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EL C. VALENTIN CANALIZO, GENERAL DE DIVISION - Mexico]: Canalizo, Valentin - 1843. 
[Mexico. June 22, 1843]. - Broadside, 12 3/4 x 9 inches. Tanned. Worn around the edges and with a few small closed tears. Very good. In a half calf and cloth folding box, spine gilt. Rare first printing of this significant decree, re-admitting the Jesuits into the Southwest, including California and New Mexico, in order to "civilize" the local Indians. "Since three hundred years of force and conquest had not been sufficient to introduce civilization to the wild Indians of the Mexican frontier areas, Santa Anna authorized the readmittance of the Jesuits to establish missions in the Californias, New Mexico, Sonora, Sinaloa, Durango, Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Texas to Christianize and subdue them" - Howell. This decree was issued by Santa Anna at Tacubaya on June 21, 1843, and ordered printed in Mexico City on June 22. The California missions had been secularized a decade earlier. The Jesuits, who had done so much in the development of the Spanish Southwest, had been expelled from the region in the mid-eighteenth century. The text of this decree was reprinted in August, 1843, but the present broadside appears to be the first printed appearance of this consequential directive, which was paternalism of the highest order. HOWELL 50:37A. OCLC 28092115 (ref).
[Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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