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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1548

        M. Tvllii Ciceronis Epistolae ad Atticum, ad M. Brutum, ad Quintum fratrem, multorum locorum correctionne illustratae, ut, post omnes omnium editiones, exeant emendatissima. In qua omnes epistolas commentarii, separdim impressi, propedim edentur, auctore Paulo Manutio Aldi filio

      Pavlvs Manvtivs aldi Filivs Venetiis, M. D. XL VIII. 1548. 8vo, 160 x 101 mms., pp. [iv], 333 + 11 unnumbered leaves, Registrum on recto of following leaf, with Aldus anchor on verso of last leaf, occasional marginal annotation, 19th century quarter sheepskin, red label; several fore-margins water-stained, front joint cracked (but firm), spine dried, corners worn. This edition was prepared by Paulus Manutius (1512 - 1574), who dedicated the work to Guillaume Pellicier, Bishop of Montpellier. He was the third son of the Venetian printer, Aldus Manutius (1449/1450 - 1515) and took over the management of the press in 1533. This edition was first published in 1540. Catalogue of the Ahmanson-Murphy collection of Aldine Press Books (California, 2001), no. 320. Renouard 129:2. Adams C1914.

      [Bookseller: John Price Antiquarian Books]
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        Caii Suetonii tranquilli duodecimo Caesares, cum Philippi Beroaldi Bononiensis, marcique item Antonii Sabellici commentariis, & Bapt. Aegnatii, aliorumque doctorum virorum annotationibus

      Lyon: Apud Ioannem Frellonium, 1548. Hardcover. Folio. pp. [78], 760, [3]. Colophon: "Lugduni, excudebat Ioannes Frellonius, anno a Christo nato, M.D.XLVIII." Text surrounded by two columns of glosses; decorative initials throughout. Occasional pages mis-numbered. Old ex-libris inscription on front blank fly leaf; an early inscription (faded and crossed out) is present on the title page (between the 3rd and 4th lines); a small worm hole is located in the bottom marginal corner of the prelims. Interior pages contain minor spotting and soiling; a moderate amount of damp staining is present on the lower outer margin corners throughout. A couple small marginal tears are carefully sealed. Page 31 contains 7 lines of neat marginalia written in an old hand. Bound in full period calf with gilt arms stamped on front and rear covers. Spine is also gilt with arms in seven compartments. All edges are gilt. Some rubbing and wear to boards; head and tail caps of spine are neatly restored. Gaius Suetonius (69/75 - after 130 c.e) was a Roman author and historian who became secretary to the emperor Hadrian. His "Twelve Caesars" covers the biographies of the first 12 rulers / emperors of the Roman Empire - Julius Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. [Adams S-2044; Baudrier V, p. 212; Schweiger, p. 975].

      [Bookseller: Robert McDowell Antiquarian Books]
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        PARAPHRASE OF ERASMUS UPON THE NEWE TESTAMENTE (New Testament). 2 VOLUMES

      Enpriented at London : in Fletestrete at the signe of the sunne by Edwarde Whitchurche, the last daie of Januarie. Anno Domini 1548.. FIRST ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF VOLUME 1 and 2nd EDITION OF VOLUME 2, mixed edition, Great Bible Text, black letter, text edited by Nicolas Udall, 1548-1552. Folio, Volume 1 approximately 300 x 190 mm, 12 x 7½ inches, Volume 2: 290 x 195 mm, 11½ x 7½ inches. Historiated and decorated initials throughout, marginal notes. Volume 1, leaves: [12], c, [6], lxxxiii, [13], clxx, [7], ciii, lxxxi, [1] blank, at foot of colophon (fo.81): Cum priuilegio Regali ad imprimendum solum. Volume 2: LACKS TITLE PAGE (CC1), text starts with Dedication page by Myles Coverdal: "TO THE MOST EXCELLENT PRINCE", (CC2), Romans starts on Folio 1 (A1). Leaves: [5of 6], cccxxvi, plus 11 leaves of table, Table defective ending on the letter W. LACKS 1 LEAF IN REVELATIONS, Pp1. Volume 2, at the beginning has part of the Gospel of John and The Acts of the Apostles, which should be in Volume 1, Volume 1 should end with the Acts of the Apostles (the binder has not divided the volumes as they were meant to be), Volume 2 starts at Romans. Bound in full old calf, rebacked at sometime, no labels. Covers worn and scuffed, edges worn, with card showing on edges of lower cover of Volume 1, outer margin of title page repaired, slightly chipped at bottom margin, margins darkened, tiny hole, not affecting text, name crossed out in old ink, not affecting text, light ink lines, not affecting text, first page has small tear with loss to margin, page 2 has small hole to margin, neither affect text, the first 4 pages have small old repairs to margins, not affecting text, 1 page in Mark has a closed tear to margin, not affecting text, a few other small marginal tears, 1 small tear to lower margin with small loss, none affecting text, blank page between Mark and Luke with scribble, 2 leaves 44 and 45 in Gospel of John bound out of order, occasional misnumbering, some trimming to margins of a few pages, no loss of text, 2 trimmed pages with slight loss of marginal notes, have been reinserted, probably from another copy, Volume 2 has top margins trimmed affecting 5 pages of text with loss of 1 line of text to 2 pages, recto and verso, and partial loss to 3 others, occasional loss of running title, the last 4 pages of the Acts have ragged edges, not affecting text, varying brown staining affecting part of Volume 2, quite heavy on about 50 pages, affecting mostly margins after that, but all text legible, 9 leaves slightly trimmed at margins, no loss of text, small hole to 1 leaf affecting 2 letters, occasional corner tip missing, some pale age-browning and pale staining to margins in places, some names crossed out, some neat old marginalia, the old ink name of Robert Barker in 2 blank margins, 1 dated 1624, small bookplate to each pastedown, "Jacob Post, Church St, Lower St, Islington". Volume 1 in good clean condition and overall a very good set. See Darlow and Moule, Historical Catalogue of the Printed Editions of Holy Scriptue in the Library of the British and Foreign Bible Society, Volume 1 page 86, and see Herbert, Historical Catalogue of Printed Editions of the English Bible, 1525-1961, pages 38-40. Our copy of Volume 1 collates the same as the set held by The National Trust Library, see Copac. The later editions are numbered consecutively and have added table as our Volume 2, see Darton & Moule and Herbert. " The Injunction issued by Edward VI in 1547 ordered that a copy of this book should be placed in every church within a year after the date of the visitation which was about to be made. W. Aldis Wright has distinguished no less than six varieties of Volume 1. No doubt, owing to the demand for copies at an early date, several presses were employed at the same time and the work of printing was published as rapidly as possible. Some copies are mixed. There appears to be no such varieties of Volume 2. Owing to the wear and tear of public use, perfect copies are uncommon. Translations were by Nicolas Udall, Catherine Parr, Thomas Key, Miles Coverdale, John Olde, Leonard Coxe, and Mary I of England. The Paraphrase on Revelations, omitted by Erasmus, was the work of Leo Juda, translated by Edmund Alen. Mary I of England in her effort to promote Roman Catholicism ordered all copies of this book to be destroyed—despite having translated Erasmus' commentary on St. John, for which she is praised in this very book". MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        POLYBII HISTORIOGRAPHI HISTORIARUM Libri Quinque, Nicolao Perrotto interprete, Apud Sd. Gryphium Lugduni, 1548.

      Buona ril. in pergamena probabilmente del '700, titolo manoscritto al dorso, tagli in oro, cm 13x8, pp 592, timbro di libreria antiquaria su retro della coperta, peraltro ottimo esemplare nitidamente impresso.

      [Bookseller: Editoriale Umbra]
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        De coloribus libellus. (Unito a:) PORZIO SIMONE. De coloribus oculorum.

      Torrentino 1548-1550 In 4° (mm 215x135 ); pagg. 197, (3); 57. Testo latino e greco. Piena pergamena secentesca con unghie; tassello in pelle marrone recante titolo e autore impressi in oro al dorso, che presenta anche alcuni ferri floreali e bordurine dorate.Edizione originale di entrambe le opere. Il "De coloribus" è un trattato scientifico sul colore, attribuito variamente ad Aristotele, Teofrasto o Stratone Lampsaceno, tradotto e commentato dal filosofo napoletano Simone Porzio (1497-1554). Il "De coloribus oculorum" è un raro trattato in cui il Porzio tenta di dare una spiegazione alla varietà del colore degli occhi. E' considerato uno dei primi trattati di oftalmologia. Fu composto come complemento alla sua precedente opera sui colori.Porzio fu dottore in medicina, materia che insegnò all'università di Pisa. Traduttore di Aristotele in senso materialistico, si dedicò a riflessioni sulla natura dell'uomo e dell'anima, di cui negò l'immortalità"De coloribus": Moreni, Annali del Torrentino, p.25; Crans, Bibliogr. of Aristotle, 108.139; Wellcome I 5217; Hoffmann I 289; Bm.Stc. 54; Adams P 1958 ."De coloribus oculorum": Moreni, Annali del Torrentino, p. 122; Wellcome I, 5218; Durling 3472; Osler 3725; Becker Collection 303.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Perini s.a.s.]
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        Bibliothecae Historicae, hoc est, Rerum Antiquarum, a Graecis, Romanis, Barbaris, praecipueq. Philippo & Alexandro Macedoniae regibus gestarum libri 17, summo studio partim longè emendatius quàm antea, partim nunc primùm in lucem editi. His adiecimus, Dictys Cretensis, et Daretis Phrygij De Troiano bello historiam, quo temporum ordo, ac series rerum, ut quaeque sunt gestae, conseruaretur ... Accessit quoque rerum & uerborum memorabilium, locupletissimus index.

      Basileae, per Henrichum Petri, 1548.In-folio (322x210mm), pp. (8), 432, (10) di indice e registro, legatura ottocentesca m. pelle marrone con dorso a nervi adorno di titolo e filetti in oro e di fregi a secco sugli scomparti. Piatti marmorizzati. Impresa dell'editore al frontespizio con una mano che batte un martello sopra una roccia dalla quale escono fiamme alimentate dal soffio del vento. Dedicatoria del curatore a Johann Lucas Welser; capilettera istoriati su fondo nero con figure di putti. Nota di possesso rinascimentale al frontespizio. Sparse fioriture e bruniture, peraltro bell'esemplare. Edizione curata da Markus Hopper dei libri superstiti della "Biblioteca storica" di Diodoro Siculo (80-20 a. C. ca), sorta di compendio di storia universale sino al 59 a.C. di estrema importanza documentaria. Adams, D-470. Hoffman, I, 560. Manca a STC German Books.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Galleria Gilibert]
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        Espositione sopra il Salmo Miserere Mei Deus, et sopra il Salmo In te Domine speravi, & qui regis Israel intende. Dialogo... della Verità Prophetica, & alcune altre opere....

      in Venetia, Al segno della Speranza, 1548. 1548 In-8° antico (160x100mm), ff. 159, legatura antica in p. pergamena rigida con titolo manoscritto in antico sul dorso. Impresa tipografica incisa in xilografia al titolo con allegoria della Speranza in forma di donna rivolta verso il sole con casse e bauli accatastati ai suoi piedi e motto "Nell'immensa bontà d'un sol Dio vero, Ne più posso sperar di quel ch'io spero". Capilettera figurati incisi in xilografia, antichi timbro al titolo e al verso del titolo. Antica nota di possesso vergata al titolo. Sparse bruniture, fioriture e aloni; manca l'ultima c. bianca. Riedizione veneziana della metà del Cinquecento di vari scritti savonaroliani: Espositione sopra il Salmo Miserere mei Deus, Esposizione sopra il Salmo In te Domine speravi, Esposizione sopra il Salmo Qui regis Israel intende, Dialogo della Verità Prophetica, Trattato over predica fatta il dì dell'Ascensione di Iesu Christo, Trattato esortatorio alli suoi figliuoli spirituali, Trattato consolatior alli suoi figliuoli spirituali, perseguitati per la verità da lui predicata, Una bellissima contemplatione di messer Pelegro de'Grimaldi di Robio sopra il Salmo centesimo secondo. Manca all'Adams e a STC Italian Books.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Galleria Gilibert]
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        Divi Ioannis Chrysostomi Archiepiscopi Constantinopolitani in omnes Divi Pauli Epistolas Commentarii...Tomus Primus: Ad Romanos, Vuolfango Musculo, interprete (et) Primam ad Corinthios, Francisco Aretino interprete.

      Paris: Parisiis, apud Audoenum Paruum sub Lilio Aureo, 1548. 4to. menor; 8 hs., 444 ff. Encuadernación moderna en media piel.

      [Bookseller: Hesperia Libros]
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        Aristotelis Stagiritae, philosophorum omnium facile principis, opera, quae in hunc usque diem extant omnia : Latinitate partim antea, partim nunc primum à viris doctissimis donata, & Graecum ad exemplar diligenter recognita : omnia in tres tomos digesta : accesserunt in singulos libros argumenta, nunc primum ex optimis Graecorum commentariis in Latinam linguam conversa, & suis quaeque locis apposita : item, supra censuram Io. Lodovici Vivis Valentini de libris Aristotelicis, & Philippi Melanchthonis commentationem doctissimam, adiecta nunc primùm fuit de ordine librorum Aristotelis, deque illius scriptis legendis dissertatio, studiosae iuventuti non utilis tantum futura, sed & oppidò quàm necessaria [Three books in Two Volumes]

      Basel: ex officina Joan. Oporini, 1548. First Edition Thus. Hardcover. Near Fine. Light shelf/edge wear, rebacked (original/early boards), else tight, bright, and unmarred. Full leather binding, six raised bands, gilt lettering and decorative elements. fo. [24], 211 [1] pp; [8], 667, [1] pp; [8], 555, [1], [132] pp. Illus. (line drawing and woodcut initials). Index. With introductions by Jerome Gemusaeus, Simon and Angelus Grynaeus Politianus & Includes: [Book 2]: Aristotelis operum tomus secundus physiologiam eius Totam complectens, una cum argumentis in libros singulos quae, ex nunc primum conversa optimistic Graecorum commentariis, & adiecta fuere. - Item problematum cesarean sections triginta octo & [Book 3]: Aristotelis operum tomus tertius, moralem philosophiam continens, una cum rhetoricis, ac poetica. - Item quae spuria sunt, aut quae extraordinem librorum auscultatoriorum habentur. - Hic sunt Appositi quoque metaphysicorum libri XIIII. - Est de hoc ipso Adiecta insuper autore commentatio doctissima, Philippi Melanchthonis

      [Bookseller: Lux Mentis, Booksellers]
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        Il primo e secondo libro delle satire alla carlona di messer Andrea da Bergamo. In Vinegia, per Pauolo Gherardo, 1548. [Legato con:) [NELLI P.]. Il sicondo libro delle satire alla charlona di messer Andrea da Bergamo. In Venetia, per Comin de Trino de Monferrato, 1548.

      Voll. 2 legati in uno, in-16, legatura ottocentesca in mezza pelle verde con titolo e decorazioni romantiche in oro al dorso, cc. 80 - 96, [4]. Con marca tipografica al frontespizio e sull?ultima pagina al primo titolo, sul frontespizio al secondo. Lievi aloni. Primo frontespizio controfondato. Esemplare rifilato. Timbretti di biblioteca gentilizia alla prima opera. Ristampa immediatamente successiva alle originali (1546 e 1547). Brunet, I, 266: ?Dans l?exemplaire que j?ai vu la 1er partie, datée de 1548 a 80 ff. [...] et la 2e partie, de 1547, intitulée ?sicondo libro? a 100 ff. en tout?. Per Pietro Nelli cfr. P. Floriani ?Ariosto come modello: il caso di Pietro Nelli? in ?Fra satire e rime ariostesche?, Cisalpino, 2000. Raro.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Gozzini]
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        "omnia... quae exstant opera a iano cornario ,edico physico, et adamo fumano latinitate donata: cum annotationibus in margine nuper additis, quibus tum pleraq; sacrae scripturae loca, tum multa recondita illustrantur..." venetiis, ad signum spei, 1548.

      Cm. 20,5, cc. (24) 551 + (1) bianca. Bella marca tipografica al frontespizio e capolettera istoriati nel testo. Solida legatura settecentesca in mezza pergamena e cartonato con titoli in oro al dorso. Un timbro di biblioteca religiosa estinta al frontespizio. Esemplare peraltro genuino, pulito e molto ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        GYRONE IL CORTESE.

      Cm. 21,2x15,5, p. pergam. antica, elegante cornice dorata ai piatti, tit. oro su tassello al dorso, 8 cc.nn., 180 cc.num., frontesp. inquadrato in una bella cornice tipografica figurata. Il poema è diviso in XXIV libri, ovvero Canti in ottava rima. Rara prima edizione, citata dalla Crusca. Cfr. Gamba,21: ?Curiosa è la dedicatoria dell?Alamanni ad Arrigo II re di Francia, al quale narra l?origine e l?istituzione de? Cavalieri erranti, detti volgarmente i Cavalieri della Tavola Rotonda? - The British Library, p. 12 - Brunet,I,126 - Graesse,I,50 - Choix de Olschki,XII,18283. Leggerm. corto del marg. sup.; frontesp. restaur. per manc. di 5 mm. al marg. inf.; con fiorit., aloni e lievi arross. interc. nel t. ma complessivam. in buono stato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Historiae mundi libri XXXVII. Post omnes omnium editiones cum vetustissimis aliquot, iusque manuscriptis exemplaribus diligentißime collati. Annexae sunt operis castigationes Sigismundi Gelenij

      Lyon, G. & M. Beringen, 1548.. 16 nn. Bll., 976 Sp., 18 (l.w.), 64 nn. Bll. HLdr. d. Zt. Folio. 34 x 23 cm.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Aristotelis Stagiritae, philosophorum omnium facile principis, opera, quae in hunc usque diem extant omnia : Latinitate partim antea, partim nunc primum à viris doctissimis donata, & Graecum ad exemplar diligenter recognita : omnia in tres tomos digesta : accesserunt in singulos libros argumenta, nunc primum ex optimis Graecorum commentariis in Latinam linguam conversa, & suis quaeque locis apposita : item, supra censuram Io. Lodovici Vivis Valentini de libris Aristotelicis, & Philippi Melanchthonis commentationem doctissimam, adiecta nunc primùm fuit de ordine librorum Aristotelis, deque illius scriptis legendis dissertatio, studiosae iuventuti non utilis tantum futura, sed & oppidò quàm necessaria [Three books in Two Volumes]

      Basel: ex officina Joan. Oporini, 1548. First Edition Thus. Hardcover. Near Fine. Light shelf/edge wear, rebacked (original/early boards), else tight, bright, and unmarred. Full leather binding, six raised bands, gilt lettering and decorative elements. fo. [24], 211 [1] pp; [8], 667, [1] pp; [8], 555, [1], [132] pp. Illus. (line drawing and woodcut initials). Index. With introductions by Jerome Gemusaeus, Simon and Angelus Grynaeus Politianus Includes: [Book 2]: Aristotelis operum tomus secundus physiologiam eius Totam complectens, una cum argumentis in libros singulos quae, ex nunc primum conversa optimistic Graecorum commentariis, & adiecta fuere. - Item problematum cesarean sections triginta octo [Book 3]: Aristotelis operum tomus tertius, moralem philosophiam continens, una cum rhetoricis, ac poetica. - Item quae spuria sunt, aut quae extraordinem librorum auscultatoriorum habentur. - Hic sunt Appositi quoque metaphysicorum libri XIIII. - Est de hoc ipso Adiecta insuper autore commentatio doctissima, Philippi Melanchthonis

      [Bookseller: Lux Mentis, Booksellers]
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        [Philosophia pauperum] Alberti Magni Philosophantium Ducis Aestimatissimi, Philosophiae Naturalis Isagoge, Sive Introductiones. In Libros Aristotelis. Physicorum. De Coelo et Mundo. De Gene. et corr. Meteororum. De Anima. Craccoviae. In Officina Hieronymi Scharffengergi. M.D.XLVII

      Krakau, Scharffenberg 1548. 15 cm. (216) Seiten Umschlag - Index Aurel. 102.583 - Krakauer Druck von "Philosophia pauperum", als deren Verfasser Albert von Orlamünde, ein Schüler des Albertus, anzunehmen ist (vgl. NDB I, 135). Enthält fünf Traktate zur Naturphilosophie des Aristoteles. Vorangestellt ist ein Carmen von Joachim Vadian (Joachim von Watt). Hieronymus Scharffenberg, einer der bedeutendsten Buchdrucker in Krakau, war noch 1549 tätig (ADB 31, 780). Auf Titel alte handschriftl. Notizen, im Text vereinzelt zeitgenöss. Randnotizen und Unterstreichungen - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        Gyrone il cortese... al christianissimo, et invitissimo re arrigo secondo. in parigi, da rinaldo calderio et claudio suo figliolo, 1548.

      Cm. 21,5, cc. (8) 180. Frontespizio interamente ornato. Solida legatura settecentesca in piena pergamena rigida con titoli in oro su tassello al dorso. Qualche tarletto perlopiù marginale, qualche brunitura, peraltro esemplare ben conservato. Non comune prima edizione.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Quaestiones naturales, De Anima, Morales: sive Difficilium dubitationum & solutionum Libri IIII. nuncc primùm in lucem editi. Gentiano Herveto Aureliano interprete. Cum gratia & privilegio Imperiali quinquennium.

      Basel, (Iohnnes Oporinus, 1548 - on colophon). 8vo. Contemporary full limp vellum. A bit of soiling and light brownspotting to title-page, otherwise very nice and clean. The printer's name has been removed from the colophon, causing two small holes, which have been neatly repaired from verso. Two small holes corresonding to these to the second-last leaf, causing loss of a couple of letters. All in all a very nice copy. Woodcut initials. (16), 297, (6 - Life of Aristotle) pp.. The scarce first edition of leading French Humanist Catholic Gentian Hervet's important translation of Alexander's hugely influential "Quaestiones", presumably with this fourth part (which is not the "De Fato" as in other Renaissance editions) for the first time in print. Hervet's edition of Alexander's "Questiones" came to have a profound influence on the development of Renaissance Aristotelianism. The "Questiones" had appeared earlier, e.g. in 1541, and were by no means unknown to Renaissance thinkers at the time, but Hervet was an authority of a certain character, which meant that his edition was both read in a certain light and preferred by a great deal of thinkers. Furthermore, it seems that the 4th part, being 30 answers to the traditional 69 questions, here appears for the first time in print, making this a very important edition. In addition to the first three parts, it became customary to add a fourth part to Alexander's "Questiones", but that traditional fourth part was his "De Fato", and not as here the 30 solutions. It is worth noting that Hervet had in fact already translated Alexander's "De Fato", which he published in 1544. Alexander's, also known as simply as "The Commentator", impact upon the development of philosophy can hardly be overestimated, and his various "Problems and Questions", all aimed at establishing the views of Aristotle, came to influence all reading of Aristotle in the Renaissance. "He was read in the classroom of Plotinus, who probably drew on him to a greater extent than we will ever be able to tell; and when later Platonists show themselves critical of Aristotle's arguments, they can often be shown to attack Alexander's interpretation of Aristotle rather than Aristotle himself. The physician Galen, whose logic, epistemology and physics bear a distinctive Peripatetic stamp, chose to disagree with Alexander on, for instance, issues of dynamics and psychology." (p. 244).Although his "Questions" were aimed at understanding the views of Aristotle, he established the views of the Stagirite in a version updated to take account of Stoic and other alternatives, as the best and most defensible current (i.e. 2nd-3rd cent.) ideas on their subjects. "For Alexander, the inspired genius of Aristotle's writings was a sufficient basis, if they were properly interpreted, explicated, and fleshed out, to resolve with complete satisfaction all the questions debated among philosophers of varying schools in his own time." (Cambr. Comp.). In his seminal "Questiones", he quarrelled with both Platonism and Stoicism in his attempts to develop Peripatetic answers to questions Aristotle had not dealt with in any detail.It is a curious but generally accepted conception that with the rise of the Renaissance came the fall of Aristotle. Weather this is actually true can be disputed, but it is a fact that with the recovery of many lost works of ancient literature, the widening of the range of classical studies and the renewed interest in Plato, Aristotle was no longer the sole authority on a huge number of fields. That this should mean a total ignorance of the teachings of Aristotle must be considered somewhat of a myth (though a very frequently repeated one), and in fact with the grand humanists of the late 15th and early 16th century, the study of Aristotle fits perfectly with the broader comprehension of scholarship. The great humanists like Ficino, Pico and Pomponazzi had not forgotten about Aristotle, and the revival of learning did not mean the neglect of the prince of philosophers. On the contrary, with the appreciation of the knowledge of Greek and the invention of the printing, works were being translated and printed like never before, which meant that the greatest of the humanists, many of whom did not themselves know Greek, could be acquainted with the Greek texts of Aristotle and the Greek commentaries of "The Commentator", Alexander of Aphrodisias, in Latin translation. "Equally important for the continued growth of the Peripatetic synthesis was the recovery and diffusion of the Greek commentaries on Aristotle. These treatises, about ten times longer than the works they discuss, were written by pagans and Christians, Platonists and Peripatetics in late antiquity, between the second and seventh centuries in the Greek world of the Eastern Mediterranean, and then again in twelfth-century Byzantium. The most important of the two dozen commentators were Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ammonius, Simplicius, Themistius and John Philoponus. Of these five, only Alexander and Themistius were Aristotelians..." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 68).One of the most important of these Renaissance Humanists, who with his translations helped spread the knowledge and understanding of Aristotle and his commentators, was Gentian Hervet, who came to play a dominant role in the course of 16th century thought. "Gentian Hervet (d. 1584) was a committed churchman, who after studies in the universities of Orleans and Paris lived in the household of Reginald Pole, later to become Archbishop of Canterbury and Cardinal, at first in England then - as Pole had, because of the Reformation, to leave England - in Padua, Venice and Rome. Hervet took part with Marcello Cervini (later Pope Marcellus II) in the first sessions of the Council of Trent. He returned to France in 1555 as vicar general to the bishop of Noyon and wrote pamphlets against the Huguenots. In 1561 he entered the service of the Cardinal of Lorraine, Charles de Guise, whom he accompanied to the third period of the Council of Trent (1562-3). In 1564 he took part as canon of the cathedral in the provincial council of Rheims, in which the cardinal published the decrees of the Council of Trent. About the time of his activity in the Council of Trent the focal point of Hervet's translations shifted. He translated not only the Greek Fathers of the Church, but in addition, under the influence of academic scepticism as represented also by Reginal Pole, Sextus Empiricus' "Adversus Mathematicos" (Paris, 1569). He had long been active as translator of works connected with the Aristotelian philosophy. During an earlier sojurn in Rome, he published a number of philosophical texts which concerned the controversies surrounding Pietro Pomponazzi. In 1544 he translated into Latin Aristotle's "De anima", together with the commentary of Johannes Philoponus. There followed translations of Alexander of Aphrodisias's "De fato" (1544) and "Quaestiones naturales et morales" (1548) and of Zacharias Scholasticus's "Ammonius: Dialogus quod mundus non sit Deo coaeternus" (1546). In these works Hervet described those who denied the immortality of the soul as atheists and as opponents of Aristotle and his commentators." (Lohr, p. 36). "Since the Renaissance had to discover or rediscover the tools of philology and history needed for such detective work, the pioneering labours of obscure humanist scholars - Gentian Hervet, who translated sextus, or William Canter, who first published a Greek text of the "Eclogae" of Stobaeus - certainly deserve our memory and admiration. It was they who first edited, organized, translated, printed, and disseminated the philosophical remains of antiquity that succeeding centuries have come to take for granted. If Thales and his successors were the fathers of Western philosophy, the humanist scholars of the Renaissance were the midwives of its rebirth in a classical form." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 18). Adams A:678; Graesse: I:69

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