        Symbolicarum quaestionum de universo genere, quas serio ludebat, libri quinque

      Bologne, In aedib. Novae Academiae Bocchianae, 1555. ____ Première édition de ce très beau livre d'emblèmes. Il est illustré par un bois gravé, un portrait et 151 emblèmes gravés sur cuivre par Giulio Bonasone, d'après ses dessins ou ceux de Prospero Fontana et, pour quelques uns du Parmigianino. Cette première édition est sortie des presses privées d'Achille Bocchi, établies pour imprimer ses écrits et ceux des membres de son Académie. Très rare, on trouve le plus souvent la seconde édition publiée en 1574, soit 19 ans plus tard. Très bon exemplaire, relié vers 1840 par Lardière. Brunet I, 1021 : "Edition rare et originale d'un livre recherché." Harvard, Mortimer Italian 76. Praz 162 : "Among the first emblematists". ***** First edition, much more rarer than the second of 1574. Illustrated by one portrait, one woodcut and 151 emblems engraved by Giulio Bonasone, after his own designs and those of Prospero Fontana and some of Parmigianino. Fine copy bound in green morocco by Lardière around 1840. In-4. [220 x 131 mm] Collation : (60), 347, (1) pp Maroquin vert, dos à nerfs orné, encadrements dorés sur les plats avec fleurons aux angles, tranches dorées. (Reliure du XIXe.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Quadrins historiques de la Bible. Revuz & augmentez d'un grand nombre de figures.

      Lyon, Jean de Tournes, 1555. ____ Titre dans un bel encadrement d'arabesques gravées et 231 gravures sur bois de Bernard Salomon, "un pur chef-d'œuvre de l'école lyonnaise" (Brun). Seconde édition, elle contient 33 bois gravés de plus que la première de 1553. Un bois figure sur chaque page, accompagné d'un quatrain de Claude Paradin. Cartier, Bibliographie des éditions des de Tournes n° 292. Brun, Le livre illustré de la Renaissance 132. Bon exemplaire relié par Chambolle-Duru. ***** Arabesque title-border and 231 woodcuts by Bernard Salomon. Second edition, with 33 woodcuts more than the first of 1553. Fine copy bound by Chambolle-Duru, one the best French binders of the XIXe century. In-8. [155 x 103 mm] Collation : 124 ff. Maroquin marron, dos à nerfs, tranches dorées. (Reliure du XIXe, Chambolle-Duru.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Ichtyophagia sive de piscium esu commentarius.Antwerp, Petrus and Joannes Bellerus, 1616. 8vo. With woodcut vignette on the title-page, several woodcut initials in the text. Contemporary vellum, large paper label with woodcut illustration on spine.

      - Krivatsy 8338 (imperfect); Oberlé 764; STCV (4 copies); Vicaire, col. 626. Only edition of this work on the consumption of fish and its health benefits, written by the Spanish born Ludovicus Nonnius (1555-1646), who was a physician in Antwerp. In 42 chapters, about 40 species of fish are treated, each with a nomenclature and citations from other authors in Latin, Greek, Flemish and French. A small portion of the text is devoted to oysters and molluscs. The book is dedicated to Nicolaus Rockox jr. (1560-1640), mayor of Antwerp and close friend of the painter Rubens.The front hinge is weak, upper margin of title-page neatly restored without loss of text, former owner's stamp (a lion within a cartouche) on the verso of the title-page. A good copy of this gastronomic work on fish.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        Les observations de plusieurs singularitez et choses memorables, trouvees en Grece, Asie, Indée, Egypte, Arabie & autres pays estranges...

      Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1555. Small octavo, with title-page bearing striking printer's device, three maps including double-page plan of Mt. Sinai, finely executed woodblock illustrations; a most attractive copy in eighteenth-century sprinkled calf, spine gilt in panels with red label. One of the first explorer-naturalists: Pierre Belon's near-eastern travels in a beautifully printed account. Belon, a physician and naturalist best remembered for his work as a comparative anatomist and master of dissection, undertook long voyages through Egypt, Arabia, the Levant, Greece and Asia Minor between 1546 and 1550. He was a careful and meticulous observer who 'can be considered the originator of comparative anatomy... he enriched the biological sciences by new observations and contributed greatly to the progress of the natural sciences in the sixteenth century.' (DSB). Les observations de plusieurs singularitez et choses memorables... is a rich travel narrative, combining natural history detail with descriptions of the curious customs, costumes and history of the peoples Belon encountered on his travels. The work includes a fascinating diversity of material reflecting the author's innate curiosity, including chapters on the ancient labyrinths of Crete, opium cultivation and use in Turkey, the daily lives of children and the flooding of the Nile. Donald Lach described it as 'one of the most readable travelogues to appear in the sixteenth century'.Belon had travelled to the east as a member of a diplomatic mission that also included the archaeologist Pierre Giles, and later Guillaume Postel the early arabist as well as the royal cosmographers André Thevet and Nicolas de Nicolay. Together the books published by this remarkably gifted group of travellers provided the west with a compendium of information on the near east that was at the same time exotic and closely observed. Inevitably some fantasy crept in to their observations, and the exotic depictions and descriptions - whether of a giraffe or a chameleon from direct observation, or a gryphon or dragon surviving from mythology - show us the creatures that excited great interest at the time, and clearly especially appealed to the mapmakers since they can often be found in early maps inhabiting the dangerous edges of a world not yet fully discovered.This is the second edition published in Antwerp by Christopher Plantin in 1555, and typifies the printing for which Plantin is renowned. Although small octavo in format, the composition is spacious, combining elegant cursive type and decorated capitals with sharp, neat impressions of the fine woodblock illustrations. First few gatherings mildly water-stained with minute worming, small localised loss to the bottom edge of six gatherings (s-z).

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Paradoxorum medicinae libri tres...

      Paris: Carole Guillard, 1555. 3rd Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (164 x 108 mm). [20], 238 ff. Text in Greek and Latin. Modern vellum, spine titled in script. Text with only little marginal browning or soiling, occasional minor light spotting, first 3 leaves including title cleaned, a few neat annotation in contemporary hand to first pages. Provenance: illegible ownership inscription on title-page. A fine copy. ----Adams F 1125; NLM/Durling 1716; Hirsch/H. II, 638; vgl. Bird 956, Haeser II, 17, Osler 2689, STC 190, Waller 3298, Wellcome I, 2433. - Very rare third, and considerably revised and enlarged, edition of Fuch's Errata recentiorum medicorum of 1530 against Arabian medicine, first printed under the title Paradoxorum in 1535. "As in the original work, the three books concern questions of medical botany, therapeutics, and anatomy" (Durling). Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Lhistoire de la guerre qui fut entre les Pelopenesiens and Atheniens

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd. ]
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        L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, avec leurs descriptions, & naïfs portraicts retirez du naturel : escrite en sept livres

      The first edition, rare and attractive. Six separate title pages : Anatomie et De la physiologie des oiseaux [Of the Anatomy and Physiology of Birds], Oiseaux de proie [Birds of Prey], Oiseaux nageurs [Aquatic Birds], Oiseaux de rivages [Birds of the Shore], Gallinacés [Galliforms], Corbeaux (et espèces semblables) [Ravens and similar species], Petits oiseaux chanteurs [Small songbirds]. This edition is illustrated with a magnificent printer's device to title, a portrait of the author at the age of 36 to verso, two plates of human and bird skeletons and 158 large cuts within the text (of various formats). The cuts were executed after drawings by the Parisian painter Pierre Goudet (but really Gourdelle) and other, anonymous, artists. The portrait and seven figures of birds were attributed to Geoffroy Tory by Auguste Bernard (in Geoffroy Tory Peintre et graveur, premier imprimeur royal, Paris, 1865). Numerous historiated initials and attractive borders. An enormous table of all the birds. Later, 18th century, binding in half brown sheep over paper boards, the spine in six compartments with gilt dentelle to head and filets and tools in gilt, as well as a red morocco title label and gilt birds to foot of spine.Very skilful, discreet restorations to spine. Lacking the last blank (L4). One very skilful restoration to upper margin of title. Light dampstain, growing fainter, to the lower margins of the first two quires. Two other, heavier, dampstains to inside margin and upper left corner affecting final pages.Contemporary manuscript ex-dono to title.The first description and classification of birds in French, which laid the foundations of the comparative methodology two hundred years before Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire and Cuvier. Pierre Belon (1517-1564) was one of the first ornithologists of the Renaissance. He had evidently carried out a great number of dissections, comparing beaks and claws and trying to find common anatomical forms. For the first time, he places the human skeleton in parallel with that of birds, but without however making the most of his observations and drawing practical conclusions as the naturalists of the 19th century did.Taking the same rigorous approach as for his description of fish in 1551, which he systematizes here, his descriptions of birds are based on Aristotelean principles. He classifies them, on the basis of his own observations, by their behavior and anatomy: birds of prey, aquatic birds (birds that swim, or birds with webbed feet), omnivores (principally hunting birds) and smaller birds (subdivided in turn into insectivores and granivores).There are a few entries that may at first seem surprising, but should be highlighted among Belon's descriptions, for instance his putting bats among the birds of prey, all the while acknowledging that he's perfectly well aware that they aren't birds:"For a long there has been uncertainty over whether bats should be included with the birds or put in the ranks of terrestrial animalsSeeing them fly, and seeing that they have wings, people judged them birdsboth Pliny and Aristotle pointed out that they were aware that bats feed their young from two teats on their chests, the same as for man. The Latins called the bat Vespertilio; but because of the similarity we can see to mice, we call them 'bald-mice'" (L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, livre II).As well as bats, he mentions several fantastical creatures in the last chapter of the first book, dedicated to "divers incongruous birds":"Many things have been written about various birds that strike us as fantastical: therefore we have separated out those we esteem to be true: adding that others were also formerly known, only the names of which have come down to us."In this chapter, Belon names imaginary breeds, of which he gives very precise descriptions, both in terms of physical appearance and behavior. He also mentions several mythological figures described by Classical authors or brought down to us through legend: Pegasus, a "bird having the body of a horse", the Sirens, who had "human faces and voices" and "the feathers and feet of birds". The Cercio, according to him, is "even more chatty than the Parrot & is more talented in learning to speak like men." Certain specimens, no less anthropomorphic but described as being hostile to man, are depicted in a frightening way: Mennonudes feed on human flesh and Stymphalides are "less cruel to men than Lions & Panthers & [only] attack if they want to hunt them & strike them with their beaks, harrying them to death." Belon also describes cases of fantastical birds whose physiological properties are useful to man, notably the Hercynia, "whose feathers give light like a flamewhich has often served country folk travelling by night," or the Scylla which, according to magicians contains within its breast a jewel called Chloriten which, when united with iron bears magical properties.At the end of the sixth book, he devotes an entire chapter to the Phoenix, of which he gives an even more detailed description:"They say it is the size of an Eagle. The feathers around its neck are of a resplendent golden color. The rest of its body is purple in hue. Its tail is bluish & has occasional pink feathers. The rear part of its body is embellished with a crescent shape of raised feathers."Despite the fact that he includes these imaginary creatures in his classification, he does not provide illustrations of them, the illustrations in the work having been done after life.Philippe Glardon, author of the preface of a new edition of L'histoire de la nature des oyseaux, (Droz, Geneva, 1997) believes that these surprising examples, apparently relegated to the ends of chapters, are in fact designed to tie together Belon's classification and balance out the work. He also notes, on the subject of Jean Cárd, that:"The monstrous is omnipresent on the horizon of the 16th centuryApart from the fairly large role of the fantastical in the creation of effects of wonder and in satisfying the need for a culture of the mythological without which one could hardly call oneself educated at the time, the monstrouswas a demonstration of the creative force of natureand its inclusion is justified in Belon's work due to its organizational function within the discourse of classification." Nonetheless, Belon distinguishes between the plainly fantastical descriptions of "unknown birds taken from divers authors," and his rigorous study of observable specimens "of which we have better knowledge," which give the real originality of his work, "as we shall see through the discourse of the following books."This work, followed by another in 1557 entitled Pourtraicts d'oyseaux [Portraits of Birds] became a seminal work in ornithological literature from the 17th century on. It was, however, given less attention when it appeared because of Conrad Gessner's Historia animalium, which was published at the same time, Gessner being a more popular naturalist at the time than Belon.An exceptional copy, superbly illustrated, of this first French book of ornithological descriptions, among the great scientific works of the Renaissance.  Benoît Prévost se vend chez Gilles Corrozet Paris 1555 In-folio (21,5x32cm) (28) 381pp. Sig.: ã6 ~e4 ~i4 a-f6 g4 h-m6 n4 o-t6 v4 x-z6 A6 (A6 blanc) B-E6 F4 G-I6 K4 L3 relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        The Abridgement of the Boke of Assises, Lately Perused Over, and...

      1555. Interleaved Copy of the Booke of Assises Abridged, Beale R53 [Liber Assisarum]. [Callow, William, Sir (fl. 1555), Attributed]. The Abridgement of the Boke of Assises, Lately P[er]used Over & Corrected, & Nowe Newlye Imprynted by Rycharde Tottle, Ye Laste Daye of Septe[m]ber. An. Do. 1555. [London: Imprinted...in Fletestrete Within Temple Barre, At the Signe of the Hand & Starre, By Richard Tottel, (1555)]. [i], 8-165, [2] ff. Interleaved. Lacking ff. 2-7. Title page present. Octavo (5-1/4" x 3-1/2"). Disbound, contemporary front and rear boards present but worn, front board split in half. Title printed within woodcut architectural border. Moderate toning to text, considerable chipping to margins of title page and final few leaves with no loss to text. About 10% the interleaves have brief contemporary annotations in a miniscule court hand. Ex-library, with stamp to head of text block, a few annotations in pencil to verso of title page. Housed in recent cloth clamshell box with calf spine label. * Second edition. Text in Law-French. With a table. The Liber Assisarum is a selection of reports from the Year Books covering regnal years 1-50 of Edward III (1327-77). The contents are arranged alphabetically by topic. "The Book of Assizes (...) is of great authority in law; and so called because it principally contains proceedings upon Writs of Assize of Novel Disseisin, which in those days was festinum et freems renaedium. 'Tis often quoted and referred to by most of our ancient writers. (...) The questions are here discussed with more precision and clearness, and they contain more of those points of law that have survived to the present times. In regard to precision and clearness, all the reports of this reign excel those of the preceding; but the merit of these [reports] is of a peculiar kind, and has a very different appearance from what has in later times been considered as excellent in this way" (Rastell). Most of the annotations appear to be citations to cases in the Year Books. OCLC locates 5 copies, the English Short-Title Catalogue locates 6 in the British Isles, 6 in North America and 1 in Australia. Rastell, John, Preface to London, 1679, Livre des Assises et Pleas del' Corone cited in Marvin, Legal Bibliography 754. English Short-Title

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        Paris de Puteo des syndicatu: celeberrimi i.v. interpretis ... Paridis de Puteo, Neoplit. In materiam syndicates Imniu[m] officialium tractatus - vna com apostostillis D. Benedicti Vadi, Forosempronien ac eiusdem alphabetico indice.

      351, [49] Bl. (Blatt 1192, 352 weiß) Kl.-8, sehr dekorativer Schweinslederband d. Zt. mit Schließen. Brunet 4, 982 BM 545. Erste Ausgabe unter diesem Haupttitel und in dieser Zusammenstellung ( zweiter Titel: " de belli contra potestatem in syndicatu formatione ..., 1555 und dritter Titel." Repertorium Tractatus de syndicatu celeberremi..." ebd. 1556). Sehr schöner zweispaltiger venezianischer Druck mit drei wiederholten Vignetten auf den drei Titelblättern und zahllosen figürlichen und ornamentalen Initialen. Der reichverzierte, blindgeprägte - wohl deutsche - Einband zeigt auf der Vorderseite eine Kreuzigungs- auf der Rückseite eine Auferstehungsszene mit dreizeiligem Text. Sehr schöner und dekorativer Band. Vorsatz und Titel mit anmerkungen von alter Hand und klinem Ausriss auf dem Titelblatt ohne Textverlust.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Michael Solder]
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        Münchener Kommentar zum Strafgesetzbuch. Gesamtwerk in 8 Bänden (komplett). 2. Aufl. 2015.

      XXVIII, 1555 S. Gr.-8 (22,5-25 cm), OLeinen mit OSchutzumschlag u. Lesebändchen Der Großkommentar zum StGB. Originalverschweißt, neue Exemplare der aktuellen Auflage des Standardwerks! 9783406602900

      [Bookseller: Roland Antiquariat UG (haftungsbeschränk]
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