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An historical account of the British trade over the Caspian Sea : with the author's journal of travels from England through Russia into Persia : and back through Russia, Germany and Holland : to which are added, the revolutions of Persia during the present century, with the particular history of the great usurper Nadir Kouli : illustrated with maps and copper-plates (2 Volumes)
T. Osborne et al. 1762 - 2 volume complete set. 4to. 3rd ed. Handsome modern rebind. Smooth 1/4 leather over burgundy boards. Fine bindings and covers. Collated. 39 of 40 engravings; 27 of 28 plates; 8 of 9 folding maps and 12 partial-page headpieces. Vol I: xxvii, [1], 460, Index [8] pp. Vol II: xx, 460, Index [20] pp. A few scattered stains. 4 of the maps have been mounted by a bookbinder. Please note that the 1753 edition was printed in 4 volumes, this edition was printed in 2. An important first-hand account of 18th century Persia (Iran). Jonas Hanway (1712-86) was an English merchant who traveled to Russia, Persia and the Near East. He was sent by the British Russia Company to Persia ?to assess the condition of the Company?s trade there and to investigate its agent, John Elton. Elton, an English sailor, had been working to establish a British mercantile presence on the Caspian since 1740, when he had secured trading privileges from Nader Shah. As ?Jamal Beg,? Elton was also building a Caspian fleet for Nader. The Russians took a dim view of Elton?s serving both as an Iranian naval commander and a British merchant. In 1743 they denounced him as a smuggler and a spy, so Hanway was dispatched to appraise the situation firsthand (Hanway, I, pp. 105-6).Hanway reached Elton in Langarud. His initial impression of Elton and the state of British trade in Iran was favorable. This emboldened Hanway to organize a test caravan of goods to Mashad, a principal entrepot of the overland route to India from the Caspian region. His trip ended abruptly in Astarabad, where he was detained and most of his cargo looted by the forces of Mo?ammad ?asan Khan Qajar, who was then rebelling against Nader. Barely escaping back to Langarud, Hanway was persuaded by Elton to seek restitution from the shah. At the royal camp near Hamadan, the shah?s deputies promised Hanway compensation, but ordered him to seek it in Astara-bad. Hanway grudgingly went back, but received partial remuneration for his losses only after arduous negotiations (Hanway, I, pp. 215-21). He returned to Russia in September 1744 soured on the future of trade in the region. In 1746 the Russians formally banned British merchants from the Caspian (Hanway I, pp. 331-34). Britain did not challenge this decision, given the lackluster record of its commercial ventures there and a perceived need to make Russia its ally in European conflicts.? ? Encyclopedia Iranica, Ernest Tucker, Vol. XI, Fasc. 6, pp. 658-659.Refs: Higgs, H. bibliography of economics, 481n; Kress 5268; Goldsmiths' 8801 [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Sequitur Books]
Last Found On: 2015-03-15           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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