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         Ernährung neu entdecken Der Einfluß der Ernährung auf unsere Gesundheit [Gebundene Ausgabe] von Walter Veith (Autor), Winfried Küsel Diätassistent Diätologe Heilhilfsberuf Diätetik Ökotrophologe Troph

      Der Autor Professor Dr. Walter Veith forscht seit vielen Jahren auf dem Gebiet der Ernährung. Mit diesem Buch ist es ihm gelungen, einschlägige wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse der letzten Jahre kritisch zu werten und so Empfehlungen auszuarbeiten, die dem Anspruch an eine gesunde Ernährung gerecht werden. Das Buch liefert die Grundlagen, die zum kritischen Nachdenken über unsere Ernährungssituation anregen und den Anstoß zu einer Ernährungsumstellung geben können. Außerdem enthält es einen speziellen Rezeptteil. In einer Zeit mangelnder oder falscher Informationen über Ernährung gibt Prof. Dr. Walter Veith wissenschaftlich fundierte Antworten auf die Fragen nach einem gesunden Lebensstil Wo liegen die Ursachen für Krebs, Gefäßkrankheiten, Arthritis und andere degenerative Erkrankungen? Gibt es eine Erklärung für Übergewicht? Ist es wirklich aussichtslos, sein Normalgewicht zu erreichen? Osteoporose - wie kann ich dem Knochenabbau vorbeugen? Welchen Einfluß üben Nahrungsmittelzusätze auf unsere Gesundheit aus? Birgt eine vegetarische Ernährung Gesundheitsrisiken in sich? Was läßt sich über die vegane Lebensweise, also den Verzicht auf alle tierischen Produkte - auch Milcherzeugnisse - sagen? Eine auch für den Laien verständliche Darstellung neuester Erkenntnisse der Ernährungswissenschaft. Der umfassende Rezeptteil erleichtert die Umstellung auf einen gesunden Lebensstil. Wenn man dieses Buch gelesen hat, kann man gar nicht anders, als seine Ernährung umstellen. Was tun, oder haben wir unserem Körper alles angetan?! Kein Wunder, daß wir uns nicht gesund und fit fühlen.Mein TippLesen und dann die leckeren, einfachen Rezepte nachkochen und sich am Ergebnis freuen. Dieses Buch hat mein leben verändert! Ernährung neu entdecken Walter Veith Winfried Küsel Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Milcherzeugnisse Ernährungswissenschaft Rezept Lebensstil Slow Food tierische Produkte vegetarische Ernährung Gesundheitsrisiken Nahrungsmittelzusätze Gesundheit Ost Sprache deutsch Einbandart gebunden Gesundheit Leben Psychologie Ernährung Diät Fasten Ernährung Ernährungslehre Gesundheit Ratgeber Ernährungsberater Ernährungsberatung ISBN-10 3-8047-1468-4 / 3804714684 ISBN-13 978-3-8047-1468-7 / 9783804714687 Diätassistent Diätologe Heilhilfsberuf Diätetik Ökotrophologe Trophologe Master und Bachelor of Science Haushalts- und Ernährungswissenschaft Ernährungswissenschaften Lebensmittelhygiene Ernährungsmedizin Ernährungsmediziner Arzt HeilFasten Ernährung neu entdecken Der Einfluß der Ernährung auf unsere Gesundheit [Gebundene Ausgabe] von Walter Veith (Autor), Winfried Küsel

      [Bookseller: Buchservice Lars Lutzer]
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         Relatione del reame di Congo et delle circonvicine contrade tratta dalli scritti & ragionamenti di Odoardo Lopez. Rome, Bartolomeo Grassi, [1591]. 4to. With an integral engraved architectural title-page (with the coat of arms of the dedicatee Antonio Migliore, Bishop of San Marco), large folding engraved general map of Africa (64×44 cm), large folding engraved map of the Congo (43.5×51.5 cm) and 8 numbered folding engraved plates of plants, animals and inhabitants of the country, by Natalis Bonifazio. Contemporary limp sheepskin parchment.

      - Adams L-1468 (lacking 1 map); Brunet IV, col. 651 (without the plates); Cox I, pp. 354-355; Gay, Bibl. de l'Afrique et l'Arabe 3077 (without the maps); for the maps: Betz, The mapping of Africa 34-36, 186; Norwich, Africa 16. First edition of one of the main sources for authentic information on central Africa. Filippo Pigafetta, a relative of Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's companion on his first circumnavigation of the world, based his work on the information he collected from the Portuguese traveller Duarte Lopez, who sailed to the Congo in 1578 and stayed in Loanda until 1587. Pigafetta's important and beautifully illustrated account deals with the geography of the country, its animals, the inhabitants and their customs, the Portuguese trade, missionary activities, etc. Of special interest are his history and descriptions of Congolese tribes and their kings. It remained the main source for information on the Congo and central Africa up to the middle of the 19th century. The fine and decorative map of Africa includes the Red Sea and parts of the Arabian Peninsula.With the maps repaired and mounted on cloth, and a tear repaired in 1 folding plate, slightly foxed, margins of the plates frayed (without affecting the images, but in one case reaching the border). Some small stains on the binding and the spine a bit worn. Good copy, complete with all the maps and plates.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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         VITAE ILLUSTRIUM VIRORUM

      [Rome]: Ulrich Han (Udalricus Gallus), ca. 1468-70. EDITIO PRINCEPS. This is a wonderful combination of the very rare first appearance in print of an important and influential text, of beautiful contemporary illumination, of a handsome binding by a royal binder, and of very distinguished provenance with direct connections to the private press movement inspired by the earliest printers in the West. A second century Stoic philosopher from the small Greek town of Chaeronea, Plutarch has a particular ability to delineate character and present the vagaries of history in a way that engages as well as instructs. In his celebrated "Lives," he pairs biographies of Greeks with Romans--the tragic Spartan reformers Agis and Cleomenes, for example, with the Roman revolutionary Gracchi brothers--pointing out the parallels and philosophizing on their fall. Under the spell of Platonic philosophy, Plutarch turns his biographies into examples of the right and wrong paths of life. He is a very important source for both Greek and Roman history, and over the centuries he has been one of the West's most influential authors. This volume marks the first time Plutarch's "Lives" was available to Renaissance humanists in anything but manuscript form. A native of Ingolstadt, Ulrich Han was invited to Rome by Cardinal G. Torquemada (ca. 1420-98), and his first dated work appeared there at the end of 1467. Hawkins thinks it probable he was already working in Rome before Sweynham and Pannartz arrived from Subiaco. His roman typeface has a simplicity and grace that reflect the humanist sensibilities of his time and place. Han was a prolific printer, producing between 80 and 100 works before his death in late 1478 or early 1479. The present copy is particularly lovely because of its hand-illuminated initials and elaborate opening full border, done in the white-vine style characteristic of Italian 15th century decoration, which exerted such an influence on later book decoration, including the Kelmscott Press and other modern private press books. The gold for the initials is lavishly laid on, and the white vines embrace the letters in intricate loops, subtending a patchwork of blue, red, and green areas sowed with white dots clustered in threes. A number of the initials are also accented with three or more burnished gold bezants. An investigation of 12 copies held by institutional libraries finds just one--the Huntington Library copy--with a full border similar to ours, and one at Columbia University with illuminated initials throughout volume I. Our binding is by John Brindley (ca. 1693-1758), the well-educated son of a rector from Staffordshire, who established a bindery in London in 1723. Five years later he opened a bookshop in New Bond Street, where he published books, bound volumes (often bearing his own imprint), and dealt in antiquarian editions. He was appointed bookbinder to Frederick, Prince of Wales, and to Frederick's mother, Queen Caroline, and he bound books for other important clients, including Sir Isaac Newton and the Harleian Library. Three of Brindley's tools used on other bindings for the prince--as identified in Thomas McGeary's article "John Brindley's Bookbindings for Frederick, Prince of Wales" and in the British Library Database of Bookbindings--appear here: the dolphin within a circle of leaves topped by a crown, the six-pointed star, and the lily. These are used in the elegant cornerpieces composed of small tools that were a favorite Brindley design. The provenance here is most distinguished: our volume was once in the library of Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex and grandson of Brindley's royal patron. It later passed into the hands of one of the fathers of the modern private press movement, Charles Harry St. John Hornby, founder of the Ashendene Press. Hornby was especially fond of early books printed in Italy, basing his lovely roman typeface, Subiaco, on that of Sweynham & Pannartz. Copies of the editio princeps of the "Vitae" are extremely rare: except for the present item, ABPC and RBH do not locate any copy, complete or incomplete, at auction, and OCLC locates just seven libraries worldwide that hold both volumes. Other institutional copies are, like ours, incomplete. It is telling that the leaves that have been removed from our volume were either blanks or blank on one side, and such considered removal obviously reflects an attempt at reuse in the name of efficiency and fiscal prudence.. 380 x 265 mm. (15 x 10 1/2"). [288] leaves (of 296), single column, 45 lines, roman type. (Lacking three blanks and five leaves with text on one side only, the latter supplied in facsimile from the copy in the John Rylands Library.) One volume (of two). EDITIO PRINCEPS. Fine 18th century red morocco by John Brindley, covers with single gilt fillet border and cornerpieces composed of small tools including Brindley's distinctive crowned dolphins, raised bands, spine gilt in compartments framed by plain and dogtooth rolls and containing large fleurons formed by small floral tools, stars, and lancets, green morocco label, edges gauffered by an earlier binder. LAVISHLY ILLUMINATED WITH A FULL BORDER on the first page of the prologue AND 52 EXQUISITE WHITE-VINE INITIALS. Front pastedown with armorial bookplate of the Duke of Sussex, bookplates of Clifford Rattey and H. R. Jeudwine, and BOOK LABEL OF C. H. ST. JOHN HORNBY (see below); white vine border with German rebus identifying an early (but unknown) owner. Goff P-830; BMC IV, 21. Spine a bit darkened, older discreet repairs to tail of joints and head of spine, small chip to leather at fore edge of front board, extremities lightly rubbed, a scattering of small dark stains to boards, but the stately binding quite solid, lustrous, and generally well preserved. Front free endpaper a bit loose, perhaps a dozen leaves lightly browned, isolated minor marginal foxing or stains, otherwise A VERY FINE COPY, generally clean and quite fresh, with generous margins, and with no loss of paint or gold from the splendid illuminations.This is a wonderful combination of the very rare first appearance in print of an important and influential text, of beautiful contemporary illumination, of a handsome binding by a royal binder, and of very distinguished provenance with direct connections to the private press movement inspired by the earliest printers in the West. A second century Stoic philosopher from the small Greek town of Chaeronea, Plutarch has a particular ability to delineate character and present the vagaries of history in a way that engages as well as instructs. In his celebrated "Lives," he pairs biographies of Greeks with Romans--the tragic Spartan reformers Agis and Cleomenes, for example, with the Roman revolutionary Gracchi brothers--pointing out the parallels and philosophizing on their fall. Under the spell of Platonic philosophy, Plutarch turns his biographies into examples of the right and wrong paths of life. He is a very important source for both Greek and Roman history, and over the centuries he has been one of the West's most influential authors. This volume marks the first time Plutarch's "Lives" was available to Renaissance humanists in anything but manuscript form. A native of Ingolstadt, Ulrich Han was invited to Rome by Cardinal G. Torquemada (ca. 1420-98), and his first dated work appeared there at the end of 1467. Hawkins thinks it probable he was already working in Rome before Sweynham and Pannartz arrived from Subiaco. His roman typeface has a simplicity and grace that reflect the humanist sensibilities of his time and place. Han was a prolific printer, producing between 80 and 100 works before his death in late 1478 or early 1479. The present copy is particularly lovely because of its hand-illuminated initials and elaborate opening full border, done in the white-vine style characteristic of Italian 15th century decoration, which exerted such an influence on later book decoration, including the Kelmscott Press and other modern private press books. The gold for the initials is lavishly laid on, and the white vines embrace the letters in intricate loops, subtending a patchwork of blue, red, and green areas sowed with white dots clustered in threes. A number of the initials are also accented with three or more burnished gold bezants. An investigation of 12 copies held by institutional libraries finds just one--the Huntington Library copy--with a full border similar to ours, and one at Columbia University with illuminated initials throughout volume I. Our binding is by John Brindley (ca. 1693-1758), the well-educated son of a rector from Staffordshire, who established a bindery in London in 1723. Five years later he opened a bookshop in New Bond Street, where he published books, bound volumes (often bearing his own imprint), and dealt in antiquarian editions. He was appointed bookbinder to Frederick, Prince of Wales, and to Frederick's mother, Queen Caroline, and he bound books for other important clients, including Sir Isaac Newton and the Harleian Library. Three of Brindley's tools used on other bindings for the prince--as identified in Thomas McGeary's article "John Brindley's Bookbindings for Frederick, Prince of Wales" and in the British Library Database of Bookbindings--appear here: the dolphin within a circle of leaves topped by a crown, the six-pointed star, and the lily. These are used in the elegant cornerpieces composed of small tools that were a favorite Brindley design. The provenance here is most distinguished: our volume was once in the library of Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex and grandson of Brindley's royal patron. It later passed into the hands of one of the fathers of the modern private press movement, Charles Harry St. John Hornby, founder of the Ashendene Press. Hornby was especially fond of early books printed in Italy, basing his lovely roman typeface, Subiaco, on that of Sweynham & Pannartz. Copies of the editio princeps of the "Vitae" are extremely rare: except for the present item, ABPC and RBH do not locate any copy, complete or incomplete, at auction, and OCLC locates just seven libraries worldwide that hold both volumes. Other institutional copies are, like ours, incomplete. It is telling that the leaves that have been removed from our volume were either blanks or blank on one side, and such considered removal obviously reflects an attempt at reuse in the name of efficiency and fiscal prudence.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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         Der deutsche Wiegendruck in Original-Typenbeispielen. 114 (von 115) Inkunabelproben aus der Zeit von 1472 bis 1500. Beschrieben von Konrad Haebler.

      72 S., 1 Bl. (Textheft) und 114 (von 115) Original-Inkunabelblätter unter Passepartout lose in 2 OLwd.-Kassetten mit Rücken- und Deckeltitel. Gr.-2, Groß-Folio. Eines von 90 (Gesamt: 103) Exemplaren. - Sammlung von 114 im Textteil erläuterten Original-Inkunabelblättern von 70 Druckern des deutschsprachigen Raumes mit 24 verschiedenen Druckorten, erschienen zwischen 1468 und 1500. Die Drucke sind zum Teil mit in rot oder blau eingemalten Initialen, rotgestrichenen Versalien, Lombarden und Rankenwerk verziert. - Gelöschter Bibliotheksstempel auf Vortitel des Textheftes, dem Innendeckel der Kassetten und auf den Passepartout-Rückseiten. Tafel 44 fehlt hier. Einige Blätter etwas braunfleckig oder schwach wasserrandig, sonst gutes Exemplar dieses seltenen Werkes des Inkunabelforschers Konrad Haebler (1857-1946), der durch den Drucktypenvergleich die Bestimmung der Inkunabeln nach Ort, Drucker und Erscheinungszeitraum ermöglichte.

      [Bookseller: Kunstantiquariat Joachim Lührs]
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         Berner Chronik 1483 Band I, Band II, Band III und Band IV (vollständig, über 600 Bilder)

      4 Mappen (a ca 30 x 42 cm).in loosen Blättern, sehr gut erhalten (1. Mappe: Band I und 2. Mappe: Band II, 3. Mappe: Band III und 4. Mappe: Band IV) (diese Ausgabe erschien mit einer Auflage von 400 Ex., hier Ex. Nr. 26, nach den originalen der Berner Stadtbibliothek) (Die Berner-Chronik Des Diebold Schilling 1468-1484)

      [Bookseller: suspiratio online bücherstube]
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         Letter signed ("Louis"). Amboise, 29. III. 1468.

      1468. Oblong folio. 1 p. A directive to his treasury councillors in Languedouil and Languedoc to pay to his friend Jehan Raguier - a financial director in his land and duchy of of Normandy - the amount of 4125 livres from the "prouffit det emolument of the grenier a sel et de lequivalent et des aides et tailles", the money will be the ransom for the captured Seigneur de Charny; by giving detailed instructions for the way of proceeding, Louis mentions "Gaston de Lyon Seneschal de Guienne" and "Chastellet Regnault de, bailiff de Sens". - Written during a critical phase of the war with Charles the Bold of Burgundy, who moved with his army of 15,000 soldiers to Peronne the month before; in the same month on (February 20), Karl settled a mutual aid pact with England, and a few months later (on July 3) he married his third wife, Margaret of York (1446-1503), daughter of Richard Plantagenet (the third Duke of York) and sister of King Edward IV of England. - Countersigned by Jean Bourré (1425-1506), secretary to Louis since 1442. - Mild toning and somewhat spotty; lower right margin cut out.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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         Druckstücke aus dem XV. Jahrhunderte, welche sich in der Bibliothek des regulirten Chorstiftes Beuerberg befinden. ... Mit 23 Holzschnitten. Augsburg, Conrad Heinrich Stage, 1794. 8vo. With 23 plates (1 folding) and an occasional woodcut illustration in the text, all reproducing 15th-century publishers' devices, alphabets of printing types and so-called "accipes" woodcut illustrations, showing a teacher reading to his students from a book. 19th-century half blue-black morocco (ca. 1860?), gold-tooled spine. .

      Besterman, Early printed books, 2047; Bigmore & Wyman I, p. 353;  WorldCat (9 copies). First and only edition of a detailed and extensively illustrated bibliographical catalogue of 434 incunables from the library of the Augustinian Beuerberg monastery in Bavaria, south of Munich. Its emphasis on material bibliography (and especially printing types) was very unusual at the time and anticipates incunabulists of nearly a century later. The catalogue is divided into three sections with detailed descriptions: dated books arranged chronologically from 1468 through 1500, undated books arranged alphabetically by place of printing, Augsburg-Venice and Ulm, followed by unknown locations, and incomplete books. The catalogue concludes with a synopsis arranged by place of printing and printer (pp. 355-373) and an alphabetical index of authors and titles.The library was dissolved in 1803, when many of its treasures went to the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and the University Library in Munich. Slightly foxed but otherwise in good condition and nearly untrimmed. The binding is slightly rubbed but otherwise good. A catalogue of incunabula making a pioneering effort in material bibliography..

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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         Relatione del reame di Congo et delle circonvicine contrade tratta dalli scritti & ragionamenti di Odoardo Lopez. Rome, Bartolomeo Grassi, [1591]. 4to. With an integral engraved architectural title-page (with the coat of arms of the dedicatee Antonio Migliore, Bishop of San Marco), large folding engraved general map of Africa (64×44 cm), large folding engraved map of the Congo (43.5×51.5 cm) and 8 numbered folding engraved plates of plants, animals and inhabitants of the country, by Natalis Bonifazio. Contemporary limp sheepskin parchment.

      Adams L-1468 (lacking 1 map); Brunet IV, col. 651 (without the plates); Cox I, pp. 354-355; Gay, Bibl. de l'Afrique et l'Arabe 3077 (without the maps); for the maps: Betz, The mapping of Africa 34-36, 186; Norwich, Africa 16. First edition of one of the main sources for authentic information on central Africa. Filippo Pigafetta, a relative of Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's companion on his first circumnavigation of the world, based his work on the information he collected from the Portuguese traveller Duarte Lopez, who sailed to the Congo in 1578 and stayed in Loanda until 1587. Pigafetta's important and beautifully illustrated account deals with the geography of the country, its animals, the inhabitants and their customs, the Portuguese trade, missionary activities, etc. Of special interest are his history and descriptions of Congolese tribes and their kings. It remained the main source for information on the Congo and central Africa up to the middle of the 19th century. The fine and decorative map of Africa includes the Red Sea and parts of the Arabian Peninsula.With the maps repaired and mounted on cloth, and a tear repaired in 1 folding plate, slightly foxed, margins of the plates frayed (without affecting the images, but in one case reaching the border). Some small stains on the binding and the spine a bit worn. Good copy, complete with all the maps and plates.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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         De civitate Die. Cum commento Thomae Valois (Wallensis, Walleis) et Nicolai Triveth (Trevetus). (GW 2883, H 2056, Mentelin 9).

      Straßburg, Johann Mentelin, nicht nach 1468. Type 2 b, 3.. Zweispaltiges 57-zeiliges Original-Inkunabelblatt mit einer roten, dreizeiligen Lombarde und zahlreichen rotverzierten Versalbuchstaben. Frisches und festes Blatt mit vier winzigen stecknadelgroßen Druckmontagelöchern (Punkturmuster) im äußeren Randbereich. Wasserzeichen: Buchstabe D darüber mit Kreuz und Schlaufe Höhe 75 mm Breite 21 mm. Reste von 3 Papiermontagestreifen. Blattgröße: 29,5 x 39 cm. Early incunabula text leaf.. Johann Mentelin aus Schlettstadt, der erste Drucker außerhalb Mainz, wirkte zwei Jahrzehnte von1458 bis 1478 in Strassburg und gelangte zu beträchtlichem Wohlstand. Er legte großen Wert auf fehlerfreie, von gelehrten Korrektoren durchgearbeitete Texte. Auffallenderweise hat er nie Illustrationen noch gedruckte Initialen verwendet. Ein Blatt aus der sehr seltenen ersten im deutschsprachigem Raum gedruckten Ausgabe des Gottesstaates. Die Auflagenhöhe dieses Werkes betrug etwa 200 Exemplare. Das Exemplar der John Ryland Library in Manchester ist vom Rubrikator mit "1468" datiert. Die Ausgabe erscheint somit etwa zeitgleich mit der ersten datierten Ausgabe von Subiaco vom 12. Juni 1467. Das Blatt ist ein prachtvolles Beispiel des Strassburger Frühdrucks und ist der 6. Druck der Presse Johann Mentelins. Das Wasserzeichnen D entspricht dem Bestand J 340 der Wasserzeichenkartei Piccard des Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart und trägt die Nr. 027090. The esteemed first edition of the Civitas Die printed in Germy, issued about the same time as the first dated edition of Subiaco 1467. Mentelin's edition is quite independent of the Subiaco edition and was made after another manuscript. The sixth product of Mentelin's press is printed in two different types.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Brief mit eigenh. U. ("Louis").

      Amboise, 29. III. 1468.. 1 S. Qu.-folio.. Weisung an die Finanzräte in Languedouil und Languedoc, seinem Freund Jehan Raguier - dem Finanzrat und Generaleinnehmer in seinem Land und Herzogtum Normandie - 4125 Livres aus dem "prouffit det emolument des grenier a sel et de lequivalent et des aides et tailles" zu zahlen, die als Lösegeld für den in Gefangenschaft geratenen Seigneur de Charny verwendet werden sollen; es folgen genaue Anweisungen zur Verfahrensweise unter Erwähnung des "Gaston du Lyon seneschal de Guienne" und des "Regnault de Chastellet, bailli de Sens". - Aus einer kritischen Phase des Krieges mit Karl dem Kühnen von Burgund, der im Monat zuvor mit 15.000 Mann nach Peronne gezogen war; im selben Monat (am 20. II.) gelang es Karl mit England einen Beistandspakt zu schließen, wenige Monate danach (am 3. VII. 1468) heiratete er in dritter Ehe Margaret of York (1446-1503), die Tochter von Richard Plantagenet (des dritten Duke of York) und Schwester von König Eduard IV. von England. - Mit eh. Gegenzeichnung von Louis' Sekretär Jean Bourre (1425-1506). -

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        In hoc opere haec co[n]tinentur: Noua translatio primi libri Geographiæ Cl. Ptolomæi Geographia quæ quidem translatio verbum habet e verbo fideliter expressum Præceptio super plana terraru[m] orbis descriptione Libellus de quatuor terrarum orbis in plano figurationibus Epistola ad Bessarionem de compositione et usu cuiusd. meteoroscopii Libellus Ioannis Verneri Nurenbergen[si] de quatuor aliis planis terrarum orbis descriptionibus propositio ... De his quæ geographiæ debent adesse Georgii Amirucii oposculum In Georgii Amirucii Constantinopolitani opusculum: Ioannis Verneri Nurenbergen[si] appendices Ad Bessarionem Cardinalem Nicenum ac patriarcham Co[n]stantinopolitanum: de compositione Metheoroscopii.Nürnberg: Stuchs, 1514.

      First edition of Werner's most important book, an extremely rare and highly influential work on cartography and navigation, containing the first published direct translation of any part of Ptolemy's Geography from the original Greek. It includes the first publication of the Werner map projection, which was widely used for world and continental maps through the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, notably by Mercator, Oronce Finé and Ortelius. The book also contains the invention of the lunar distance method of longitude determination, and of the cross-staff, an instrument designed to make the necessary astronomical observations at sea.

Born in Nürnberg, the mathematician, astronomer and geographer Johannes Werner (1468-1522) was a student at the University of Ingolstadt from 1484. He studied in Rome between 1493 and 1498 before returning to Nürnberg as chaplain of St. Johannes's church. There he became part of a tight knit circle of mathematical practitioners in Nürnberg, Ingolstadt, Vienna and Tübingen who were largely responsible for establishing mathematics as a discipline in the central European universities.

Werner's edition of the first and part of the seventh book of Ptolemy's Geography, the Nova translatio Primi Geographiae, was the first translation from the Greek since the original translation made by Jacobus Anglicus around 1406. Werner stated clearly that his rationale for the undertaking lay in the many errors contained in Anglicus's edition and in the succeeding ones, which were all based on Anglicus's rendering of the Greek text. Werner had access to the papers of Regiomontanus, which were part of the scientific library of his former mentor Bernhard Walther and had been inherited by Werner's friend and neighbour Albrecht Dürer who purchased the library, along with Walther's house, in 1509. These papers may have included Regiomontanus's notes for his own translation of the Geography which he had planned but failed to complete before his death in 1476.

Werner's greatest personal input in this edition were his mathematical notes to the first book, where he criticized Ptolemy, often on the grounds that taking him literally would result in 'deforming the earth's shape'. Drawing inspiration from Ptolemy and from astronomical usage, Werner also made an original contribution to cartographical projections with his Libellus de quatuour terrarum orbis en plano figurationibus ab codem Ioanne Verneo novissime compertis et enarratis. Here Werner gave a theoretical discussion of two generalizations of Ptolemy's second conic projection. His Propositio IV modifies Ptolemy's methodology by requiring that lengths be preserved on all parallels, represented by concentric arcs, and on all radii. Werner further modified the projection in a way that makes the North Pole the centre of what in modern terms would be called a system of polar coordinates. In Propositio V he also requires that a quadrant of the equator have the same length as the radius between a pole and the equator. These modifications provided the first solution to the problem of representing the surface of a sphere within a finite area.

The 'lunar distance' method of determining longitude, first published in the present work, exploits the fact that the moon moves relative to the fixed stars owing to its rotation about the earth. By measuring the angular distance of the moon from certain stars it is possible to determine the local time, and hence the longitude. In proposing this method, it seems that Werner may have been inspired by a letter of Amerigo Vespucci written in 1502 where he wrote: ". . . I maintain that I learned [my longitude] . . . by the eclipses and conjunctions of the Moon with the planets". To make the necessary measurements Werner designed and advocated the use of the cross-staff, an instrument which measured with precision angles in degrees of arc. It was descended from the Jacob's staff, a medieval instrument first referred to in 1342 in a treatise by Levi ben Gerson, and used principally by surveyors and for military purposes for distance measurement. A decade later, Apianus was advocating the use of Werner's cross-staff to measure lunar distances in his Cosmographicus liber (Landshut, 1524), and by the mid-sixteenth century Portuguese navigators were using it in their southward exploration by sea of the Atlantic Ocean. It was eventually to displace both the seaman's quadrant and astrolabe.

The work is dedicated to the Nürnberg merchant Sebald Schreyer (1446-1520) and the wealthy lawyer and humanist Willibald Pirckheimer (1470-1530), who was to publish his own translation of Ptolemy's Geography in 1525.

VD 16, P5208. Not in Adams or BL STC German. No copies located in auction records in the last 40 years. OCLC locates only three copies in America (Folger, University of Illinois and John Carter Brown).. Folio (311 x 208 mm), ll [68], later flexible vellum, some marginal water staining to the first 10 leafs, otherwise fine and clean


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