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CLOSING CERTAIN PORTS, APRIL 11, 1865 - Lincoln, Abraham - 1865. [1218331]
Washington, 1865. [1]p. Folio. Minor toning at edges. Near fine. Abraham Lincoln's final Presidential Proclamation, issued just three days before he was shot at Ford's Theatre, and a reminder that the Civil War was not yet over. This proclamation officially closed ports in the South, and is printed with a second proclamation leaving the port of Key West open. Prior to this time the southern ports had all been under blockade by the United States Navy. Now, however, with the Federal forces moving in, they were instead under control of the federal government once more, and action was needed to reassert administrative control over them. Some of the ports declared closed were in Union hands, while others were still controlled by the Confederacy. While the fall of Richmond on April 3, 1865 and Lee's surrender at Appomattox on April 9 are now usually considered the end of the Civil War, it did not seem so at the time. Major Southern forces were still in the field; Joe Johnston did not surrender to Sherman until April 26, Richard Taylor in Alabama and Mississippi until April 30, and Kirby Smith in the Trans-Mississippi until May 26. The Confederate government, while fleeing, was still able to command forces. Thus, for Lincoln, the War was still very much in its military phase when he issued this proclamation. Another reason was trying to prevent key Confederate leaders from fleeing; some such as Judah Benjamin did successfully get through the blockade. The official printings of Presidential proclamations from this period are all extremely rare; this final one by Lincoln is known in two other copies.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2016-10-03           Check availability:      Biblio    


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