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Carte du Canada ou de La Nouvelle France et des Decouvertes quiy ont été faites Dressée sur plusieurs Observations et sur un grand nombre de Relationes imprimées ou manuferites
Amsterdam: Covens & Mortier, 1742. Engraving with period outline colour. Some mild soiling. Mild discolouration at centerfold. Plate size: 19 1/8 x 22 1/2 inches. De L'Isle's important and influential map of Canada This very finely engraved and epistemologically interesting map was the most important map of Canada printed during its era. It is one of the finest maps devised by Guillaume De L'Isle, first printed in 1703. De L'Isle was a much esteemed figure who became the geographer to the French Academy of Sciences in 1702, and the Premier Géographe to Louis XV in 1718. Rodney Shirley notes that "De L'Isle's work is distinguished by its scientific basis, the minute care taken in all departments, constant revision, and personal integrity". The present map is the edition printed by Covens & Mortier for their Atlas Nouveau. The geography of the Great Lakes, eastern Canada and New England is quite accurate for the time. The numerous trading posts and missions of New France and the major towns of the adjacent British colonies are labeled. The area around Hudson's Bay is shown to be inhabited by native tribes referred to as the "Christinaux or Kilistinons", referring to their conversion to the Christian faith, while Labrador is home to the "Eskimaux". Interestingly, the map features a number of notes specifically referring to the names of explorers and the dates in which they discovered certain places, such as the reference to 'Nouveau Danemarc', discovered by the Danish explorer Jan Munk in 1619. The depiction of the upper Mississippi and Ohio basins is also quite detailed, noting the position of the French fort of 'St. Louis' or 'Crevecouer' near the present-day site of Peoria, Illinois. Perhaps the most fascinating aspect of the map is its portrayal of the "Rivière Longue," one of the most sensational and enduring cartographic misconceptions ever devised. This imaginary river was reported to flow from the 'Pays des Gnacsitares' in the far west, promising the best route through the interior of the continent. A short distance over some mountains lies a long salt water lake, that is supposedly connected to the Pacific Ocean. It is a product of the imagination of the Baron Lahontan, an entertaining and roguish French adventurer, whose best-selling travel narrative Nouveaux voyages dans l'Amérique septentrionale (1703) convinced many of the world's greatest intellects of the existence of this mythical waterway.Koeman, C&M 8, #105; Schwartz and Ehrenburg, p.141.
      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
Last Found On: 2015-10-11           Check availability:      ABAA    

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