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BOOK OF THE DEAD: The Papyrus of Ani; a Reproduction - Egypt; Budge, E A Wallis, - 1913. 
London and New York: The Medici Society, Ltd. and G. P. Putnams, 1913. 2 volumes. First Medici Society edition, with a very early facsimile of the actual papyri and a plate by plate description of the Papyrus of Ani. With 37 beautifully produced chromo-lithographic colour folding plates reproducing in facsimile the Papyrus of Ani, additionally illustrated throughout the text. Tall royal 8vo, publisherâs best binding of original red cloth lettered and decorated with gilt extra pictorial designs on the spines, and with elaborate and deeply embossed pictorial designs and lettering in gilt on both upper covers, t.e.g. vi, , 337, plates; viii, 339-664, index. A very handsome set indeed, only lightly mellowed by age. Scarce with the spine designs fully gilt. RARE AND IMPORTANT EDITION WITH CHROMO-LITHOGRAPH PLATES and a fine printing of Budgeâs great English translation in two volumes. The BOOK OF THE DEAD was inscribed, in the form of various compositions, by the Egyptians upon the walls of tombs and sarcophagi, coffins and funeral stelae, papyri and amulets to ensure the well-being of the dead in the world beyond the grave. These translations by Budge, were done from papyri and other documents found chiefly at Thebes, and, taken together, are generally known as the Theban Recension of the Book of the Dead, or, the great national funeral work which was copied by the scibes for themselves and for Egyptian Kings and Queens, Princes and nobles, gentle and simple, rich and poor, from about B.C. 1600 to B.C. 900. The translation by Budge was made as literal as possible and stands today as one of the very greatest translations of an ancient text. It brings to light today the belief of the ancient Egyptians that these chapters would give the deceased the power to have and to enjoy life everlasting, to give everything that would be required in the life beyond the grave, to ensure victory over foes, the power to go wherever, and the guarantee of preservation of the mummy intact and finally, to enable the soul to enter into the bark of Ra or into the abode of the blessed that had been conceived for the deceased. From the Preface: "In preparing the material for these volumes a new copy of the text had been made, and supplementary Chapters and Sections have been added from the funerary papyri that have been aquired...since 1892. The translations have been rewritten, and the notes have been corrected and amplified in the light of recent discoveries. The greater part of the Introduction has also been rewritten, and the entire work thus becomes a truly 'New Edition,' fully revised to the date of issue." A quotation from the Preface will suffice to explain the importance of the work: "The Papyrus of Ani...is the largest, most perfect, the best-preserved, and best illuminated of all the papyri which date from the second half of the XVIIIth dynasty (about B.C. 1500 to 1400). Its rare vignettes, and hymns, and chapters, and its descriptive and introductory rubrics render it of unique importance for the study of the Book of the Dead, and it takes a high place among the authoritative texts of the Theban version of that remarkable work. Although it contains less than one-half of the chapters which are commonly assigned to that version, we may conclude that Ani's exalted official position as Chancellor of the ecclesiastical revenues and endowments of Abydos and Thebes would have ensured a selection of such chapter as would suffice for his spiritual welfare in the future life. We may therefore regard the Papyrus of Ani as typical of the funeral book in vogue among the Theban nobles of his time.
[Bookseller: Buddenbrooks, Inc.]
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