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Summa de poenitentia [or Summa de casibus poenitentiae]; Summa de matrimonio; decorated medieval manuscript on parchment
- DECORATED MEDIEVAL MANUSCRIPT IN LATIN ON PARCHMENT, England (Yorkshire?), c. 1270-1310(?). 245 x 171 mm. 159 folios, with three modern parchment flyleaves in both front and back, complete (collation, i-xii10 xiii-xiv12 xv10 xvi5 [singleton tipped in at the end of a quire of 4]), quire iii numbered, horizontal catchwords, written in an upright Gothic bookhand in dark brown ink in two columns of 32 to 34 lines (justification, 165-168 x 122 mm.), ruled in crayon with single full-length vertical bounding lines and three top, bottom, and center horizontal rules fully across some folios with additional single full-length vertical lines ruled in outer margin and full-length double horizontal lines in lower margin, guide marks for paraph marks and guide letters for initials, notes for rubrics in the margins, numbers “2”(?) and “3” written in crayon in the upper margins of the rectos designating the second and third books, some majuscules stroked in red, periodic red underlining of references within the text, red rubrics and empty spaces where red rubrics are lacking, red or blue paraphs, 1-line initials in red or blue in the chapter lists at the opening of each book, 2- to 3-line initials in red or blue with contrasting pen decoration, three 4-line red and blue parted initials with pen decoration in red and blue (ff. 1, 68, 141), many marginal additions and annotations by the scribe and in at least three additional medieval hands. BINDING: Nineteenth-century pale blue velvet over thick bevelled wooden boards, smooth spine, with armorial bookplate pasted on the front pastedown. TEXT: This manuscript contains a copy of the second recension of the Summa de casibus poenitentiae of Raymond of Peñafort (c. 1180-1275), patron saint of lawyers and a noted Dominican and canonist. This recension of the text was completed c. 1234-1236, about a decade after the first recension. The changes Raymond made to the text reflect the important work he had done in the interim on the Decretals of Gregory IX, completed in 1234. A manual of instruction for confessors, the Summa de casibus rendered the newly developed canon law that flourished under the impulse of the Gregorian Reform (dealing with sacraments, moral problems, and the general conduct of Christians) available to the ordinary confessor. Issues relating to marriage and its treatment under canon law are absent from Raymond’s Summa de casibus; these he treats instead in his Summa de matrimonio (c. 1235-1236), an update of Tancred of Bologna’s earlier summa on the subject that follows the Summa de casibus in this manuscript. Adding interest to this manuscript are a number of lengthy medieval annotations, including a unique Latin couplet pertaining to a rather droll medieval English legend. English manuscripts are rare on the market, and this manuscript’s probable origin in northern England by a named scribe adds to its interest. PROVENANCE: Script and decoration indicate that this manuscript was produced in England, most likely in the final third of the thirteenth century, or possibly at the beginning of the fourteenth century. A scribal colophon on f. 140v identifies the scribe as one William, once a clerk of Cottingham, and points to the manuscript’s probable origin in Yorkshire. Fifteenth-century inscriptions may identify later owners or users of the manuscript. Belonged to at least two generations of the Grosvenor family; described in an 1872 catalogue of the holdings of Hugh Grosvenor, later the first Duke of Westminster, and sold on behalf of Hugh Grosvenor, second Duke of Westminster, in 1966. Sold at Sotheby’s, London, in 1970; purchased in that sale by Alan Thomas, who sold it in 1973. CONDITION: Tear in f. 152, small hole in f. 1 with loss of a few letters, small holes and rust stains in outer margin of f. 1, slight cockling and damp-staining at edges, but otherwise in fine condition. Full description and photographs available (TM 743). [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Les Enluminures (ABAA & ILAB)]
Last Found On: 2015-06-17           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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