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Manuscript Map of the Austrian and Belgian - BELGIUM] - - 1790. 
late 18th century - Manuscript map (55 x 42,3 cm) in black and brown ink with colour for rivers, roads, tents, castles, trees, weapons and cities, handwritten caption in French the lower right corner reading "Nota: The red tents indicate the places where the Austrians are stationed. The blue ones show the camps of the Belgiums [sic] troops. B. is for battery. In Mounia and in Bouvinne there is a 36-pound cannon", Honig watermark with large coat of arms; occasional spotting, traces of folds, small hole in the middle, remnants of mounting paper at the back, back a bit soiled. A lovely and figurative manuscript map for a most decisive event of European history, the Brabant Revolution. In 1789, inspired by the coeval French Revolution, an armed insurrection took place in the Austrian Low Countries (modern-day Belgium) against Emperor Joseph II and the Holy Roman Empire. This upheaval, however, stood in contrast with the French one as Belgians were fighting for a return to a more conservative society, as they strongly disagreed with Joseph II's liberal reforms. The Revolution led to the creation, in January 1790, of the United Belgian States. Yet it took the Habsburgs less than a year to put an end to this short-lived confederation of the Southern Low Countires, as the Austrian armies quickly defeated the revolt by regaining the rebel territories one by one. The city of Namur and the battles that took place in the region in autumn 1790 are crucial in the Austrian reconquest. The present map depicts the military camps south of Namur, down to Dinant and Charlemont. The Belgian "patriots" on the one side, and the Austrian positions on the other side are shown with great precision. In the former camp we can see the "Camp of the Lorangois" [sic], of the "patriots in Bouvinne", of the "Petit Givet" which are all positioned on the Western side of the Meuse, as opposed to the imperial troops located on the Eastern riverside and divided into the camps of Dinant, Harbichaux, Falmagne, Mainil St Blaise and Malaise. The opposition took a dramatic turn in favour of the imperial armies on 22 September 1790 at the battle of Falmagne, just north of Charlemont, a town whose strategic position clearly appears on the map. A month after this victory, the Austrian troops took the city of Namur, forcing the province of Namur to recognize the authority of the emperor. Two days later, the province of West Flanders followed suit, and by December the entire territory was in imperial hands again.
[Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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