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O filosofo solitario. Tom. I [and Tom. II - ALMEIDA, Theodoro de] - 1787. 
Lisbon, Na Regia Officina Typografica, 1786-1787. - 2 works (4 volumes) in 1. 4°, contemporary mottled calf, spine with raised bands in five compartments, gilt bands and ornaments (label missing, slight worming near head of spine). Woodcut royal arms of Portugal on title pages, woodcut headpieces and vignettes. Internally very fine; overall in fine condition. 103; 112; 84 pp. *** FIRST EDITION, the start of a lengthy literary battle. The work was in large part a translation of De la philosophie de la nature, 1769, by J.B.C. Isoard Delisle (called Delisle de Sales). Like many contemporary French works, De la philosophie was not widely circulated in Portugal due to the heavy hand of the censors. Probably for that reason, not only O Filosofo Solitario but all the pamphlets that soon appeared attacking and defending it were published anonymously. These three volumes include discussion of such philosophical profundities as the body and soul, passions, natural law and the nature of God, but the author also mentions in passing Harvey, embryos, Haller, and Buffon. In volume II is a "drama racional" set in Senegal, whose characters are Newton, a sailor, an oyster (Huma Ostra), and a white black man or albino (pp. 72-95). *** Innocêncio II, 307; IX, 233. Imprensa Nacional pp. 140 and 142 (not in the library / archive of the Imprensa Nacional). Gonçalves Rodrigues, A tradução em Portugal I, 1608: citing Innocêncio rather than an actual copy. Cf. Borba de Moraes I, 320: mentioning it because it provoked Francisco de Mello Franco's Resposta segunda ao Filosofo Solitario, Lisbon, (1787). Not located in Hollis, which lists a Spanish translation (1790?). Not located in Orbis. NUC: WU.*** BOUND WITH: Rizos do Filosofo Solitario, excitados por seus antagonistas. Lisbon: Regia Officina Typografica, 1788. 4°, 36 pp.FIRST and ONLY EDITION.* Innocêncio III, 307. Porbase locates a single copy, at Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. Not located in Copac. Not located in OCLC. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]
[Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
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