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Acta Eruditorum, volumes 1-12. Including the "Nova methodus pro maximis et minimis, itemque tangentibus, quae nec fractas nec irrationales quantitates moratur et singulare pro illis calculi genus" and "De Geometria recondita et Analysi Indivisibilium atque infinitorum" [Leibniz].
Lipsiae [Leipzig], J. Gross & J. F. Gleditsch, 1682-1692. Twelve volumes in seven. 4to (20.0 x 16.0 cm). Over 7,150 pp., 162 (of 164) engraved plates of which many are large, folded, numerous text engravings. Original half vellum over speckled boards (1684), or full vellum (all other volumes). Near uniform script title on the spines. Edges red.l The Acta Eruditorum (Reports of scholars) was the first scientific journal of the German world. Arguably the most important scientific journal of its time, with all the major discoveries in physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, biology medicine and history, it was widely read throughout the scientific world, being written in Latin. The Acta eruditorum was founded in Leipzig in 1682 (the present set thus is the rare start, including the first volume). Founders and first editors were Otto Mencke, and Gottfried Leibniz. Like the English 'Philosophical Transactions' and the French 'Journal des Savants', the 'Acta Eruditorum' contained excerpts from new writings (often letters, circulating among scientists), reviews, and original contributions. Some of the foremost scientists of their time made regular contributions. In particular Leibniz, and Jakob and Johan Bernoulli, published their important mathematical contributions in here. Leibniz published 36 articles in these volumes of the Acta Eruditorum, perhaps the most important being his work on integral calculus "De Geometria recondita et Analysi Indivisibilium atque infinitorum,.." in 1686, described in more detail below. The 1684 volume contains Leibniz's famous article on differential calculus in an exceedingly rare, unrecorded state. Dibner: "First printing of this epochal work. (...) Fifteen years after Newton's first work in fluxions and nine after his own independent discovery, Leibnitz published the above, his first announcement of the differential calculus". It is now known that four distinct issues exist, and this issue was unrecorded until recent. In the Norman copy, page 467 is in an uncorrected setting (known as the first state), with quite a few printing errors in the mathematical formula. In the copy described in Dibner's "Heralds of Science" (previously recognized as a first issue), the page is entirely reset, with corrections, but was recorded as the second 'state' or 'issue'. Our copy is similar to the Norman copy, with page 467 in an uncorrected state and can therefore not be a late issue. Interestingly, in our copy the plate next to page 467 differs from both Norman and Dibner: the letters "M. Oct" are printed at the top of the sheet underneath the plate number. It is still unclear which one is the true first. It is, however, certainly possible that this is the true first issue, we can think of little reason to add "M. Oct" to the plate in a later stadium. All plates in the 1684 volume have the month added, no other copies with this feature have been found. The 1684 volume in a very good copy in unusually crisp and clean condition, and in an attractive contemporary binding. In volume 5 (1686) Leibniz introduces his important integral calculus in “De geometria recondita et analysis indivisibilium atque infinitorum”. Apart from these most famous articles by Leibniz, there are dozens of other articles by Leibniz and also by other famous scientists like the Bernoullis and Huygens. The articles and plates in this set illustrate the progress of science in many fields of knowledge: not only mathematics, but also human anatomy, natural history, alchemistry, astronomy, botany, mining, and archaeology, to name just a few. Of particular interest is the first description of a steam engine, by the French mathematician and inventor, Denis Papin (1647-1712) in the 1690 volume (pp. 410-41, and a plate). Two plates, 1688, plate X (to anothe Papin paper), and 1689 plate XV (to Valvasor's publication on the Cerkniško jezero lake) lacking. Old library stamp on verso of title pages, removed paste on front pastedown. Some light uniform age toning as usual for this sort of paper and a few pages browned. In the 1686 volume the September issue ha a red wine stain covering various parts of text, but not effecting readability. The fine plate of Saturn and its moons is unaffected. A paper repair with loss of a few letters in the 1686 volume, pp. 325-326 (review of a German language thesis). The years 1692-1693 without preliminary (dedication) pages, most probably not issued. The years 1682-1683, 1686-1687, 1688-1699, 1690-1691, and 1692-1693 bound paired; 1684, and 1685 bound separately. All volumes with an old library stamp on the verso of the title pages. Overall this is a very good set in unusually crisp and clean condition and in attractive original bindings. Norman 1326; Dibner, Heralds of science 109; Ravier, Biblio. de Leibnitz, 84-96, 101-104 and 195-214; PMM, 160.
      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Schierenberg]
Last Found On: 2017-06-15           Check availability:      Biblio    

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