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REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO ENQUIRE INTO THE OPERATION OF THE ACTS MAKING PROVISION FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF TRADING HOUSES WITH THE INDIAN TRIBES, AND INTO THE EXPEDIENCY OF REVIVING AND CONTINUING THE SAID ACTS IN FORCE
[Philadelphia]. 1800.. 18pp. plus two folding tables. Dbd. Light scattered foxing. Worming in inner margin of several leaves, not affecting text. Very good. Congressional report on the first two federally operated Indian trading houses, with correspondence from Secretary of War James McHenry, additional correspondence relating to Indian agent John Chisholm, and two large folding tables. The Indian trading houses, known collectively as the Indian Factory System, were a chain of government- owned stores that operated from 1795 to 1822, making a variety of products available to Indians at cost in exchange for native goods. The factories, which were intended to promote peace, offset the British and Spanish influence, and protect Indians from exploitation by private traders, were distributed along the frontier, from Georgia to present-day Michigan, and received large federal appropriations for their operations. For several years after the 1795 and 1796 acts establishing the system were first passed, only two factories were operating: one that was originally established at Coleraine, Georgia and moved to Fort Wilkinson in 1797, and the other at the Tellico Blockhouse on the Tennessee frontier. In the present report, the House committee appointed to review the system states that, while important information concerning the capital stock at the two factories has not been provided by their agents, enough data is present in James McHenry's report and the attached tables to recommend extending the 1796 act for one year, using only existing capital. The act would be renewed again the following year, and in 1802 several additional trading houses would be established. The pamphlet also includes a letter by McHenry relating to John D. Chisholm, who had been granted an Indian trader's license apparently by mistake; McHenry asks that the license be withdrawn and submits a letter by the rather unschooled Chisholm to Secretary of State Thomas Pickering and Pickering's reply which had been wrongly represented as a recommendation for Chisholm. A very interesting set of documents from the earliest phases of the federal Indian trading-house program. EVANS 38824. NAIP w021621. DAH II, pp.238-39.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2015-04-11           Check availability:      Biblio    

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